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Doctoral Education (PhD)

Thesis work

The research work constitutes the largest part of the doctoral training and is stipulated to take two and a half years of the PhD study period. The research work is documented in the form of a written thesis – as a monograph or a collection of articles including a summary article.

The thesis must be an independent, academic work that meets international standards and must be at an advanced academic level. The thesis must be able to contribute to the development of new knowledge in the chosen field and must be of such quality as to qualify for publication as a part of the academic literature in the field.
The thesis may be written as a monograph or consist of a collection of articles, as long as the content constitutes a whole. An article-based thesis must include a summary article accounting for the thesis as a whole. 

Joint work is accepted for assessment, normally in article-based theses, provided the PhD candidate's contribution represents an independent effort that can be identified to the extent necessary for the assessment. In such cases, statements must be obtained from the other authors, in order to identify the contribution made by the doctoral candidate. 

The PhD candidate is expected to be the sole author of the thesis when it is written as a monograph, and of the summary article if it is an article-based thesis. Discuss the choice of thesis type with your supervisor.

The general requirements for a doctoral thesis are described in the document Guidelines for the Evaluation of Candidates for Norwegian Doctoral Degrees from the Norwegian Association of Higher Education Institutions (UHR).


Advice on format

UiB has made a template showing recommended format and content elements for the thesis. We advise the candidate to have a look at the template so that he/she can pick the best options for format early in the writing process. It is not obligatory to set up your thesis in this template. If you prefer, you can simply use the template as a guideline. For instance, the template will tell you that the use of font size 13 is advisable, as the final print of the thesis will be somewhat smaller than A4-format. A link to information on format and printing is found below.