Ignacio Herrera Anchusteguis bilde

Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui


I am Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Bergen, and member of the Bergen Center for Competition Law & Economics (BECCLE) and Bergen Offshore Wind Centre (BOW). I currently lead the Research group for Natural Resource Law, Environmental Law and Development Law. My research interests are connected with the regulation of energy markets with a special emphasis on the regulation of offshore wind electricity and new energy technologies, like hydrogen. Also, I have devoted a good part of my academic career to market and competition issues in the field of public procurement and buyer power.

As part of my on-going projects, I am the leader of the research project Governing Offshore Wind: Legal Challenges, Market Opportunities and Policy Perspectives (GOV-WIND).

I obtained my PhD from the University of Bergen with a thesis entitled "Buyer Power in EU Competition Law" (2012-2017), financed by the Norwegian Research Council.

My PhD dissertation won the prestigious “2017 Concurrences PhD Award” to the best PhD dissertation in the field of competition law or economics of the year, awarded by Concurrences. In addition to the award, the thesis has been published as a monograph and it is available here.

As an energy law expert, I have published extensively in the field and I am one of the editors of a leading Handbook in the field - the Routledge Handbook of Energy Law.

Also, I received the Meltzerprisen for yngre forskere 2017 for my academic research and significant contributions to EU/EEA market law scholarship as a leading academic at the University of Bergen under 35 years old.

Previously I was leader of a research project financed by Statoil through the AkademiaAvtalen entitled "Regulating energy markets, a perspective from EEA/EU Competition and Public Procurement Law" (2017-2019). As part of this research project, I was awarded the prestigious International Scholar-in-Residence scholarship by the American Bar Association, which allowed me to visit the US for a period of almost four months and carry our research in the comparative regulation of transmission unbundling infrastructures in electricity markets while being a visiting researcher at Georgetown Law Center, D.C., and the School of Law of the University of Wisconsin.

If you are interested in some of my work, please visit my SSRN site.

I am a frequent contributor to national and international debates in my areas of expertise. Both at academic conferences and seminar with presentations, as well as participations in popular press in the form of expert interviews in newspapers or journals.

Additionally, I am often invited to contribute as a guest author in different blogs and internet sites. For example:

Vitenskapelig artikkel
  • 2020. Regulating the food supply chain in Europe and the Unfair Trading Practices Directive. Revue européenne de droit de la consommation. 165-188.
  • 2020. Is Hywind Tampen’s State Aid Approval a Kickstart for the Norwegian Offshore Wind Industry? Decision 017/20/COL Hywind Tampen, EFTA Surveillance Authority. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 225-231.
  • 2019. Oil as Currency: Venezuela's Petro, a New 'Oil Pattern'? Oil, Gas and Energy Law (OGEL). 1-20.
  • 2019. Exemption from the Utilities Directive – brief overview of EU law and case law. Internetowy Kwartalnik Antymonopolowy i Regulacyjny. 149-157.
  • 2018. Evaluating the Commission’s Proposal for a Directive on Unfair Trading Practices. Competition in Fairness? European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe). 280-289.
  • 2018. Buyer power and Dominance: An overview of EU and national case law - Special issue of e-Competitions. e-Competitions Bulletin.
  • 2017. Joint Bidding and Object Restrictions of Competition: The EFTA Court’s Take in the Taxi Case. European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe). 174-179.
  • 2017. Buyer Power in the Big Data and Algorithm Driven World: The Uber & Lyft Example. Antitrust Chronice. 31-36.
  • 2016. Revisiting the concept of undertaking from a public procurement law perspective - a discussion on EasyPay and Finance Engineering. European Competition Law Review. 93-98.
  • 2015. EFTA Court case E-24/13 Casino Admiral AG v Wolfgang Egger: the obligation of transparency and consequences of its breach when awarding service concessions. The Public Procurement Law Review. NA1-NA9.
  • 2015. Competition law through an Ordoliberal Lens. Oslo Law Review. 139-174.
  • 2015. Centralising Public Procurement and Competitiveness in Directive 2014/24. European Law Reporter. 119-132.
  • 2017. Utredning av muligheten for å etablere en inngrepshjemmel mot ensidige handlinger i verdikjeden for mat som ikke rammes av konkurranseloven § 11 / Unilateral Behaviors Below Dominance and Unfair Purchasing Practices: A Comparative Perspective. .
Vitenskapelig foredrag
  • 2020. What’s new in the EU Clean Energy Package for local electricity grids?: An Overview.
  • 2020. The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Legal Framework.
  • 2020. The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox.
  • 2020. The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox.
  • 2020. Offentlig støtte og finansiering av norsk havvind.
  • 2020. Legal Resarch at the Bergen Offshore Wind Centre.
  • 2020. Law & Economics panel: Divesting and the oil fund: The Norwegian Paradox and Competition Concerns.
  • 2020. Juridiske utfordringer knyttet til energiomstilling.
  • 2020. Juridiske problemstillinger i energi – en apetittvekker.
  • 2020. Hywind Tampen: A Regulatory Gamechanger for (Norwegian) Offshore Wind?
  • 2020. Greenlight to offshore wind farms in the EEA. Is Hywind Tampen’s State aid approval a kickstart for the Norwegian Offshore Wind Industry? .
  • 2020. Governing Offshore Wind: Legal Challenges, Market Opportunities and Policy Perspectives (GOV-WIND).
  • 2020. From Enso/Stora to Uber/Lyft: Uses and Abuses of Buyer Power.
  • 2020. Distribute justice, community benefits and renewable energy: the case of Offshore Wind projects.
  • 2020. Community benefits and renewable energy projects: the case of offshore wind.
  • 2020. Community benefits and renewable energy projects: the case of offshore wind.
  • 2020. Center for Sustainable Legal Orders and the Political Economy: Eit forskingsinitiativ.
  • 2020. Buying Groups and Buying Alliances - Buying Groups e Cartel de Compra.
  • 2019. What to do with Zero Rating.
  • 2019. Utilities Procurement and Sufficient Exposure to Competiton: The Energy Case.
  • 2019. Upstream Energy Markets.
  • 2019. The Venezuelan Political and petroleum Crisis – recoverable? .
  • 2019. The Dis-Application of the Public Utilities Directive to Energy Operators due to Sufficient Competition.
  • 2019. Regulating Unfair Trading Practices in EU Law.
  • 2019. Ordoliberalism and Competition Law.
  • 2019. Investing in European Energy Markets and State aid rules.
  • 2019. EU Competition & State Aid Law in the Energy Sector.
  • 2019. Derecho de la Competencia, Economía y Prueba (Competition Law, Economics and Evidence).
  • 2019. Demand Response: Technological Changes and The Rules of the Clean Energy Package.
  • 2019. Concluding remarks on Developments in Energy Markets.
  • 2019. Competencia, Interés General y Mala Regulación (Competition, General Interest and Bad Regulation).
  • 2019. Capacity Remuneration Mechanisms in EU Law.
  • 2019. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • 2019. An Introduction to the Competitiveness and Regulation of Offshore Wind Electricity.
  • 2018. Zero rating, a competition and legal perspective.
  • 2018. What is and why zero rating matters?
  • 2018. Third Party Access and Ownership Unbundling in Electricity - A Comparative Analysis.
  • 2018. The Winter Package and the Agency for Cooperation of Energy Regulators.
  • 2018. Regulating Energy Markets: a glimpse into Third Party Access and Demand Response.
  • 2018. Regulating Energy Markets: A Competition and Public Procurement Perspective.
  • 2018. Regulating EU/EEA Electricity Markets: An Introduction.
  • 2018. Reflecting upon the 'As Efficient Competitor Test'.
  • 2018. Poder de Compra en el Derecho de la Competencia (Buyer Power in Competition Law).
  • 2018. Net Neutrality and Zero Rating: Competition Issues?
  • 2018. Is the growth of buyer power a competition problem?
  • 2018. Internet of Things and Demand Response in Electricity Markets.
  • 2018. Demand Response: Legal Challenges.
  • 2018. Chicago vs Ordoliberalismo - Objetivos y funciones del Derecho de la Competencia (Chicago vs Ordoliberalism - Objectives and functions of Competition Law).
  • 2018. Centralized Purchasing: Between Competition and Procurement.
  • 2018. Centralized (Joint) Procurement: Fostering competitiveness?
  • 2018. Ayudas Estatales y Mecanismos de Remuneración de Capacidad (State aid and capacity remuneration mechanisms).
  • 2017. Unbundling in electricity transmission and distribution in the EU.
  • 2017. Third Party Access and Transmission Unbundling: A Transatlantic Perspective.
  • 2017. Third Party Access and Transmission Unbundling: A Transatlantic Perspective.
  • 2017. The Role (and room) of the State in Implementing Renewable Energy in Public Procurement.
  • 2017. Regulating energy markets – some difficulties between regulation and competition.
  • 2017. Poder de compra y defensa de la competencia: análisis jurídico-económico -.
  • 2017. Do methods matter in your PhD?
  • 2017. Directives 2009/72 & 2009/73: on the rules for electricity & gas in the internal market.
  • 2017. Competition Law and Ordoliberalism.
  • 2017. Common market provisions in the EU: internal energy market, competition.
  • 2017. Buyer Power, Joint Purchasing and Unfair Purchasing Practices- Innkjøpssamarbeid - kjøpermakt.
  • 2017. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • 2017. Buyer Power in Competition Law.
  • 2016. What is Buyer Power all about in EU Competition Law?
  • 2016. Unfair Purchasing Practices in EU Competition Law.
  • 2016. Unfair Purchasing Practices.
  • 2016. Poder de Compra en el Derecho Comunitario de la Competencia.
  • 2016. Exclusionary Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • 2016. Exclusionary Buyer Power.
  • 2016. Exclusionary Buyer Power.
  • 2016. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • 2015. Regulating energy markets: a competition and public procurement perspective.
  • 2015. Market definition in buyer power cases: revisiting the traditional methodologies.
  • 2015. Exploiting Buyer Power.
  • 2015. Division into lots vs Contract Aggregation - Extremes looking for the correct balance?
  • 2015. Directive 2014/24: Division into lots vs Contract Aggregation - Extremes looking for the correct balance?
  • 2015. Countervailing Buyer Power.
  • 2015. Centralizing Public Procurement in Directive 2014/24: Suggestions towards Competitiveness.
  • 2015. Buyer power in EEA/EU Public Procurement.
  • 2015. Buyer Power through an Ordoliberal lens.
  • 2015. Buyer Power in EEA/EU Competition Law.
  • 2015. "Market Buyer Power assessment: revisiting some traditional vies".
  • 2014. Public Procurement Law at the University of Bergen.
  • 2014. Buyer power in EU competition law: An economically informed legal analysis.
  • 2014. Buyer power exclusion in EU Competition Law.
  • 2013. The Regulation of Monopsony and Buyer Power of Contracting Authorities subject to EU Public Procurement Law.
  • 2013. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law: An Introduction to my PhD project.
  • 2012. Centralización de Pública: Entre Competencia y Compra Pública (Buying centralization: Between Competition and Procurement).
  • 2019. Unfair trading practices in the food supply chain - On-Topic Special Issue. Concurrences. 1-4.
  • 2019. La små bedrifter få konkurrere på like vilkår. Bergens Tidende. 1 sider.
  • 2019. Legal Foundations of EU Economic Governance, by A. Estella (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, ISBN 9781107141018) - Book review. Journal of Common Market Studies. 1204-1205.
  • 2016. Book review: Public Procurement and the EU Competition Rules (A. Sánchez Graells). European Competition Law Review. 84-87.
  • 2016. Book Review - Caroline Heide-Jørgensen, Christian Bergqvist, Ulla Neergaard & Sune Troels Poulsen (Eds.), Aims and Values in Competition Law (DJØF Publishing, 2013). The Competition Law Review. 1-4.
Vitenskapelig antologi/Konferanseserie
  • 2020. Routledge Handbook of Energy Law. Routledge.
Vitenskapelig monografi
  • 2017. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
Populærvitenskapelig artikkel
  • 2020. EU-regler løyer norsk havvind: Norsk industri må trolig se langt etter særbehandling . Dagens Perspektiv. 24-27.
  • 2018. Strømbrudd i ACER-debatten. Energi og Klima : Norsk klimastiftelses nettmagasin. 3 sider.
  • 2018. Buyer Power in Merge Control: An Overview of EU and National Case Law. Special issue of e-Competitions. e-Competitions Bulletin. 16 sider.
  • 2017. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • 2016. Issues with the centralisation of procurement.
Vitenskapelig Kapittel/Artikkel/Konferanseartikkel
  • 2020. Uses and abuses of EU competition law in energy. 17 sider.
  • 2020. The role of State aid law in energy. 18 sider.
  • 2020. Shale gas regulation in Mexico and Colombia: an uncertain future. 19 sider.
  • 2020. Regulation of electricity markets in Europe in light of the Clean Energy Package: prosumers and demand response. 17 sider.
  • 2020. Meanings of energy poverty in the South American context: a regional overview.
  • 2020. Introduction to the Routledge Handbook of Energy Law. 11 sider.
  • 2020. Buyer Power in Agreements and Abuse of Market Power Cases. 14 sider.
  • 2019. Transmission Networks in Electricity Competition: Third-Party Access and Unbundling – a Transatlantic Perspective. 38 sider.
  • 2019. The Scope for National Regulation of Unfair Trading Practices. 24 sider.
  • 2019. Concesiones de Servicios. Directiva 2014/23 Relativa a la Adjudicación de Contratos de Concesión. Un Estudio Comparativo sobre su Transposición al Derecho Noruego. 46 sider.
  • 2019. Collaborative Centralized Cross-Border Public Procurement: A Feasibility and Comparative Implementation Analysis. 36 sider.
  • 2018. Service Concessions. Directive 2014/23 on the award of concession contracts. A comparative study of its transposition into Norwegian law. 30 sider.
  • 2016. The Social Market Economy and the European Union. 6 sider.
  • 2016. Impact of public procurement aggregation on competition. Risks, rationale and justification for the rules in directive 2014/24. 35 sider.
  • 2016. Division into lots and demand aggregation – extremes looking for the correct balance? 20 sider.
  • 2016. Buyer power exploitation: Unfair Purchasing Practices. 73 sider.
  • 2019. Faculty of Law and Bergen Offshore Wind Centre - DeWindSea & Gov-Wind Projects .
Nettsider (opplysningsmateriale)
  • 2020. The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Energy sea production compliant with EEA law? The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Energy sea production compliant with EEA law?
  • 2016. Unfair purchasing practices and the Groceries Code of Conduct: the Tesco investigation.
  • 2016. Sobre el abuso de dependencia económica y los códigos de conducta: el caso Tesco (plazos de pago y slotting allowances).
  • 2016. DIA/EROSKI y las alianzas compradoras, segunda parte: La Resolución de la CNMC.
  • 2015. Sobre el abuso de dependencia económica en la cadena alimentaria: el asunto EDEKA.
  • 2015. El acuerdo DIA-EROSKI: ¿Alianza compradora o cártel de compra?
Intervju tidsskrift
  • 2018. Hva er egentlig ACER - Eksperten gir deg svar. Dagsavisen. 1 sider.

Se fullstendig oversikt over publikasjoner i CRIStin.

Buyer power regulation in EU/EEA competition and public procurement law