About the project - research questions and perspectives
The research questions of the Borgund Kaupang Project concerns what sort of economy characterised the place. Did a mono-economy or a diverse economy prevail? How did Borgund's inhabitants take part in national and international networks?
Borgund (outside of Ålesund in Møre og Romsdal County) was one of medieval Norway’s only 14 towns (see map). Sources suggest that the place dates back into the Viking Age and prospered until its late medieval abandonment. Known from literary sources and 20 seasons of archaeological excavations, little research has been carried out on the extensive datasets available. With multidisciplinary and pluralistic approaches, we address the economic and cultural prerequisites of Borgund from emergence to abandonment.
Our hypotheses are that
- Borgund, as one of Norway’s small towns, had a diverse economy with a central role in processing and refining natural resources from sea and land for domestic and international trade.
- The inhabitants of Borgund were part of international economic, cultural and social networks and enjoyed a lifestyle with influences from distant parts of Europe and the North Atlantic.
With a human level, Perspective from below approach, we will study economic, cultural and social aspects of production, procurement and consumption of exotic and domestic materials at Borgund within national, European and North Atlantic contexts. The project includes two PhD projects dealing with
- Production and consumption of iron objects and
- Consumption of household soapstone and pottery vessels.
In addition, a team of national and international experts approach a broad spectrum of sources: Churches and secular buildings, imported textiles, gender related objects, exotic and domestic everyday accessories, literary sources and more. This approach adds new insights about life in small communities on the periphery of Europe, and the roles they played on the world stage.