• E-mailRichard.Telford@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 34 22
  • Visitor Address
    Thormøhlensgt. 53 A/B
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

Quantitative palaeoecology, palaeoclimatology, quantitative environmental reconstructions, applied statistics, long-term ecology, tropical ecology

Academic article
  • 2020. Species distribution models are inappropriate for COVID-19. Nature Ecology and Evolution.
  • 2019. The handbook for standardized field and laboratory measurements in terrestrial climate change experiments and observational studies (ClimEx). Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 22-37.
  • 2019. Review and test of reproducibility of subdecadal resolution palaeoenvironmental reconstructions from microfossil assemblages. Quaternary Science Reviews.
  • 2019. Position and orientation of the westerly jet determined Holocene rainfall patterns in China. Nature Communications.
  • 2019. PaCTS 1.0: a crowdsourced reporting standard for paleoclimate data. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology. 1570-1596.
  • 2018. Transplants, open top chambers (OTCS) and gradient studies ask different questions in climate change effects studies. Frontiers in Plant Science. 1-9.
  • 2018. Reproducibility of species recognition in modern planktonic foraminifera and its implications for analyses of community structure. Journal of Micropalaeontology. 519-534.
  • 2018. Intraspecific Trait Variation and Phenotypic Plasticity Mediate Alpine Plant Species Response to Climate Change. Frontiers in Plant Science. 11 pages.
  • 2018. Heat export from the tropics drives mid to late Holocene palaeoceanographic changes offshore southern Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 96-110.
  • 2018. Greening up the mountain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 833-835.
  • 2018. Can benthic foraminifera serve as proxies for changes in benthic macrofaunal community structure? Implications for the definition of reference conditions. Marine Environmental Research. 24-36.
  • 2017. Younger Dryas ice margin retreat triggered by ocean surface warming in central-eastern Baffin Bay. Nature Communications. 1-9.
  • 2017. Reconstructing the history of eutrophication and quantifying total nitrogen reference conditions in Bothnian Sea coastal waters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 320-328.
  • 2017. Northward oceanic heat transport in the main branch of the Norwegian Atlantic Current over the late Holocene. The Holocene. 1034-1044.
  • 2017. Impacts of the spatial extent of pollen-climate calibration-set on the absolute values, range and trends of reconstructed Holocene precipitation. Quaternary Science Reviews. 37-53.
  • 2017. Avian guild assemblages in forest fragments around Budongo Forest Reserve, western Uganda. Ostrich. 267-276.
  • 2017. All age–depth models are wrong, but are getting better. The Holocene. 860-869.
  • 2017. A novel procedure for pollen-based quantitative paleoclimate reconstructions and its application in China. Science China. Earth Sciences. 2059-2066.
  • 2016. Technical note: Estimating unbiased transfer-function performances in spatially structured environments. Climate of the Past. 1215-1223.
  • 2016. Significance testing testate amoeba water table reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews. 131-135.
  • 2016. Plant functional group responses in an African tropical forest recovering from disturbance. Plant Ecology & Diversity. 69-80.
  • 2016. How foreign is the past? (brief communication arising from Lyons et al. 2016). Nature. E1-E2.
  • 2016. Can trait patterns along gradients predict plant community responses to climate changeas? Ecology. 2791-2801.
  • 2016. Assessing performance and seasonal bias of pollen-based climate reconstructions in a perfect model world. Climate of the Past. 2255-2270.
  • 2015. Which is the better proxy for paleo-current strength: Sortable-silt mean size (S̅S̅) or sortable-silt mean grain diameter (dss)? A case study from the Nordic Seas. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. 3456-3471.
  • 2015. Temporal patterns in Saturnidae (silk moth) and Sphingidae (hawk moth) assemblages in protected forests of central Uganda. Ecology and Evolution. 1746-1757.
  • 2015. Taxon selection using statistical learning techniques to improve transfer function prediction. The Holocene. 130-136.
  • 2015. Is palaeoecology a ‘special branch’ of ecology? The Holocene. 17-24.
  • 2015. East Asian summer monsoon precipitation variability since the last deglaciation. Scientific Reports.
  • 2014. The seed and fern spore bank of a recovering African tropical forest. Biotropica. 677-686.
  • 2014. The role of the northward-directed (sub)surface limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during the 8.2 ka event. Climate of the Past. 1887-1904.
  • 2014. Reconstructing palaeoclimatic variables from fossil pollen using boosted regression trees: Comparison and synthesis with other quantitative reconstruction methods. Quaternary Science Reviews. 69-81.
  • 2014. A modern pollen-climate dataset from China and Mongolia: Assessing its potential for climate reconstruction. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 87-96.
  • 2014. A modern pollen-climate calibration set from central-western Mongolia and its application to a late glacial-Holocene record. Journal of Biogeography. 1909-1922.
  • 2013. Structural changes are more important than compositional changes in driving biomass loss in Ugandan forest fragments. Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment. 23-38.
  • 2013. Reconstructing Holocene sea level using salt-marsh foraminifera and transfer functions: lessons from New Jersey, USA. Journal of Quaternary Science. 617-629.
  • 2013. Mismatch between the depth habitat of planktonic foraminifera and the calibration depth of SST transfer functions may bias reconstructions. Climate of the Past. 859-870.
  • 2013. Massive structural and compositional changes over two decades in forest fragments near Kampala, Uganda. Ecology and Evolution. 3804-3823.
  • 2013. A pollen-climate transfer function from the tundra and taiga vegetation in Arctic Siberia and its applicability to a Holocene record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 702-713.
  • 2012. Testing peatland testate amoeba transfer functions: Appropriate methods for clustered training-sets. The Holocene. 819-825.
  • 2012. Testing intra-site transfer functions: an example using chironomids and water depth. Journal of Paleolimnology. 545-558.
  • 2012. Population trends in the Slavonian grebe Podiceps auritus (L.) and Chironomidae (Diptera) at a Scottish loch. Journal of Paleolimnology. 631-644.
  • 2012. From cold to cool in northernmost Norway: Lateglacial and early Holocene multi-proxy environmental and climate reconstructions from Jansvatnet, Hammerfest. Quaternary Science Reviews. 100-120.
  • 2012. Comparing different calibration methods (WA/WA-PLS regression and Bayesian modelling) and different-sized calibration sets in pollen-based quantitative climate reconstruction. The Holocene. 413-424.
  • 2012. Benthic foraminifera provide a promising tool for ecological quality assessment of marine waters. Ecological Indicators. 66-75.
  • 2011. North Atlantic reservoir ages linked to high Younger Dryas atmospheric radiocarbon concentrations. Global and Planetary Change. 226-233.
  • 2011. Effect of uneven sampling along an environmental gradient on transfer function performance. Journal of Paleolimnology. 99-106.
  • 2011. Dynamics of North Atlantic deep water masses during the Holocene. Paleoceanography. 10 pages.
  • 2011. A novel method for assessing the statistical significance of quantitative reconstructions inferred from biotic assemblages. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1272 -1278.
  • 2011. A 100 yr record of ocean temperature control on the stability of Jakobshavn Isbrae, West Greenland. Geology. 867-870.
  • 2010. Quantifying recent ecological changes in remote lakes of North America and Greenland using sediment diatom assemblages. PLOS ONE.
  • 2010. Holocene trends in the foraminifer record from the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Climate of the Past. 179-193.
  • 2009. Holocene trends in the foraminifer record from the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Climate of the Past Discussions. 2081-2113.
  • 2009. Holocene climate variability in the Southern Ocean recorded in a deep-sea sediment core off South Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1932-1940.
  • 2009. Evaluation of transfer functions in spatially structured environments. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1309-1316.
  • 2007. Variations in temperature and extent of Atlantic Water in the northern North Atlantic during the Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews. 3423-3440.
  • 2007. Spatial structure of the 8200 cal yr BP event in northern Europe. Climate of the Past. 225-236.
  • 2007. Oxygen and carbon isotope, composition of authigenic carbonate from an Ethiopian lake: a climate record of the last 2000 years. The Holocene. 517-526.
  • 2006. Quantitative palaeotemperature records inferred from fossil pollen and chironomid assemblages from Lake Gilltjarnen, northern central Sweden. Journal of Quaternary Science. 831-841.
  • 2006. Long-term trends in eutrophication and nutrients in the coastal zone. Limnology and Oceanography. 385-397.
  • 2006. Limitations of dinoflagellate cyst transfer functions. Quaternary Science Reviews. 1375-1382.
  • 2006. Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies. Science. 1015-1015.
  • 2006. Discussion on Bayesian palaeoclimate reconstruction by J. Haslett et al. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 433-434.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions: problems with spatial autocorrelation in evaluating model performance. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2173-2179.
  • 2005. Relationships between calibrated ages and depth in stratigraphical sequences: an estimation procedure by mixed-effect regression. The Holocene. 612-618.
  • 2005. Late Quaternary volcanic record from lakes of Michoacan, central Mexico. Quaternary Science Reviews.
  • 2005. A comparison of the palaeoclimate signals from diatom oxygen isotope ratios and carbonate oxygen isotope ratios from a low latitude crater lake. Paleoceanography. 290-302.
  • 2004. The intercept is a poor estimate of a calibrated radiocarbon age. The Holocene. 296-298.
  • 2004. Lacustrine responses to tephra deposition: examples from Mexico. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2337-2353.
  • 2004. Biases in the estimation of transfer function prediction errors. Paleoceanography. 5 pages.
  • 2004. All age-depth models are wrong: but how badly? Quaternary Science Reviews. 1-5.
  • 2003. The intercept is a poor estimate of a calibrated radiocarbon age. The Holocene.
  • 2013. Biodiversity in freshwaters: temporal trends and response to water chemistry. .
  • 2007. Defining reference conditions for coastal areas in the Baltic Sea. .
  • 2019. Integrating experiments and gradient approaches to study climate impacts on ecosystems.
  • 2018. Mosses - the regulating blanket of alpine grasslands?
Academic lecture
  • 2019. Functional group interactions mediate climate change impacts on the Carbon dynamics and Biodiversity of alpine ecosystems.
  • 2018. Using experimental macroecology to assess climate change impacts on plants.
  • 2018. Trait Shifts affect Ecosystem Carbon Exchange under Climate Change in Alpine Grasslands .
  • 2018. Ecosystem responses and feedbacks to climate change - lessons from terrestrial ecology?
  • 2018. Built-in insulation; plant functional groups regulate soil conditions in alpine grasslands.
  • 2017. Konsekvenser av klimaendringer: Hva skjer når fjellplanter flyttes til et varmere og våtere klima? .
  • 2017. Integrating experimental and gradient approaches to study CC impacts on plants.
  • 2017. Integrating experimental and gradient approaches to assess climate change impacts on plants populations and communities.
  • 2017. Eco-climatological experiments in the field and in the laboratory.
  • 2016. Seed banks, spore banks, and moist forest community recovery.
  • 2015. What do statistical tests of the significance of transfer-function derived reconstruction tell us?
  • 2015. All age–depth models are wrong, but are getting better.
  • 2014. Re-evaluating tropical LGM planktonic foraminifera assemblage-based sea-surface temperature reconstructions.
  • 2014. Pitfalls of using transfer functions to reconstruct sea-ice.
  • 2013. Probabilistic age-depth modelling.
  • 2013. Identifying lakes with potential good temperature reconstructions.
  • 2012. Temporal and spatial changes in silk moth (Saturniidae) and hawk moth (Sphingidae) assemblages in forests of Central Uganda: a comparative analysis.
  • 2012. Power analysis of tests of statistical significance of quantitative reconstructions.
  • 2012. Consequences of the mismatch between the depth at which planktonic foraminifera live and the calibration depth of SST transfer functions.
  • 2011. Significance tests for transfer function‐derived quantitative reconstructions.
  • 2011. Significance tests for transfer function-derived quantitative reconstructions.
  • 2011. Changes in species composition of planktonic diatom assemblages along the Baltic Sea transect and its significance for palaeosalinity inferences.
  • 2011. Avoiding numerical pitfalls in chironomid palaeoecology.
  • 2010. Holocene reservoir age corrections for the Norwegian Sea based on cold-water corals.
  • 2010. Climatic controls on Ugandan forest composition.
  • 2010. A time for new rules of microbial biogeography?
  • 2009. IPCC AR5 and palaeoclimate – natural climate change and climate forcing. Evidence from data and models.
  • 2009. Holocene climate variability: response to natural and ma-made forcing in data and models.
  • 2008. Where will ecosystem response to climate change be greatest? Evidence from palaeoecological data.
  • 2008. Synthesis of 1200 years of climate change in the Nordic Sea.
  • 2008. Radiocarbon calibration and age-depth modelling.
  • 2007. Ups and downs of microfossil transfer functions.
  • 2007. Synthesis of 1200 years of climate change in the Nordic Sea.
  • 2007. Multidecadal-century scale variability in the Nordic Seas sea ice and temperature proxies over the last 1200 years.
  • 2007. Improving transfer functions for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions in spatially structured environments.
  • 2007. Climate history reconstructed from lakes.
  • 2006. Recent developments in radiocarbon-age calibration and age-depth modelling of Holocene stratigraphical sequences.
  • 2006. Pollen – climate transfer functions.
  • 2006. How many radiocarbon dates are sufficient?
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions: the problem with spatial autocorrelation.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • 2005. The secret assumption of transfer functions.
  • 2005. Marine 14C reservoir ages based on the coral Lophelia pertusa.
  • 2005. How many diatoms are pH specialists.
  • 2005. How Robust are Dinoflagellate Cyst Transfer Functions?
  • 2005. Dynamics of Holocene climate variability.
  • 2005. Comparing Planktonic Foraminiferal Climate Records during the Holocene on the Norwegian-Svalbard Continental Margin.
  • 2005. Comparing Planktonic Foraminiferal Climate Records during the Holocene on the Norwegian-Svalbard Continental Margin.
  • 2005. Age-depth modelling and core correlation.
  • 2005. Age-depth modelling.
  • 2004. Century scale climate changes in Northern Europe and the Nordic Seas during the last 10.000 years � a result of changing equator-pole temperature gradients or variations in the phase of dominant climate modes?
  • 2003. The intercept is a poorly behaved estimate of a calibrated radiocarbon age.
  • 2003. The intercept is a poorly behaved estimate of a calibrated radiocarbon age.
  • 2003. All age-depth models are wrong: but which are useful?
  • 2011. QSR Correspondence "Is spatial autocorrelation introducing biases in the apparent accuracy of palaeoclimatic reconstructions?". Quaternary Science Reviews. 3210-3213.
  • 2007. Response to comment on "Dispersal limitations matter for microbial morphospecies". Science. 1124-1124.
  • 2006. How many freshwater diatoms are pH specialists? A response to Pither & Aarssen (2005). Ecology Letters. E1-E5.
  • 2006. Bayesian palaeoclimate reconstruction - Discussion on the paper by Haslett et al. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society). 430-438.
Reader opinion piece
  • 2013. Diatom flickering prior to regime shift. Nature. E11-E12.
Short communication
  • 2017. Comment on 'Fossil forest reveals sunspot activity in the Early Permian'. Geology. e427.
  • 2011. palaeoSig: Significance tests for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions.
Popular scientific article
  • 2005. Havtemperatur utenfor norskekysten de siste 12 000 år. Cicerone. 20-21.
  • 2008. Fortsatt temperaturkrangel.
  • 2006. Langt flere arter enn vi har trodd.
  • 2006. Hvor mange arter finnes på jorden?
  • 2006. Hvor mange arter finnes det på jorden?
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • 2017. Palaeoenvironmental history of the Baltic Sea: One of the largest brackish-water ecosystems in the world. 48 pages.
  • 2012. Exploratory data analysis and data display. 19 pages.
  • 2008. The early to mid-Holocene thermal optimum in the North Atlantic. 15 pages.
  • 2019. The mountain TransPlant Network.
  • 2019. INCLINE: Indirect climate change impacts on alpine plant communities.
  • 2018. Plant functional traits as predictors of ecosystem carbon fluxes across climatic gradients in alpine grasslands.
  • 2015. Is there robust evidence of solar variability in palaeoclimate proxy data?
  • 2014. Cumulative effects of fragmentation: loss of specialist forest birds in Budongo, Western Uganda.
  • 2013. Re-evaluating tropical Atlantic LGM planktonic foraminifera assemblage-based sea-surface temperature reconstructions.
  • 2013. Marine soft-bottom bio-monitoring strategies: Can microfossils make a difference?
  • 2013. Influence of disturbance and fragmentation on species richness in Ugandan forests.
  • 2012. Plant groups respond differently to forest disturbance.
  • 2012. Late Holocene reservoir age corrections for the Norwegian Sea.
  • 2011. Reconstructiong Holocene inflow-overflow dynamics in the Nordic Seas using sediment parameters and model results.
  • 2004. Bjerknes activity 8: Ocean carbon cycle and biogeochemistry.
Digital learning tools
  • 2007. Common freshwater diatoms of Britain and Ireland: An interactive identification key.
  • 2013. Benthic foraminifera provide a. promising tool for ecological quality assessment of marine waters (vol 23, pg 66, 2012). Ecological Indicators. 183-183.
Academic literature review
  • 2020. Open Science principles for accelerating trait-based science across the Tree of Life. 294-303.
  • 2011. Centennial scale benthic foraminiferal record of late Holocene oceanographic variability in Disko Bugt, West Greenland. 2815-2826.
  • 2009. Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Northern Europe. 523-535.
  • 2015. Transfer functions. 470-499. In:
    • 2015. Handbook of Sea-Level Research. John Wiley & Sons.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

PhD, University of Aberystwyth

MA, University of Cambridge

The Matrix

PES - Paleoecological reconstructions of marine soft-bottom Ecological Status and in situ reference conditions