Hjem
Ignacio Herrera Anchusteguis bilde

Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui

Førsteamanuensis

I am Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Bergen, and member of the Bergen Center for Competition Law & Economics (BECCLE) and Bergen Offshore Wind Centre (BOW). I currently lead the Research group for Natural Resource Law, Environmental Law and Development Law. My research interests are connected with the regulation of energy markets with a special emphasis on the regulation of offshore wind electricity and new energy technologies, like hydrogen. Also, I have devoted a good part of my academic career to market and competition issues in the field of public procurement and buyer power.

As part of my on-going projects, I am the leader of the research project Governing Offshore Wind: Legal Challenges, Market Opportunities and Policy Perspectives (GOV-WIND).

I obtained my PhD from the University of Bergen with a thesis entitled "Buyer Power in EU Competition Law" (2012-2017), financed by the Norwegian Research Council.

My PhD dissertation won the prestigious “2017 Concurrences PhD Award” to the best PhD dissertation in the field of competition law or economics of the year, awarded by Concurrences. In addition to the award, the thesis has been published as a monograph and it is available here.

As an energy law expert, I have published extensively in the field and I am one of the editors of a leading Handbook in the field - the Routledge Handbook of Energy Law.

Also, I received the Meltzerprisen for yngre forskere 2017 for my academic research and significant contributions to EU/EEA market law scholarship as a leading academic at the University of Bergen under 35 years old.

Previously I was leader of a research project financed by Statoil through the AkademiaAvtalen entitled "Regulating energy markets, a perspective from EEA/EU Competition and Public Procurement Law" (2017-2019). As part of this research project, I was awarded the prestigious International Scholar-in-Residence scholarship by the American Bar Association, which allowed me to visit the US for a period of almost four months and carry our research in the comparative regulation of transmission unbundling infrastructures in electricity markets while being a visiting researcher at Georgetown Law Center, D.C., and the School of Law of the University of Wisconsin.

If you are interested in some of my work, please visit my SSRN site.

I am a frequent contributor to national and international debates in my areas of expertise. Both at academic conferences and seminar with presentations, as well as participations in popular press in the form of expert interviews in newspapers or journals.

Additionally, I am often invited to contribute as a guest author in different blogs and internet sites. For example:

Vitenskapelig artikkel
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Regulating the food supply chain in Europe and the Unfair Trading Practices Directive. Revue européenne de droit de la consommation. 165-188.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Is Hywind Tampen’s State Aid Approval a Kickstart for the Norwegian Offshore Wind Industry? Decision 017/20/COL Hywind Tampen, EFTA Surveillance Authority. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 225-231.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Oil as Currency: Venezuela's Petro, a New 'Oil Pattern'? Oil, Gas and Energy Law (OGEL). 1-20.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Exemption from the Utilities Directive – brief overview of EU law and case law. Internetowy Kwartalnik Antymonopolowy i Regulacyjny. 149-157.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Evaluating the Commission’s Proposal for a Directive on Unfair Trading Practices. Competition in Fairness? European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe). 280-289.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Buyer power and Dominance: An overview of EU and national case law - Special issue of e-Competitions. e-Competitions Bulletin.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Joint Bidding and Object Restrictions of Competition: The EFTA Court’s Take in the Taxi Case. European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe). 174-179.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Buyer Power in the Big Data and Algorithm Driven World: The Uber & Lyft Example. Antitrust Chronice. 31-36.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Revisiting the concept of undertaking from a public procurement law perspective - a discussion on EasyPay and Finance Engineering. European Competition Law Review. 93-98.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. EFTA Court case E-24/13 Casino Admiral AG v Wolfgang Egger: the obligation of transparency and consequences of its breach when awarding service concessions. The Public Procurement Law Review. NA1-NA9.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Competition law through an Ordoliberal Lens. Oslo Law Review. 139-174.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Centralising Public Procurement and Competitiveness in Directive 2014/24. European Law Reporter. 119-132.
Rapport
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. Ex Post Assessment of European Competition Policy: Buyer power in concentration cases. .
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Utredning av muligheten for å etablere en inngrepshjemmel mot ensidige handlinger i verdikjeden for mat som ikke rammes av konkurranseloven § 11 / Unilateral Behaviors Below Dominance and Unfair Purchasing Practices: A Comparative Perspective. .
Vitenskapelig foredrag
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. Jussen i vind.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. Introduction to the Norwegian Energy Legal Framework.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. Implications of the EU Taxonomy for the electrification of the Norwegian Continental Shelf.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. From PRE-DECOR to R-DECO: Reutilisation, DEcommissioning and Circularity of Offshore energy infrastructures.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. Ex Post Assessment of European Competition Policy: Buyer power in concentration cases.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. Evaluaciones ex post: poder de compra y concentraciones.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. What’s new in the EU Clean Energy Package for local electricity grids?: An Overview.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Theories and Principles of Regulation: Towards Competition .
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Legal Framework.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Offentlig støtte og finansiering av norsk havvind.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Moderation & Chairing of the "Role and Scope of Energy Regulation".
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Legal Resarch at the Bergen Offshore Wind Centre.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Law & Economics panel: Divesting and the oil fund: The Norwegian Paradox and Competition Concerns.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Juridiske utfordringer knyttet til energiomstilling.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Juridiske problemstillinger i energi – en apetittvekker.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Hywind Tampen: A Regulatory Gamechanger for (Norwegian) Offshore Wind?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Greenlight to offshore wind farms in the EEA. Is Hywind Tampen’s State aid approval a kickstart for the Norwegian Offshore Wind Industry? .
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Governing Offshore Wind: Legal Challenges, Market Opportunities and Policy Perspectives (GOV-WIND).
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. From Enso/Stora to Uber/Lyft: Uses and Abuses of Buyer Power.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Energy Transition in the Nordics: The Norwegian case regarding oil and gas?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Distribute justice, community benefits and renewable energy: the case of Offshore Wind projects.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Community benefits and renewable energy projects: the case of offshore wind.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Community benefits and renewable energy projects: the case of offshore wind.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Center for Sustainable Legal Orders and the Political Economy: Eit forskingsinitiativ.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Buying Groups and Buying Alliances - Buying Groups e Cartel de Compra.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. What to do with Zero Rating.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Utilities Procurement and Sufficient Exposure to Competiton: The Energy Case.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Upstream Energy Markets.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. The Venezuelan Political and petroleum Crisis – recoverable? .
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. The Dis-Application of the Public Utilities Directive to Energy Operators due to Sufficient Competition.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Regulating Unfair Trading Practices in EU Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Ordoliberalism and Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Investing in European Energy Markets and State aid rules.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. EU Competition & State Aid Law in the Energy Sector.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Derecho de la Competencia, Economía y Prueba (Competition Law, Economics and Evidence).
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Demand Response: Technological Changes and The Rules of the Clean Energy Package.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Concluding remarks on Developments in Energy Markets.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Competencia, Interés General y Mala Regulación (Competition, General Interest and Bad Regulation).
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Capacity Remuneration Mechanisms in EU Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. An Introduction to the Competitiveness and Regulation of Offshore Wind Electricity.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Zero rating, a competition and legal perspective.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. What is and why zero rating matters?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Third Party Access and Ownership Unbundling in Electricity - A Comparative Analysis.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. The Winter Package and the Agency for Cooperation of Energy Regulators.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Regulating Energy Markets: a glimpse into Third Party Access and Demand Response.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Regulating Energy Markets: A Competition and Public Procurement Perspective.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Regulating EU/EEA Electricity Markets: An Introduction.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Reflecting upon the 'As Efficient Competitor Test'.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Poder de Compra en el Derecho de la Competencia (Buyer Power in Competition Law).
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Net Neutrality and Zero Rating: Competition Issues?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Is the growth of buyer power a competition problem?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Internet of Things and Demand Response in Electricity Markets.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Demand Response: Legal Challenges.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Chicago vs Ordoliberalismo - Objetivos y funciones del Derecho de la Competencia (Chicago vs Ordoliberalism - Objectives and functions of Competition Law).
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Centralized Purchasing: Between Competition and Procurement.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Centralized (Joint) Procurement: Fostering competitiveness?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Ayudas Estatales y Mecanismos de Remuneración de Capacidad (State aid and capacity remuneration mechanisms).
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Unbundling in electricity transmission and distribution in the EU.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Third Party Access and Transmission Unbundling: A Transatlantic Perspective.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Third Party Access and Transmission Unbundling: A Transatlantic Perspective.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. The Role (and room) of the State in Implementing Renewable Energy in Public Procurement.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Regulating energy markets – some difficulties between regulation and competition.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Poder de compra y defensa de la competencia: análisis jurídico-económico -.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Do methods matter in your PhD?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Directives 2009/72 & 2009/73: on the rules for electricity & gas in the internal market.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Competition Law and Ordoliberalism.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Common market provisions in the EU: internal energy market, competition.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Buyer Power, Joint Purchasing and Unfair Purchasing Practices- Innkjøpssamarbeid - kjøpermakt.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Buyer Power in Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. What is Buyer Power all about in EU Competition Law?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Unfair Purchasing Practices in EU Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Unfair Purchasing Practices.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Poder de Compra en el Derecho Comunitario de la Competencia.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Exclusionary Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Exclusionary Buyer Power.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Exclusionary Buyer Power.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Regulating energy markets: a competition and public procurement perspective.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Market definition in buyer power cases: revisiting the traditional methodologies.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Exploiting Buyer Power.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Division into lots vs Contract Aggregation - Extremes looking for the correct balance?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Directive 2014/24: Division into lots vs Contract Aggregation - Extremes looking for the correct balance?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Countervailing Buyer Power.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Centralizing Public Procurement in Directive 2014/24: Suggestions towards Competitiveness.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Buyer power in EEA/EU Public Procurement.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Buyer Power through an Ordoliberal lens.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Buyer Power in EEA/EU Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. "Market Buyer Power assessment: revisiting some traditional vies".
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2014. Public Procurement Law at the University of Bergen.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2014. Buyer power in EU competition law: An economically informed legal analysis.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2014. Buyer power exclusion in EU Competition Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2013. The Regulation of Monopsony and Buyer Power of Contracting Authorities subject to EU Public Procurement Law.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2013. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law: An Introduction to my PhD project.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2012. Centralización de Pública: Entre Competencia y Compra Pública (Buying centralization: Between Competition and Procurement).
Leder
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Unfair trading practices in the food supply chain - On-Topic Special Issue. Concurrences. 1-4.
Leserinnlegg
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. La små bedrifter få konkurrere på like vilkår. Bergens Tidende. 1 sider.
Anmeldelse
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Legal Foundations of EU Economic Governance, by A. Estella (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, ISBN 9781107141018) - Book review. Journal of Common Market Studies. 1204-1205.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Book review: Public Procurement and the EU Competition Rules (A. Sánchez Graells). European Competition Law Review. 84-87.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Book Review - Caroline Heide-Jørgensen, Christian Bergqvist, Ulla Neergaard & Sune Troels Poulsen (Eds.), Aims and Values in Competition Law (DJØF Publishing, 2013). The Competition Law Review. 1-4.
Vitenskapelig antologi/Konferanseserie
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Routledge Handbook of Energy Law. Routledge.
Vitenskapelig monografi
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
Populærvitenskapelig artikkel
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. EU-regler løyer norsk havvind: Norsk industri må trolig se langt etter særbehandling . Dagens Perspektiv. 24-27.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Strømbrudd i ACER-debatten. Energi og Klima : Norsk klimastiftelses nettmagasin. 3 sider.
Kronikk
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Buyer Power in Merge Control: An Overview of EU and National Case Law. Special issue of e-Competitions. e-Competitions Bulletin. 16 sider.
Doktorgradsavhandling
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2017. Buyer Power in EU Competition Law.
Intervju
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Issues with the centralisation of procurement.
Vitenskapelig Kapittel/Artikkel/Konferanseartikkel
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. Distributive Justice, Community Benefits and Renewable Energy: Offshore Wind Projects. 26 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Uses and abuses of EU competition law in energy. 17 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. The role of State aid law in energy. 18 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Shale gas regulation in Mexico and Colombia: an uncertain future. 19 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Regulation of electricity markets in Europe in light of the Clean Energy Package: prosumers and demand response. 17 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Meanings of energy poverty in the South American context: a regional overview. 22 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Introduction to the Routledge Handbook of Energy Law. 11 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. Buyer Power in Agreements and Abuse of Market Power Cases. 14 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Transmission Networks in Electricity Competition: Third-Party Access and Unbundling – a Transatlantic Perspective. 38 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. The Scope for National Regulation of Unfair Trading Practices. 24 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Concesiones de Servicios. Directiva 2014/23 Relativa a la Adjudicación de Contratos de Concesión. Un Estudio Comparativo sobre su Transposición al Derecho Noruego. 46 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Collaborative Centralized Cross-Border Public Procurement: A Feasibility and Comparative Implementation Analysis. 36 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Service Concessions. Directive 2014/23 on the award of concession contracts. A comparative study of its transposition into Norwegian law. 30 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. The Social Market Economy and the European Union. 6 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Impact of public procurement aggregation on competition. Risks, rationale and justification for the rules in directive 2014/24. 35 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Division into lots and demand aggregation – extremes looking for the correct balance? 20 sider.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Buyer power exploitation: Unfair Purchasing Practices. 73 sider.
Poster
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2019. Faculty of Law and Bergen Offshore Wind Centre - DeWindSea & Gov-Wind Projects .
Nettsider (opplysningsmateriale)
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2020. The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Energy sea production compliant with EEA law? The Norwegian Offshore Wind Paradox: Energy sea production compliant with EEA law?
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Unfair purchasing practices and the Groceries Code of Conduct: the Tesco investigation.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. Sobre el abuso de dependencia económica y los códigos de conducta: el caso Tesco (plazos de pago y slotting allowances).
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2016. DIA/EROSKI y las alianzas compradoras, segunda parte: La Resolución de la CNMC.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. Sobre el abuso de dependencia económica en la cadena alimentaria: el asunto EDEKA.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2015. El acuerdo DIA-EROSKI: ¿Alianza compradora o cártel de compra?
Intervju tidsskrift
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2021. Ingen juss, ingen havvind. Juristen.
  • Vis forfatter(e) 2018. Hva er egentlig ACER - Eksperten gir deg svar. Dagsavisen. 1 sider.

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