• E-mailRegine.Paul@uib.no
  • Visitor Address
    Christies gate 17
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5020 BERGEN

I am currently consolidating two streams of my past research on (1) comparative migration policymaking and governance and (2) comparative risk regulation and uses of risk analysis in the public administration. My on-going (collaborative) research has three goals: 

  1. explore and account for variation in the adoption and uses of artificial intelligence technologies (AIT) in public decisionmaking by policy domain, organization and country
  2. map and explain variety in how different countries, also in interaction with international, sub-national and private sector actors, regulate public uses of AIT and automated decision-making
  3. illustrate dynamics of the regulation with and of AITs in the migration domain, with a focus on the EU and selected member states, the UK and Canada.

From fall 2021, I will be contributing to teaching in AORG 107, AORG 323B and AORG 328.

I look foward to meeting students @UiB ADMORG and discussing their projects and ideas then.

I am happy to supervise theses in any of my (and neighbouring) areas of expertise.

(only publications since 2015 listed here, for more details see my researchgate account)



2021: Varieties of Risk Analysis in Public Administration. Problem-Solving and Polity Policies in Europe. London: Routledge (Series ‘Studies in Governance and Public Policy’)  

2015: The Political Economy of Border Drawing. Arranging Legality in European Labor Migration Policies. Oxford/New York: Berghahn Books (paperback edition published in 2019)


Edited volumes

2021: Handbook of the Governance and Politics of Migration. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (with Emma Carmel and Katharina Lenner)

2017: Society, Regulation and Governance: New Modes of Social Change?, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (with Marc Mölders, Alfons Bora, Michael Huber and Peter Münte)


Peer-reviewed articles

2020: ‘Analyse and rule? A conceptual framework for explaining the variable appeals of ex-ante evaluation in policymaking’, der moderne staat – Zeitschrift für Public Policy, Recht und Management 13(1), 124-142. doi: 10.3224/dms.v13i1.11

2020: ‘Why regulators assess risk differently: Regulatory style, business organization, and the varied practice of risk-based food safety inspections across the EU’, Regulation & Governance [Impact Factor: 2.792], online first 19 May, with Olivier Borraz et al., doi: 10.1111/rego.12320

2020: ‘The boundary conditions for regulation: Welfare systems, state traditions & the varied governance of work safety in Europe’, Governance[Impact Factor: 3.643] (part of a special issue ‘Varieties of regulatory capitalism’, edited by M. Guidi, I. Guardiancich and D. Levi-Faur), with Henry Rothstein and David Demeritt

2019: ‘Towards a new ontology of crisis? Resilience in EU Migration governance?’, European Security [Impact Factor: 1.453], 28(4): 393-412, with Christof Roos

2019: ‘Varieties of risk regulation in Europe: coordination, complementarity & occupational safety in capitalist welfare states’, Socio-Economic Review , 17(4): 393-412, with Henry Rothstein et al.

2017: ‘Harmonization by risk analysis? Frontex and the risk-based governance of European border control.’ Journal of European Integration , 39(6): 689-706.

2016: ‘Negotiating varieties of capitalism? Crisis and change in contemporary British and German labor migration policies.’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies [Impact Factor: 2.297], 42(10), 1631-1650.

2016: ‘Risk-based governance against national obstacles? Comparative dynamics of Europeanization in Dutch, French and German flooding policies.’ Journal of Risk Research , 19(8): 1043-1062, with Fréderic Bouder and Mara Wesseling.


Book chapters

2021/fc: ‘True to type? How governance traditions shaped responses to Covid-19 in China, Germany, UK and USA’, in Brown, P. and J. Zinn (Hrsg.) COVID-19 – From the perspective of the Sociology of Risk and Uncertainty, London: Routledge, with Henry Rothstein, David Demeritt und Li Wang.

2021: ‘The comparative politics of migration governance in Europe.’ Anghel, Veronica and E. Jones (eds.) Developments in European Politics III, London: Palgrave Macmillan.

2021: ‘The governance and politics of international migration: A conceptual-analytical map.’ Carmel, E., Lenner, K. and R. Paul (eds.) Handbook on the Governance and Politics of Migration, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, with Emma Carmel and Katharina Lenner.

2019: ‘The political ordering of migrant workers: Comparative governance analysis of European labour migration policies’. Carmel, E. (ed.): Governance Analysis: A New Approach to Politics, Policy and Practice, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, p. 93-111.

2018: ‘How ‘low-skilled’ migrant workers are made: border-drawing in migration policy’, Rijken, C. and T. de Lange (eds. ) Towards a Decent Labour Market for Low Waged Migrant Workers, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, p. 57-78.

2018: ‘Risk as a governance tool in European border control’, Weinar, A., Bonjour, S., and L. Zhyznomirska (eds.): Handbook on the Politics of Migration in Europe, London: Routledge, p. 227-238.

2017: ‘Shaping society: New modes of social change in regulation and governance? An introduction.’ Paul, R., Mölders, M., Bora, A., Huber, M. and P. Münte (eds.) Society, Regulation and Governance: New Modes of Social Change?, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, with Marc Mölders, p. 1-12.

2017: ‘Risk: new issue or new tool in regulation and governance research?’ Paul, R., Mölders, M., Bora, A., Huber, M. and P. Münte (eds.) Society, Regulation and Governance: New Modes of Social Change?, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, p. 59-74.

Varieties of regulating automated decision-making (with Emma Carmel @ University of Bath)

In a series of papers, and working towards a larger grant application, we develop an analytical framework for exploring and explaining varied approaches to regulating the use of algorithms and machine learning in the public sector, across countries and policy domains. Re-appraising the notion of risk regulation regimes by Hood, Rothstein and Baldwin (2001), we develop a model for mapping the size, structure and style of regulating ADMs. We extent the original explanatory framework of market failure, public opinion responsiveness and interest group politics to chart and explain the specific regulatory problems and dynamics which (the political economy of) artificial intelligence technology entail.