To Help or Not to Help? How do We Know if a Refugee and Asylum Policy is Good?
Hakan Gurcan Sicakkan will focus on three factors that constitute our approaches to asylum policy: Ontology, Ethics, and Politics.
Åpen forelesing av professor i sammenlignende politikk, Hakan Gurcan Sicakkan.
To use the terminology of modern-classics like Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, we are living in the state of society, and it seems like asylum seekers are subsisting in the state of nature – a human condition commonly described in terms of the governing presence of arbitrary use of power, rightlessness, and deprivation. These two modes of being – the state of society and the state of nature – give a gist to each other, and the absence of any one of them will render the other inexplicable. Therefore, we both need and resent the refugee condition. We need its presence because it provides us a picture of what would happen to us if we did not submit ourselves to the present rules of politics and society. We resent it because we cannot endure seeing the suffering of others with whom we identify as fellow human beings. And our approaches to asylum policy are very much colored by this ambiguity. Caught in this dilemma, how do we know whether an asylum policy presented by a government is good? In order to answer this question, in this lecture, I will focus on three factors that constitute our approaches to asylum policy: Ontology, Ethics, and Politics. After mapping out different perspectives on political asylum that emanate from these three factors, I will link those to a variety of current legal approaches, institutional frames and policy measures.
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