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Ecological and Environmental Change Research Group

Bakke, J., Lie, Ø., Heegaard, E., Dokken, T., Haug, G.H., Birks, H.H., Dulski, P. & Nilsen, T. 2009. Rapid oceanic and atmospheric changes during the Younger Dryas cold period. Nature Geoscience 2: 202-205. 10.1038/ngeo439

Bakkestuen, V., Halvorsen, R. & Heegaard, E. Disentangling complex fine-scale ecological patterns by path modelling using GLMM and GIS. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 779-790. 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2009.01001.x

Baniya, C., Solhøy, T. & Vetaas, O.R. 2009. Temporal changes in species diversity and composition in abandoned fields in a trans-Himalayan landscape, Nepal. Plant Ecology 201: 383-399. 10.1007/s11258-008-9473-3

Bhagwat, S.A. & Willis, K.J. 2009. Conservation in oil-palm landscapes. Conservation Biology 23: 245-246. 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01153.x

Binney, H.A., Willis, K.J., Edwards, M.E., Bhagwat, S.A., Anderson, P.M., Andreev, A.A., Blaauw, M., Da,blon, F., Haesaerts, P., Kienast, F., Kremenetski, K.V., Krivonogov, S.K., Lozhkin, A.V., MacDonald, G.M., Novenko, E.Y., Oksanen, P. Sapelko, T.V., Väliranta, M. & Vazhenina, L. 2009. The distribution of late-Quaternary woody taxa in northern Eurasia: evidence from a new macrofossil database. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 2445-2464. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.04.016

Birks, H.J.B. 2009. Svend Th Anderson (1926-2009). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 157: 189-191. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2009.06.005

Bjune, A.E., Ohlson, M., Birks, H. J. B. & Bradshaw, R. H. W. 2009. The development and local stand-scale dynamics of a Picea abies forest in southeastern Norway. The Holocene 19: 1073-1082. 10.1177/0959683609341004

Bjune, A.E., Seppä, H. & Birks, H.J.B. 2009. Quantitative summer-temperature reconstructions for the last 2000 years based on pollen-stratigraphical data from northern Fennoscandia. Journal of Paleolimnology 41: 43-56. 10.1007/s10933-008-9254-y

Bos, J.A.A., Helmens, K.F., Bohncke, S.J.P., Seppä, H. & Birks, H.J.B. 2009. Flora, vegetation and climate at Sokli, northeastern Fennoscandia during the Weichselian Middle Pleniglacial. Boreas 38: 335-348. 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00070.x

Brncic, T.M., Willis, K.J., Harris, D.J., Telfer, M.W. & Bailey, R.M. 2009. Fire and climate change impacts on lowland forest composition in northern Congo during the last 2580 years from palaeoecological analyses of a seasonally flooded swamp. The Holocene 19: 79-89. 10.1177/0959683608098954

Feurdean, A.N., Willis, K.J. & Astalos, C. 2009. Legacy of the past land-use changes and management on the 'natural' upland forest composition in the Apuseni National Park, Romania. The Holocene 19:967-981. 10.1177/0959683609337358

Fjellheim, A., Boggero, A., Brancelj, A., Cogalniceanu, P., Dumnicka, E., Galas, J., Gâldean, N., Kownacki, A., Preda, E., Raddum, G., Rîsnoveanu, G., Sporka, F., Stuchlik, E., Vandvik, V. & Vidinova, Y. 2009. Diversity and distribution patterns of benthic invertebrates along alpine gradients. A study of remote European freshwater lakes. Advances in Limnology 62: 167-190.

Gotelli, N.J., Anderson, M.J. & 19 others including Grytnes, J.-A. 2009. Patterns and causes of species richness: a general simulation model for macroecology. Ecology Letters 12: 873-886. 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01353.x

Heegaard, E. & Nilsen, T. 2009. In the mixed world of predictive biology--Contradiction or support? Ecological Modelling 220: 1461-1468. 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.03.015

Hågvar, S., Solhøy, T. & Mong, C. 2009. Primary succession of soil mites (Acari) in a Norwegian glacier foreland, with emphasis on Oribatid species. Arctic, Antarctic & Alpine Research 41: 219-227. 10.1657/1938-4246-41.2.219

Karlsen, L.C. 2009. Late-glacial vegetation and environment at the mouth of Hardangerfjorden, western Norway. Boreas 38: 315-334. 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00062.x

Kaufman, D.S., Schneider, D.P., McKay, N.P., Ammann, C.M., Bradley, R.S., Briffa K.R., Miller, G.H., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Overpeck, J.T., Vinther, B.M. & Arctic Lakes 2k Project Members 2009. Recent warming reverses long-term Arctic cooling. Science 325: 1236-1239. 10.1126/science.1173983

Lie, M.H., Arup, U., Grytnes, J.-A. & Ohlson, M. 2009. The importance of host tree age, size and growth rate as determinants of epiphytic lichen diversity in boreal spruce forests. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 3579-3596. 10.1007/s10531-009-9661-z

Miehe, G., Miehe, S., Kaiser, K., Ruedenbach, C., Behrendes, L., La Duo & Schlütz, F. 2009. How old is pastoralism in Tibet? An ecological approach to the making of a Tibetan landscape. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 276: 130-147. 10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.03.005

Moros, M., De Dekker, P., Jansen, E., Perner, K. & Telford, R.J. 2009. Holocene climate variability in the Southern Ocean recorded in a deep-sea sediment core off South Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 1932-1940. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.04.007

Måren, E. & Vandvik, V. 2009. Prescribed burning and the role of seed banks in post-fire succession of northern heathlands, Lygra and Lurekalven islands, Hordaland, Norway. Conservation Evidence 6: 48-58. 10.1007/s11258-009-9669-1

Måren, E. & Vandvik, V. 2009. Fire and regeneration: the role of seed banks in the dynamics of northern heathlands. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 871-888. 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2009.01091.x

de Nascimento, L., Willis, K.J., Fernandez-Palacios, J.M., Criado, C. & Whittaker, R.J. 2009. The long-term ecology of the lost forest of La Laguna, Tenerife (Canary Islands). Journal of Biogeography 36: 499-514. 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.02012.x

Roth, S., Fromm, B., Gäde, G & Predel, R. 2009. A proteomic approach for studying insect phylogeny: CAPA peptides of ancient insect taxa (Dictyopters, Blattoptera) as a test case. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9: 50. 10.1186/1471-2148-9-50

Roth, S. & Reinhardt, K. 2009. Sexual dimorphism in winter survival rate differs little between damselbug species (Heteroptera: Nabidae). European Journal of Entomology 106: 37-41.

Salem, B.B., Andersen, G.L. & Zahran, M. Remote sensing and vegetation map of Egypt. In: The Vegetation of Egypt (eds. Zahran, M. & Willis, A.J.), Springer, pp. 437.

Sandvik, S.M. & Eide, W. 2009. Costs of reproduction in circumpolar Parnassia palustris L. in light of global warming. Plant Ecology 205: 1-11.

Savilaakso, S., Koivisto, J., Veteli , T.O. & Roininen, H. 2009. Microclimate and tree community linked to differences in lepidopteran larval communities between forest fragments and continuous forest. Diversity and Distributions 15: 356-365. 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2008.00542.x

Seppä, H., Bjune, A.E., Telford, R.J., Birks, H.J.B. & Veski, S. 2009. Last nine-thousand years of temperature variability in Northern Europe. Climate of the Past 5: 523-535.

Shrestha, K.B. &  Vetaas, O.R. 2009. The forest ecotone effect on species richness in an arid trans-Himalayan landscape of Nepal. Folia Geobotanica 44: 247-262.

Telford, R.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2009. Evaluation of transfer functions in spatially structured environments. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 1309-1316. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.12.020

Väliranta, M., Birks, H.H., Helmens, K.F., Engels, S. & Piirainen, M. 2009. Early Weichselian interstadial (MIS 5c) summer temperatures were higher than today in northern Fennoscandia. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 777-782. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.01.004

Virah-Sawmy, M., Bonasll, M.B. & Willis, K.J. 2009. 'Tales of Symphonia: extinction dynamics in response to past climate change in Madagascan rainforests. Biological Letters 5: 821-825. 10.1098/rsbl.2009.0428

Virah-Sawmy, M., Gillson, L. & Willis, K.J. 2009. How does spatial heterogeneity influence resilience to climatic changes? Ecological dynamics in southeast Madagascar. Ecological Modelling 79: 557-574. 10.1890/08-1210.1

Virah-Sawmy, M., Willis, K.J. & Gillson, L. 2009. Threshold response of Madagascar's littoral forest to sea-level rise. Global Ecology and Biogeography 18: 98-110. 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2008.00429.x

Willis, K.J. & Bhagwat, S.A. 2009. Biodiversity and climate change. Science 326: 806-807. 10.1126/science.1178838

Willis, K.J., Bennett, K.D. & Birks, H.J.B. 2009. Variability in thermal and UV-B energy fluxes through time and their influence on plant diversity and speciation. Journal of Biogeography 36: 163-1644. 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02102.x