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Silke Appel

Professor
  • E-mailSilke.Appel@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 97 46 33
  • Visitor Address
    Haukeland universitetssykehus, Laboratoriebygget
    Room 
    5395
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7804
    5020 Bergen

Dendritic cell biology with special emphasis on aspects that enable their use in immunotherapeutic strategies, both for cancer and autoimmune diseases

 

Member of the organizing committee for the annual "Day of Immunology" (29.4.)

Responsible for

Academic article
  • Sauter, Alexander; Yi, Dag Heiro; Li, Yayan; Roersma, Sabine; Appel, Silke. 2019. The Culture Dish Surface Influences the Phenotype and Cytokine Production of Human Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells. Frontiers in Immunology.
  • Davies, Richard Allan; Sarkar, Irene; Hammenfors, Daniel; Bergum, Brith; Vogelsang, Petra; Solberg, Silje Michelsen; Gavasso, Sonia; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2019. Single cell based phosphorylation profiling identifies alterations in toll-like receptor 7 and 9 signaling in patients with primary sjogren's syndrome. Frontiers in Immunology. 1-18.
  • Solberg, Silje Michelsen; Sandvik, Lene Frøyen; Eidsheim, Marianne; Jonsson, Roland; Bryceson, Yenan; Appel, Silke. 2018. Serum cytokine measurements and biological therapy of psoriasis - Prospects for personalized treatment? Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 1-7.
  • Aarebrot, Anders Krogh; Solberg, Silje Michelsen; Davies, Richard Allan; Bader, Lucius; Holmes, Timothy; Gavasso, Sonia; Bryceson, Yenan; Jonsson, Roland; Sandvik, Lene Frøyen; Appel, Silke. 2018. Phosphorylation of intracellular signaling molecules in peripheral blood cells from psoriasis patients on originator or biosimilar infliximab. British Journal of Dermatology. 371-380.
  • Fuchs, Anke; Gliwiński, Mateusz; Grageda, Nathali; Spiering, Rachel; Abbas, Abul K.; Appel, Silke; Bacchetta, Rosa; Battaglia, Manuela; Berglund, David; Blazar, Bruce; Bluestone, Jeffrey A.; Bornhäuser, Martin; ten Brinke, Anja; Brusko, Todd M.; Cools, Nathalie; Cuturi, Maria Cristina; Geissler, Edward; Giannoukakis, Nick; Golab, Karolina; Hafler, David A.; van Ham, S. Marieke; Hester, Joanna; Hippen, Keli; Di Ianni, Mauro; Ilic, Natasa; Isaacs, John; Issa, Fadi; Iwaszkiewicz-Grzes, Dorota; Jaeckel, Elmar; Joosten, Irma; Klatzmann, David; Koenen, Hans; van Kooten, Cees; Korsgren, Olle; Kretschmer, Karsten; Levings, Megan; Marek-Trzonkowska, Natalia Maria; Martinez-Llordella, Marc; Miljkovic, Djordje; Mills, Kingston H.G.; Miranda, Joana P.; Piccirillo, Ciriaco A.; Putnam, Amy L.; Ritter, Thomas; Roncarolo, Maria Grazia; Sakaguchi, Shimon; Sánchez-Ramón, Silvia; Sawitzki, Birgit; Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Ljiljana; Sykes, Megan; Tang, Qizhi; Vives-Pi, Marta; Waldmann, Herman; Witkowski, Piotr; Wood, Kathryn J.; Gregori, Silvia; Hilkens, Catharien M.U.; Lombardi, Giovanna; Lord, Phillip; Martinez-Caceres, Eva M.; Trzonkowski, Piotr. 2018. Minimum information about T regulatory cells: A step toward reproducibility and standardization. Frontiers in Immunology. 1-15.
  • Davies, Richard Allan; Hammenfors, Daniel; Bergum, Brith; Vogelsang, Petra; Gavasso, Sonia; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2018. Aberrant cell signalling in PBMCs upon IFN-? stimulation in primary Sjogren's syndrome patients associates with type I interferon signature. European Journal of Immunology. 1217-1227.
  • Yi, Dag Heiro; Stetter, Nadine; Jakobsen, Kjerstin; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2018. 3-Day monocyte-derived dendritic cells stimulated with a combination of OK432, TLR7/8 ligand, and prostaglandin E2 are a promising alternative for cancer immunotherapy. Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy. 1-10.
  • Davies, Richard Allan; Hammenfors, Daniel; Bergum, Brith; Jakobsen, Kjerstin; Solheim, Magne; Vogelsang, Petra; Brun, Johan G; Bryceson, Yenan; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2017. Patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome have alterations in absolute quantities of specific peripheral leucocyte populations. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 491-502.
  • Karlsen, Marie; Jakobsen, Kjerstin; Jonsson, Roland; Hammenfors, Daniel; Hansen, Torbjørn; Appel, Silke. 2017. Expression of Toll-Like Receptors in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Patients with Primary Sjogren's Syndrome. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 220-226.
  • Lord, Phillip; Spiering, Rachel; Aguillon, Juan C.; Anderson, Amy E.; Appel, Silke; Benitez-Ribas, Daniel; ten Brinke, Anja; Broere, Femke; Cools, Nathalie; Cuturi, Maria Cristina; Diboll, Julie; Geissler, Edward K.; Giannoukakis, Nick; Gregori, Silvia; van Ham, Marieke S.; Lattimer, Staci; Marshall, Lindsay; Harry, Rachel A.; Hutchinson, James A.; Isaacs, John D.; Joosten, Irma; van Kooten, Cees; de Cerio, Ascension Lopez Diaz; Nikolic, Tatjana; Oral, Haluk Barbaros; Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Ljiljana; Ritter, Thomas; Riquelme, Paloma; Thomson, Angus W.; Trucco, Massimo; Vives-Pi, Marta; Martinez-Caceres, Eva M.; Hilkens, Catharien M.U. 2016. Minimum information about tolerogenic antigen-presenting cells (MITAP): A first step towards reproducibility and standardisation of cellular therapies. PeerJ.
  • Davies, Richard Allan; Vogelsang, Petra; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2016. An optimized multiplex flow cytometry protocol for the analysis of intracellular signaling in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. JIM - Journal of Immunological Methods. 58-63.
  • Karlsen, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Brun, Johan G; Appel, Silke; Hansen, Torbjørn. 2015. TLR-7 and -9 Stimulation of Peripheral Blood B Cells Indicate Altered TLR Signalling in Primary Sjögren's Syndrome Patients by Increased Secretion of Cytokines. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 523-531.
  • Sauter, Alexander; Mc Duffie, Yvonne; Böhm, Heike; Martinez, Aurora; Spatz, Joachim P.; Appel, Silke. 2015. Surface-mediated priming during in vitro generation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 56-65.
  • Sandvik, Lene Frøyen; Skarstein, Kathrine; Krynitz, Britta; Volchenkov, Roman; Sviland, Lisbeth; Leivestad, Torbjørn; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2015. Peritumoral dermis of squamous cell carcinomas in renal transplant recipients contains less CD11c+ myeloid dendritic cells and FoxP3+ T cells compared to immunocompetent controls. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. 2128-2135.
  • Karlsen, Marie; Hansen, Torbjørn; Nordal, Hilde Haugedal; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2015. Expression of toll-like receptor -7 and -9 in B cell subsets from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. PLOS ONE. 13 pages.
  • Sandvik, Lene Frøyen; Skarstein, Kathrine; Sviland, Lisbeth; Svarstad, Einar; Nilsen, Arvid E; Leivestad, Torbjørn; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2014. CD11c+ dendritic cells rather than Langerhans cells are reduced in normal skin of immunosuppressed renal transplant recipients. Acta Dermato-Venereologica. 173-178.
  • Vogelsang, Petra; Karlsen, Marie; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2014. Altered phenotype and Stat1 expression in Toll-like receptor 7/8 stimulated monocyte-derived dendritic cells from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Arthritis Research & Therapy.
  • Sprater, Florian; Azeem, Waqas; Appel, Silke. 2014. Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma leads to upregulation of ESE-3 expression in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 20-26.
  • Volchenkov, Roman; Karlsen, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2013. Type 1 regulatory T cells and regulatory B cells induced by tolerogenic dendritic cells. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 246-254.
  • Haldorsen, Karstein; Appel, Silke; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Bruland, Ove; Brun, Johan G; Omdal, Roald; Kristjansdottir, Gudlaug; Theander, Elke; Duarte Fernandes, Carla; Kvarnström, Marika; Eriksson, Per; Rönnblom, Lars; Herlenius, Maria Wahrén; Nordmark, Gunnel; Jonsson, Roland; Bolstad, Anne Isine. 2013. No association of primary Sjögren's syndrome with Fcγ receptor gene variants. Genes and Immunity. 234-237.
  • Volchenkov, Roman; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2013. In vitro suppression of immune responses using monocyte-derived tolerogenic dendritic cells from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Arthritis Research & Therapy. 12 pages.
  • Sauter, Alexander; Richter, Gunther; Micoulet, Alexandre; Martinez, Aurora; Spatz, Joachim P.; Appel, Silke. 2013. Effective polyethylene glycol passivation for the inhibition of surface interactions of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and platelets. Biointerphases. 12 pages.
  • Sandvik, Lene Frøyen; Volchenkov, Roman; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2013. Characterization of monocyte-derived dendritic cells from immunosuppressed renal transplant recipients with and without squamous cell carcinomas. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 291-297.
  • Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Karlsen, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2012. The bacterial preparation OK432 induces IL-12p70 secretion in human dendritic cells in a TLR3 dependent manner. PLOS ONE. 7 pages.
  • Sprater, Florian; Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Appel, Silke. 2012. Expression of ESE-3 isoforms in immunogenic and tolerogenic human monocyte-derived dendritic cells. PLOS ONE. 9 pages.
  • Landsverk, Ole J. B.; Ottesen, Anett Hellebø; Berg-Larsen, Axel; Appel, Silke; Bakke, Oddmund. 2012. Differential regulation of MHC II and invariant chain expression during maturation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Journal of Leukocyte Biology. 729-737.
  • Appel, Silke; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Bruland, Ove; Brun, Johan G; Omdal, Roald; Kristjansdottir, Gudlaug; Theander, Elke; Nordmark, Gunnel; Kvarnström, Marika; Eriksson, Per; Rönnblom, Lars; Wahren-Herlenius, Marie; Jonsson, Roland. 2011. Potential association of muscarinic receptor 3 gene variants with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 1327-1329.
  • Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Karlsen, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Aarstad, Hans Jørgen; Appel, Silke. 2011. Maturation of monocyte derived dendritic cells with OK432 boosts IL-12p70 secretion and conveys strong T-cell responses. BMC Immunology. 10 pages.
  • Lied, Gülen Arsland; Vogelsang, Petra; Berstad, Arnold; Appel, Silke. 2011. Dendritic cell populations in patients with self-reported food hypersensitivity. International Journal of General Medicine. 389-396.
  • Karlsen, Marie; Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Vogelsang, Petra; Tysnes, Berit Bølge; Appel, Silke. 2011. Bromelain Treatment Leads to Maturation of Monocyte-derived Dendritic Cells but Cannot Replace PGE(2) in a Cocktail of IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and PGE(2). Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 135-143.
  • Nordmark, Gunnel; Kristjansdottir, Gudlaug; Theander, Elke; Appel, Silke; Eriksson, Per; Vasaitis, Lillian; Kvarnström, Marika; Delaleu, Nicolas; Lundmark, Per; Lundmark, Anders; Sjöwall, Christopher; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Malin V; Harboe, Erna; Gøransson, Lasse G; Johnsen, Svein Joar Auglæn; Söderkvist, Peter; Eloranta, Maija-Leena; Alm, Gunnar V.; Baecklund, Eva; Wahren-Herlenius, Marie; Omdal, Roald; Rönnblom, Lars; Jonsson, Roland; Syvänen, Ann-Christine. 2011. Association of EBF1, FAM167A(C8orf13)-BLK and TNFSF4 gene variants with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Genes and Immunity. 100-109.
  • Vogelsang, Petra; Brun, Johan G; Øijordsbakken, Gunnvor; Skarstein, Kathrine; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2010. Levels of plasmacytoid dendritic cells and type-2 myeloid dendritic cells are reduced in peripheral blood of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 1235-1238.
  • Vogelsang, Petra; Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2009. Levels of dendritic cell populations and regulatory T cells vary significantly between two commonly used mouse strains. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 541-546.
  • Delaleu, Nicolas; Jonsson, Malin V; Appel, Silke; Jonsson, Roland. 2008. New Concepts in the Pathogenesis of Sjogren's Syndrome. Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America. 833-+.
  • Appel, Silke; Brossart, P. 2007. Development of novel compounds to treat autoimmune and inflammatory diseases and graft versus host reactions. Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets. 93-97.
  • Appel, Silke; Bringmann, Anita; Grünebach, Frank; Week, Markus M.; Bauer, Jürgen; Brossart, Peter. 2006. Epithelial-specific transcription factor ESE-3 is involved in the development of monocyte-derived DCs. Blood. 3265-3270.
Reader opinion piece
  • Haldorsen, Karstein; Bruland, Ove; Appel, Silke; Bolstad, Anne Isine. 2013. Reply to 'Comment on No association of primary Sjogren's syndrome with Fc gamma receptor gene variants'. Genes and Immunity. 532-532.
  • Sandvik, Lene Frøyen; Vogelsang, Petra; Leivestad, Torbjørn; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2012. Quantification of Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells and Type 1 Myeloid Dendritic Cells in Peripheral Blood of Renal Transplant Recipients With and Without Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Acta Dermato-Venereologica. 623-624.
  • Volchenkov, Roman; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2012. Anti-Ro and anti-La autoantibody profiling in Norwegian patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome using luciferase immunoprecipitation systems (LIPS). Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. 314-315.
  • Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Appel, Silke. 2010. The First Dendritic Cell-Based Therapeutic Cancer Vaccine is Approved by the FDA. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 554-554.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Solberg, Silje Michelsen. 2019. Systemic inflammation in psoriasis: Circulating immune cells and cytokines.
  • Davies, Richard Allan. 2017. Flow cytometry based analyses as a tool in biomarker discovery for patient stratification in primary Sjögren’s syndrome.
  • Karlsen, Marie. 2015. Toll-like receptors in primary Sjögren’s syndrome. Special emphasis on B cells.
  • Haldorsen, Karstein. 2011. Epidemiological, clinical, and immunogenetic aspects of primary Sjögren's syndrome.
Abstract
  • Volchenkov, Roman; Karlsen, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2013. Type 1 Regulatory T cells and Regulatory B Cells Induced by Dexamethasone and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 Treated Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 299-300.
  • Haldorsen, Karstein; Appel, Silke; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Bruland, Ove; Brun, Johan G; Omdal, Roald; Kristjansdottir, Gudlaug; Theander, Elke; Fernandes, Carla P.D.; Nordmark, Gunnel; Kvarnström, Marika; Eriksson, Per; Rönnblom, Lars; Herlenius, Maria Wahrén; Jonsson, Roland; Bolstad, Anne Isine. 2012. No association of primary Sjögren's Syndrome with Fc gamma? Receptor gene variants. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 198-198.
  • Karlsen, Marie; Hansen, Torbjørn; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2012. Expression of Toll-like receptors 7 and 9 in B cell populations of patients with Sjogren's syndrome. Immunology. 331-331.
  • Volchenkov, Roman; Karlsen, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2012. Comparison of different protocols for the generation of monocytes-derived tolerogenic dendritic cells for immunotherapy. Immunology. 679-679.
  • Sprater, Florian; Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Niere, Marc; Appel, Silke. 2011. The Epithelial Specific Transcription Factor ESE-3 is Expressed in Immature Dendritic Cells and Occurs Primarily as the ESE-3b Isoform. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 366-366.
  • Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Karlsen, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2011. Maturation of Dendritic Cells with the Bacterial Compound OK432 Induces High Secretion of IL-12p70 in a TLR3 Dependent Manner. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 387-388.
  • Volchenkov, Roman; Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Karlsen, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2011. Generation of Tolerogenic Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 378-379.
  • Sandvik, Lene Frøyen; Leivestad, Torbjørn; Sandnes, Dagny Ann; Vogelsang, Petra; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2011. Can Levels of Blood Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells be used as a Prognostic Factor for Development of Squamous Cell Carcinomas in Organ Transplant Recipients? Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 394-394.
  • Appel, Silke; Vogelsang, Petra; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Roland. 2010. Patients with Primary Sjogren's Syndrome have Significantly Reduced Amounts of Plasmacytoid and Type 2 Myeloid Dendritic Cells in Peripheral Blood. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 479-479.
  • Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Karlsen, Marie; Sandnes, Dagny Ann; Aarstad, Hans Jørgen; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2010. Maturation of Monocyte Derived Dendritic Cells With OK432 Leads to Altered Expression of Surface Markers. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 504-504.
  • Nordmark, Gunnel; Kristjansdotti, Gudlaug; Theander, Elke; Appel, Silke; Eriksson, Per; Vasaitis, Lillian; Wahren-Herlenius, Marie; Omdal, Roald; Rönnblom, Lars; Jonsson, Roland; Syvanen, Ann-Christine. 2010. Gene Variants in Fam167A-Blk and Tnfsf4 are associated with Primary Sjogren's Syndrome. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. 32-32.
  • Haldorsen, Karstein; Appel, Silke; Bruland, Ove; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Brun, Johan G; Omdal, Roald; Kristjansdottir, Gudlaug; Theander, Elke; Nordmark, Gunnel; Kvamstrom, M; Eriksson, P; Rönnblom, Lars; Wahren-Herlenius, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Bolstad, Anne Isine. 2010. Fc gamma receptor IIA, IIIA and IIIB single nucleotide polymorphisms and Fc gamma receptor IIIB copy number variation: No association with primary Sjögren's syndrome. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. 36-36.
  • Lied, Gülen Arsland; Vogelsang, Petra; Berstad, Arnold; Appel, Silke. 2010. Dendritic cell populations in patients with self-reported food hypersensitivity. Gut. A394.
  • Karlsen, Marie; Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Vogelsang, Petra; Appel, Silke; Sandnes, Dagny Ann; Tysnes, Berit Bølge. 2010. Bromelain Treatment Leads to Maturation of Monocyte Derived Dendritic Cells. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 506-507.
  • Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Sandnes, Dagny Ann; Jonsson, Roland; Aarstad, Hans Jørgen; Appel, Silke. 2008. Maturation of monocyte derived dendritic cells with OK432 leads to altered expression of surface markers. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 217-217.
  • Bringmann, Anita; Hilgendorf, Ingo; Appel, Silke; Held, Stefanie; von Schwarzenberg, Karin; Grünebach, Frank; Brossart, Peter. 2008. Characterization of Gene p306 Expressed in Monocyte Derived Dendritic Cells. Blood. 891-891.
  • Vogelsang, Petra; Deswaerte, Virginie; Jonsson, Malin V; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2008. Age-related distribution of cDC and pDC in salivary glands of NOD mice. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 206-207.
Poster
  • Vogelsang, Petra; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2009. Levels of plasmacytoid dendritic cells and type-2 myeloid dendritic cells are reduced in peripheral blood of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome.
  • Haldorsen, Karstein; Appel, Silke; Bruland, Ove; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Brun, Johan G; Omdal, Roald; Kristjansdottir, Gudlaug; Theander, Elke; Nordmark, Gunnel; Kvarnström, M; Eriksson, Per; Rönnblom, Lars; Wahren-Herlenius, Marie; Jonsson, Roland; Bolstad, Anne Isine. 2009. Fc receptor IIA, IIIA and IIIB single nucleotide polymorphisms and Fc receptor IIIB copy number variation: No association with primary Sjögren’s syndrome.
  • Vogelsang, Petra; Lier, GS; Brun, Johan G; Jonsson, Roland; Appel, Silke. 2009. Dendritic cells from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome have slightly enhanced endocytic capacity.
  • Nordmark, Gunnel; Kristjansdottir, Gudlaug; Appel, Silke; Kvarnström, M; Eriksson, P; Theander, Elke; Vasaitis, L; Lundmark, P; Sjowall, C; Brun, Johan G; Harboe, Erna; Gøransson, Lasse; Soderkvist, P; Padyukov, L; Eloranta, Maija-Leena; Alm, Gunnar V.; Baecklund, E; Herlenius, Maria W; Ronnblom, L; Jonsson, Roland; Syvanen, A-C. 2009. Association of C8orf13-BLK and TNFSF4 Gene Variants with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome.
Academic literature review
  • Yi, Dag Heiro; Appel, Silke. 2013. Current status and future perspectives of dendritic cell-based cancer immunotherapy. 167-171.
  • Volchenkov, Roman; Sprater, Florian; Vogelsang, Petra; Appel, Silke. 2012. The 2011 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. 1-4.
  • Jonsson, Roland; Vogelsang, Petra; Volchenkov, Roman; Espinosa, Alexander; Wahren-Herlenius, Marie; Appel, Silke. 2011. The complexity of Sjögren's syndrome: Novel aspects on pathogenesis. 1-9.
  • Vogelsang, Petra; Jonsson, Malin V; Dalvin, Sussie Trine; Appel, Silke. 2006. Role of dendritic cells in Sjögren´s syndrome. 219-226.

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