Saving People from the Harm of Death
Boken er redigert av Espen Gamlund og Carl Tollef Solberg og har forord av Jeff McMahan.
- This is the first philosophical volume on the evaluation of deaths with implications for bioethics, population health, and health policy
- Tackles how to evaluate deaths in the contexts of global health and health priorities, and how to monitor sustainable development goals
- Challenges received notions on infant mortality, widening discussions to include stillbirths and newborn deaths
- Explores the difficult correlation between age and the badness of death
Death is something we mourn or fear as the worst thing that could happen—whether the deaths of close ones, the deaths of strangers in reported accidents or tragedies, or our own. And yet, being dead is something that no one can experience and live to describe. This simple truth raises a host of difficult philosophical questions about the negativity surrounding our sense of death, and how and for whom exactly it is harmful. The question of whether death is bad has occupied philosophers for centuries, and the debate emerging in philosophical literature is referred to as the "badness of death." Are deaths primarily negative for the survivors, or does death also affect the deceased? What are the differences between death in fetal life, just after birth, or in adolescence? In order to properly evaluate deaths in global health, we must find answers to these questions.
In this volume, leading philosophers, medical doctors, and economists discuss different views on how to evaluate death and its relevance for health policy. This includes theories about the harm of death and its connections to population-level bioethics. For example, one of the standard views in global health is that newborn deaths are among the worst types of death, yet stillbirths are neglected. This raises difficult questions about why birth is so significant, and several of the book's authors challenge this standard view.
This is the first volume to connect philosophical discussions on the harm of death with discussions on population health, adjusting the ways in which death is evaluated. Changing these evaluations has consequences for how we prioritize different health programs that affect individuals at different ages, as well as how we understand inequality in health.
Table of Content
Table of content
Foreword by Jeff McMahan
Introduction: Perspectives on Evaluating Deaths and their Relevance to Health Policy
Espen Gamlund & Carl Tollef Solberg
PART I Policy
1. Quantifying the Harm of Death
2. The Badness of Death: Implications for Summary Measures and Fair Priority Setting in Health
Ole Frithjof Norheim
3. Life Years at Stake: Justifying and Modelling Acquisition of Life-Potential for DALYs
4. Putting a Number on the Harm of Death
5. Age, Death and the Allocation of Life-Saving Resources
PART II Theory
6. Epicurean Challenges to the Disvalue of Death
Carl Tollef Solberg
7. The Badness of Dying Early
8. Early Death and Later Suffering
9. A Gradualist View About the Badness of Death
10. The Badness of Death and What to Do About It (if Anything)
F. M. Kamm
11. Deprivation and Identity
12. How Death is Bad for us as Agents
PART III Population Ethics
13. Against 'the Badness of Death' ?
14. People Aren't Replaceable: Why it's Better to Extend Lives Than to Create New Ones
15. The Worseness of Nonexistence
PART IV Critical Perspectives
16. The Badness of Death for Us, the Worth in Us, and Priorities in Saving Lives
Samuel J. Kerstein
17. How Much Better Than Death is Ordinary Survival
Ivar R. Labukt
18. Healthcare Rationing and the Badness of Death: Should Newborns Count for Less?
19. A Defense of the Time-Relative Interest Account: A Response to Campbell