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  • E-mailRagnhild.Muriaas@uib.no
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Ragnhild Louise Muriaas is a political scientist within the sub-field of comparative politics, representation and democratization. She is the Vice Dean of Research at the Faculty of Social Sciences and the leader of the board at the Centre for Women's and Gender Research (SKOK) at the University of Bergen. She employs a mixed-methods approach to study aspects related to political representation, gender inequalities and democratic insitutions. 

In October 2021 she will start working on her ERC project (consolidator) titled SUCCESS Gender-Gap in Political Endurance: a novel political inclusion theory. The project will last for five years and will in the first project research stage focus on France, Norway and the United States.   

She is the Principal Investigator of the FRIPRO project Money Money Talks - Gendered Electoral Financing in Democratic and Democratizing States (Norwegian Research Council).The Money Talks: Women and Elections in Malawi film, can be freely downloaded, and you can read an interview about the making of the short film here.   

Professor Muriaas is the editor of Gendered Electoral Financing: Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective (2020) - with Vibeke Wang and Rainbow Murray. Women are under-represented in almost every legislature worldwide and politics is easier to get into if you have a wealthy background. The different chapters in the book examines the effectiveness of financial incentive mechanisms to increase women’s representation in politics. They conclude that money, both as a barrier to women’s inclusion and as a potential lever for boosting their presence, is an area that requires greater consideration both from scholars and political actors. You can read a blog post on the challenge that the book addresses at the webpages of UCL The Constitution Unit

Professor Muriaas has also written the book Manipulating Political Decentralization: Africa's Inclusive Autocrats (2018) - with Lovise Aalen. In this book they ask why and under what cirumstances autocrats are likely to establish representative subnational governments, and identifies different strategies for how subnational elections can be manipulated. You can read a short presentation of the book at the blog post at Democracy in Africa. 

The article Why the Gender of Traditional Authorities Matters: Intersectionality and Women’s Rights Advocacy in Malawi (with Vibeke Wang, Lindsay Benstead, Boniface Dulani og Lise Rakner), published in Comparative Political Studies, shows in a survey exeperiment when and why the gender and type of authority matters for support for a gender policy reform (prohibition of child marriages). A short introduction to this article is featured in Washington Post, Monkey Cage

 

Autumn 2016:

EUR 101 Introduction to European history and politics

Spring 2016:

SAMPOL 327 The Politics of Gender: Citizenship, Representation and Development

Autumn 2015:

SAMPOL 100 Introduction to Comparative Politics

Spring 2015:

SAMPOL321 Political Parties in Post-Conflict States

Books:

Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Vibeke Wang and Rainbow Murray (eds) (2019). Gendered Electoral Financing: Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective. Routledge.  

Lovise Aalen and Ragnhild Muriaas (2018). Manipulating Political Decentralization: Africa's Inclusive Autocrats. Routledge.

Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Brita Ytre-Arne (eds) (2016). Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. Afrikanske utfordringer: En innføring i afrikansk politikk [African Challenges: An Introduction to African Politics]. Høyskoleforlaget.


Articles:

Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Yvette Peters. Affirmative Action Measures and Electoral Candidates’ Positioning in Zambia. Journal of Modern Africa Studies. Accepted. To be published in 2021, 59(4). 

Amanda L. Robinson, Amanda Clayton, Martha Johnsen and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2020). (How) Do Voters Discriminate Against Women Candidates? Experimental and Qualitative Evidence from Malawi. Comparative Political Studies, 53(3-4): 601-630.

Vibeke Wang and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2019). Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: gender imbalance in political recruitment in Zambia. Politics, Groups, and Identitites, 7(2): 401-411. 

Muriaas, Ragnhild L., Vibeke Wang, Lindsay Benstead, Boniface Dulani and Lise Rakner (2019). 'Why the Gender of Traditional Authorities Matters: Intersectionality and Women’s Rights Advocacy in Malawi?' Comparative Political Studies, 52(12): 1881-1924.

Cappelen, Cornelius and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2018). Polish labour migrants and undeclared work in Norway. Scandinavian Political Studies, 41 (2): 167-187.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L., Liv Tønnessen and Vibeke Wang (2018). Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa. Political Studies, 66 (4): 851–868.

Aalen, Lovise and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2017) Power Calculations and Political Decentralization in African Post-Conflict States, International Political Science Review, 38 (1), 56-69. 

Muriaas, Ragnhild, Lise Rakner and Ingvild Aagedal Skage (2016) Political Capital of Ruling Parties after Regime Change: Contrasting Successful Insurgencies to Peaceful Pro-democracy Movements, Civil Wars, 18 (2): 175-191

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. and Lars Svaasand (2015) Opposition Parties and the Decentralization Process in South Africa and Zambia. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 53 (4).

Kayuni, Happy and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2014. ‘Alternatives to gender quotas: electoral financing of women candidates in Malawi’, Representation, 50 (3): 393-404.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L, Liv Tønnessen and Vibeke Wang. 2013. 'Exploring the Relationship between Democratization and Quota Policies in Africa', Women Studies International Forum, 41: 89-93.

Muriaas, Ragnhild and Happy Kayuni. 2013. 'The Reversed Contagion Effect: Explaining The Unevenness of Women’s Representation across South African Municipalities', Women's Studies International Forum, 41: 150-9.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2013. 'Party Affiliation in New Democracies: Local reactions to the split of the ruling party in Malawi', African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 7 (4): 190-9.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. and Vibeke Wang. 2012. Executive dominance and the politics of quota representation in Uganda, Journal of Modern African Studies, 50 (2): 309-38.

Mpesi, Andrew M, and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2012. 'Food security as a political issue: the 2009 elections in Malawi', Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 30 (3): 377-93.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. ‘ANC & Power Concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing?’ Special Issue on Opposition in Africa, Democratization, 18 (5), 1067-86.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2011. ‘Traditional institutions and dencentralization: A typology of co-existence in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Forum for Development Studies, March, 38 (1), 87-107.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘Local Perspectives on the 'neutrality' of traditional authorities in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda’, Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 47 (1), 28-51.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘Reintroducing a Local-Level Multiparty System in Uganda: Why be in opposition?Government and Opposition, 44 (1), 91-112.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2009. ‘ANC og maktkonsentrasjon i Sør-Afrika: Åpner lokaldemokratiet for maktdeling?’, Politica, 41 (3), 283-99.
 

Chapters in books:

Ragnhild Muriaas (2020) Gendered Electoral Financing: Two Approaches Toward Funding as an Affirmative Action Measure. In Jamil, I., Aminuzzaman, S.M., Lasna Kabir, S., Haque, M.M. (Eds.) Gender Mainstreaming in Politics, Administration and Development in South Asia, Palgrave. 

Muriaas, Ragnhild, Vibeke Wang and Rainbow Murray (2019). Introduction: Introducing the Concept of Gendered Electoral Financing, pp. 1-24. In Muriaas, Wang and Murray (eds.) Gendered Electoral Financing: Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Politics. New York: Routledge.

Borges, Aleida, Ragnhild Muriaas and Vibeke Wang (2019). Cabo Verde: Legislated Candidates Quotas with Reward for Compliance in Cabo Verde: Victory for no one? pp. 74-92. In Muriaas, Wang and Murray (eds.) Gendered Electoral Financing: Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Politics. New York: Routledge.

Muriaas, Ragnhild and Amy G. Mazur (2019). Conclusion: Does Money Talk? An initial Comparative Analysis, pp. 154-174. In Muriaas, Wang and Murray (eds) Gendered Electoral Financing: Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Politics. New York: Routledge.

Hilde Danielsen, Kari Jegerstedt, Ragnhild L. Muriaas and Brita Ytre-Arne (2016). ‘Introduction’. In Hilde Danielsen et al. (eds) Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnesen and Vibeke Wang (2016). Substantive Representation: From Timing to Framing of Family Law Reform in Morocco, South Africa and Uganda. In Hilde Danielsen et al. (eds) Gendered Citizenship and the Politics of Representation, Palgrave Macmillian.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2015. 'The Quality and Stability of Subnational Elections in Africa: A Methodological and Conceptual Tool', ch. 5. In Anthony Spanakos and Francisco Panizza (eds.) Conceptualizing Comparative Politics, New York, NY: Routledge.

Hussein, Mustafa K. and Ragnhild L. Muriaas. 2013. 'Traditional Authorities' in Nandini Patel and Lars Svåsand (eds) Government and Politics in Malawi, second edition. Lilongwe, Malawi: Capital Printing Press.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2013. 'The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing?' pp. 12-31. In Emil Uddhammer, Elliott Green and Johanna Söderström (eds.) Political Opposition and Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa, New York, NY: Routledge. (reprint).

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2005. 'Dilemmas Connected to Recognising Customary Law and Courts in South Africa' in Lone Lindholt and Sten Schaumburg-Müller (eds.) Human Rights and Local/living law in Human Rights in Development, Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishing.

 

Book Reviews

Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2019). The political over-representation of the rich in the USA. European Political Science, online first. 

Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2013). 'Sexuality and Gender Politics in Mozambique: Rethinking Gender in Africa' by Signe Arnfred, Tidsskrift for kjønnsforskning, January, 88-92.

 

Working Papers:

Lindsay J. Benstead, Ragnhild L. Muriaas, and Vibeke Wang (2018). 'When Do Donor Endorsements Help or Hurt? Policy Advocacy and Men’s Interests in Malawi'. Working Paper, No.16, The program on Governance and Local Development (GLD). Yale and University of Gothenburg.

Ragnhild Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, LIndsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani and Lise Rakner (2017). 'It Takes a female Chief: Gender and Effective Politicy Advocacy in Malawi', Working Paper, No.11, The program on Governance and Local Development (GLD). Yale and University of Gothenburg.

 

Reports:

The Local Governance Performance Index (LGPI) in Malawi: Selected FIndings on Gender (2017). Report prepared by Lindsay Benstead, Boniface Dulani, Ragnhild L. MUriaas, Lise Rakner and Vibeke Wang. GLD report. The program on Governance and Local Development (GLD). Yale and University of Gothenburg.

Dissertations:

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2008. Affection and Defection: Local Perspectives on the Pull Towards the Government Party in Malawi, South Africa and Uganda, PhD Dissertation, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

Muriaas, Ragnhild L. 2002. Two Bulls in a Kraal - Recognising cultural difference in post-Apartheid South Africa, hovedfagsoppgave (M.Phil. Thesis), Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.
 

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  • Show author(s) 2002. Two Bulls in a Kraal - Recognising cultural difference in post-Apartheid South Africa.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Money Talks: Gendered Electoral Financing in Democratic and Democratizing States.

Ragnhild L. Muriaas (Project leader). Research project financed by FRIHUMSAM, the Research Council of Norway (2016-2020).

Money is assumingly one of the greatest barriers to women in the political recruitment process. Particularly in candidate-centered electoral system where candidates compete twice: first in the primaries, and then, if they are successful, in elections at the state or national level. The financial disadvantage of women is expected to constitute an obstacle for women´s entry into politics everywhere and especially in developing countries where women´s socio-economic status is disproportionately low relative to men. This line of reasoning has caused a global upswing in financial schemes targeting women candidates, although the scholarship on women´s representation has not followed suit. MoneyTalks represents a new research frontier by putting the effects of gendered electoral finaincing on the agenda. The project analyzes on how such schemes - separate from or in conjunction with gender quotas, interact with electoral processes and institutions that tend to be gendered across regions. Key cases are Cape Verde, Ireland, Kenya, Malawi, Tunisia and the United Kingdom. 

 

Engineering gender equality: The effects of aid to women’s political representation in Malawi, Sudan, Uganda and Zambia.
Liv Tønnessen (project leader). Research project financed by NORDGLOBAL, the Research Council of Norway (2013-2017). Ragnhild Louise Muriaas is principal investigator. 

In the last decades the international community has placed women's political participation on the agenda.  One of the key motivators behind this focus on women's political participation has been the assumption that there is a causal relationship between women's numerical representation on the one hand, and the substantive and symbolic representation of women on the other. This project focuses on questions related to women's representation in four African cases that have been key recipients of gendered aid the last decade (Malawi, Sudan, Uganda and Zambia). Muriaas main focus in this project has been studying reforms within the area of ending early marriages among key political agents in Zambia and Malawi, as well as, conducting survey experiments on the endorsement effects within reforms on early marriage, gender quotas and land reform in Malawi. The survey is conducted in collaboration with The Progamme of Governance and Local Development at Gothenburg (GLD), se http://gld.gu.se/malawi.html


Labor migration and the moral sustainability of the Norwegian welfare state.

Stein Kuhnle (project leader). Research project funded by VAM, the Research Council of Norway (2013-2017).

EDUCATION

2008 Ph.D, Departmenet of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2002 Cand. Polit. Degree. Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

1996 Cand. Mag. Degree. Faculty of Social Science, University of Bergen.

 

POSITIONS

2015 Associate Senior Researcher, Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), Bergen, Norway.

2013 -  Associate Professor,Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2010 Visiting Scholar, Department of Sociology, University of California (Berkeley).

2009 - 2013 Post-doctor,Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2005-2006 Visiting scholar, Department of Political Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

2005 Visiting scholar, Political Science and Public Administration, Makerere University, Uganda.

2004 Visiting PhD-student, The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden. 

2004 - 2008 PhD Student, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

2002 - 2004 University lecturer, Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen.

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