Hjem
  • E-postYvette.Peters@uib.no
  • Telefon+47 55 58 94 56
  • Besøksadresse
    Christiesgt. 15
    Rom 
    314
  • Postadresse
    Postboks 7802
    5007 BERGEN

Yvette is currently the coordinator of the research group 'Citizens, Opinion, and Representation', together with Tor Midtbø.

In June 2017, she started the project The Politics of Inequality. How Representative Democracy (Mal-) Functions in Europe, funded by the Bergen Research Foundation and University of Bergen. This project deals with some of the most pressing issues facing democracies today: political inequality and the lack of representation. It investigates the state of representative democracy by studying citizen-state relations. More specifically, the project focuses on representation (do citizens get what they want?) and political equality (do people get what they want equally?). Political equality is a fundamental condition for the existence of democracy, and representation structures the way democracies function. Research conducted within the project will further our understanding of how representative democracy works, will precisely diagnose its problems, and will identify ways of improving it.

 

More generally, her research concerns democracies, how they work, how they change, and in what way institutions affect citizen behaviour in them. This past and ongoing research can be summarized in four segments:

 

“Political representation, responsiveness and inequality”

This project aims to better understand the relationship between citizens and their representatives in democracies. Democracy requires a certain level of congruence between what citizens want and what representatives do is required. One aspect in this perspective is the congruence between the preferences of the citizens and their (regional or party) representative; another is the congruence between people’s preferences and actual policy output; and yet another is the differentiated responsiveness of representatives—policies may favor some groups more than others. These types of relationships are central in this study, including the possible effects that different political institutions (e.g. electoral system; referendums; executive-legislative relation) may have on the level of congruence.

 

Restructuring democracy: ever increasing or perpetual crisis?”

This project looks at the development of democracies over time, but also at the way that democracy functions when it includes a specific combination of democratic elements. Democracies all over the world have changed in their institutional structure—both incrementally and in big steps. Considering these changes and the challenges that democracies have had to deal with over time, the shape of democracy seems to have changed. This project aims to see how they have changed, whether we can now distinguish a different type of democracy, and whether we may observe different clusters of democracies moving in different directions, in a quantitative way.

 

The impact of diffusion of politics on political participation” 

This project focuses on the implications of institutional change in democracies between 1980 and 2005. The political system, and the way that governments deal with the distribution of public goods, seems to have changed over time. Although national governments still deal with many political issues, a lot of tasks have been delegated to other instances. The aim of this project is to see whether different types of authority diffusion (horizontal, vertical, diagonal) have had an impact on levels and changes in levels of different forms of political participation (representative, extra-representative and direct), and to what extent these changes transformed democracy.

 

"The impact of intra-EU migration on welfare state attitudes"

As part of the project 'Labour migration and moral sustainability of the Norwegian welfare state' (directed by Stein Kuhnle and Cornelius Cappelen; funded by the Norwegian Research council), we investigate the extend that within-EU migration affects how people think about their own welfare state. Also comparing with other forms of immigration, we try to find out whether citizens are more/less supportive of welfare schemes, whether they become more protective or exclusive/inclusive, and in what way institutional structures affect such relationships.

 

Peters, Y. (05-04-2016), Political parties which operate in a direct democratic context tend to have a higher number of members on Democratic Audit UK: http://www.democraticaudit.com/?p=20815

 

Peters, Y. (03-06-2015), Electoral participation has an impact on political and socioeconomic inequality on Democratic Audit UK: http://www.democraticaudit.com/?p=13578

 

Peters & Ensink (2015) discussed in McElwee, S. (28-10-2015), The more unequal the country, the more the rich rule, in Aljazeera America: http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2015/10/the-more-unequal-the-count...

Bøker
  • Peters, Yvette. 2018. Political Participation, Diffused Governance, and the Transformation of Democracy. Patterns of Change. Routledge. 236 sider. ISBN: 1315294478.
  • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Routledge. 342 sider. ISBN: 9781138100473.
  • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe 31: Challenges and Prospects. Routledge. ISBN: 1138100471.
Tidsskriftartikler
  • Arnesen, Sveinung; Peters, Yvette. 2017. The Legitimacy of Representation: How Descriptive, Formal, and Responsiveness Representation Affect the Acceptability of Political Decisions. Comparative Political Studies. doi: 10.1177/0010414017720702
  • Cappelen, Cornelius; Peters, Yvette. 2017. Diversity and Welfare State Legitimacy in Europe. The Challenge of Intra-EU Migration. Journal of European Public Policy. 1-21. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2017.1314534
  • Cappelen, Cornelius; Peters, Yvette. 2017. The impact of intra-EU migration on welfare chauvinism. Journal of Public Policy. 29 sider. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0143814X17000150
  • Peters, Yvette. 2016. (Re-)join the party! The effects of direct democracy on party membership in Europe. European Journal of Political Research. 55: 138-159. doi: 10.1111/1475-6765.12120
  • Peters, Yvette. 2016. Zero-sum democracy? The effects of direct democracy on representative participation. Political Studies. 64: 593-613. doi: 10.1177/0032321715607510
  • Peters, Yvette; Ensink, Sander J. 2015. Differential responsiveness in Europe: the effects of preference difference and electoral participation. West European Politics. 38: 577-600. doi: 10.1080/01402382.2014.973260
Bokkapitler
  • Peters, Yvette. 2016. Hollower democracy? Studying the consequences of a changing demos. Chapter 13, sider 197-212. I:
    • Müller-Rommel, Ferdinand; Casal Bértoa, Fernando. 2016. Party Politics and Democracy in Europe. Essays in Honour of Peter Mair. Routledge. 264 sider. ISBN: 978-1-13-880056-4.
  • Peters, Yvette. 2016. Displacing Politics. The State of Democracy in an Age of Diffused Responsibility. 9, sider 163-186. I:
    • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Routledge. 342 sider. ISBN: 9781138100473.
  • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. The Transformation of Democracy. 1, sider 1-10. I:
    • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Routledge. 342 sider. ISBN: 9781138100473.
  • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. The Contemporary State of Democracy in a Transformed Europe. 15, sider 297-325. I:
    • Peters, Yvette; Tatham, Michael Robert. 2016. Democratic Transformations in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities. Routledge. 342 sider. ISBN: 9781138100473.

Se fullstendig oversikt over publikasjoner i CRIStin.

Publications by theme:

“Political representation, responsiveness and inequality”

  • Peters, Y. & S. J. Ensink (2015), Differential Responsiveness in Europe: The Effects of Preference Difference and Electoral Participation, In West European Politics, 38:3. 577-600 (http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01402382.2014.973260#abstract)
  • Peters. Y., “Responsiveness, vetoes and ideology. How structure and politics condition representation”, under review
  • Arnesen, S., & Peters, Y. (Forthcoming), The Legitimacy of Representation: How Descriptive, Formal, and Responsiveness Representation Affect the Acceptability of Political Decisions. Comparative Political Studies

 

Restructuring democracy: ever increasing or perpetual crisis?”

  • Peters, Y & M. Tatham (2016), “Democratic Transformations in Europe 31—Challenges and Opportunities”, Abingdon: Routledge (https://www.routledge.com/Democratic-Transformations-in-Europe-31-Challe...)
  • Peters, Y. (2016), “Displacing politics. The State of Democracy in an Age of Diffused Responsibility”, In Yvette Peters and Michaël Tatham (eds.), Democratic Transformations in Europe 31—Challenges and Opportunities,Abingdon: Routledge
  • Peters, Y. & M. Tatham (2016), “The Transformation of Democracy”, In Yvette Peters and Michaël Tatham (eds.), Democratic Transformations in Europe 31—Challenges and Prospects, Abingdon: Routledge
  • Peters, Y. & M. Tatham (2016), “The Contemporary State of Democracy in a Transformed Europe”, In Yvette Peters and Michaël Tatham (eds.), Democratic Transformations in Europe 31—Challenges and Prospects, Abingdon: Routledge
  • Peters, Y. (2016), “Hollower Democracy? Studying the Consequences of a Changing Demos”, In Ferdinand Muller-Rommel and Fernando Casal Bertoa (eds.), Party Politics And Democracy in Europe: Essays in Honor of Peter Mair, Abingdon/New York: Routledge Publisher (http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9781138800564/)

 

The impact of diffusion of politics on political participation”

 

"The impact of intra-EU migration on welfare state attitudes"

  • Cappelen, Cornelius and Yvette Peters (2017) “The Impact of Intra-EU Migration on Welfare Chauvinism”, Journal of Public Policy
  • Cappelen, Cornelius and Yvette Peters (2017) “Diversity and Welfare State Legitimacy in Europe. The Challenge of Intra-EU Migration”, Journal of European Public Policy

Prizes

  • 2016: Gordon Smith and Vincent Wright Memorial Prize for one of two best articles in West European Politics
  • 2012: François Mény Prize for the Best Comparative Study of Political Institutions, for “Patterns of Change. A Study of the Relation Between Political Participation and Institutions” (PhD thesis), by the European University Institute, Florence, Italy

 

Work Experience

  • June 2017-current: Researcher (Department of comparative politics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway)
  • May 2013-current: Post-doctoral researcher (Department of comparative politics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway (parental leave 10.2015-06.2016))
  • Sept.2010-March.2015: Assistant Professor (Philosophische Fakultät III, Social Sciences, Comparative Politics, Universität Humboldt, Berlin (On leave between May 2013 and March 2015))
  • 2007-2010: Full-Time Researcher (Department of Social and Political Science, European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy. Research funded by NUFFIC (Dutch education agency))
  • 2005-2007: Research/Teaching Assistant (Faculty of social and behavioural sciences, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. (Various research and teaching assistance jobs))

 

Education

  • 2008-2011 (June 18): Ph.D Political Science (European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy. Title: “Patterns of Change. A Study of the Relation Between Political Participation and Institutions”; Committee: Alexander H. Trechsel (supervisor), Peter Mair, Russell J. Dalton, Jan W. Van Deth.)
  • Feb.-April 2010: Visiting Researcher (Chair of Prof. J. Van Deth, University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany.)
  • 2007-2008: Master of Research (MRes) in political Science (Departement of Political and Social Sciences, European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy.)
  • 2005-2007: Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Political Science (Focus on institutions and institutional analysis. Faculty of social and behavioural sciences, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands)
  • 2002-2005: Bachelor of Arts in Political Science (BA) (Faculty of social and behavioural sciences, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands)
  • 2004: Visiting Student (Erasmus) (Department of Political Science, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. One semester in the third year of the BA political science.)                                                              
  • 2001-2002: Aerospace engineering (first year) (Faculty of aerospace engineering at the University of Delft, Delft, The Netherlands. Number of courses followed on, for example, calculus, linear algebra, material studies, aerodynamics, statics and dynamics)