Senter for vitenskapsteori

Publikasjoner ved Senter for vitenskapsteori

Under følger omtaler av utvalgte bøker publisert av forskere ved Senter for vitenskapsteori, samt en full oversikt over publiserte artikler og bokkapitler.

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Forskerne ved Senter for vitenskapsteori er svært produktive.
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Berg, Henrik. Evidens og etikk. Hva er problemet med evidensbasert praksis i psykologi? Fagbokforlaget, 2020

Hva er psykoterapi? Forfatteren av denne boken hevder at psykoterapi er en normativ praksis. Spørsmål om «godt» og «vondt» samt «rett» og «galt» henger uløselig sammen med psykoterapiens mål, som dermed ikke kan forstås uten å integrere etisk tenkning. Hovedhensikten med boken er å bidra til en bedre forståelse av hva psykoterapi er, som vil være avgjørende for behandlere, pasienter og pårørende.

Bremer, Scott; Johnson, Eleanor; Fløttum, Kjersti; Kverndokk, Kyrre; Wardekker, Arjan & Krauß, Werner. Portrait of a climate city: How climate change is emerging as a risk in Bergen, Norway. Climate Risk Management. Volume 29 (2020).

De Marchi, Bruna. 2020. "Societal Vulnerability and Resilience in the COVID-19 Crisis." Culture e Studi del Sociale, 5(1), Special issue, 163-174.

Fjelland, Ragnar. Why general artificial intelligence will not be realized. Humanit Soc Sci Commun 7, 10 (2020).

Funtowicz, Silvio. From risk calculations to narratives of danger. Climate Risk Management. Volume 27 (2020).

Funtowicz, Silvio & Giampietro, Mario. From elite folk science to the policy legend of the circular economy. Environmental Science & Policy. Volume 109 (2020), pp. 64-72.

Langvatn, Silje A.; Kumm, Mattias & Sadurski, Wojciech (eds.). Public Reason and Courts. Cambridge University Press, 2020

Public Reason and Courts is an interdisciplinary study of ideas of public reason in the context of constitutional and international courts. (...) The book shows that public reason is not just an abstract theoretical concept used by political philosophers, but an idea that spurs new perspectives and normative frameworks also for legal scholars and judges. In particular, the book demonstrates the potential, and the limitations, of public reason as a source of legitimacy for courts, in a context where many courts face political backlash and crisis of trust.

Krauß, Werner & Bremer, Scott. The role of place-based narratives of change in climate risk governance. Climate Risk Management. Volume 28 (2020).

Midtgarden, Torjus. 'Peirce’s Classification of the Sciences.' Knowledge Organization. 47(3): 267-278 (2020).

Midtgarden, Torjus. 'A Wide View of Democracy and An Inclusive Conception of The Social,' European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy [Online], XII-1 | (2020)

Marschütz, Benedict; Bremer, Scott; Runhaar, Hens; Hegger, Dries; Mees, Heleen; Vervoort, Joost & Wardekker, Arjan. Local narratives of change as an entry point for building urban climate resilience. Climate Risk Management. Volume 28 (2020).

Puy, Arnald; Lo Piano, Samuele & Saltelli, Andrea. Current Models Underestimate Future Irrigated Areas. Geophysical Research Letters. Vol. 47 (8) (2020).

Sareen, Siddharth; Saltelli, Andrea & Rommetveit, Kjetil. Ethics of quantification: illumination, obfuscation and performative legitimation. Palgrave Commun 6, 20 (2020).

Wildschut, Diana & Zijp, Harmen. The discoveries of citizens running around. Climate Risk Management. Volume 28 (2020).


Kovacic, Z., Strand, R., & Völker, T. The Circular Economy in Europe. Critical Perspectives on Policies and Imaginaries, Routledge, 2019

The Circular Economy in Europe presents an overview and a critical discussion on how circularity is conceived, imagined, and enacted in current EU policy-making. In 2013, the idea of a circular economy entered the stage of European policy-making in the efforts to reconcile environmental and economic policy objectives. In 2019 the European Commission declared in a press release that the Circular Economy Action Plan has been delivered. The level of circularity in the European economy, however, has remained the same.

Torjus Midtgarden, Peirce’s classification of the sciences, Encyclopedia of Knowledge Organization ISKO, 2019

Scott Bremer, Schneider P., and Glavovic, B., Climate Change and Amplified Representations of NaturalHazards in Institutional Cultures, OXFORD RESEARCH ENCYCLOPEDIA, NATURAL HAZARD SCIENCE (oxfordre.com/naturalhazardscience).(c) Oxford University Press USA, 2019.

Gunnar Skirbekk, Epistemic Challenges in a Modern World. From "fake news" and "post truth" to underlying epistemic challenges in science-based risk-societies, Lit Verlag. ISBN 978-3-643-91171-1, 2019

Juan J.Cadillo-Benalcazar, Giampietro, M.,Bukkens, S. G.F. & Strand, R. Multi-scale integrated evaluation of the sustainability of large-scale use of alternative feeds in salmon aquaculture, Journal of Cleaner Production, 2019

Rommetveit, K.,van Dijk, N. & Gunnarsdóttir, K. Minerva Make Way for the Robots! Human- and Machine-Centricity in Constituting a European Public–Private Partnership, Minerva, Volume 57 / 2019

Saltelli, A. A short comment on statistical versus mathematical modelling, Nature Communications, volume 10, Article number: 3870, 2019

Voelker, T., K. Blackstock, Z. Kovacic, J. Sindt, R. Strand, K. Wayle, The role of metrics in the governance of the water-energy-food nexus within the European Commission, Journal of Rural Studies, 2019

Rommetveit, K., N. van Dijk, K. Gunnarsdóttir, K. O’Riordan, S. Gutwirth, R. Strand and Brian Wynne, Working Responsibly Across Boundaries? Some Practical and Theoretical Lessons in International Handbook on Responsible Innovation. A Global Resource, Schomberg and Hankins (eds.), 2019, Edward Elgar publishing

Sareen S. and E. J. Lord "Mahua for Jharkhand’s Ho? An accountability analysis of minor forest product governance" in India’s Scheduled Areas. Untangling Governance, Law and Politics, Varsha Bhagat-Ganguly, Sujit Kumar (eds.), 2019, Routledge

Mimi E. Lam, TJ. Pitcher, S. Surma, J. Scott, M. Kaiser and others Value- and ecosystem-based management approach: the Pacific herring fishery conflict, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 617-618:341-364.  

Moedas, C., Vernos, I., Kuster, S., Nowotny,H., Saltelli,A et. al. Views from a continent in flux, Nature, 2019

Ilgen, S., Sengers, F., Wardekker, A., City-To-City Learning for Urban Resilience: The Case of Water Squares in Rotterdam and Mexico City. Water 2019, 11(5): 983

Sareen, S., Engaging Rural Indian Interventions: Constructing LocalGovernance Through Resource Access and Authority in Changing Contexts, Shifting Roles, and the Recasting of the Roleof the Indian State. New Perspectives on DevelopmentDynamics, Anthony P. D’Costa and Achin Chakraborty (eds.), 2019: 191-207

Kovacic, Z., L. J. Di Felice,, Complexity, uncertainty and ambiguity: Implications for European Union energy governance, Energy Research & Social Science, Volume 53, July 2019, Pages 159-169

Midtgarden T., Dewey’s Conceptualization of the Public as Polity Contextualized: The Struggle for Democratic Control over Natural Resources and Technology, Contemporary Pragmatism 16 (1):104-131 

Hjellbrekke, J., Ingierd, H., & Kaiser, M., Diskutabel forsknigspraksis:holdninger og handlinger. Universitetet i Bergen, De nasjonale forskningsewtiske komiteene, Høgskulen på Vestlandet;  ISBN: 978-82-7682-092-8; ISBN digital utgave: 978-82-7682-091-1

S. Bremer, A. Wardekker, S. Dessai, S. Sobolowski, R. Slaattelid, J. van der Sluijs, Toward a multi-faceted conception of co-production of climate services, Climate Services, Volume 13, January 2019, Pages 42-50

S.Bremer, M. M. Haque, S. BinAziz, S.Kvamme, ‘My new routine’: Assessing the impact of citizen science on climate adaptation in Bangladesh, Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 94, April 2019, Pages 245-257

Saltelli A., K. Aleksankina, W. Becker et. al, Why so many published sensitivity analyses are false: a systematic review of sensitivity analysis practices, Environmental Modelling and Software, Volume 114, April 2019, Pages 29-39


Lord, E. J., Displacement, Power and REDD+: A Forest History of Carbonized Exclusion, in Global Forest Governance and Climate Change in Nuesiri, Emmanuel (Ed.), Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.2018: 115-143

Basher, A., M. A Stiller-Reeve, A. K. M. Saiful Islam, S. Bremer, Assessing climatic trends of extreme rainfall indices over northeast Bangladesh, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, October 2018, Volume 134, Issue 1–2, pp 441–452

S. Bremer,  M. Stiller-Reeve, A. Blanchard, N. Mamnun, Z. Naznin, M. Kaiser, Co-producing “Post-normal” Climate Knowledge with Communities in Northeast Bangladesh, American Meteorological Society, April 2018

Sareen, S., Baillie, D. and Kleinwächter, J., 2018. Transitions to future energy systems: Learning from a community test field. Sustainability, 10(12), 4513.

Hjellbrekke, J., Drivdal, L., Ingierd, H., Rekdal, O.B., Skramstad, H., Torp, I.S., & Kaiser, M. (2018). Etikk og integritet i forskning – resultater fra en landsomfattende undersøkelse. Universitetet i Bergen, De nasjonale forskningsewtiske komiteene, Høgskulen på Vestlandet;  ISBN: 978-82-7682-080-5; ISBN digital utgave: 978-82-7682-081-2.

Kaiser, M. (2018), “Vitenskapelig kunnskap vokser frem”, in: Utvalgte filosofiske emner til EXPHIL, Ståle Gundersen, Tarjei Mandt Larsen & Cato Wittusen (eds.), Universitetsforlaget, Oslo. ISBN: 978-82-15-03125-5.

Kaiser, M. (2018), “Wider der Doppelmoral: ‘Lilyhammer’ – ein Spiegelbild Norwegens?”, in: Ethik in Serie. Eine Festschrift zu Ehren von Uta Müller; Cordula Brand & Simon Meisch (eds.), Tübingen Library Publishing, Tübingen; pp 133-143. ISBN: 978-3-946552-21-5; ISBN (pdf): 978-3-946552-20-8.

Forsberg, E.M., Anthun, F.O., Bailey, S., Birchley, G., Bout, H., Casonato, C., Fuster, G.G., Heinrichs, B., Horbach, S., Jacobsen, I.S., Janssen, J., Kaiser, M., Lerouge, I., van der Meulen, B., de Rijcke, S., Saretzki, T., Sutrop, M., Tazewell, M., Varantola, K., Vie, K.J., Zwart, H., Zöller, M.. (2018), “Working with Research Integrity—Guidance for Research Performing Organisations: The Bonn PRINTEGER Statement”, Science and Engineering Ethics, 24 (4), 1023-1034.

Lord, E. J. (2018). Displacement, Power and REDD+: A Forest History of Carbonized Exclusion. In Global Forest Governance and Climate Change (pp. 115-143). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Bøker utgitt i 2016/2017

Cancer Biomarkers: Ethics, Economics and Society

Redaktører: Anne Blanchard og Roger Strand

Cancer care is undergoing a shift from a ‘one-size-fits all’ approach to more personalised medicine. One way of personalising cancer treatments is through biomarkers: molecules or biochemical changes found in the patient’s tissues and body fluids.

This book reflects upon the promise of cancer biomarkers and asks questions such as: How may the complexity of cancer biology impede the robustness of biomarkers in the clinic? How should one draw the line between the various sub-groups of patients for personalised treatment? How can one evaluate the cost-effectiveness and fairness of personalised cancer treatments? By bringing together authors from the fields of science and technology studies, medical ethics and philosophy, health economics and oncology, the book aims to give a critical yet accessible overview of some of the key social, ethical and economic issues that surround cancer biomarkers.

“The book should be required reading for oncologists, medical students, graduate students and especially for those who make policy decisions regarding the use and reimbursement of cancer biomarkers.” – Bruce Zetter, Charles Nowiszewski Professor of Cancer Biology in the Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School

Technoscience and Citizenship: Ethics and Governance in the Digital Society 

Redaktør: Ana Delgado

This book provides insights on how emerging technosciences come together with new forms of governance and ethical questioning.
Combining science and technologies and ethics approaches, it looks at the emergence of three key technoscientific domains - body enhancement technologies, biometrics and technologies for the production of space -exploring how human bodies and minds, the movement of citizens and space become matters of technoscientific governance. The emergence of new and digital technologies pose new challenges for representative democracy and existing forms of citizenship.
As citizens encounter and have to adapt to technological change in their everyday life, new forms of conviviality and contestation emerge.

This book is a key reference for scholars interested in the governance of emerging technosciences in the fields of science and technology studies and ethics. The collection of articles in this book aim at introducing master students in the fields of STS and ethics to a number of technologies and technological concerns of today’s digital social realities.

Krise og medansvar. Politiske småskrifter.

Forfatter: Gunnar Skirbekk

Kriser vil komme, igjen og igjen. Ikkje av eitt slag, ikkje langs éin dimensjon, men ved eit uoversiktleg samspel av mange faktorar. Ein kan bli skremd av mindre.

Som statsborgar i velorganiserte demokratiske rettsstatar kan vi velje og bli valde, demonstrere og organisere oss, delta i debatten og halde oss oppdaterte på det som skjer og på det som kan gjerast. Som statsborgar i kriseramma moderne demokrati har vi makt, kvar på sitt vis, og dermed også medansvar.

Dette er bakteppet for denne boka, Krise og medansvar, ei samling politiske skrifter i skjæringspunktet mellom aktuelle utfordringar og filosofisk refleksjon. Tolv tekstar med fokus på politikk og ekspertise, religion og modernitet, kultur og identitet, filosofi og øko-etikk.

The Rightful Place of Science: Science on the Verge. Tempe, AZ: Consortium for Science, Policy & outcomes

Redaktører: Saltelli, A., Benessia, A., Funtowicz, S., Giampietro, M., Pereira, A.G., Ravetz, J., Strand, R., van der Sluijs, J. P., and Sarewitz, D

A crisis looms over the scientific enterprise. Not a day passes without news of retractions, failed replications, fraudulent peer reviews, or misinformed science-based policies. The social implications are enormous, yet this crisis has remained largely uncharted until now.

In Science on the Verge, luminaries in the field of post-normal science and scientific governance focus attention on worrying fault-lines in the use of science for
policy-making, and the dramatic crisis within science itself. This provocative new volume in The Rightful Place of Science also explores the concepts that need to be unlearned, and the skills that must be relearned and enhanced, if we are to restore the legitimacy and integrity of science.

Images of Knowledge: The Epistemic Lives of Pictures and Visualisations. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing.

Redaktører: Vaage, N. S., Slaattelid, R. T., Haagensen, T.K., Smith, S. L

The authors consider the relationship between knowledge and image, though multi-faceted, to be one of reciprocal dependence. But how do images carry and convey knowledge? The ambiguities of images means that interpretations do not necessarily follow the intention of the image producers. Through an array of different cases, the chapters critically reflect upon how images are mobilised and used in different knowledge practices, within certain knowledge traditions, in different historical periods. They question what we take for granted, what seems evident, what goes without saying. This approach spans across established categories such as «scientific imaging», «religious images» and «artworks», and considers how images may contribute meaning across such categories

Publikasjoner 2016


Berg, H., Antonsen, P. & Binder, P.E. (2016). Sediments and vistas in the relational matrix of the unfolding “I”: A qualitative study of therapists’ experiences with self-disclosure in psychotherapy.  Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 26(3), 248 –258.

Berg, H., Antonsen, P & Binder, P.E. (2016). Sincerely speaking: Why do psychotherapists self-disclose in therapy - A qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological study.  Nordic Psychology, doi: 10.1080/19012276.2016.1198272

Blanchard, A. (2016). Mapping ethical and social aspects of cancer biomarkers. New Biotechnology, 33(6), 763-772.

Blanchard, A. (2016). Mouse models: some reflections from the lab. In A. Olsson, S. Araujo & F. Vieira (Eds.), Food Futures: Ethics, Science and Culture (pp. 505-510). The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Bremer, S., Haque, M. M., Haugen, A. S. & Kaiser, C.W.M. (2016). Inclusive governance of aquaculture value-chains: Co-producing sustainability standards for Bangladeshi shrimp and prawns. Ocean and Coastal Management, 131, 13-24. 

Bremer, S. & Kaiser, M. (2016). Sustainable aquaculture governance: challenges to participatory standard setting. In A. Olsson, S. Araujo & F. Vieira (Eds.), Food Futures: Ethics, Science and Culture (pp. 133-138), Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen.

Delgado, A. (2016). Assembling desires: Synthetic biology and the wish to act at a distant time. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 34(5), 914-934.

Delgado, A. & Callén, B. (2016). Do it yourself biology and electronic waste hacking: A politics of demonstration in precarious times. Public Understanding of Science. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0963662516647348

van Dijk, N., Gellert, R., & Rommetveit, K. (2016). A risk to a right? Beyond data protection risk assessments. Computer Law and Security Report, 32(2), 286-306.

Ferrettia, F., Saltelli, A. & Tarantolac, S. (2016). Trends in sensitivity analysis practice in the last decade. Science of The Total Environment, 568, 666–670.

Fjelland, R. (2016). When laypeople are right and experts are wrong: lessons from love canal, HYLE – International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry, 22, 105-125.

Galli, A., Giampietro, M., Goldfinger, S., Lazarus, E., Lin, D., Saltelli, A., Wackernagel, M. & Müller, F. (2016). Questioning the ecological footprint. Ecological Indicators, 69, 224–232.

Gianicolo, E.A.L., Mangia, C., Cervino, M., Bruni, A., De Marchi, B., Biggeri, A., Porcu, R., & Vigotti, M. (2016). Studio ecologico sulla mortalità  dei residenti a Manfredonia dal 1970 al 2013 (Ecological study on the mortality of residents in Manfredonia 1970-2013). Epidemiologia e Prevenzione, 40(5), 281-289.

Kaiser, M. (2016). Method in practical ethics: a call for a paradigm change. In A. Olsson, S. Araujo & F. Vieira (Eds.), Food Futures: Ethics, Science and Culture (pp. 142-147). The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Kaiser, M., & Algers, A. (2016). Food ethics: A wide field in need of dialogue. Food Ethics, 1(1), 1-17. 

Midtgarden, T. (2016). Rawls, Dewey, and Constructivism: On the Epistemology of Justice by Eric Thomas Weber (review). Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society, 52(3), 476-480.

Nilsen, H. (2016). Organic food production in Norway: what is it good for? In A. Olsson, S. Araujo & F. Vieira (Eds.), Food Futures: Ethics, Science and Culture (pp. 435-439). The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Reinert, E., Endresen, S., Ianos, I. & Saltelli, A. (2016). Epilogue: The Future of Economic Development between Utopias and Dystopias. In E. S. Reinert, J. Ghosh, & R. Kattel (Eds.), Handbook Of Alternative Theories Of Economic Development  .Elgar Publishing.

Skirekk, G. (2016). On the advantages and disadvantages of transcendental pragmatics for life. A historical perspective on the late Frankfurt School (Apel, Habermas, Wellmer). In Mikalsen et al. (eds.): Modernity - Unity and Diversity? (pp 335-354). Oslo: Novus Press.

van der Sluijs, J. &Vaage, N. (2016). Pollinators and global food security: The need for holistic global stewardship. Food Ethics, 1, 75-91. DOI: 10.1007/s41055-016-0003-z

Stige, B. & Strand, R. (2016). Philosophical Inquiries. In Barbara L. Wheeler & Kathleen M. Murphy, Music Therapy Research: Third Edition (1266-1291). Barcelona Publishers.

Strand, R., Saltelli, A., Giampietro, M., Rommetveit, K. & Funtowicz, S. (2016) New narratives for innovation. Journal of Cleaner Production 2016, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.194.

Tvedt, M. W., Eijsink, V., Steen, I. H., Strand, R. & Rosendal, G. K. (2016). The missing link in ABS: The relationship between resource and product. Environmental Policy and Law, 46(3/4), 227.

Vaage, N. S. (2016). What Ethics for Bioart? Nano Ethics, 10(1), (87-104). doi:10.1007/s11569-016-0253-6

Vaage, N. S. (2016). Fringe Biotechnology. Biosocieties. doi: 10.1057/s41292-016-0033-0

Vaage, N. S. (2016). Art and design visions of future foods: de-extinction and in virto meat. In A. Olsson, S. Araujo & F. Vieira (Eds.), Food Futures: Ethics, Science and Culture (pp. 259-265). The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Wardekker, J.A., Wildschut, D., Stemberger, S., & Sluijs, J.P. (2016). Screening regional management options for their impact on climate resilience: an approach and case study in the Venen-Vechtstreek wetlands in the Netherlands. Springer Plus, 5(750), 1-17.