University of Bergen Library

Creative Commons

Creative Commons (CC) licenses offer an internationally established legal structure that is aligned with the aims of Open Access to make research available for everyone.

Main content

Creative Commons licenses are not an alternative to copyright, but they give the copyright holder the opportunity to allow additional use and re-use of the material. All CC-licenses require that the copyright holder is attributed as the creator of the work.

There are six Creative Commons-licenses:

  1. Attribution (by): View License Deed, View Legal Code
  2. Attribution-ShareAlike (by-sa): View License Deed, View Legal Code
  3. Attribution-NoDerivs (by-nd): View License Deed, View Legal Code
  4. Attribution-NonCommercial (by-nc): View License Deed, View Legal Code
  5. Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (by-nc-sa): View License Deed, View Legal Code
  6. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (by-nc-nd): View License Deed, View Legal Code

Read more about the licenses.

Creative Commons BY

We encourage authors to choose the CC BY-license because:

  1. The license ensures that the publication is open in its widest sense, benefitting users and society.
  2. The license has few restrictions on use and re-use and ensures that the research can be disseminated as broadly as possible.
  3. The license is the default license in Open Access publishing and is used by big Open Access publishers such as Public Library of Science (PLOS) and BioMed Central. Funders such as The Wellcome Trust also require CC BY.
  4. The license is recommended by the Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/boai-10-recommendations)

Even though we encourage the use of CC BY, authors may freely choose another Creative Commons license. Be aware that although more restrictive licenses may prevent unwanted use, they may also prevent use that you deem legitimate.

More information on Creative Commons can be found here: http://creativecommons.org/