Body experience and lived through meanings of being ill, with special regard to long-lasting musculoskeletal pain, life after obesity surgery etc., phenomenological and gender perspectives. Treatment of patients with long-lasting muscle pain, bodily based learning. Theoretical foundation of physiotherapy and health sciences
• Groven, K. S., Råheim, M., Engelsrud, G. (2013). Changing Bodies, Changing Habits: Women’s Experiences of High Intensity Training Following Weight Loss Surgery. Health Care for Women International, DOI: 10.1080/07399332.2013.794465.
• Groven, K.S., Råheim, M., Braithwaite, J., Engelsrud, G. (2013). Weight loss surgery as a tool for changing lifestyle? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, DOI 10.1007/s11019-013-9471-7
• Iversen, A. S., Graue, M., Råheim, M. (2013). At the edge of vulnerability – lived experience of parents of children with cerebral palsy going through surgery. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 8: 20007 – http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/qhw.v8i0.20007
• Natvik, E., Gjengedal, E., Råheim, M. Totally changed, yet still the same: Patients’ lived experience 5 years beyond bariatric surgery. Qualitative Health Research, DOI: 10.1177/1049732313501888.
• Sekse, R. J., Gjengedal, E., Råheim, M. (2013). Living in a Changed Female Body After Gyneacological Cancer. Health Care for Women International, 34, 1, 14-33. DOI: 10.1080/07399332.2011.645965
• Groven, K.S., Råheim, M., Engelsrud, G. Gruppebasert trening etter fedmekirurgi. Idrettsmedisinsk kongress, Oslo, november 2013.
• Råheim, M., Gjengedal, E. The lived body in illness. Oral presentation. The 32nd International Human Science Research Conference, Aalborg, August 13.-16., 2013.
• Natvik, E., Gjengedal, E., Råheim, M. Re-embodying Eating: Patients’ Lived Experiences 5 Years Beyond Bariatric Surgery. Oral presentation. The 32nd International Human Science Research Conference, Aalborg, August 13.-16., 2013.
• Sviland, R., Martinsen, K., Råheim, M. To be held and to hold one’s own
Narratives of Embodied Transformation in the Treatment of Long Lasting Musculoskeletal Problems. Oral presentation. The 32nd International Human
Science Research Conference, Aalborg, August 13.-16., 2013.
• Pedersen, J.H., Råheim, M. Fra høydepunkt til mareritt: Ungdomsskole-elevers erfaringer med kroppsøving og syn på egen kropp. Kroppsøvingskonferansen, Norges idrettshøyskole, juni 2013.
• Dragesund, T., Råheim, M., Strand, L. I. (2012). Body Awareness Rating Questionnaire- Measurement properties. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 28, 7, 515-528.
• Groven, S., Engelsrud, G., Råheim, M. (2012). Living with Bodily Changes after Weight Loss Surgery: Women’s Experiences of Food and “Dumping”. Phenomenology and Practice, 6, 1, 36-54.
• Groven, K., Råheim, M., Engelsrud, G. (2012). Dis-appearance and dys-appearance anew: living with excess skin and intestinal changes following weight loss surgery. Medicine Health Care and Philosophy, DOI: 10.1007/s11019-012-9397-5.
• Sekse, R. T., Råheim, M., Blaaka, G. Gjengedal, E. (2012). Living through gynaecological cancer: three typologies. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21, 2626-2635.
• Sviland, R., Råheim, M., Martinsen, K. (2012). Touched in sensation –moved by respiration: Embodied narrative identity – a treatment process. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 26, 811-819.
• Natvik, E., Gjengedal, E., Råheim, M. Bariatric surgery as a life-changing process: Patients’ lived experiences five years after surgery. Plenary presentation at The Congress on Obesity and Quality of Life Outcomes,
Balestrand, 5.-7. Juni 2012.
• Warholm, C., Øien, A. M., Råheim, M. The ambivalence of losing weight.
Plenary presentation at The Congress on Obesity and Quality of Life Outcomes, Balestrand, 5.-7. Juni 2012.
• Andersen, J., Sandberg, S., Raaheim, M., Gjengedal, E. (2011). Psychosocial Aspects of Predictive Genetic Testing for Acute Intermittent Porphyria in Norwegian Minors. JIMD Reports, DOI: 10.1007/8904_2011_8.
• Barsnes, B., Magnussen, L., Råheim, M. (2011). Sykefraværsoppfølging erfart av sykmeldte og ledere – eksplorerende fokusgruppeintervjuer. (Follow up on sickleave as experienced by leaders and patients – focus group interviews.) Fysioterapeuten, 6, 11, 18-24.
• Stromsvik, N., Råheim, M., Gjengedal, E. (2011). Cancer worry among Norwegian male BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. Familial Cancer, DOI 10.1007/s10689-9456-8.
• Ustad, T., Sørsdahl. A.B., Råheim, M. (2011). Foreldrenes erfaring med intensiv fysioterapi til små barn med CP – en intervjustudie. (Parents’ experience of intensive physiotherapy to small children – an interview study.) Fysioterapeuten, 8, 11, 22-28.
• Øien, AM, Steihaug S, Iversen S, Råheim M. (2011). Communication as negotiation processes in long-term physiotherapy: A qualitative study. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 25, 53-61.
Natvik, E., Råheim, M. Profound change in perceived health and participation in daily life: Long-term experience after bariatric surgery. 30th International Human Science Research Conference, Oxford, July 27th-30th 2011.
Articles and editorials
• Dahlberg, K., Gjengedal, E., Råheim, M. (2010). Editorial. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being. DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v5i4.5800
• Groven, K.S., Råheim, M., Engelsrud, G. (2010). “My quality of life is worse compared to my earlier life” Living with chronic problems after weight loss surgery. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Health and Well-being, DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v5i4.5553
• Johnsen RW., Råheim M. (2010). Feeling more in balance and grounded in one’s own body, Focus group interviews on experiences with Basic Body Awareness Therapy in Psychiatric Healthcare. Advances in Physiotherapy,12, 166-174.
• Sviland R., Råheim M., Martinsen K. (2010). Språk – uttrykk for inntrykk. MATRIX Tidsskrift for nordisk psykoterapi, 27, 2, 132-156.
• Sekse RTJ, Råheim M, Blaaka G, Gjengedal E. Life beyond cancer: Women’s experiences five years after treatment for gyneacological cancer. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 24, 799-807.
• Strømsvik N, Råheim M, Oyen N, Gjengedal E. Stigmatization and Male Identity: Norwegian Males’ Experience after Identification as BRCA1/2 Mutation Carriers. Journal of Genetic Counseling, 19, 360-370.
• Johnsen RW, Råheim M. Conversations on Body Awareness and Movement – a focus group study on experiences from Basic Body Awareness Group Therapy. International Conference of Physiotherapy in Psychiatry and Mental Health, Lund, February 2nd – 5th, 2010. Abstract/Presentation.
• Jakobsen T, Råheim M, Rasmussen B. (2009). Creating the simulated patient through dialogue – an approach based on Bakhtin’s dialogical thinking. Applied Theatre Researcher, 16, article 6.
• Sekse RTJ, Råheim M, Blaaka, G, Gjengedal E. (2009). Cancer as a life-changing process: Women’s experiences five years after treatment for gyneacological cancer. International Journal of Qualitative Research on Health and Well-being, 4, 288 - 298.
• Strømsvik N, Råheim M, Øyen N, Gjengedal E. (2009). Men in the women’s world of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer – a systematic review. Familial Cancer, 8, 221-229.
• Øien AM, Råheim M, Iversen S, Steihaug S. (2009). Self-perception as embodied knowledge – changing processes for patients with chronic pain. Advances in Physiotherapy, 11, 121-129.
• Sviland R, Råheim M, Martinsen K. (2009). Å komme til seg selv – i bevegelse, sansning og forståelse. (To be one self – in movement, sensing, and understanding.) Matrix: Tidsskrift for nordisk psykoterapi, 26, 2, 257 – 275.
• Magnussen L, Tveito TH, Barsnes B, Råheim M. Evaluering av prosjekt i Sogn og Fjordane fylkeskommune. Individuell mestring – fra kollektive til individuelle tiltak for å redusere sykefravær. (Evaluation of a project in Sogn og Fjodane County. From collective to individual approaches in order to reduce sickleave.) Rapport 2009, UNIFOB HELSE.
• Barsnes B, Magnussen L, Råheim M. Do people on long term sick leave experience an including working life? European College of Sports Science Congress 2009, Oslo, May 24th – 27th. Posterpresentation.
• Barsnes B, Råheim M, Magnussen L. What do people on longterm sickleave think is important to help them improve their working ability? A focus group study. 13th South African Sports Medicine Association International Conference 2009, June 12th -13th. Abstract/Presentation.
• Iversen S, Øien AM, Råheim M. Providing motor learning opportunities for children with cerebral palsy: the complexity of communication within and over sessions. The 29th International Human Science Research Conference (IHSRC), Molde University College 2009, May 16th – 20th. Abstractbook, p. 82.
• Iversen AS, Graue M, Råheim M. Lived experience of parents of children with disability going through surgery. The 29th International Human Science Research Conference (IHSRC), Molde University College 2009, May 16th – 20th. Abstractbook, p. 55.
• Magnussen L, Nielsen S, Raaheim M. Barriers against returning to work - as perceived by disability pensioners with back pain - a focus group based qualitative study. Primary Research on Low Back Pain, Boston International Forum X. Boston, June 14th-17th 2009. Poster/Presentation.
• Sviland R. Martinsen K, Råheim M. Language – expression of impression. The 29th International Human Science Research Conference (IHSRC), Molde University College, June 16th -20th 2009. Abstract/Presentation. Abstractbook, p. 71.
• Øien AM, Iversen S, Steihaug S, Råheim M. Self-perception as embodied knowledge – changing processes for patients with chronic muscle pain in Norwegian Physiotherapy Treatment. The 29th International Human Science Research Conference (IHSRC), Molde University College 2009, June 16th -20th. Abstract/Presentation. Abstractbook, p. 87.
• Dragesund T, Råheim M. (2008). Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy and patients with chronic pain: Patients’ perspectives on body awareness. Physiotherapy Theory & Practice, 24, 4, 243-254.
• Iversen S, Øien AM, Råheim M. (2008). Physiotherapy treatment of children with cerebral palsy: The complexity of communication within sessions and over time. Advances in Physiotherapy, 10, 41-52.
• Vestrheim I, Råheim M, Strand LI. (2008). Grovmotorisk funksjonsutvikling hos førskolebarn med cerebral parese under intensive trening. (Motor development in preschool children with cerebral palsy following an intensive training program) Fysioterapeuten, 8: 22-28.
• Iversen S, Ellertsen B, Jacobsen SR, Råheim M, Knivsberg A-M. Developing a participatory multidisciplinary team approach to enhance the quality of school start. 5th Nordic Interdisciplinary Conference on Qualitative Methods in the Service of Health (QMSH), University of Stavanger, May 20th – 22nd 2008. Abstract/Presentation.
• Anderson B, Strand LI, Råheim M. (2007). The effect of long-term body awareness training succeeding a multimodal cognitive behavior program for patients with widespread pain. Journal Musculoskeletal Pain, 15, 3.19-29.
• Magnussen L, Nilsen S, Råheim M. (2007). Barriers against returning to work – as perceived by disability pensioners with back pain. A focus group based qualitative study. Disability and Rehabilitation, 29, 3,191-197.
• Sviland R, Martinsen K, Råheim M. (2007). Hvis ikke kropp og psyke – hva da? Holdning og bevegelse i selvutfoldelse og tilbakeholdelse. (If not body and soul – so what? Attitude and movement as self-expression and self-control) Fysioterapeuten, 74, 12, 23-8.
Chapters in books
• Råheim M, Gjengedal E. (2007). Kropp og kroppslighet - erfaringers kroppslighet, kroppslighetens erfaringer. (Body and embodiment – the embodiment of experience, and experience of embodiment) In Gjengedal E, Hanestad BR (red) (2. utg.) Å leve med kronisk sykdom - en varig kursendring. (Living with chronic illness) Oslo: Cappelen Akademiske.
• Råheim M, Håland W. (2006). Lived experience of chronic pain and fibromyalgia: Women’s stories from daily life. Qualitative Health Research, 16, 741-761.
• Iversen S, Ellertsen B, Jacobsen SR, Råheim M, Knivsberg AM. (2006). Developing a participatory multidisciplinary team approach to enhance the quality of school start. Action Research, 4, 271-292.
Chapters in books
• Råheim M. (2006). Kvinner med kroniske muskelsmerter – kropp og dagligliv. (Women with chronic muscle pain – body and daily life) In Bengtsson, J. (red.) Å forske i sykdoms- og pleieerfaringer – livsverdensfenomenologiske bidrag. (Kap. 5). Kristiansand: Høyskoleforlaget.
• Råheim M. Researcher and reflexivity. Tension betrween pre-understanding and openness, closenenss and distance. 4th Nordic Interdisciplinary Conference on Qualitative Methods in the Service of Health (QMSH), Växjø University 2006, May 18th -20th. Abstract/Presentation.
• Dragesund T, Råheim M. Body consciousness and Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy. Experiences from patients with chronic widespread pain. International Conference of Physiotherapy in Psychiatry and Mental Health, Leuven/Kortenberg, 2006, February 15th-17th. Abstract/Presentation.
• Strand LI, Kvåle A, Råheim M, Ljunggren AE. (2005). Do Norwegian manual therapists provide management for patients with acute low back pain in accordance with clinical guidelines? Manual Therapy, 10, 38-43.
• Råheim M. (2004). Er det ualminnelige helt ualminnelig? Dagligliv, kropp og helse hos friske kvinner og kvinner med kroniske muskelsmerter. (Is the unusual quite unusual? Healthy women and women with chronic muscle pain - body, health, and daily life) Kvinneforskning, 28, 2, 22-38.
• Smedbråten B, Råheim M, Heiberg E. (2003). ”Alle musklene og tankene roet seg …” – et kroppsfenomenologisk perspektiv som kilde til innsikt i unges livsverden. (All muscles calmed down – phenomenology of the body as perspective on young people’s lifeworld) Fysioterapeuten, 70, 6, 25-30.
• Råheim M. (2002). Kroppsfenomenologi – innsikt relevant for klinisk praksis. (Phenomenology of the Body – Relevance for Clinical Practice) Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening, 25, 122, 2477 – 2480.
Chapters in books
• Sudmann T, Råheim M. (2001). Kvinnehelse og fysioterapi i Norge – lang tradisjon og kjønnsblindhet side om side. (Women’s health and physiotherapy in Norway – long-lasting tradition and gendered blindness side by side) I Stokkenes G, Sudmann T, Sæbøe G. (red.) Fysioterapi på terskelen. 13 perspektiver på faget. (Physiotherapy on the doorstill. 13 perspectives) Kristiansand: Høyskoleforlaget.
• Råheim, M. (2001). Kvinners kroppserfaring og livssammenheng. En fenomenologisk-hermeneutisk studie av friske kvinner og kvinner med kroniske muskelsmerter. (Women, body experience, and context of life. A phenomenological -hermeneutical study of healthy women and women with chronic muscle pain) Faculty of Psychology and Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen.
• Råheim M. Kroniske muskelsmerter hos kvinner i et kulturelt perspektiv – om kroppen i det moderne og kvinnekroppens sårbarhet. (Chronic muscle pain in women in a cultural perspective – the body in the context of modernity and the vunerability of the female body). Mestring av kroniske sykdommer - tverrfaglig konferanse, Bergen 2000, November 22nd - 24th. Invited lecture.
• Råheim M. Kroppsfenomenologi – innsikt relevant for klinisk praksis
(Phenomenology of the body – relevance for clinical practice). Nordisk symposium i psykiatrisk - og psykosomatisk fysioterapi (Nordic Symposium in Psychiatric - and Psychosomatic Physiotherapy), Gøteborg 2002, november, 18th -20th. Key-note lecture.
• Råheim M. Kvinner med kroniske muskelsmerter – mestring og mening. (Women with chronic muscle pain – coping and meaning.) Presentasjon av to case fra et doktorgradsarbeid. Kropp og sjel. Nasjonal konferanse om psykosomatiske tilstander, Bergen 2003, october 7th-9th. Invited lecture.
• Råheim M. Women with fibromyalgia – coping and meaning in a lifeworld perspective. MYOPAIN 2004, München, June 4th - 7th. Poster presentation.
• Strand LI, Kvåle A, Ljuggren E, Råheim M. Are manual therapists’ information, advice and other treatment given to patients with acute and subacute low back pain in accordance with clinical guidelines? Spineweek and annual meeting for The International Society of the Study of the Lumbar Spine (ISSLS), Porto, May 30th – June 5th, 2004. Spineweek 2004, abstract book, p. 550.
• Råheim M. (1994). Kroppen som erfaring og mening. (The Body as Lived Experience) Fysioterapeuten,12,15-20.
Chapters in books and edition
• Alvsvåg H, Anderssen N, Gjengedal E, Råheim M. (red.) Kunnskap, kropp og kultur. Helsefaglige grunnlagsproblemer. (Knowledge, body, and Culture. Theoretical challenges in the health sciences) Oslo: AdNotam Gyldendal.
• Råheim M. (1997). Forståelse av kroppen som fenomen. Kritikk og utfordringer i helsefagenes grunnlagsforståelse. (Understanding the human body as phenomenon. Critics and challenges in the theoretical foundation of the health sciences) In Alvsvåg H, Anderssen N, Gjengedal E, Råheim M. (red.) Kunnskap, kropp og kultur. Helsefaglige grunnlagsproblemer. (Knowledge, body, and Culture. Theoretical challenges in health sciences) Oslo: AdNotam Gyldendal.
• Råheim M. A comparative study of the structure of meaning of healthy women’s body images and body images of women with chronic muscle pain. An interpretive phenomenological approach. Proceedings, The 9th Conference of the European Health Psychology Society, Bergen 1995, august 28th-30th, Abstract/Presentation, abstract book, p. 69.
• Råheim M. Kvinners kroppserfaring og livssammenheng. En fenomenologisk-hermeneutisk studie av friske kvinner og kvinner med kroniske muskelsmerter. Presentasjon av et forskningsprosjekt med vekt på metodisk tilnærming og teoretiske perspektiver. Kropp og sjel. Nasjonal konferanse om psykosomatiske tilstander, Bergen 1996, June 5th - 7th. Abstract.
• Råheim M. Women with chronic muscle pain and fibromyalgia – body experience in the context of daily life. A phenomenological-hermeneutic study. The 17th International Human Science Research Conference (IHSRC), Halifax 1997, august 6th -8th. Abstract/Presentation.
Master of Science Thesis
• Råheim, M. (1991). Kroppsbilde – en fenomenologisk begrepsanalyse. (Body Image – a Phenomenological Concept Analysis). Master of Science Thesis, Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen.
• 1978: UiB: Exam philosophicum
• 1979: UiB, Faculty of Psychology: Primary course in psychology
• 1982: The State School of Physiotherapy, Bergen
• 1983: Registered physiotherapist (PT)
• 1991: UiB, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing Science: Master of Science in Nursing (cand. polit.)
• 2001: UiB, Faculty of Psychology and Faculty of Medicine: Doctor of Philosophiae (dr. philos.)
• 1982-87: Clinical practice in Norway at hospitals (within orthopedics, obstetrics, and rheumatology), at a nursing home (within geriatrics), and an institution for multi-handicapped children and adults. Clinical practice at an institution for physically handicapped children in Taiwan
• 1991-94: Lecturer, Master Program in Physiotherapy at UiB, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care
• 1994-98: Research fellow at UiB, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Section for Physiotherapy Science
• 1998-2001: Lecturer in Health Sciences at UiB, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Section for Physiotherapy Science
• 2002 – 2011: Associate professor in Health Sciences at UiB, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care
• 2012 – dd: Professor in Health Sciences at UiB, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, UiB
• 2011 – 2013/010811-010813: Professor II at University of Tromsø, Faculty of Health and Care Sciences, Department of Clinical Medicine, 20% position.
Responsibilities, teaching, and supervision (UiB)
• 1998-dd: The conduction of the Master program in Health Sciences: Responsible for the first part of the program (5 months, research methods and theory of knowledge)
• 2008 – 2013 (0107): Leader of the Program committee
• 2003/2007-8: Vice-director, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care (010703 to 311203, 010107 to 310708)
• 1991-dd: Teaching and supervising master students
• 2002-dd: Teaching and supervising PhD – students
• Norwegian Physiotherapy Association
• Nordic Network in Phenomenological Research in Health Care
• Supervision of 30 master thesis/master students
• Main supervisor for 3 PhD-students who has finished their doctoral thesis and main supervisor for 2 more. Co-supervisor for 6 PhD-students, who have finished their doctoral thesis, and co-supervisor for 2 more.
• Member of the evaluation committee of five doctoral thesis and of one licentiate thesis, in one as leader (University in Bergen), opponent in three (University of Tromsø and University of Oslo, Norway, University of Gothenburg, Sweden), and external expert in one (University of Jüveskylä, Finland).
• Referee –board in: Qualitative Health Research, Advances in Physiotherapy, Fysioterapeuten. Reviewed articles for several additional journals.
• Member of the program committee for:
- Nordisk symposium: Bevegelseskvalitet, kunst og helse (Nordic Symposium: Movement, Art and Health), Bergen University College, 26.-28.mai 1998.
- The 29th International Human Science Research Conference, Molde University College, in cooperation with University of Bergen and Norwegian Teachers’ Academy, June 16-20th 2009.
• Main supervisor: Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy: Theory development using text-analysis, and theory and empiri intertwined in clinical studies.
PhD-student Randi Sviland, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen (UiB), co-supervisor prof. Kari Martinsen, Harstad University College.
• Main supervisor: Life after severe obesity: Long-term experiences of weight loss and embodied change.
PhD-student Eli Natvik, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, co-supervisor professor Eva Gjengedal (UiB) and ass. professor John Roger Andersen, University College in Sogn and Fjordane, Førde
• Co-supervisor: Life after weight-loss surgery. Phenomenological and gender perspectives on patients’ experiences
PhD-student Karen Synne Groven, Department of Health and Nursing Science, University of Oslo (UiO), Main supervisor professor Gunn Engelsrud, Department of Health and Nursing Science, UiO, and Norwegian University College in Sports.
• Co-supervisor: Psychosocial health and quality of life living with acute intermittent porphyria and porphyria cutanea tarda.
Phd-student Janice Andersen, Norwegian Porphyria Centre (NAPOS), Laboratory of Clinical Biochemistry, Haukeland University Hospital (HUS), main supervisor professor Sverre Sandberg, and co-supervisors professors Eva Gjengedal and Karin Nordin, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, UiB..
• Co-supervisor: Function, activity and participation. Su-project in the umbrella project: “Slagrehabiliteringskjeden – Bergen” (Stroke rehabilitation chain – Bergen)
PhD-student Tina Taule, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care,UiB/HUS. Main supervisor professor Jan Sture Skouen (UiB/HUS), and professor Liv Inger Strand, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, UiB.
• Project leader: Stories on the role of the researcher throughout own research projects
Co-researchers: Professor Astrid Blystad, ass. professor Liv H. Magnussen, Department of Public Health and Årimary Health Care, University of Bergen, PhD Torild Jakobsen, assistant professor Ragnhild Tveitt Sekse, Haukeland University Hospital, and PhD-student Åshild Lunde, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, UiB.
• Senior researcher in one of the sub-studies in the umbrella project FaKta, and main supervisor for one master student in another sub-study. FaKta: Sub-group classification based physiotherapy for patients with long-lasting back pain - effects on sick-leave, function and coping.
Project leader, professor Alice Kvåle, fellow researchers: professors Peter O’Sullivan and Ann Smith, Curtin University, Australia, and professor Jan Sture Skouen, postdoc. Kjartan Vibe Fersum, PhD-student Tove Ask, postdoc Tove Dragesund, and three master students, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, UiB.