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Aarnes, I., Bjune, A.E., Birks, H.H., Balascio, N.L., Bakke, J. & Blaauw, M. 2012. Vegetation responses to rapid climatic changes during the last deglaciation 13,500–8,000 years ago on southwest Andøya, arctic Norway. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 21: 17-35. 10.1007/s00334-011-0320-4

Aarnes, I., Kühl, N. & Birks, H.H. 2012. Quantitative climate reconstruction from late-glacial and early Holocene plant macrofossils in western Norway using the probability density function approach. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 170: 27-39. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2011.11.001

Andersen, H.F., Jordal, B.H., Kambestad, M. & Kirkendall, L.R. 2012. Improbable but true: the invasive inbreeding ambrosia beetle Xylosandrus morigerus has generalist genotypes. Ecology and Evolution 2: 247-257.

Baniya, C.B., Solhøy, T., Gauslaa, Y. & Palmer, M.W. 2012. Richness and composition of vascular plants and cryptogams along a high elevational gradient on Buddha Mountain, Central Tibet. Folia Geobotanica 47: 135-151. 10.1007/s12224-011-9113-x

Bennett, K.D., Bhagwat, S.A. & Willis, K.J. 2012. Neotropical refugia. The Holocene Special Issue 22: 1207-1214. 10.1177/0959683612450204

Bhagwat, S.A., Breman, E., Thekaekara, T., Thornton, T.F. & Willis, K.J. 2012. A battle lost? Report on two centuries of invasion and management of Lantana camara L. in Australia, India and South Africa. PLoS ONE 7: e32407. 10.1371/journal.pone.0032407

Bhagwat, S.A., Nogué, S. & Willis, K.J. 2012.Resilience of an ancient tropical forest landscape to 7500 years of environmental change. Biological Conservation 153: 108-117. 10.1016/j.biocon.2012.05.002

Bhattarai, K.R., Måren, I.E. & Chaudhary, R.P. 2012. Medicinal plant knowledge of the Panchase region in the Middle Hills of the Nepalese Himalaya. Banko Janakari 21: 31-39.

Birks, H.H., Giesecke, T., Hewitt, G.M., Tzedakis, P.C., Bakke, J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Comment on "Glacial survival of boreal trees in northern Scandinavia". Science 338: 742. 10.1126/science.1225345

Birks, H.H., Jones, V.J., Brooks, S.J., Birks, H.J.B., Telford, R.J., Juggins, S. & Peglar, S.M. 2012. From cold to cool in northernmost Norway: Lateglacial and early Holocene multi-proxy environmental and climate reconstructions from Jansvatnet, Hammerfest. Quaternary Science Reviews 33: 100-120. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.11.013

Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Overview of numerical methods in palaeolimnology. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 19-92. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_2

Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Introduction and overview to part II. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 101-121. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_4

Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Introduction and overview to part III. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 331-353. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_10

Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Analysis of stratigraphical data. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 355-378. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_11

Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Introduction and overview to part IV. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 551-555. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_17

Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Conclusions and future challenges. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 643-673. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_21

Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Ecological palaeoecology and conservation biology: controversies, challenges, and compromises. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management 8: 292-304. 10.1080/21513732.2012.701667

Birks, H.J.B. & Jones, V.J. 2012. Data-sets. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 93-97. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_3

Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P. (eds). 2012. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. Springer, Dordrecht, 745 pp. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_1

Blaauw, M.B. & Heegaard, E. 2012. Estimation of age-depth relationships. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 379-413. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_12

Bouchet, V.M.P., Alve, E., Rygg, B. & Telford, R.J. 2012. Benthic foraminifera provide a promising tool for ecological quality assessment of marine waters. Ecological Indicators 23: 66-75. 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.03.011

Bremen, E., Gillson, L. & Willis, K.J. 2012. How fire and climate shaped grass-dominated vegetation and forest mosaics in northern South Africa during past millennia. The Holocene 22: 1427-1439. 10.1177/0959683611400196

Brooks, S.J., Jones, V.J., Telford, R.J., Appleby, P.G., Watson, E., McGowan, S. & Benn, S. 2012. Population trends in the Slavonian grebe Podiceps auritus (L.) and Chironomidae (Diptera) at a Scottish loch. Journal of Paleolimnology 47: 631-644. 10.1007/s10933-012-9587-4

Brooks, S.J., Matthews, I.P., Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. High resolution Late-glacial and early-Holocene summer air temperature records from Scotland inferred from Chironomid assemblages. Quaternary Science Reviews 41: 67-52. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.03.007

Brown, K.J., Seppä, H., Schoups, G., Fausto, R.S., Rasmussen, P. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. A spatio-temporal reconstruction of Holocene temperature change in southern Scandinavia. The Holocene 22: 165-177. 10.1177/0959683611414926

Cañellas-Boltà, N., Rull, V., Sáez, A., Margalef, O., Giralt, S., Pueyo, J.J., Birks, H.H., Birks, H.J.B. & Pla-Rabes, S. 2012. Macrofossils in Raraku Lake (Easter Island) integrated with sedimentary and geochemical records: towards a palaeoecological synthesis for the last 34,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 33: 113-126. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.12.013

Coffey, E.E.D., Froyd, C.A. & Willis, K.J. 2012. Lake or bog? Reconstructing baseline ecological conditions for the protected Galápagos Sphagnum peatbogs. Quaternary Science Reviews 52: 60-74. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.08.002

Dray, S., Pélissier, R., Couteron, P., Fortin, M.-J., Legendre, P., Peres-Neto, P.R., Bellier, E., Bivand, R., Blanchet, F.G., de Cáceres, M., Dufour, A.-B., Heegaard, E., Jombart, T., Munoz, F., Oksanen, J., Thioulouse, J. & Wagner, H.H. 2012. Community ecology in the age of multivariate multiscale spatial analysis. Ecological Monographs 82: 257-275. 10.1890/11-1183.1

Eycott, A.E., Stewart, G.B., Buyung-Ali, L.M., Bowler, D.E., Watts, K. & Pullin, A.S. 2012. A meta-analysis on the impact of different matrix structures on species movement rates. Landscape Ecology 27: 1263-1278. 10.1007/s10980-012-9781-9

Felde, V.A., Kapfer, J. & Grytnes, J.-A. 2012. Upward shift in elevational plant species ranges in Sikkilsdalen, central Norway. Ecography 35: 922-932. 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.07057.x

Feurdean, A., Spessa, A., Magyari, E.K., Willis, K.J., Veres, D. & Hickler, T. 2012. Trends in biomass burning in the Carpathian region over the last 15,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 45: 111-125. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.04.001

Figueroa-Rangel, B.L., Willis, K.J. & Olvera-Vargas, M. 2012. Late-Holocene successional dynamics in a transitional forest of west-central Mexico. The Holocene 22: 143-153 10.1177/0959683611414929

Gjengedal, K., Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Blomane på verdens tak. Hubro 19: 42-45.

Gjerde, I., Blom, H.H., Lindblom, L., Sætersdal, M. & Høistad Schei, F. 2012. Community assembly in epiphytic lichens in early stages of colonization. Ecology. 93: 749-759. 10.1890/11-1018.1

Grau, O., Ninot, J.M., Ferré, A., Font, X. & Grytnes, J.-A. 2012. Altitudinal species richness patterns of vascular plants in the south-eastern Pyrenees and nearby mountains of Catalonia. Plant Ecology and Diversity 5: 115-126. 10.1080/17550874.2012.666027

Gwiazdowicz, D.J., Solhøy, T., Coulson, S.J., Lebedeva, N.V. & Melekhina, E.N. 2012. First record of Vulgarogamasus immanis (Acari, Mesostigmata) in Svalbard. Polish Polar Research 33: 35-39.

Gwiazdowicz, D.J., Coulson, S.J., Grytnes, J.-A. & Pilskog, H.E. 2012. The bird ectoparasite Dermanyssus hirundinis (Acari, Mesostigmata) in the High Arctic: a new parasitic mite to Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Acta Parasitologica 57: 378-384. 10.2478/s11686-012-0050-5

Hawkins, B.A., McCain, C.M., Davies, T.J., Buckley, L.B., Anacker, B.L., Cornell, H.V., Damschen, E.I., Grytnes, J.-A., Harrison, S., Holt, R.D., Kraft, N.J.B. & Stephens, P.R. 2012. Different evolutionary histories underlie congruent species richness gradients of birds and mammals. Journal of Biogeography 39: 825-841. 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02655.x

Heggen, M.P., Birks, H.H., Heiri, O., Grytnes, J.-A. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Are fossil assemblages in a single sediment core from a small lake representative of total deposition of mite, chironomid, and plant macrofossil remains? Journal of Paleolimnology 48: 669-691. 10.1007/s10933-012-9637-y

Helama, S., Seppä, H., Bjune, A.E. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Fusing pollen-stratigraphic and dendroclimatic proxy data to reconstruct summer temperature variability during the the past 7.5 ka in sub-arctic Fennoscandia. Journal of Paleolimnology 48: 275-286. 10.1007/s10933-012-9598-1

Hjelle, K.L. & Overland, A. 2012. Pollen analysis in the context of clearance cairns from boreal forests - a reflection of past cultivation and pastoral farming. Journal of Archaeological Science 40: 1029-1041. 10.1016/j.jas.2012.08.031

Hjelle, K.L. & Sugita, S. 2012. Estimating pollen productivity and relevant source area of pollen using lake sediments in Norway: How does lake size variation affect the estimates? The Holocene 22: 313-324. 10.1177/0959683611423690

Hjelle, K.L., Kaland, S., Kvamme, M., Lødøen, T.K. & Natlandsmyr, B. 2012. Ecology and long-term land-use, palaeoecology and archaeology – the usefulness of interdisciplinary studies for knowledge-based conservation and management of cultural landscapes. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management 8: 321-337. 10.1080/21513732.2012.739576

Hjelle, K.L., Solem, T.L., Halvorsen, L.S. & Åstveit, L.I. 2012. Human impact and landscape utilization from the Mesolithic to medieval time traced by high spatial resolution pollen analysis and numerical methods. Journal of Archaeological Science 39: 1368-1379. 10.1016/j.jas.2011.12.026

Hofmann, S., Fritzsche, P., Solhøy, T., Dorge, T. & Miehe, G. 2012. Evidence of sex-based dispersal in Thermophis baileyi inferred from microsatellite markers. Herpetologica 68: 514-522. 10.1655/HERPETOLOGICA-D-12-00017

Høistad Schei, F., Blom, H.H., Gjerde, I., Grytnes, J.-A., Heegaard, E. & Sætersdal, M. 2012. Fine-scale distribution and abundance of epiphytic lichens: environmental filtering or local dispersal dynamics? Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 459-470. 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01368.x

Jeffers, E.S., Bonsall, M.B., Watson, J.E. & Willis, K.J. 2012. Climate change impacts on ecosystem functioning: evidence from an Empetrum heathland. New Phytologist 193: 150-164 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03907.x

Ježek, J., Lukáš, J., Kvifte, G.M. & Oboňa, J. 2012. New faunistic records of non-biting moth-flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Klapalekiana 48: 121-126.

Juggins, S. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Quantitative environmental reconstructions from biological data. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 431-494. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_14

Juggins, S. & Telford, R.J. 2012. Exploratory data analysis and data display. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 123-141. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_5

Kapfer, J., Virtanen, R. & Grytnes, J.-A. 2012. Changes in arctic vegetation on Jan Mayen Island over 19 and 80 years. Journal of Vegetation Science 23:771-781. 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2012.01395.x

Kvifte, G.M. 2012. Catalogue and bibliography of Afrotropical Psychodidae: Bruchomyiinae, Psychodinae, Sycoracinae and Trichomyiinae. Zootaxa 3231: 29-52.

Legendre, P.L. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Clustering and partitioning. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 167-200. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_7

Legendre, P.L. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. From classical to canonical ordination. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 201-248. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_8

Lenoir, J., Virtanen, R., Oksanen, J., Oksanen, L., Luoto, M., Grytnes, J.-A. & Svenning, J.-C. 2012. Dispersal ability links to cross-scale species diversity patterns across the Eurasian Arctic tundra. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21: 851-860. 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00733.x

Marcante, S., Sierra-Almeida, A., Spindelböck, J., Erschbamer, B. & Neuner, G. 2012. Frost as a limiting factor for recruitment and establishment of early development stages in an alpine glacier foreland? Journal of Vegetation Science 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2012.01411.x

Meineri, E., Skarpaas, O. & Vandvik, V. 2012. Modelling alpine plant distributions at the landscape scale: Do biotic interactions matter? Ecological Modelling 231: 1-10. 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.01.021

Merimans, S., Merimans, P.G. & Kirkendall, L.R. 2012. The costs of sex: facing real-world complexities. Quarterly Review of Biology 87: 19-40. 10.1086/663945

Michel, P., Lee, W.G., During, H.J. & Cornelissen, H.C. 2012. Species traits and their non-additive interactions control the water economy of bryophyte cushions. Journal of Ecology 100: 222-231. 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01898.x

Mullah, C.J.A., Totland, O. & Klanderud, K. 2012. Recovery of plant species richness and composition in an abandoned forest settlement area in Kenya. Restoration Ecology 20: 462-474. 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2011.00810.x

Payne, R.J., Telford, R.J., Blackford, J.J., Blundell, A., Booth, R.K., Charman, D.J., Lamentowicz, L., Lamentowicz, M., Mitchell, E.A.D., Potts, G., Swindles, G.T., Warner, B.G. & Woodland, W. 2012. Testing peatland testate amoeba transfer functions: appropriate methods for clustered training sets. The Holocene 22: 819-825. 10.1177/0959683611430412

Ramirez, R., Lislevand, T., Retana, A., Solhøy, T. & Roth, S. 2012. Ectoparasite loads of the Central American Whiptail Lizard Ameiva festiva (Squamata: Teiidae). Herpetological Journal 22: 151-155.

Ray, J.L., Töpper, B., Silyakova, A., Spindelböck, J., Thyrhaug, R., DuBow, M.S., Thingstad, F. & Sandaa, R.-A. 2012. Effect of increased pCO2 on bacterial assemblage shifts in response to glucose addition in Fram Strait seawater mesocosms. Microbial Ecology 82: 713-723. 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2012.01443.x

Ross, L.C., Woodin, S.J., Hester, A.J., Thompson, D.B.A. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Biotic homogenization of upland vegetation: patterns and drivers at multiple spatial scales over five decades. Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 755-770. 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2012.01390.x

Roth, S., Hatteland, B.A. & Solhøy, T. 2012. Some notes on reproductive biology and mating behaviour of Arion vulgaris Moquin-Tandon 1855 in Norway including a mating experiment with a hybrid of Arion rufus (Linnaeus 1758) x ater (Linnaeus 1758). Journal of Conchology 41: 249-257.

Salmela, J., Kvifte, G.M. & More, A. 2012. Description of a new Psycoda Latreille species from Fennoscandia (Diptera: Psychodidae). Zootaxa 3313: 34-43.

Salonen, J.S., Ilvonen, L., Seppä, H., Holmström, L., Telford, R.J., Gaidamavicius, A., Stancikaite, M. & Subetto, D. 2012. Comparing different calibration methods (WA/WA-PLS regression and Bayesian modelling) and different-sized calibration sets in pollen-based quantitative climate reconstruction. The Holocene 22: 413-424. 10.1177/0959683611425548

Salonen, J.S., Seppä, H., Luoto, M., Bjune, A.E. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. A North European pollen-climate calibration set: analysing the climatic responses of a biological proxy using novel regression tree methods. Quaternary Science Reviews 45: 95-110. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.05.003

Simpson, G.L. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Statistical learning in palaeolimnology. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 249-327. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8_9

Smol, J.P., Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F. & Juggins, S. 2012. The march towards the quantitative analysis of palaeolimnological data. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Volume 5: Data Handling and Numerical Techniques. (Eds: Birks, H.J.B., Lotter, A.F., Juggins, S. & Smol, J.P.). Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 3-17. 10.1007/978-94-007-2745-8 1

Speed, J.D.M., Austrheim, G., Birks, H.J.B., Johnson, S., Kvamme, M., Nagy, L., Sjögren, P., Skar, B., Stone, D., Svensson, E. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2012. Natural and cultural heritage in mountain landscapes: towards an integrated valuation. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management 8: 313-320. 10.1080/21513732.2012.725226

Sullivan, B.T., Niño, A., Moreno, B., Brownie, C., Macías-Sámano, J., Clarke, S.R., Kirkendall, L.R. & Zúñiga, G. 2012. Biochemical evidence that Dendroctonus frontalis consists of two sibling species in Belize and Chiapas, Mexico. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 105: 817-831. 10.1603/AN12026

van der Knaap, W.O., van Leeuwen, J.F.N., Froyd, C.A. & Willis, K.J. 2012. Detecting the provenance of Galápagos non-native pollen: The role of humans and air currents as transport mechanisms. The Holocene 22: 1373-1383. 10.1177/0959683612449763

Vasskog, K., Paasche, Ø., Nesje, A., Boyle, J.F. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. A new approach for reconstructing glacial variability based on lake sediments recording input from more than one glacier. Quaternary Research 77: 192-204. 10.1016/j.yqres.2011.10.001

Velle, G., Brodersen, K.P., Birks, H.J.B. & Willassen, E. Inconsistent results should not be overlooked: A reply to Brooks et al. (2012). The Holocene 22: 1501-1508. 10.1177/0959683612449765

Velle, G., Telford, R.J., Heiri, O., Kurek, J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2012. Testing intra-site transfer functions: an example using chironomids and water depth. Journal of Paleolimnology 48: 545-558. 10.1007/s10933-012-9630-5

Velle, L.G., Nilsen, L.S. & Vandvik, V. 2012. The age of Calluna stands moderates post-fire regeneration rate and trends in northern Calluna heathlands. Applied Vegetation Science 15: 119-128. 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2011.01144.x

Wang, Y., Liu, X., Herzschuh, U., Yang, X., Birks, H.J.B., Zhang, E. & Tong, G. 2012. Temporally changing drivers for late-Holocene vegetation changes on the northern Tibetan Plateau. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 353-355: 10-20. 10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.06.022

Willis, K.J., Jeffers, E.S., Tovar, C., Long, P.R., Caithness, N., Smit, M.G.D., Hagemann, R., Collin-Hansen, C. & Weissenberger, J. 2012. Determining the ecological value of landscapes beyond protected areas. Biological Conservation 147: 3-12. 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.11.001