My research activities have a basis in the organic chemistry of naturally occuring organic compounds like petroleum and biomass, and primarily in an energy/geochemical context. There is always some analytical aspect. Petroleum chemistry oriented projects cover the study of oil and gas generation and alteration including biodegradation and relating petroleum composition with the physical properties of the phases - oil, gas and solid gas hydrates. A paralell activity is to apply the established understanding of the natural geochemical transformation of biomass into petroleum to the conversion of “fresh” biomass to renewable fuels using pyrolysis technology. Recently, I have become involved in the research on organic chemistry of extreme environments within the context the deep sea hydrothermal systems that are part of the research objectives of the new centre of excellence on Geobiology.
However, petroleum and biofuel related research still is the major activity in my group. The methods used comprise a wide range of chromatographic techniques, with an emphasis on gas and liquid chromatography and IR and NMR spectrometry. In addition we use preparative pyrolysis in petroleum maturation and biomass conversion studies. Multivariate methods are essential for interpreting data in the studies of oil composition and properties, and experimental design and multivariate modelling is a core technique for optimising production of alternative fuels by pyrolysis of biomass and waste.
Our research is has a strong interdisciplinary orientation, and projects and student supervision are largely based on cooperation with specialists in other fields. At present the cooperation is with the research group in petroleum microbiology at CIPR (Centre for Integrated Petroleum research), with the Oil and Gas unit at the StatoilHydro Research centers in Bergen and Trondheim, with the SINTEF Petroleum Research group in Bergen on the interactions between physical chemistry and chemical composition of oil, and an interdisciplinary project group administered by the PFI (Paper and Fibre Institute) in Norway on renewable fuels from biomass pyrolysis with Statoil and the forestry sector as industrial partners
Regular courses: KJEM 230 Organic analytical methoodt and KJEM 203 Petroleum chmistry
Thematic areas for master thesis projects:
1) Biofuel from lignin or other biomass using thermochemical methods: The purpose of the projects is to develop understanding and practical solutions for converting solid biomass into liquid products that can be applied as components in renewable motor fuels. During recent years, the lignin biopolymer has been the most important feedstock, and assorted processes for hydrodeoxygenation to produce phenols and hydrocarbons have been developed and tested. The master’s projects within this field can have an analytical or synthetic emphasis, and is often done in cooperation with project based researchers in the group and/or external companies.
Important methodologies: Pyrolysis in high-pressure reactors, experimental design and multivariate interpretation of data, chromatographic and spectroscopic analysis, mass balance evaluations and characterisation of products for properties as fuel components and their applicability as bulk chemicals.
2) Petroleum chemistry: Petroleum is a very complex mixture of organic compounds that is generated during the slow thermal breakdown of organic matter that has been incorporated in a source rock. Though petroleum often is termed “hydrocarbons”, it also contains significant amounts of compounds where the elements N, S and O are incorporated in functional groups. These compounds largely determine the properties of the oil phase relative to the interfaces with water, gases and minerals. Their detailed chemical composition varies as a function the degree of thermal conversion, and also as a function of microbial degradation of the oil. Questions regarding the source and composition of these compounds and their effects on the physical properties of the oil/water/gas system – including gas hydrates in solid phase – still provide a wide range of interesting questions suitable for new master’s projects. The projects can be interdisciplinary within chemistry and the natural sciences, and often involve cooperation with external research groups.
Important methodologies: Pyrolysis for simulated maturation of source rocks and oils, experimental design and multivariate interpretation of data, chromatographic and spectroscopic analysis, physical-chemical characterisation of interfacial activity.
3) Biogeochemistry/Astrobiology/”Origin of life”: Historically, “life” was assumed to be a prerequisite for the synthesis of organic molecules. However, a considerable amount of research has shown experimentally that both simple molecules and higher molecular weight compounds can be formed from inorganic reactants at certain conditions. A critical factor is the occurrence of reducing conditions in the system which supports the presence of molecular hydrogen. A carbon source is also necessary. Such conditions are found in the subsea hydrothermal systems that have been discovered on the Norwegian continental shelf in the recent years, where hot rock from the mantel is present close to the seafloor (http://www.uib.no/geobio ). The conditions that occur naturally at the deep hydrothermal vent fields can be simulated quite realistically in the lab, with a reducing environment, increased temperature (and pressure), and water or supercritical water as the reaction environment. Such laboratory experiments open the possibility for systematic investigation of parameters that influence the reactions that produce organic compounds. The projects are often interdisciplinary relative to geology in cooperation with the Centre for Geobiology.
Important methodologies: Experimental reproduction of hydrothermal conditions, experimental design and multivariate interpretation of data, chromatographic and spectroscopic analysis, inorganic characterisation, thermodynamic modelling of stability.
4) Analysis of samples of special interest: Different projects can be set up for subjects of special interest. At present there is a project on analysis of organic molecules conserved in dripstones with regard to markers for climate and vegetation. The project is in cooperation with Stein-Erik Lauritzen (Earth Sciences). There is also a project on analysis of archaeological samples with an emphasis on binders for prehistoric and historic paint in cooperation with Wenche Odden at Bergen Museum.
Methodology: Both projects will use analytical pyrolysis-GC-MS as a main analytical technique.
Titles of recent master theses
- ”Effekten av ulike parametre på ”Lignin to Liquid-prosessen” for omdannelse av biomasse til bioolje.” (Effect of different parameters on the ”Lignin-to-Liquid” process for conversion of biomass to bio-oil. ) Ann-Mari Ollila Hilmen. Juni 2010.
- “Simulated maturation of source rocks by hydrous pyrolysis and characterization of pyrolyzates by chromatography and spectroscopy methods.” Abduljelil Sultan Kedir. Master of Science in Advanced Spectroscopy in Chemistry, September 2010.
- ”Eksperimentelle undersøkingar av danning hydrogen og ikkje – biogene organiske sambindingar, pluss løyseligheiten av NiS.” (Experimental investigation of the formation of hydrogen and non-biogenic organic compounds, and the solubility of NiS). Jo Hellesund. Oktober 2010.
- ”Karakterisering og Stabilitet av Asfaltener i Råolje” (Characterisation and stabilisation of asphalthenes in crude oils). Ida Anette Vestvik. Desember 2010.
- 2019. Measurements of CH4 and CO2 relative permeability in hydrate-bearing sandstone. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. 177: 880-888. doi: 10.1016/j.petrol.2019.02.091
- 2019. Carbon isotopic analysis of reactive organic matter using a new pyrolysis-cryotrapping-isotope ratio mass spectrometry method: The isotope variation of organic matter within the S1 and S2 peaks of Rock-Eval. Organic Geochemistry. 136: 1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2019.06.007
- 2019. Multiscale investigation of CO2 hydrate self-sealing potential for carbon geo-sequestration. Chemical Engineering Journal. 381. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2019.122646
- 2019. Stirred and non-stirred lignin solvolysis with formic acid in aqueous and ethanolic solvent systems at different levels of loading in a 5-L reactor. Biofuel Research Journal. 21: 937-946. doi: 10.18331/BRJ2019.6.1.5
- 2019. Formic acid assisted liquefaction of lignin in water and ethanol, investigated for a 0.025 and a 5 L batch reactor: Comparison of yields and compositions of the products. Biomass & Bioenergy. 124: 1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2019.03.004
- 2019. Effect of Reaction Conditions on Catalytic and Noncatalytic Lignin Solvolysis in Water Media Investigated for a 5 L Reactor. ACS Omega. 4: 19265-19278. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.9b02629
- 2018. Visualization of hydrate formation during CO2 storage in water-saturated sandstone. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 79: 272-278. doi: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2018.11.008
- 2018. Hydrate seal formation during laboratory CO2 injection in a cold aquifer. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 78: 21-26. doi: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2018.07.017
- 2018. Lignin-to-liquid-solvolysis (LtL) of organosolv extracted lignin. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. 6: 3102-3112. Published 2018-01-08. doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03057
- 2018. Solvent and catalyst effect in the formic acid aided lignin-to-liquids. Bioresource Technology. 270: 529-536. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.09.062
- 2017. High-performance Magnetic Activated Carbon from Solid Waste from Lignin Conversion Processes. Part I: Their Use as Adsorbents for CO2. Energy Procedia. 114: 6272-6296. doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.08.033
- 2017. High-Performance Magnetic Activated Carbon from Solid Waste from Lignin Conversion Processes. 1. Their Use As Adsorbents for CO<sub>2</sub>. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. 5: 3087-3095. doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b02795
- 2017. Hydrate formation in water-in-crude oil emulsions studied by broad-band permittivity measurements. Energy & Fuels. 31: 3793-3803. doi: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b03416
- 2017. Production of monomeric phenols by formic acid assisted hydrous liquefaction of lignin. Biomass & Bioenergy. 105: 298-309. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.07.017
- 2017. Lipids of Dietzia sp. A14101. Part II: A study of the dynamics of the release of surface active compounds by Dietzia sp. A14101 into the medium. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids. 208: 31-42. doi: 10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2017.08.007
- 2017. Lipids of Dietzia sp. A14101. Part I: A study of the production dynamics of surface-active compounds. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids. 208: 19-30. doi: 10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2017.08.006
- 2017. Composition of lignin-to-liquid solvolysis oils from lignin extracted in a semi-continuous organosolv process. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 18:225: 1-17. doi: 10.3390/ijms18010225
- 2017. Organosolv extraction of softwood combined with lignin-to-liquid-solvolysis as a semi-continuous percolation reactor. Biomass & Bioenergy. 99: 147-155. doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.02.014
- 2017. Analysis of the effect of temperature and reaction time on yields, compositions and oil quality in catalytic and non-catalytic lignin solvolysis in a formic acid/water media using experimental design. Bioresource Technology. 234: 86-98. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.02.129
- 2017. Unraveling the Role of Formic Acid and the Type of Solvent in the Catalytic Conversion of Lignin: A Holistic Approach. ChemSusChem. 10: 754-766. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201601410
- 2017. Thermocatalytic conversion of lignin in an ethanol/formic acid medium with NiMo catalysts: Role of the metal and acid sites. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 217: 353-364. doi: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2017.06.004
- 2017. High-performance magnetic activated carbon from solid waste from lignin conversion processes. 2. Their use as NiMo catalyst supports for lignin conversion. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. 5: 11226-11237. doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b02796
- 2017. Improved quantification of UV-B-absorbing compounds in Pinus sylvestris L. pollen grains using an internal standard methodology. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 247: 97-104. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2017.08.007
- 2016. The effect of solvent and input material pretreatment on product yield and composition of bio-oils from lignin solvolysis. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 119: 208-216. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2016.03.003
- 2015. Fatty acids in bacterium Dietzia sp grown on simple and complex hydrocarbons determined as FAME by GC-MS. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids. 190: 15-26. doi: 10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2015.06.002
- 2015. Data on pigments and long-chain fatty compounds identified in Dietzia sp. A14101 grown on simple and complex hydrocarbons. Data in Brief. 4: 622-629. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2015.07.022
- 2015. Simultaneous catalytic de-polymerization and hydrodeoxygenation of lignin in water/formic acid media with Rh/Al2O3, Ru/Al2O3 and Pd/Al2O3 as bifunctional catalysts. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 113: 713-722. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2015.04.020
- 2014. Estimation of dielectric properties of crude oils based on IR spectroscopy. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems. 139: 1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.chemolab.2014.09.001
- 2014. Preliminary photochemical studies of fluorene in various aqueous media. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. 5: 97-103. doi: 10.5251/ajsir.2014.5.3.97.103
- 2014. Comparison of partial least squares calibration models of viscosity, acid number and asphaltene content in petroleum, based on GC and IR data. Fuel. 120: 8-21. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.11.065
- 2013. Comparison of the gas hydrate plugging potentials of a set of crude oils from the Norwegian continental shelf using chemometric decomposition of GC-FID data. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. 102: 66-72. doi: 10.1016/j.petrol.2013.01.010
- 2012. Extracting homologous series from mass spectrometry data by projection on predefined vectors. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems. 114: 36-43. doi: 10.1016/j.chemolab.2012.02.007
- 2012. Catalytic oxidation and reduction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) present as mixtures in hydrothermal media. Polycyclic aromatic compounds (Print). 32: 408-422. doi: 10.1080/10406638.2012.663451
- 2012. Modeling the lignin degradation kinetics in a ethanol/formic acid solvolysis approach. Part 2. Validation and transfer to variable conditions. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 51: 15053-15063. doi: 10.1021/ie3026407
- 2012. Modeling the lignin degradation kinetics in an ethanol/formic acid solvolysis approach. Part 1. Kinetic model development. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 51: 10595-10606. doi: 10.1021/ie301487v
- 2012. Reactivity and reaction pathways in thermochemical treatment of selected lignin-like model compounds under hydrogen rich conditions. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 98: 37-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2012.03.007
- 2012. The use of lightweight expanded clay aggregate (LECA) as sorbent for PAHs removal from water. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 217: 360-365. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.03.038
- 2012. Multivariate Analysis of Crude Oil Composition and Fluid Properties Used in Multiphase Flow Metering (MFM). Energy & Fuels. 26: 5679-5688. doi: 10.1021/ef300620r
- 2011. Palladium-Nafion SAC 13 catalysed depolymerisation of lignin to phenols in formic acid and water. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 92: 477-484. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2011.09.004
- 2011. Effect of subcooling and amount of hydrate former on formation of cyclopentane hydrates in brine. Desalination. 278: 268-274. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2011.05.035
- 2011. DEVELOPING SOLVOLYTIC CONVERSION OF LIGNIN-TO-LIQUID (LtL) FUEL COMPONENTS: OPTIMIZATION OF QUALITY AND PROCESS FACTORS. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology. 45: 3-12.
- 2011. The use of anthracene as a model compound in a comparative study of hydrous pyrolysis methods for industrial waste remediation. Chemosphere. 84: 403-408. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.03.061
- 2011. Rate of hydrate formation in crude oil/gas/water emulsions with different water cuts. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. 80: 32-40. doi: 10.1016/j.petrol.2011.10.010
- 2010. Wettability of petroleum pipelines: influence of crude oil and pipeline material in relation to hydrate deposiion. Energy & Fuels. 24: 483-491. doi: 10.1021/ef900809r
- 2010. The geochemical characteristics of the hydrate-bound gases from the Nyegga pockmark field, Norwegian Sea. Organic Geochemistry. 41: 437-444. Published 2010-01-20. doi: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2010.02.005
- 2009. The influence of petroleum acids and solid surface energy on pipeline wettability in relation to hydrate deposition. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 333: 533-539. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2009.01.066
- 2009. Molecular analysis of petroleum derived compounds that adsorb onto gas hydrate surfaces. Applied Geochemistry. 24: 777-786. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.01.004
- 2009. Hydrocarbon degradation by Dietzia sp. A14101 isolated from an oil reservoir model column. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology. 96: 459-469. doi: 10.1007/s10482-009-9359-y
- 2009. Changes in crude oil composition during laboratory biodegradation: Acids and oil–water, oil–hydrate interfacial properties. Energy & Fuels. 23: 4068-4076. doi: 10.1021/ef900038z
- 2009. Influence of petroleum acids on gas hydrate wettability. Energy & Fuels. 23: 2213-2219. doi: 10.1021/ef8009603
- 2009. Optimizing solvolysis conditions for integrated depolymerisation and hydrodeoxygenation of lignin to produce liquid biofuel. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 85: 108-117. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2008.09.019
- 2008. Motor fuels from biomass pyrolysis. Chemical Engineering & Technology. 31: 773-781. doi: 10.1002/ceat.200800122
- 2008. Chemical Structures Present in Biofuel Obtained from Lignin. Energy & Fuels. 22: 4240-4244. doi: 10.1021/ef800402f
- 2008. Comparison of biodegradation level and gas hydrate plugging potential of crude oils using FT-IR spectroscopy and multi-component analysis. Organic Geochemistry. 39: 1229-1234. doi: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2008.04.006
- 2008. Towards a lignincellulosic biorefinery: Direct one-step conversion of lignin to hydrogen-enriched biofuel. Energy & Fuels. 22: 1371-1379. doi: 10.1021/ef700631w
- 2008. Phenols from lignin. Chemical Engineering & Technology. 31: 736-745. doi: 10.1002/ceat.200800073
- 2007. Normal phase high performance liquid chromatography for fractionation of organic acid mixtures extracted from crude oils. Journal of Chromatography A. 1149: 189-196. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2007.03.046
- 2007. Fractionation of crude oil acids by HPLC and characterization of their properties and effects on gas hydrate surfaces. Energy & Fuels. 21: 2816-2826. doi: 10.1021/ef070100r
- 2007. Alteration of crude oils from the Troll area by biodegradation: Analysis of oil and water samples. Organic Geochemistry. 38: 1865-1883. doi: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2007.07.007
- 2005. Calculation of wetting angles in crude oil/water/quartz systems. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 287.
- 2005. Relationship between the content of asphaltenes and bases in some crude oils. Energy & Fuels. 19: 1624-1630.
- 2005. Wettability of Freon hydrates in crude oil/brine emulsions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 287.
- 2004. Acidic compounds in biodegraded petroleum. Organic Geochemistry. 35: 1513-1525.
- 1999. Similarities and differences in hydrous pyrolysis of biomass and source rocks. Organic Geochemistry. 30: 1495-1508.
- 1999. Optimisation of biomass pyrolysis for luid fuel production. Organic Geochemistry. 30: 1477-1478.
- 1999. Effects of base catalysis on the product distribution from pyrolysis of woody biomass in the presence of water. Organic Geochemistry. 30: 1517-1526.
- 1999. Partition Coefficients and Interfacial Activity for Polar Components in Oil/Water Model Systems. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 212: 33-41.
- 1998. Influence of dissolved species on the carbon and energy budgets of hydrate bearing deep sediments (ODP Site 997 Blake Ridge). Chemical Geology. 149: 25-35.
- 1997. Synthesis, radiolabeling and biological activity of peptide oostatic hormone and its analogues. Journal of Peptide Research. 50: 153-158.
- 1997. Deeep marine biosphere fuelled by increasing organic matter availability during burial and heating. Nature. 388: 573-576.
- 1996. The distribution of nitrogen between bitumen, water and residue in hydrous pyrolysis of Messel oil shale. Organic Geochemistry. 24: 889-895.
- 1996. Do kinetic parameters from open pyrolysis describe petroleum generation by simulated maturation? Bulletin of Canadian petroleum geology. 44: 446-457.
- 1996. Porphyrins in Upper Jurassic source rocks and correlations with other source rock descriptors. Organic Geochemistry. 25: 283-294.
- 1996. Study of the pophyrins released from the Messel oil shale kerogen by hydrous pyrolysis experiments. Organic Geochemistry. 24: 691-703.
- 1995. Maturity trends in asphaltenes from pyrolysed source rocks and natural coals-Multivariate modelling of diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectra. Organic Geochemistry. 23: 139-158.
- 1995. Organic acids in geological processes. Organic Geochemistry. 23: 367-368.
- 1994. Models of thermal generation of carbon dioxide and organic acids form different source rocks. Organic Geochemistry. 21: 1229-1242.
- 1994. Effects of chemical composition on two-phase flow in porous rocks - a multivariate screening including interaction effects. Energy & Fuels. 8: 204-212.
- 1994. Generation of short-chain organic acids form crude oil by hydrous pyrolysis. Organic Geochemistry. 21: 943-952.
- 1993. Yields and carbon isotopic composition of pyrolysis products from artificial maturation processes. Chemical geology : Isotope geoscience section. 106: 103-114.
- 1993. Organic acids from source rock maturation - generation potentials, transport mechanisms and relevance for mineral diagenesis. Applied Geochemistry. 8: 325-337.
- 1993. Estimating kinetic parameters for generation of petroleum and single components from hydrous pyrolysis of source rocks. Energy & Fuels. 7: 100-110.
- 1993. Migration behaviour of petroleum associated short chain orgaic acids. Organic Geochemistry. 20: 1019-1025.
- 1993. Optimization in organic synthesis: An approach to obtaining kinetic information by sequential response surface modelling. An outline of the method. Journal of Chemometrics. 7: 341-367.
- 1991. Testbruk blant norske psykologer. Resultater fra en enkel enquete. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. 7: 591-595.
- 1989. Quantitative determination of thermal maturity in sedimentary organic matter by diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy of asphaltenes. Organic Geochemistry. 14: 77-81.
- 1998. Analyse av olje på strandet sjøfugl. [Mangler utgivernavn].
- 1998. Fingerprintanalyser av olje på ilanddrevne sjøfugler i Rogaland. Kjemisk institutt. 20 pages.
- 1998. Resipientundersøkelser i Skienselva. Union Bruk 1996-1997. Rapporter. O-96015. EnviroNor AS.
- 1997. Report: Analysis of Ekofisk formation water for unknown acid component, and correlation studies on formation water composition. Til Aly A. Hamouda, Philips. [Mangler utgivernavn]. 20 pages.
- 1997. Report: Comments to document 'Composition and properties of produced water' Bjørn Bringedal, ABB. Rapport om organiske forbindelser i formasjonsvann som kan påvirke måling av dipergert olje i vann online. [Mangler utgivernavn]. 21 pages.
- 1997. Report: Anvendelse av kapilær elektroforese i petroleumsrelatert analyse. Metodeevaluering til Norsk Hydro v. Arnd. Wilhelms. [Mangler utgivernavn]. 15 pages.
- 1994. Forebyggende rusmiddelarbeid i Norden. Fremmer det helsen? I: Abstractbook (=Nordiske Psykologikongress. 22. Oslo, 7.-10. sept. 1994). Oslo : Norsk Psykologforening.
- 1983. En kartlegging av polare forbindelser i råolje og forvitret råolje.
- 2017. Rheology of CO2 - CH4 hydrates measured in a concentric pressure cell. ., pages 367-374. In:
- 2017. 2017 Annual transactions - the Nordic Rheology Society. ISBN: 978-91-639-3285-4.
- 2014. Miljømessige og økonomiske effekter av produksjon av biodrivstoff fra trevirke i et bioraffineri - utvikling av LtL prosessen som et lokalt bidrag. 9, pages 181-198. In:
- 2014. Natur og næring i samspill. Akademika forlag. 245 pages. ISBN: 978-82-321-0233-4.
- 1996. Inverse estimations of parameters in petroleum reaction networks. 166-177. In:
- 1996. Inverse methods; interdisciplinary elements of methodology, computation and applications. Springer.
Publicatons in peer -reviewed journals since 2000:
A study of the composition of light hydrocarbons (C5-C13) from pyrolysis of source rock samples. W. Odden and T. Barth, Organic Geochemistry 31(2000) 211-299
The effect of crude oil fractions on wettability as studied by interfacial tension and contact angles. S.Høiland Standal, T. Barth, A.M.Blokhus and A. Skauge Journal of Petroleum Science & Engineering 30 (2001) 91-103.
Compound specific carbon isotope analysis of natural and artificially generated hydrocarbons in source rocks and petroleum fluids from offshore Mid-Norway. W. Odden, T. Barth and M.R.Talbot, Organic Geochemistry 33 (2002) 47-65
Optimising reaction conditions relative to product slates in aqueous pressurised pyrolysis of biomass and waste samples. T.Barth. In : Pyrolysis and gasification of biomass and waste, Ed. A.V.Bridgewater, CLP Press 2003, ISBN 1 872691773, p.53-63.
Acidic compounds in biodegraded petroleum .Tanja BARTH, Sylvi HØILAND, Per FOTLAND, Kjell Magne ASKVIK, Bent Skaare PEDERSEN and Anna Elisabet BORGUND, 2004, Organic Geochemistry 35, 1513-1525
Wettability of Freon hydrates in crude oil/brine emulsions. S.Høiland, K.M.Askvik, P.Fotland, E.Alagic, T.Barth and F.Fadnes (2005) Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 287, 217-225
Relationship between the content of asphaltenes and bases in some crude oils . Barth T, Hoiland S, Fotland P, Askvik KM, Myklebust R, Erstad K . 2005 ENERGY & FUELS 19 (4): 1624-1630
Calculation of wetting angles in crude oil/water/quartz systems. Askvik KM, Hoiland S, Fotland P, Barth T, Gronn T, Fadnes FH. JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE 287 (2): 657-663 JUL 15 2005
Borgund AE, Erstad K, Barth T . (2007) Fractionation of crude oil acids by HPLC and characterization of their properties and effects on gas hydrate surfacesENERGY & FUELS, 21(5) 2816-2826 Times Cited: 0
Normal phase high performance liquid chromatography for fractionation of organic acid mixtures extracted from crude oils. Borgund AE, Erstad K, Barth T JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A 1149 (2): 189-196 MAY 18 2007
Skaare BB, Wilkes H, Vieth A, Rein, E and Barth, T (2007) Alteration of crude oils from the Troll area by biodegradation: Analysis of oil and water samples. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 38 (11) 1865-1883
M. Kleinert, T. Barth, (2008) Towards a lignocellulosic biorefinery: Direct one-step conversion of lignin to hydrogen-enriched bio-fuel Energy Fuels (22), 1371-1379.
T. Barth, M. Kleinert, (2008) “Motor fuels from biomass pyrolysis",Chem. Eng. Technol. 31 (5), 773-781.
M. Kleinert, T. Barth (2008) "Phenols from Lignin", Chem. Eng. Technol. 2008, 31 (5), 736-745.
Georgi Genov, Egil Nodland, Bent Barman Skaare and Tanja Barth (2008) Comparison of biodegradation level and gas hydrate plugging potential of crude oils using FT-IR spectroscopy and multi-component analysis. Organic Geochemistry, 39 (8) 1229-1234 doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2008.04.006
Gellerstedt G., Li JB, Eide I, Kleinert M, Barth T (2008) Chemical Structures Present in Biofuel Obtained from Lignin ENERGY & FUELS: 22 (6) Pages: 4240-4244
Anna E. Borgund, Sylvi Høiland, Tanja Barth, Per Fotland and Kjell M. Askvik (2009) Molecular analysis of petroleum derived compounds that adsorb onto gas hydrate surfaces Applied Geochemistry, 24 (5), 777-786
Mike Kleinert, James R. Gasson and Tanja Barth (2009) Optimizing solvolysis conditions for integrated depolymerisation and hydrodeoxygenation of lignin to produce liquid biofuel. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis Volume 85, Issues 1-2, Pages 108-117 Doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2008.09.019
Aspenes, G.; Høiland, S.; Barth, T.; Askvik, K.M. (2009) The influence of petroleum acids and solid surface energy on pipeline wettability in relation to hydrate deposition. JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, 333 (2), 533-539
Kristin Erstad, Ina V. Hvidsten, Kjell Magne Askvik and Tanja Barth (2009) Changes in Crude Oil Composition during Laboratory Biodegradation: Acids and Oil–Water, Oil–Hydrate Interfacial Properties. Energy Fuels, 2009 Energy Fuels, 23 (8), pp 4068–4076
T. Barth, M. Kleinert, J. R. Gasson and A-M Hilmen: (2009) Developing Solvolytic Conversion Of Lignin To Liquid Fuel Components (LtL): Optimisation Of Quality And Process Economical Factors. Conference proceedingsAnna E. Borgund, Sylvi Høiland, Tanja Barth, Per Fotland, Kjell M. Askvik (2009) Molecular analysis of petroleum derived compounds that adsorb on gas hydrate surfaces. Applied Geochemistry 24; 777-786
Gunhild Bødtker, Ina V. Hvidsten , Tanja Barth and Terje Torsvik (2009) Hydrocarbon degradation by Dietzia sp. A14101 isolated from an oil reservoir model column. ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY 96 (4) 459-469
Erstad K, Hoiland S, Fotland P, Barth T (2009) Influence of Petroleum Acids on Gas Hydrate Wettability. ENERGY & FUELS 23, 2213-2219
Aspenes G, Hoiland S, Borgund AE, Barth T (2010) Wettability of Petroleum Pipelines: Influence of Crude Oil and Pipeline Material in Relation to Hydrate Deposition ENERGY & FUELS 24 483-491
Vaular E N, Barth T, Haflidason H (2010) The geochemical characteristics of the hydrate-bound gases from the Nyegga pockmark field, Norwegian Sea ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 41 (5) 437-444
Research and teaching experience form the Department of Chemistry, UoB, since 1983, including a nuber of projects fnded by industry, the Norwegian Research Council and European sources
Formal competence: Dr.scient (Ph.D) in organic chemistry at Uob 1983. Thesis title: "En kartlegging av polare forbindelser i råolje og forvitret råolje." (Mapping polar compounds in crude oil and weathered crude oil).
Cand.real (M.Sc) in organic chemistry 1979. Thesis title: Undersøkelse av naftensyrer i Nordsjøolje." (Investigation of naphthenic acids in a North Sea crude oil.)
Petroleum and gas hydrate projects:
GANS (2006-2010) Gas hydrates and natural seeps in the Nordic Sea region (Coordinated by Department of Earth Sciences/H.Haflidason)
HYADES (2006-2009): Hydrate agglomeration and deposition studies (Coordinated by SINTEF Petroleum/S. Høiland): One Ph.D. student - Guro Aspenes
ECOWAT(2007-2010): Coordinated by SINTEF Petroleum/contact S. Høiland): One Ph.D. student - Djurdjica Corak
Epsiolon multiphase flow metering (2008-) Part of the SFI "Michelsen Centre for industrial measurement Science and Technology" : One Ph.D student: Andreas Tomren
Project: Utprøving av ny tekniologi for produksjon av biodrivstoff/ Testing new technology for production of liquid biofuels (2008-2010) BIP project owned by LtLNor. One 20 % guest researcher position, dr. Mike Kleinert, one researcher Lucia L. Bjørsvik
Project: VISTA Oil and gas processing project: Analytical optimisation of the one-step production of high-quality bio-oil - a petroleomics approach (2009-2012). One Ph.D. student: James Gasson
Lignoref: Lignocellulosics as a basis for second generation biofuels and the future biorefinery (2009-2013) Coordinated by PFI: One Postdoc: Bjarte Holmelid