Old Norse Literature and Culture

Interpiktoriality and Pictorial Turn

Medieval and Early Modern Western Scandinavian Manuscript Cultures

Material Philology

Digital Humanities (Social Network Analysis)


(2021) Illuminated Manuscript Production in Medieval Iceland. Literary and Artistic Activities of the House of Canons Regular at Helgafell in the Fourteenth Century, Manuscripta Publications in Manuscript Research Series (Turnhout: Brepols). Open Access: Link; Print: Link.

(2019) Djuve, Heidi Synnøve, Stefan Drechsler, Beñat Larrea Elortza, and Deniz Cem Gülen (eds.), The North as Home: Proceedings from the Nordic Research Network 2017, Norvik Press Series C: Student Writings no. 4 (London: Norvik Press).



(forthcoming) "Law Manuscripts from Fifteenth Century Iceland", in Annette Lassen and Gísli Sigurðsson, eds. Gripla XXXII (Reykjavík: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar á Íslandi).

(2020) "Marginalia in Medieval Western Scandinavian Law Manuscripts", in Roland Scheel and Silke Schwandt (eds.), Imaginationen und Praktiken des Rechts: Literatur- und geschitswissenschaftliche Perspektiven, Das Mittelalter: Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung, Themenheft 1/2020 (Berlin: De Gruyter), 180-195.

(2017) "Illuminated Manuscript Production in Western Iceland in the Thirteenth and Early Fourteenth Centuries", in Emily Lethbridge and Rósa Þórsteinsdóttir, eds. Gripla XXVIII (Reykjavík: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar á Íslandi), 169–196. Link.

(2016) "The Illuminated Þjófabálkr in Fourteenth-Century Icelandic Jónsbók Manuscripts", in Russel Poole et al., eds. Viking and Medieval Scandinavia 12 (Turnhout: Brepols), 1–40. Link.

(2016) "Ikonographie und Text-Bild-Beziehungen der GKS 1005 fol Flateyjarbók", in Britta Olrik Frederiksen, ed. Opuscula XLVIII (Kopenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Forlag), 215–300. Link.

(2014) "Zur Ikonographie der AM 350 fol. Skarðsbók", in Espen Karlsen, ed. Collegium Medievale 27 (Oslo: Novus Forlag), 63–113. Link.



(forthcoming) "Jón Halldórsson and Law Manuscripts of Western Iceland c. 1320–40", in Gunnar Harðarson and Karl G. Johansson (eds.), Dominican Resonances in Medieval Iceland: The Legacy of Bishop Jón Halldórsson of Skálholt, The Northern World (Leiden: Brill)

(2021) "Production and Content of the Fourteenth-Century Norwegian Law Manuscript Lundarbók", in Thomas Gobbit (ed.) Law|Book|Culture in the Early and High Medieval West, Exploring Medieval Culture 7 (Leiden: Brill), 17–50.

(2016) "Reynistaðakirkja hin forna. The Medieval Chapter Seal of the Benedictine Nunnery at Reynistaður", in Ian Giles et al. (eds.), Beyond Borealism. New Perspectives on the North (London: Norvik Press), 24–42.

(2014) "Thieves and workshops: On a historical initial in AM 343 fol. Svalbarðsbók", in Guðvarður Már Gunnlaugsson and Margrét Eggertsdóttir, eds. Saltari stilltur og sleginn Svanhildir Óskarsdóttur fimmtugri 13. mars 2014 (Reykjavík: Menningar- og minningarsjóður Mette Magnussen), 37–39.


Book Reviews:

(2020) "Kate Heslop and Jürg Glauser, eds. RE:writing. Medial perspectives on textual culture in the Icelandic Middle Ages", in Präsidium des Mediävistenverbandes, eds., Das Mittelalter, 2020/2 (Berlin: De Gruyter Verlag, 2020), 16–18.

(2016) "Stefka Georgieva Eriksen, Writing and Reading in Medieval Manuscript Culture. The Translation and Transmission of the Story of Elye in Old French and Old Norse Literary Contexts", in Alison Finlay, ed. Saga-Book 40 (London: Viking Society for Northern Research), 121–123. Link.

(2016) "M. J. Driscoll and Svanhildur Óskarsdóttir, eds. 66 Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection", in Alison Finlay, ed. Saga-Book 40 (London: Viking Society for Northern Research), 119–121. Link.

(2014 "Lena Liepe, Studies in Fourteenth Century Icelandic Book Painting", in Espen Karlsen, ed. Collegium Medievale 27 (Oslo: Novus Forlag), 201–204. Link.




  • Show author(s) 2020. Marginalia in Medieval Western Scandinavian Law Manuscripts. Das Mittelalter: Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung. 180-195.
  • Show author(s) 2019. The North as Home: Proceedings from the Nordic Research Network 2017. Norvik Press.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Law Manuscripts of Western Scandinavia: European Influences and Domestic Use

The aim of the project ‘Law Manuscripts of Western Scandinavia’ is to shed new light on an important area of medieval history: Icelandic and Norwegian law manuscripts in the period 1250–1650. These codices provide a detailed picture of a European society in a period of vastly expanding international contacts and are important first-hand examples of cultural frames of use. Being prestige objects of the elite, these law manuscripts are embellished with high quality book painting also served as initial references for literacy for generations. As such, Scandinavian law manuscripts are unfiltered, yet highly understudied mirrors of Nordic societies. While the transmission of these texts and their sites of production have been established through a good deal of previous research, the book painting and overall manuscript design has scarcely been examined. This project intends to resolve this state of neglect by investigating select Nordic examples.

The overarching ambition of this project is to shed light on the flow of concepts in the design of medieval legal manuscripts via a comprehensive and critical approach. I will examine the hypothesis that the manuscript design and legal iconographic programmes displayed in these manuscripts are not rooted in western Scandinavia exclusively, but also derive from two other areas which were in close contact with the North in the Middle Ages and Early Modern times: France and England. This project will be the first in the field to map the literary and artistic exchange between Scandinavian societies and other parts of Europe. Furthermore, the project will produce evidence for the strong cultural ties between the elite of Scandinavia and centres of legal education in Europe. Accordingly, this project will provide new insights into the international movements of medieval people through pictorial and textual evidence. In this respect, the project sets the Scandinavian laws within their wider European context.

Invited Talks:

06.02.2019 "Fremdheit in der Gísla saga Súrssonar", "Das Eigene und das Fremde im Mittelalter"-Vortragsreihe of the Mittelalterzentrum Greifswald, Universität Greifswald, Germany.

06.02.2019 "Inhalt und Komposition der GKS 1005 fol. Flateyjarbók", Nordeuropa-Institut, Humboldt Universität, Berlin, Germany.

21.11.2018 "Die Bilder- und Textwelt der isländischen Saga-Handschrift Flateyjarbók", "Jubiläumskolloquium" des Instituts für Fennistik und Skandinavistik, Universität Greifswald, Germany.

10.07.2018 "Mittelalterliche Rechtsikonographie in Skandinavien", Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany.

18.07.2017 "Holistische Annäherungen an Handschriftenkulturen Skandinaviens am Beispiel der isländischen Helgafell Manuskripte", Institut für Skandinavistik, Goethe Universität, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

25.05.2017 "A Network of Pictures, Texts and People: Holistic Approaches to Illuminated Old Norse Manuscripts", Centre for Scandinavian Studies Seminar Series, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom.

14.12.2016 "The Death of a Warrior Saint: Depictions of the martyrdom of Óláfr helgi in Norway in Medieval Scandinavian Art", Middelalderseminaret, Institutt for historiske studier, NTNU Trondheim, Norway.

08.12.2016 "Bergen and Iceland: The Production of Codex Hardenbergianus (GKS 1154 fol) and the West Icelandic Helgafell Workshop", Forskargruppe i mellomalderfilologi, Universitetet i Bergen, Norway.

29.11.2016 "East Anglia and West Iceland: Stylistic influences on the book painting of Flateyjarbók (GKS 1005 fol) from early fourteenth-century East Anglian Manuscripts", Collegium Medievale Seminar Series, Universitetet i Oslo, Norway.

13.05.2014 "Illuminierte Manuskripte des mittelalterlichen Nordens: Ein interdisziplinäres Forschungsfeld der Kunstgeschichte und Altnordischen Philologie", "Interdisziplinärer Dialog - Aktuelle "turns" und "terms" in den Geschichts- und Kulturwissenschaften"-Vortragsreihe, Christian- Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany.

16.05.2013 "The Illuminations of AM 133 fol. Kálfalækjabók", Strengleikar Seminar Series, Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, Reykjavík, Iceland.

16.02.2012 "Flateyjarbók and Europe? An Investigation of Art-Historical Connections to Contemporary Art from Iceland, Norway, Denmark and Great Britain’s East Anglia", Strengleikar Seminar series, Stofnun Árna Magnússonar í íslenskum fræðum, Reykjavík, Iceland.


Conference Papers & Presentations:

06.07.2020 (planned) "Common Features in the Design of Medieval Nordic Law Manuscripts", Session "Borders of the Law in Medieval Norway and Iceland", International Medieval Congress (IMC), University of Leeds, United Kingdom.

17.11.2019 "Law Manuscript Production in Fifteenth-Century Iceland", Icelandic Laws in Context: Jónsbók and Kristinréttr Árna in the Árni Magnússon Collection-Conference, Háskóli Íslands, Iceland.

14.08.2019 "Personal Backgrounds of 13th-Century Western Scandinavian Law Manuscript Cultures", The Global North – Spaces, Connections, and Networks before 1700 Conference. Centrum för medeltidsstudier, Stockholm Universitet, Sweden.

01.07.2019 "The Design and Use of Margins in Scandinavian Law Manuscripts", Session "The Materiality of Law Manuscripts, II: Design and Use of Legal Manuscripts", International Medieval Congress (IMC), University of Leeds, United Kingdom.

24.10.2018 "Text und Bild landessprachlicher Gesetzeshandschriften des mittelalterlichen West-Skandinaviens", 25. Jahrestagung des Brackweder Arbeitskreises, Universität Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany.

17.08.2018 "The Þingfararbálkr in Illuminated Icelandic Jónsbók Manuscripts", 17th International Saga Conference, Háskóli Íslands, Iceland. Link.

29.01.2016 "Forníslenskir Trékirkjur: The Medieval Chapter Seals of Reynistaður, Þingeyrar and Munkaþverá", 2016 Graduate Student Conference, Centre for Renaissance Studies, Newberry Library, Chicago, USA.

14.08.2015 "The Illuminated Manuscripts from Helgafell: An Interdisciplinary Approach’, Session ‘Textuality and Manuscript Transmission", International Saga Conference, Universität Zürich, Switzerland. Link.

07.07.2015 "The Throne of Solomon and the Sedes Sapientiae in Medieval Icelandic Book Painting", Session "Interdisciplinary Approaches to Medieval Scandinavia", IMC, University of Leeds, United Kingdom.

14.05.2015 "The Throne of Grace and the Added Figure: f. 2r in AM 350 fol. Skarðsbók", nordik 2015 Conference, nordisk komité for kunsthistorie, Reykjavík, Iceland.

19.02.2015 "Thieves and gallows: The Þjófabálkr-Chapter in Illuminated 14th Century Icelandic Jónsbók Copies","What Happens Next?" - Nordic Research Network Conference 2015, Scandinavian Studies, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

22.01.2015 "Dogs, Holy Men and Related Texts. The Old Norse Bible Translation Manuscript AM 226 fol Stjórn", 2015 Graduate Student Conference, Center for Renaissance Studies, Newberry Library, Chicago, USA.

22.11.2013 "klaustrit at helga felli aa bok þessa - The Illuminated Manuscripts from Helgafell: An Interdisciplinary Approach", "Knowledge of the North: Traditions, Transformations and Practices of Medieval Scandinavian Learning"-Workshop, Universitet i Bergen, Norway.

27.09.2013 "Zur Ikonographie der AM 350 fol. Skarðsbók und weiteren Manuskripten aus Helgafell", 21. Arbeitstagung der Skandinavistik (ATDS), Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Freiburg, Germany.

09.08.2012 "Flateyjarbók and Europe? An Investigation of Art-Historical Connections to Contemporary Art from Iceland, Norway, Denmark and Great Britain’s East Anglia", 15th International Saga Conference, Aarhus Universitet, Denmark. See the preprint in Preprint Publication of the 15th International Saga Conference: Sagas and the Use of the Past, eds. Mathias Valentin Nordvig and Lisbeth H. Torfing, (Aarhus: Aarhus Universitet), 111–112. Link.

23.03.2012 "Magnús Þórhallsson as Illuminator: Selected Assigned Works in the Context of Contemporary Art from East Anglia and Norway", Interdisciplinary Student Symposium on Viking and Medieval Scandinavian Subjects, Aarhus Universitet, Denmark.