Ecological and Environmental Change Research Group

Acharya, K.P., Vetaas, O.R. & Birks, H.J.B. 2011. Orchid species richness along Himalayan elevational gradients. Journal of Biogeography 38: 1821-1833. 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02511.x

Audorff, V., Kapfer, J. & Beierkuhnlien, C. 2011. The role of hydrological and spatial factors for the vegetation of Central European springs. Journal of Limnology 70 (Suppl 1): 9-22. 10.3274/JL11-70-S1-02

Austin, W.E.N., Telford, R.J., Ninnemann, U.S., Brown, L., Wilson, L.J., Small, D.P. & Bryant C.L. 2011. North Atlantic reservoir ages linked to high Younger Dryas atmospheric radiocarbon concentrations. Global and Planetary Change 79: 226-233. 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.06.011

Bremen, E., Gillson, L. & Willis, K.J. 2011. How fire and climate shaped grass-dominated vegetation and forest mosaics in northern South Africa during past millennia. The Holocene 10.1177/0959683611400196

Coffey, E.E.D., Froyd, C.A. & Willis, K.J. 2011. When is an invasive not an invasive? Macrofossil evidence of doubtful native plant species in the Galápagos Islands. Ecology 92: 805-812. 10.1890/10-1290.1

Engler, R., Randin, C.F., and 26 others including Grytnes, J.-A. & Høistad, F. 2011. 21st century climate change threatens mountain flora unequally across Europe. Global Change Biology 17: 2330-2341. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02393.x

Giesecke, T., Bennett, K.D., Birks, H.J.B., Bjune, A.E., Bozilova, E., Feurdean, A., Finsinger, W., Froyd, C., Pokorný, P., Rösch, M., Seppä, H., Tonkov, S., Valsecchi, V. & Wolters, S. 2011. The pace of Holocene vegetation change - testing for synchronous developments. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 2805-2814. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.06.014

Hatteland, B.-A., Symondson, W.O.C., King, R.A., Skage, M., Schander, C. & Solhøy, T. 2011. Molecular analysis of predation by carabid beetles (Carabidae) on the invasive Iberian slug Arion lusitanicus. Bulletin of Entomological Research 101: 10.1017/S0007485311000034

Heiri, O., Brooks, S.J., Birks, H.J.B. & Lotter, A.F. 2011. A 274-lake calibration data-set and inference model for chironomid-based summer air temperature reconstruction in Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 3445-3456. 10.1016/J.quascirev.2011.09.006

Herzschuh, U., Ni, J., Birks, H.J.B. & Böhner, J. 2011. Driving forces of mid-Holocene vegetation shifts on the upper Tibetan Plateau, with emphasis on changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 1907-1917. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.03.007

Holmes, N., Langdon, P.G., Caseldine, C., Brooks, S.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2011. Merging chironomid training sets: implications for palaeoclimate reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 2793-2804. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.06.013

Hoogakker, B., Chapman, M.R., McCave, N., Hillaire-Marcel, C., Ellison, C.R.W., Hall, I.R. & Telford, R.J. 2011. Dynamics of North Atlantic deep water masses during the Holocene. Paleoceanography 10.1029/2011PA002155

Høistad, F. & Gjerde, I. 2011. Lobaria pulmonaria can produce mature ascospores at an age of less than 15 years. The Lichenologist 43: 495-497.

Jeffers, E.S., Bonsall, M.B. & Willis, K.J. 2011. Stability in ecosystem functioning across a climatic threshold and contrasting forest regimes. PLoS ONE 6: e16134. 10.1371/journal.pone.0016134

Jeffers, E.S., Bonsall, M.B., Brooks, S.J. & Willis, K.J. 2011. Abrupt environmental changes drive shifts in tree--grass interaction outcomes. Journal of Ecology 99: 1063-1070. 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01816.x

Kapfer, J., Grytnes, J.-A., Gunnarsson, U. & Birks, H.J.B. 2011. Fine-scale changes in vegetation composition in a boreal mire over 50 years. Journal of Ecology 99: 1179-1189. 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01847.x

Kessler, M., Grytnes, J.-A., Halloy, S.R.P., Kluge, J., Krömer, T., León, B., Macía, M.J. & Young, K.R. 2011. Gradients of plant diversity: local patterns and processes. In: Climate change and biodiversity in the Tropical Andes. (eds: Herzog, S.K., Martinez, R., Jørgensen, P.M. & Tiessen, H.) Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI) and Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE), pp. 204-219.

Krüger, L.C., Paus, A., Svendsen, J.I. & Bjune, A.E. 2011. Lateglacial vegetation and palaeoenvironment in W Norway, with new pollen data from the Sunnmore region. Boreas 40: 616-635. 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2011.00213.x

Kvifte, G.M. 2011. Tomosvaryella cilitarsis (Strobl, 1910) (Diptera, Pipunculidae) in Norway. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 58: 36-37.

Kvifte, G.M. 2011. Rhampholeon boulengeri (Steindachner, 1911) Boulenger’s Pygmy Chameleon. African Herp News 54: 20-21.

Lloyd, J.M., Moros, M., Perner, K., Telford, R.J., Kuijpers, A., Jansen, E. & McCarthy, D. 2011. A 100 yr record of ocean temperature control on the stability of Jakobshavn Isbrae, west Greenland. Geology 39: 867-870. 10.1130/G32076.1

Matthews, I.P., Birks, H.H., Bourne, A.J., Brooks, S.J., Lowe, J.J., Macleod, A. & Pyne-O'Donnell, S.D.F. 2011. New age estimates and climatostratigraphic correlations for the Borrobol and Penifilier Tephrasa: evidence from Abernethy Forest, Scotland. Journal of Quaternary Science 26: 247-252. 10.1002/jqs.1498

Mortensen, M.F., Birks, H.H., Christensen, C., Holm, J., Noe-Nygaard, N., Odgaard, B.V., Olsen, J. & Rasmussen, K.L. 2011. Lateglacial vegetation development in Denmark - New evidence based on macrofossils and pollen from Slotseng, a small-scale site in south Jutland. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 2534-2550. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.04.018

Måren, I.E. 2011. Skog og folk ved foten av Himalaya. Årringen 15: 61-76.

Måren, I.E. 2011. Rhododendronskog ved foten av Annapurnafjellene i Nepal. Lapprosen 2: 6-10.

Nybakken, L., Sandvik, S.M. & Klanderud, K. 2011. Experimental warming had little effect on carbon-based secondary compounds, carbon, and nitrogen in selected alpine plants and lichens. Environmental and Experimental Botany 72: 368-376. 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2011.04.011

Ohlson, M., Brown, K.J., Birks, H.J.B., Grytnes, J.-A., Hörnberg, G., Niklasson, M., Seppä, H. & Bradshaw, R.H.W. 2011. Invasion of Norway spruce diversifies the fire regime in boreal forests. Journal of Ecology 99: 395-403. 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01780.x

Paus, A., Velle, G. & Berge, J. 2011. The Lateglacial and early Holocene vegetation and environment in the Dovre mountains, central Norway, as signalled in two Lateglacial nunatak lakes. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 1780-1796. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.04.010

Perner, K., Moros, M., Kuijpers, A., Telford, R.J. & Harff, J. 2011. Centennial scale benthic foraminiferal record of late Holocene oceanographic variability in Disko Bugt, West Greenland. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 2815-2826. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.06.018

Płóciennik, M., Self, A.E., Birks, H.J.B. & Brooks, S.J. 2011. Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) succession in Żabieniec bog and its palaeo-lake (central Poland) through the Late Weichselian and Holocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 307: 150-167. 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.05.010

Ross, L.C., Woodin, S.J., Hester, A.J., Thompson, D.B.A. & Birks, H.J.B. 2011. Is the vegetation of the North-West Highlands changing? Results from a 50-year re-visitation study of major upland vegetation types. In: The Changing Nature of Scotland. (eds: Marrs, S.J., Foster, S., Hendrie, C., Mackay, E.C. & Thompson, D.B.A.). The Stationery Office, Edinburgh. pp. 429-434.

Rothero, G., Birks, H.J.B., Genney, D. Grytnes, J.-A. & Long, D. 2011. Climate change and its consequences on bryophyte-dominated snow bed vegetation. In: The Changing Nature of Scotland. (eds: Marrs, S.J., Foster, S., Hendrie, C., Mackay, E.C. & Thompson, D.B.A.). The Stationery Office, Edinburgh. pp. 435-440.

Sandvik, S.M. & Eide, W. 2011. Long-term experimental warming affects tissue C/N ratios differently in three strongly chionophilous alpine species. In: Global Warming in the 21st Century (ed: Cossia, J.M.). Nova Science Publishers, pp. 187-198.

Seddon, A.W.R., Froyd, C.A., Leng, M.J., Milne, G.A. & Willis, K.J. 2011. Ecosystem resilience and threshold response in the Galápagos coastal zone. PLoS ONE 6: e22376. 10.1371/journal.pone.0022376

Self, A.E., Brooks, S.J., Birks, H.J.B., Nazarova, L., Porinchu, D., Odland, A., Yang, H. & Jones, V.J. 2011. The distribution and abundance of chironomids in high-latitude Eurasian lakes with respect to temperature and continentality: development and application of new chironomid-based climate-inference models in northern Russia. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 1122-1141. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.01.022

Stevens, C.J., Dupre, C., Dorland, E., Gaudnik, C., Gowing, D.J.G., Bleeker, A., Diekmann, M., Alard, D., Bobbink, R., Fowler, D., Corcket, E., Mountford, J.O., Vandvik, V., Aarrestad, P.A., Muller, S. & Dise, N.B. 2011. The impact of nitrogen deposition on acid grasslands in the Atlantic region of Europe. Environmental Pollution 159: 2243-2250. 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.11.026

Stevens, C.J., Dupré, C., Dorland, E., Gaudnik, C., Gowing, D.J.G., Diekmann, M., Alard, D., Bobbink, R., Corcket, E., Mountford, J.O., Vandvik, V., Aarrestad, P.A., Muller, S. & Dise N.B. 2011. Grassland species composition and biogeochemistry in 153 sites along environmental gradients in Europe. Ecology 92: 1544, Ecological Archives E092-128.

Stevens, C.J., Duprè, C., Gaudnik, C., Dorland, E., Dise, N.B., Gowing, D.J.G., Bleeker, A., Alard, D., Bobbink, R., Fowler, D., Vandvik, V., Corcket, E., Mountford, J.O., Aarrestad, P.A., Muller, S. & Diekmann, M. 2011. Changes in species composition of European acid grasslands observed along a gradient of nitrogen deposition. Journal of Vegetation Science 22: 207–215. 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2010.01254.x

Sylte, G.U. & Måren, I.E. 2011. Å bevare Himalayas bratte skogar. Hubro 2: 8-13

Telford, R.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2011. A novel method for assessing the significance of quantitative reconstructions inferred from biotic assemblages. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 1272-1278. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.03.002

Telford, R.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2011. Effect of uneven sampling along an environmental gradient on transfer function performance. Journal of Paleolimnology 46: 96-106. 10.1007/s10933-011-9523-z

Telford, R.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2011. Correspondence: "Is spatial autocorrelation introducing biases in the apparent accuracy of palaeoclimatic reconstructions?". Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 3210-3213. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.07.019

Velle, G., Kongshavn, K. & Birks, H.J.B. 2011. Minimising the edge-effect in environmental reconstructions by trimming the calibration set: Chironomid-inferred temperatures from Spitsbergen. The Holocene 21: 417-430. 10.1177/0959683610385723

Willis, K.J. & MacDonald, G.M. 2011. Long-term ecological records and their relevance to climate change predictions for a warmer world. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 42: 267-287. 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-102209-144704

Willis, K.J., Bhagwat, S.A. & Edwards, M.E. 2011. The biogeographical importance of Pleistocene refugia. In: The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography (eds: Millington, A., Blumler, A. & Schickhoff, U.). SAGE Publications, London, pp. 118-135.

Willis, K.J., Feurdean, A., Birks, H.J.B., Bjune, A.E., Bremen, E., Broekman, R., Grytnes, J.-A., New, M., Singareyer, J.S. & Rozema, J. 2011. Quantification of UV-B flux through time using UV-B-absorbing compounds contained in fossil Pinus sporopollenin. New Phytologist 192: 553-560. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03815.x

Yang, Y., Wang, G., Klanderud, K. & Yang, L. 2011. Responses in leaf functional traits and resource allocation of a dominant alpine sedge (Kobresia pygmaea) to climate warming in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau permafrost region. Plant & Soil 349: 377-387. 10.1007/s11104-011-0891-y