Fellesseminar på Matematisk institutt
Seminarer av interesse for alle ansatte på instituttet
Seminarene holdes på onsdager, 1-2 gang i måneder, se kalenderen nedenfor.
Ansvarlig for seminaret for semester V23 er: Kundan Kumar (se nedenfor for kontaktinformasjon).
|1. feb||14:15-15:00||Delta (4A9f)||Jarl Giske||Experiences in Team-Based Learning in BIO100|
|22. mar||12:00-13:00||Lunsjrom + Delta (4A9f)||Abelprisen||Live sending of the Announcement of this year Abel prize winner. Please note the unusual time.|
|19 april||14:15- 15:00||Lunsjrom + Delta (4A9f)||Bjørn Tore Sund|
Prosjekt Sikre forskningssystemer/ Project Securing research systems
For å bedre informasjonssikkerheten på universitetets IT-utstyr og IT-systemer, til forskning samt andre formål, gjennomføres det nå et prosjekt som skal kartlegge, gjennomgå og sørge for sikker drift og forvaltning av IT-systemer og IT-utstyr på institutt og i forskningsgrupper. Her informerer prosjektgruppen om hvilken betydning det vil ha for deg og din IT-hverdag.
|10. mai||14:15-15:00||Lunsjrom + Delta (4A9f)||Fabio Ramos||Similarity Learning Machines|
|31. mai||14:15-15:00||Lunsjrom + Delta (4A9f)||Erik W. Kolstad||Applications of mathematics and physics in Climate Futures|
|14:15-15:00||Lunsjrom + Delta (4A9f)||Samia Touileb||Large language models, their societal impacts, and what we (don't) know about them|
7. juni 2023
Samia Touileb, Researcher, MediaFutures: Research Centre for Responsible Media Technology & Innovation
Department of Information Science and Media Studies
Title: Large language models, their societal impacts, and what we (don't) know about them.
Abstract: In this talk I will give a short introduction to language models, what they are, and what is the intuition behind them. I will also introduce the more recent advances that have led to what we refer to as large language models and will briefly discuss the transformer architecture. I will discuss what we know about these types of models, but will also focus on what we do not know in terms of training details and datasets used. I will also cover one of the less discussed aspect of these type of models: their societal and ethical implications.
31. mai 2023
Erik W. Kolstad, Climate Futures, Norce
Title: Applications of mathematics and physics in Climate Futures
Abstract: Climate Futures is a collaboration to increase Norwegian society's adaptation to climate risk: risk associated with changes in weather and climate. Our activities are organised within the following four areas of innovation: sustainable food production (agriculture and aquaculture), renewable energy, resilient societies, and smart shipping.
The work in Climate Futures has shed light on significant knowledge gaps in the private and public sectors, and we have initiated a number of projects that have the potential to increase our partners' resilience. Our main focus is on climate predictions for the period from ten days to ten years into the future, and not least on integrating such predictions into decision-making processes.
I will give some examples of models and their applications. Weather and climate models build on mathematical equations of motion, conservation etc., but they have been heavily simplified and optimized based on real-world observations. One such model is the sub-seasonal to seasonal (S2S) forecasting system of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF; the centre that provides the weather forecasts used by Yr and most other weather forecasting apps). Here I will mention briefly how this model works and how we use it in Climate Futures.
For instance, we have carried out a study on predicting the evolution of sea surface temperatures in a Norwegian fjord several weeks into the future. By combining S2S model data with a simple statistical persistence model, impressive skill was obtained. The forecast is now operationally available in the Clarify dashboard tool which is used by the food producers.
We are also using S2S forecasts with the largest insurance company in the Nordic countries. The questions they asked were: Can we use climate forecasts to price insurance in a better and more meaningful way than is the practice today? And can we improve damage prevention with regard to ongoing and expected climate change? I will present some preliminary results from this work.
Finally, we are excited that weekly summaries based on the ECMWF system will soon be made available through MET Norway’s Yr system, which consists of a freely available app and a free API for location forecasts. Leading up to the launch, the skill of the data has been thoroughly assessed, and a lot of work has been done on making the data seamlessly consistent with regular weather forecasts.
10. mai 2023
Fabio Ramos, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Title: Similarity Learning Machines
Abstract: Similarity and symmetry groups are essential concepts in pure mathematics and applied sciences. In this talk, we explore these notions and introduce a data-driven machine learning framework for discovering similarity laws. We demonstrate the practical applications of these concepts and algorithms in areas such as Newtonian and complex fluid flows, as well as ferromagnetic systems.
1. februar 2023
Jarl Giske, Institutt for biovitenskap, UiB
Title: Experiences in Team-Based Learning in BIO100.
Abstract: BIO100, Introduction to evolution and ecology, is the first biology course for bachelor students in several biology programs at the faculty. It is given in the first semester (autumn) and is taken by about 200 students. From 2021 we changed the basic teaching philosophy from lectures to student-active learning, although the course combines both. The change has been very well received by the students. Minor changes were adopted in 2022, and further changes towards the idea of “Team-Based Learning” (TBL) will be implemented in 2023. Jarl Giske will present the idea behind TBL and how it has been implemented in BIO100.
Ansvarlig for seminaret for semester H22 er: Kundan Kumar (se nedenfor for kontaktinformasjon).
|21. sep||14:15-15:00||N.B. Delta||Amir Mafi||A brief history of Mathematics in the University of Iran and especially University of Kurdistan|
|Hiwa Målen (FIA)||Horizon Europe Pillar 2 - Globale samfunnsutfordringer – tematisk forskning og innovasjon|
|9. nov||14:15-15:00||Delta (4A9f)||Irina Markina (MI)||About Analysis Group and Rolling Bodies|
|30. nov||14:15-16:00||Delta (4A9f)||Jill Annette Opsahl, Lise Engelbreth (HR avdeling)||HMS møte. Tema: forsikring på reise og forskningsopphold|
|7. des||14:15-15:00||Jarl Giske (BIO)||Kansellert -- flyttes til neste semester|
N.B. Pi i fjerde
|Tom Lindstrøm (UiO)|
21. september 2022
Amir Mafi, University of Kurdistan and Guest researcher UiB (Aug-sep 2022)
Title: A brief history of Mathematics in the University of Iran and especially in the University of Kurdistan
Abstract: In this lecture, we give information about Iranian women and men in Mathematics, number of Universities of Iran and some active mathematics fields. Also, we give some information about Kurdish people, cities and environments of Kurdistan. In the end, we give some information about University of Kurdistan Iran and University of Sulaimani Iraq.
28. september 2022
Hiwa Målen, Forskning og innovasjonsavdeling (FIA), UiB
Title: Horizon Europe Pillar 2 - Globale samfunnsutfordringer – tematisk forskning og innovasjon
Abstract: Under Pilar 2 er det etablert seks brede tematiske klynger (clusters) som viderefører satsningene på samfunnsutfordringer og industrielt lederskap i Horisont 2020 (1) Health, 2) Culture, Creativity and Inclusive Society, 3) Civil Security for Society, 4) Digital, Industry and Space, 5) Climate, Energy and Mobility, 6) Food, Bioeconomy, Natural Resources, Agriculture and Environment).
Disse programmene er store, tverrfaglige og utfordringsdrevet i innretningen, og det kan være utfordrende for forskere å se den bredden av muligheter som ligger i programmet. Arbeidsprogrammene i denne pilaren er på over flere tusen sider, fordelt på flere hundre ulike utlysninger.
UiB opplever en økende interesse fra flere fagmiljø om å se nærmere på mulighetene som ligger i disse tematiske utlysningene, samtidig som det også er flere fagmiljø som opplever at de ikke finner utlysninger som er relevante for sin forskning.
FiA har utviklet et nytt digitalt støtteverktøy med et brukervennlig grensesnitt som skal bidra til en enklere visuell oversikt slik at forskerne lettere finner relevante utlysninger, uten å måtte lese gjennom store mengder dokumentasjon innen hvert arbeidsprogram. Målet er at verktøyet også skal gjøre det lettere for forskere å identifisere andre fagmiljø som de kan samarbeide med.
9. november 2022
Irina Markina, Matematisk institutt, UiB
Title: About Analysis Group and Rolling Bodies
Abstract: I will use an opportunity to present the Analysis and PDE research group since it was many changes in it during the last few years. After telling a short history of the group, I will turn to present one of the topics that members of the group were working with. I will explain how the rolling of a body over another can be described mathematically. The problem is under the interest of mathematicians already around 150 years. In spite of it originated as a purely mechanical problem, it is still a source of open questions in pure and applied mathematics. I will keep a level that could be easily understandable for Ph.D. students and advanced master students in both applied and pure mathematics.
Tom Lindstrøm, Matematisk institutt, UiO
Title: Ultrafilter Convergence in Probability Theory
Abstract: Probability theory is full of limit theorems and limit constructions. Not only does one prove limit theorems such as the Law of Large Numbers and the Central Limit Theorem, but one also has to construct limit random variables, limit measure spaces, and limit stochastic processes. The most powerful tool in this endeavor is probably the theory of weak convergence, but it can sometimes be a little inconvenient as it requires a topological setting.
In this talk I shall suggest an alternative approach to limit constructions based on ultrafilter convergence. This approach does not require the same topological framework, and the limit objects retain more of the combinatorial flavor of the approximating objects than in the traditional theory.
Ansvarlig for seminaret for semester V22 er: Irina Markina (se nedenfor for kontaktinformasjon).
|26. jan 2022||14:15-15:00||Delta||Christopher Fraser (Oxford)||Contact tracing for COVID and other infections: practical and mathematical considerations, and the design of contact tracing apps.|
|23. feb 2022||14:15-15:00||Delta||Stine Fiksdal og Espen Rostrup|
|09. mar 2022||14:15-15:00||Delta||Konrad Tywoniuk, IFT||Flow and turbulence in the quark-gluon plasma|
|23. mar 2022||12:00-13:00||Delta||Abelprisen||Live sending of the Announcement of this year Abel prize winner. Please note the unusual time.|
|30. mar 2022||14:15-15:00||Delta||Anna Oleynik og Ahmet Pala (UiB)||Mathematicians in the Barent Sea|
|20. apr 2022||14:15-15:00||Delta||Mette Andresen||Spin-off learning about epidemics from modeling with differential equations|
|01. juni 2022|
|Delta||Erlend Alme Mundal||The One Ocean expedition|
26. januar 2022
Professor Christophe Fraser
Professor of Pathogen DynamicsNuffield Department of Medicine | University of OxfordBig Data Institute | Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Information and Discovery
Title: Contact tracing for COVID and other infections: practical and mathematical considerations, and the design of contact tracing apps.
Abstract: Contact tracing is a key intervention to help control the spread of infections. Mathematical models are used to design and evaluate interventions, in isolation and as packages. It is a mathematically challenging to represent contact tracing in tractable mathematical models: it is a process whereby individuals recall past contacts that occurred on their contact network, which violates assumptions of most Markovian epidemic models. Most insights are therefore gained from simulations, though approximations provide useful qualitative insights.
I will present work based on past epidemics, and how this work led us to propose contact tracing apps for COVID. I will then describe the design and evaluation of the NHS COVID-19 app, and contact tracing apps more generally. I will finish with some reflections on the future of such interventions.
23. februar 2022
Stine Fiksdal og Espen Rostrup, VIS innovasjon
Tittel: Hvorfor innovasjon? Hvordan kan Matematisk institutt dra nytte av innovasjon og kommersialisering?
Abstract: Espen Rostrup og Stine Fiksdal vil fortelle om VIS – Vestlandets Innovasjonsselskap, eid av blant annet UiB. I tillegg til å fortelle hva som er deres oppdrag og mandat, ønsker de å bli kjent med oss – og diskutere hvilke muligheter som kan finnes i våre miljøer på matematisk institutt.
Title: Why innovate? How can the Department of Mathematics benefit from innovation and commercialization?
Abstract Espen Rostrup and Stine Fiksdal will talk about VIS - Vestlandets Innovasjonsselskap, owned by, among others, UiB. In addition to telling what their mission and mandate is, they want to get to know us - and discuss what opportunities can be found in our environments at the Department of Mathematics.
Instituttleder, Kjemisk institutt
Orientering i forbindelse med byggeprosjektet for de nye kjemi laboratiorier i 4. etasje (tidligere NORCE arealer).
9. mars 2022
Forsker Konrad Tywonkuk
Institutt for fysikk og teknologi, UiB
Title: Flow and turbulence in the quark-gluon plasma
Abstract: High-energy collisions of heavy atomic nuclei in the LHC accelerator create droplets of extremely hot and dense nuclear matter, the quark-gluon plasma. In such conditions, the nuclear degrees of freedom are no longer relevant and their fundamental constituents, namely quarks and gluons, are the main actors. This short-lived exotic state of matter is unique in many ways; mainly because it recreates conditions that were prevalent in the early Universe but also because it is the only setting where we can study the appearance of collective effects and many-body interactions among fundamental constituents of matter. Strikingly, the main feature of the quark-gluon plasma is that it behaves very much like a perfect fluid, generating hydrodynamic flow. This medium is also opaque to penetrating probes, such as very energetic particles. In this talk I will review these two main classes of signatures and describe why the quark-gluon plasma still poses fundamental challenges for contemporary theoretical physics.
Konrad Tywoniuk is leading the research group for "Theoretical Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics" at the Department of Physics and Technology at UiB. He completed his PhD in 2008 at the University of Oslo and he currently holds a TMS starting grant from the Trond Mohn Foundation. https://www.uib.no/en/persons/Konrad.Tywoniuk
23. mars 2022
Forsker Anna Oleynik og PhD student Ahmet Pala
Title: Mathematicians in the Barents Sea
Abstract: Between 10th and 21th of November 2021, Anna Oleynik and Ahmet Palajoined a research survey to the Barents Sea.The survey was part of the big project, CRIMAC, which aims to improveand automate the interpretation of marine acoustics data.In this seminar, we will talk about the project objectives and thepurpose of the survey, as well as our survey experienceincluding data collection and labeling, sea sickness, and fish labcleaning.
Link to CRIMAC, https://www.hi.no/en/hi/forskning/projects/crimac
CRIMAC - Institute of MarineResearch: In addition to the main goal of more sustainable fishing and improvedfisheries management, a general understanding of "acoustic dialects"could contribute to improved management in other uses of the ocean andcoastal areas, such as within fish farming and energy production.www.hi.no
20. april 2022
Mette Andresen, Cand.Scient. Ph.d. Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics, UiB
Title: Spin-off learning about epidemics from modeling with differential equations
Abstract: In this talk, I will present a case study of studentslearning when modeling epidemics with differential equation systems.The study introduces two terms, novel (in this context) in the fieldof mathematics education: spin-off learning and direction ofmodeling. Spin-off learning is introduced as a process intertwinedwith learning mathematics and the study examines the conditions forspin-off learning to occur when the students are modeling epidemics.The direction of modeling is introduced with two options, namelyexpressive and explorative. In the study, the learning of mathematicsis conceptualized in terms of emergent modeling and models which aredeveloped by the Dutch school Realistic Mathematics Education (RME).Learning mathematics is therefore identified by RME’s progressive,horizontal and vertical mathematizing. By textual analysis signs ofspin-off learning are linked with the mathematizing. Furthermore, theanalysis links signs of spin-off learning in data with the directionof modeling. As a result, the stratification in accordance with the emergentmodeling and models in RME of students’ mathematizing activities, andthe introduction of the notion of direction served to pinpoint avariety of conditions for spin-off learning to occur, internal to themodeling processes. In addition, the results showed a huge potentialin mathematical modeling for spin-off learning which can be realizedand utilized at a societal level for preparation against new crises.
01. juni 2022
Erlend Alme Mundal, Master student, Department of Mathematics, UiB
Title: The One Ocean Expedition
Abstract: The One Ocean Expedition is a circumnavigation of the globe with the sailing ship Statsraad Lehmkuhl. The aim of the expedition is to share knowledge about a sustainable ocean and collect data continously throughout the voyage.
From Arendal to Las Palmas and again from Cuba to New York, Erlend Mundal was one out of two research assistants on board Statsraad Lehmkuhl. In the seminar I will talk about what data was collected, challenges on doing so on an old sailing vessel, and the daily life on board.
Link to One Ocean Expedition website: https://oneoceanexpedition.com/
Erlend is 27 yeas master student, writing the master thesis under the supervisor J. Berntsen. The master thesis concerns fjord oceanography, by applying the Bergen Ocean Model.