Current and completed PhD-projects
Below you'll find a list of current PhD-projects at SIPA, as well as a summary of all completed PhD-projects from the last 6 years.
Change and Stability in Self-Reported Leisure-time Physical Activity Across Four Decades
PhD candidate: Frida Kathrine Sofie Mathiesen
The social development of recent decades has led to increased concern about increasing inactivity, and physical activity is both a national and international public health priority. The doctoral thesis examines the development of self-reported physical activity in leisure time with high intensity, i.e., activity that makes one breathless or sweaty, and focuses on changes and stability in such physical activity over time by focusing on different subgroups. This was done using data from two different projects, one of which looked at changes over time in one generation from when they were 13 to when they were 40 years old, while the other looked at changes across several generations of young people from 1985 to 2014.
The intraindividual relations between social and academic self-efficacy, loneliness, academic stress and psychological distress in adolescence
PhD candidate: Sara Madeleine Kristensen
Today, there is increasing pressure on young people to appear perfect. They are expected to do well at school and have many, preferably popular, friends. This pressure and the unreasonable expectations from people around the young person, and themselves, can start a negative spiral of weak self-efficacy beliefs, school-related stress, loneliness and symptoms of anxiety and depression. However, there is a lack of research into how these factors are connected over time within adolescents. The project aimed to fill this knowledge gap by examining panel data from the COMPLETE project, which has followed a cohort of students from the beginning to the end of an upper secondary education.
Supervisors: Helga Bjørnøy Urke (main supervisor), Torill Marie Bogsnes Larsen og Anne Grete Danielsen.
Clubhouse Member's Experiences of Being in Recovery in Light Salutogenesis
PhD candidate: Orsolya Reka Fekete
Mental illness is the leading cause of years lived with disability and a wide range of socioeconomic problems globally and in Norway. Addressing the challenges caused by mental illness, the Clubhouse programme offers lifelong membership as a voluntary participant in a working community for people with a history of mental illness. Despite its long history, there are several knowledge gaps regarding the Clubhouse programme. According to the literature, a comprehensive theoretical framework is lacking. There is little evidence of the active ingredients of the recovery process in the Clubhouse programme. Likewise, there is little knowledge on how individuals with mental illness experience being a member, and recovery in the Clubhouse programme, in a Norwegian context. Thus, the main aim of this PhD project was to explore and develop a theoretical and empirical understanding of the usefulness of the Clubhouse programme.
Drug prevention in a local municipality
PhD candidate: Olin Blaalid Oldeide
How does a municipality prevent youths from maladjustment? And how can we help the one’s who experiences problems in their everyday lives?
Loneliness, drug problems, difficulties in the family and psychological issues threaten the health of these youths. The Norwegian Public Health Act emphasizes the role of the municipality with regard to public health. The municipality is responsible for many of the essential welfare services youths meet everyday such as; The doctor that treats, the social worker that supports and the teacher who educate. The municipality not only has a important responsibility, but also a unique opportunity to help these youths.
This PhD project was designed as a case study, which gives an in-depth investigation into Bergen municipality as a setting and a structure for drug prevention. The project was based on a health promoting approach, where we investigated both the intersectoral collaboration between the key stakeholders and how the municipality addresses the youths in a resource-based approach. To investigate the structures for prevention we conducted an interview with the responsible politician, the municipal bureaucrat and the social workers which help the youths. Last, but not least had focus groups with the youths themselves to understand their experience.
This has resulted in the following publications: https://wo.cristin.no/as/WebObjects/cristin.woa/wa/fres?sort=ar&pnr=622787&la=no&action=sok
Supervisors: Elisabeth Fosse and Ingrid Holsen
Temporal trends in psychological distress and healthcare utilization among young people
PhD candidate: Thomas Potrebny
Young people are generally considered to be healthy, as severe illness and mortality is uncommon during this developmental stage. However, there are increasing concerns that psychological distress may be increasing in recent generations of youth, which will generate greater healthcare needs. The overall aims of this thesis were to investigate the temporal trends of psychological distress (also referred to as psychosomatic health complaints) among the general youth population and to investigate the association between the utilization of the youth primary healthcare service and psychological distress.
Do norwegian muncipalities contibute to good and long lives?
PhD candidate: Susanne Hagen
In 2012, a new public health act took effect in Norway, highlighting the importance of health equity and the use of “health in all policies” (HiAP) approach to reduce social inequalities in health. The act passed the main responsibility for health promotion to the municipalities, and expected this level to act on the social determinants of health. The aim of this thesis was to investigate health promotion at local level in Norway, and examine how Norwegian municipalities address social inequalities in health. The main objectives were threefold: 1) to examine the use of public health coordinators (PHC) and the associations between having employed a PHC and municipal characteristics; 2) to examine municipal awareness of living conditions to address social inequalities in health; and 3) to examine municipal prioritization of fair distribution of socioeconomic resources among social groups, and its association with changes in HiAP- tools, such as health overviews and employment of PHCs.
Planning for Public Health.
PhD candidate: Ellen Strøm Synnevåg
The Public Health Act (2012) requires Norwegian municipalities to use a ‘Health in Everything We Do’ strategy, where all sectors such as technical, school, kindergarten, and culture are responsible for promoting health. Many municipalities face challenges in establishing this cross-sectoral responsibility, as well as realizing the ambitions to promote health in actual action and economic prioritization. Through interviews and document analyses, Synnevåg examined how three municipalities use their planning processes and planning structures as a tool to legitimize the cross-sectoral responsibility and ambitions in the law.