I am a social anthropologist who has conducted fieldwork in Peru since 1997. My research there has been concerned with cultural belonging among Quechua- and Aymara speakers, and intersections of racism, class and gender hierarchies under neoliberal rule.
In recent years, my research has focused on informal economies and conflictive claims to ownership in poor urban neighbourhoods in Peru; the ethics of collective action, precarity, and the uncertainties created under neoliberal capitalism and juridicalization. In short, my research has been directed at the crossroads between the corporate state and local improvisations, with a particular interest in women’s involvement in neighbourhood organizations, urban markets, and cross-border trade.
I combine my focus on economic relations and processes with an interest in the anthropology of place, landscape, and cosmologies. Central for this interest is a focus on non-Western nature practices and cosmologies of landscape in the Andes; the continuation of these practices from rural to urban settings, and the significance of ritual relations and offerings among Andean migrants.
My more recent research has been concerned with energy politics and environmental instabilities in the Anthropocene, or the Capitalocene. I have developed these interests in continuation of my involvement in the research project “Contested Powers in Latin America” (2011-2013), where I explored Quechua- and Aymara speakers’ contestation of extractivist developmentalism; their relations to landscape, and practices of fuel smuggling.
In an edited volume with Juan Javier Rivera Andia, Indigenous Life-Making Projects and Politics of Extractivism in Latin America, we discuss these issues further by exploring indigenous life projects and world-making practices in contexts of extractivist turbulences in South America.
Currently, I am developing an interest in how human societies reassess the relationship with the material world in encounters with environmental instabilities and climate change. As an intake to explore this relationship, I pay particular attention to questions of ownership and the commons. I have therefore initiated research also in the Arctic, Svalbard, where I examine dilemmas of housing, ownership and work in the transition to a post-mining society. In so doing, I examine various place-making practices as Svalbard is (un)made as extractivist frontier – and showcase for future solutions. The (re)making of place through post-mining imaginaries is central for this research, as I investigate – among other things – the dismantling of the Svea mining community in Svalbard. Due to my engagement with such issues, I am also part of the network Svalbard Social Science Initiative.
Photo: Anna Rauter.
Pedagogical experiences and training
2014-current. Course leader and lecturer of BA–level course SANT103, “Materiality. Environment, Place, Economy”, Department of Social Anthropology, UiB.
2014. Course leader and lecturer of MA-level course SANT307, “Contested Resources: Ecological Anthropology in a Global Perspective”, Department of Social Anthropology, UiB.
2015. Participation in the Basismodul of UiB’s Program for University Pedagogy (essay/report for the fulfillment of this course was submitted and approved in 2017).
2013. Course leader and lecturer in of two BA-level courses in general social scientific perspectives and didactics, Section for Social Science, Bergen University College.
2011-2012. Designing and teaching MPhil course in Gender and Development, UiB, with responsibility for 18 lectures, student seminars, tasks, training in qualitative methods, exams and assessment. Main areas: theories of gender, household, kinship, globalization, intersectionality, social mobilization, critical development theory, qualitative methods.
2011. Lecturer at a PhD-course, Bergen Summer Research School, the course “Globalization and Gender”.
2009. Designing and teaching two BA-courses in social anthropology, Department of Social Anthropology, UiB. Main areas: Latin America, anthropological perspectives.
2000-2007. Teaching at the Department of Social Anthropology, UiB, with responsibility for student seminars, assessments of exams, and lectures in “Regional Ethnography, Latin America”.
Supervision (MA- and PhD-students) and examination
2017-current. Main supervisor for PhD students Roar Hansen and Nora Haukali.
2017-current. Co-supervisor for PhD student Tomas Salem.
2017-2019. Co-supervisor for PhD students Camilla Borrevik and Michael Vina.
2014-current. Mid-term assessment for PhD-students, at UiB and the University of Oslo.
2013-2018. Main supervisor for eight master students in Social Anthropology, UiB.
2007-2013. Main supervisor for eight master students in different departments; Gender and Development; Social Anthropology; and Health Promotion, UiB.
2000-current. Examination at BA- and MA-level in a range of different courses (including MA-dissertations) both in Social Anthropology and Gender and Development; at UiB and the University of Oslo.
Books, guest-edited issues and dissertations
2019. Indigenous Life-Making Projects and Politics of Extractivism in Latin America, co-edited with Juan Javier Rivera Andia, Palgrave Macmillan.
2010. Mobility, Markets and Indigenous Socialities: Contemporary Migration in the Peruvian Andes, Ashgate, October 2010.
2007. On Gender and Anthropology, special issue of Norsk Antropologisk tidsskrift, co-edited with Annelin Eriksen and Anette Fagertun, no 2/18
2007. A quest for progress. Migration, work and gender in the Peruvian Andes. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Social Anthropology, UiB.
1999. Somos trabajadoras: En studie av kvinners rolle og etniske relasjoner ved rural-urban migrasjon i Peru (A Study of Women’s role and Ethnic Relations in Migratory Processes, Peru), published in the IMER-series (International migration and ethnic relations), UiB
1999. “Somos trabajadoras. Fra høyland til by, kvinnelige migranter i Peru” (“From Highland to city, women migrants in Peru”), dissertation for the master degree (hovedfag), Department of Social Anthropology, UiB.
Articles in peer-reviewed journals and books
In press. “Social banditry and the legal in the corporate state of Peru”, chapter in Egalitarian potentials and corporate state formations in Latin America, Marina Gold and Alessandro Zagato, Berghahn Books.
2019. “Within and Beyond the Law: The Ethics of Collective Action in urban markets, Peru”, Journal History and Anthropology.
2019. “Becoming ‘Wild’ at the Intersection of Knowledges: The Coffee Rust Crisis in Costa Rica”, with Isabelle Hugøy, Ethnos Journal of Anthropology.
2019. “Translating Wealth in a Globalised Extractivist Economy. Contrabandistas and Accumulation by Diversion”, in Indigenous Life Projects and Extractivism. Ethnographies from South America, Ødegaard and Rivera Andia (eds.), Palgrave Macmillan.
2019. “Introduction. Indigenous Peoples, Extractivism and Turbulences in South America”, with Juan Javier Rivera Andia, in Indigenous Life projects and Extractivism. Ethnographies from South America, Ødegaard and Rivera Andia (eds.), Palgrave Macmillan.
2019. “Prosperity and the flow of vital substances. Relating to earth beings in the Southern Peruvian Andes”, in Juan Javier Rivera Andia (ed.) Non-humans in Amerindian South America. Socialities and incorporations among contemporary indigenous peoples. Berghahn Books.
2018. “Market liberalization and the (un-)making of the ‘perfect neoliberal citizen’: Enactments of gendered and racialized inequalities among Peruvian vendors”, in Margit Ystanes and Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (eds.) The social life of economic inequalities in Latin America: Decades of change, Palgrave Macmillan, pp 183-205.
2017. “Made in China. Contraband, labor, and the gendered effects of ‘free-trade’, China-Peru”, in Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 53, No. 3, pp 346-360.
2016. “Alterity, predation and questions of representation. The problem of the kharisiri in the Andes”, in Bjørn Bertelsen and Synnøve Bendixen (eds.) Critical anthropological engagements in human alterity and difference, Palgrave Macmillan, pp 65-87.
2016. “Border multiplicities. At the crossroads between regulation and improvisation in the Andes”, in Journal of Borderlands Studies, Vol. 31, No.1, pp 23-38.
2015. “Everything moves with fuel. Energy politics and the smuggling of energy resources”, in John McNeish, Axel Borchrevink and Owen Logan (eds.), Contested powers: The politics of energy and development in Latin America, London: Zed books.
2014. “Losing fat, gaining treatment: A qualitative study of the use of biomedicine as a cure for traditional illnesses”, with Amy Blaisdell, in Journal of Ethnobiology and ethnomedicine. Vol. 10, No. 52, pp 1-15.
2012. ”Rituell velstand. Ofring og økonomisk liv i Andes” (Ritual prosperity. Offerings and economic life in the Andes), in Asle F. Jøssang and Arne Olav Øyhus (eds.), Religionens rolle i bistand og utvikling, Kristiansand: Portal Forlag, pp 123-137.
2011. “Sources of Danger and Prosperity: Mobility and Powerful Surroundings in the Andes”, in Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (Incorporating Man), Vol. 17, pp 339-355.
2010. “Migrasjon, Stat og Territorialisering” (”Migration, State and Territorialization”), with Hege Toje, in Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp 223-238.
2010. “Land and Labour in Processes of Urbanization: The Dialectics between Popular Practices and State Policies in Peru", Forum for Development Studies (Routledge), Vol. 37, No. 1, March 2010, pp 113-136.
2008. ”Informal Trade, Contrabando and Prosperous Socialities in Arequipa, Peru”, in Ethnos Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 73, No. 2, pp 241-267.
2007. ”Introduksjon. Om kjønn og antropologi” (”Introduction: On Gender and Anthropology”), with Annelin Eriksen and Anette Fagertun in Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift, nr.2/18, Universitetsforlaget, pp 75-89.
2007. ”From stigma to celebration: the (re-)generation of dilemmas in discourses on cultural hybridity”, in Asgharzadeh, Alireza, Erica Lawson, Kayleen Oka og Amar Wahab (eds.) Diasporic ruptures: globality, migrancy and expressions of identity, Rotterdam/Taipei: Sense Publishers, pp 3-20.
2006. ”Diskurser om kvinnelighet og modernitet i statlige utviklingsprosjekter i Peru” (”Discourses on Womanhood and Modernity in State Projects for Development in Peru”), in Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift, special issue on anthropology and the state, Vol. 17, No. 3-4, pp 243-252.
2002. “Latin-Amerika og Karibia: kolonialismens mange ansikter” (”Colonialism in Latin America and the Caribbean”), with Marit Brendbekken in Kula Kula published by the Department of Social Anthropology, UiB.
2001. ”Las mujeres también son machistas: Alternative discourses on gender among Andean migrants”, in Maria Clara Medina (ed.) Lo público y lo privado: género en America Latina, HAINA-serien no.3, Iberoamerikansk institutt, Gøteborgs Universitet 2001.
1999. ”Symbolske substanser – om matens betydning for andinsk subjektivitet” (“Symbolic Substances – On the Significance of Food for Andean Subjectivities”), in the journal Replikk published by UiB, No.8 (5), pp 59-68.
In press. Women’s place in the Andes: Engaging Decolonial Feminist Anthropology (by Florence Babb), book review in Anthropos.
2019. Comment to Kristin Skrabut’s article “Residency counts and housing rights: Conflicting enactments of property in Lima’s central margins”, in Current Anthropology, the comment section.
2017. «Noen refleksjoner om student-aktiv undervisning i sosialantropologi» (“Some reflections on student-active teaching"), essay/report for compulsory course in university pedagogics, UiB.
2014. Making New York Dominican: Small Business, Politics, and Everyday Life /by Kristian Krohn-Hansen), in Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift, 2:25, pp 126-128.
2010. The City at its Limits. Taboo, Transgression, and Urban Renewal in Lima (by Daniella Gandolfo), in Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (Incorporating Man), Vol. 16, Issues 4, pp 949-950.
2009. Guatemalans in the Aftermath of Violence. The Refugee’s Return (by Kristi Anne Stølen), in Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 20, No 4, pp 301-302.
Conference and workshop papers
2019, Nov. “Frontiers of extraction in the Arctic and the Andes: Processes of (un)commoning and commercialization”, paper for the conference “The Global Life of Mines”, University of Cagliari.
2019, Nov. “Placemaking, ownership and sovereignty in times of climate change, Svalbard”, presentation at the Svalbard Social Science Initiative’s side-event to the Svalbard Science Conference, the Norwegian Research Council, Oslo.
2019, Nov. “The making of place: Svalbard in the transition from coal mining to tourism and a changing climate”, poster at the Svalbard Science Conference, the Norwegian Research Council, Oslo.
2019, Sept. “Growth, instability and rubble: Infrastructural limitations and possibilities in Longyearbyen”, paper at the workshop “Thinking through infrastructures: Governance and the public good, University of Oslo.
2018, Oct. “Some questions of ownership in times of environmental instability”, paper at the NOLAN-conference “Epochal shifts in current Latin America?”, Oslo Metropolitan University.
2018, Aug. “Livable ecologies and the issue of ownership: Potentialities and limitations”, paper at the EASA-conference, Stockholm.
2018, May. “Leakages in the extractivist state: Smuggling, socialities and reconfigurations of fossil wealth in Peru", paper at the LASA-conference, Barcelona.
2018, May. Discussant at the panel “Andean commerce in a globalized world. Social and economic implications of regional contraband trade”, organized by Juliane Muller, LASA-conference, Barcelona.
2018, Apr. “Social banditry in the corporate state: Informality, translations and regulation in Peru”, Department seminar, University of St. Andrews.
2017, Jun. “Vital relations, land and labor in urban Peru”, paper at the Value of life-conference, University of Wageningen.
2016, Sept. “The extractive state and social banditry in the Andes”, paper at the NorLarNet-conference “Latin America Research for a Troubled World”, UiB.
2015, Jun. “Labour, land and the precarity of (in)formalization in Peru”, paper at the workshop “The reconfiguration of labour: Reflections for contemporary anthropology”, University of Oslo.
2015, Mar. “Zones of ambiguity: (In)formalization among vendors in Peru”, paper at the workshop “Rethinking Latin American inequalities”, UiB.
2015, Jan. “Blood, fat and predation in the Andes”, paper at the workshop “Ontologizing difference”, UiB.
2014, Jun. “Creating (un)certainties at the crossroads between regulation and improvisation”, paper at the ASA-conference, University of Edinburgh.
2013, Oct. “Gendered exceptions. Femininities at the crossroads between improvisation and regulation”, paper at the conference “Localizing Globalization. Gendered transformations of work in developing economies”, University of Bergen.
2013, Oct. “Mestizaje and new forms of identity politics. A re-naturalization of inequality?”, paper at the conference “Economics and governance. New global configurations”, University of Bergen.
2013, Aug. “Those who speak with the devil: Personhood in-between the human and the non-human”, paper at the conference of The International Union of anthropological and ethnological sciences (IUAES), University of Manchester.
2013, May. “Regeneration and destruction in the Peruvian Andes: Creating prosperity and causing harm through exchange”, paper at the workshop “Cosmoeconomics: Spawning wealth, vitality and prosperity in times of crisis”, University of Bergen.
2012, Dec. “The ontological multiplicities of borders”, paper given at Centre for Research on Socio-Cultural Change, University of Manchester.
2012, Oct. “Sovereign loss, sovereign things: The smuggling of energy resources between Bolivia and Peru”, paper at the conference “Norms of the margin, margins of the norm”, Brussels, with Michael Herzfeld as keynote speaker.
2012, May. “Competing notions of prosperity and progress? Parallel sovereignties and the smuggling of energy resources”, paper at the conference of the Latin American Studies association, San Francisco.
2012, Mar. “Made in China: the embedding and dis-embedding of commodity chains, China-Peru”, paper at the seminar “Localizing globalization: Gendered transformations of work”, University of Bergen.
2011, Oct. “The contested circulation of textiles in Peru: from informal sovereignty to free-trade agreement”, paper at the conference “Contested mobility: People, commodities and policies across Latin America and the Caribbean”, with Gustavo Lins Ribeiro as keynote speaker, University of Leiden.
2011, Sept. ”Ritual offerings, prosperity and the problem of the devil contracts among traders in Peru”, invited paper at seminar on religion and economy in Latin America, with June Nash as keynote speaker, NTNU.
2011, May. “En kur mot blodsugere? Ulike perspektiver på djevelkontrakter” (A cure against bloodsuckers? Perspectives on devil contracts), paper at the annual conference of the Norwegian Association for Social Anthropologists, UiO
2010, Sept. “Beyond Law and Borders: Peruvian Traders, Contradictory State Agendas and the Reproduction of ‘Illegibility’”, paper at the conference for the European Association for Social Anthropologists, workshop called “Frontiers of Legality”, University of Maynooth.
2010, Feb. “Ambiguous Spaces for Citizenship. Indigenous Socialities and State Policies in Peru”, invited paper for the department seminar series at Department of Social Anthropology, UiB.
2008, Sept. ”Urbanization in Peru”, paper at the international conference “Latin American Futures” at UiB/CMI.
2008, Sept. “The Gendering of Markets at the Margins of the Formal Economy in Peru”, paper at the seminar “Gendered Economies: Markets, Moralities and Informality in a globalized World”, Centre for Gender Studies and Section for Gender and development, UiB.
2008, Aug. “The Moralities of Markets”, paper at the conference for the European Anthropological Association, workshop called “Markets, Moralities, Kinship”, Ljubljana University.
2008, Jun. ”The Dialectics between Migrant Practices and State Policies in Peru”, paper at the seminar “Urban Politics”, invited paper at seminar on “Urban Politics”, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Oslo.
2008, Feb. ”Petty Trade and Traders’ Associations in the Margins of the Formal Economy in Peru”, invited paper for the department seminar series at Department of Social Anthropology, UiB.
2007, Nov. ”Discourses on womanhood and modernity in development projects: a case from Peru”, invited paper at the seminar “The ethnography of aid”, Department of Education and Health Promotion, UiB.
2007, Nov. "Markets and moralities: the precariousness of space among petty traders in Peru", paper for the 14th Nordic IMER conference, UiB.
2007, Feb. ”Toward an Ethnography of the State: Recent Anthropological Theorizing on State-society Interaction and its implications for the study of rural-urban migrants in Peru”, obligatory lecture for the doctoral degree, UiB.
2006, Jan. ”Om kjønn i artikulasjon med andre forskjeller” (”On Gender in Articulation with Other Differences”), paper at the seminar ”Kjønn som etnografisk utfordring og analytisk kategori” (”Gender as Ethnographic Challenge and Analytical Category”), Department of Social Anthropology and Centre for Gender Studies, UiB.
2005, May. ”Diskurser om kjønn og modernitet: Statlige utviklingsprosjekter i nyetablerte urbane nabolag, Peru” (”Discourses on Gender and Modernity: State Projects of Development in Urban Migrant Neighbourhoods, Peru”), paper at the conference ”Anthropology and the state”, The Norwegian Association for social anthropologists, UiB.
2003, Oct. ”The ambiguity of agency: Informality and citizenship in processes of urbanisation in the Andes”, paper at the conference “Poverty and Politics”, NFU/NIBR, University of Oslo.
2002, Apr. ”From stigma to celebration: The (re-) generation of dilemmas in discourses on cultural hybridity”, compulsory paper for the doctoral course in Theory of science, UiB.
2001, Jul. “The negotiation of identities and ambiguities of agency: Popular organisations, the state and NGOs”, paper at the research course “Power and resistance in a globalised world” by John Gledhill, University of Oslo.
2000, May. ”Las mujeres tambien son machistas: alternative discourses on gender among Andean migrants”, paper at the conference “Public and private spheres: Constructions of gender and identity in Latin America”, University of Helsinki and Nordic network for research on gender in Latin America and the Caribbean (HAINA).
1998, Jan. ”Fra høyland til by, kvinnelige migranter i Peru” (“From Highland to City, Female Migrants in Peru”), paper at the conference ”People on the move”, The Norwegian Association for social anthropologists, Kristiansund.
Articles in popular journals
2002, Feb. ”Latin-Amerika og Karibia: kolonialismens mange ansikter” (“Colonialism in Latin America and the Caribbean”), with Marit Brendbekken, in Kula-Kula published at Institute for social anthropology.
2001, Jun. ”En valgkampsaga” (“Presidential elections in Peru 2000”), in LatinAmerika, published by the Latin-America group in Bergen.
1999, Oct. ”Selvhjelpsgrupper som statlig sovepute” (“Self-help groups as a pillow to sleep on”), in Latin Amerika, published by the Latin-America group in Bergen.
1998, Sept. ”Byer av muligheter” (“Cities of opportunities”), in Latin Amerika, published by the Latin-America group in Bergen.
1998, Mar. ”Jomfruer og machomenn” (“Virgins and machos”), in Latin Amerika, published by the Latin-America group in Bergen.
1997, Dec. ”Barna. Fattigdommens største tapere” (“The vulnerabilities of children in poverty”), with Ingebjørg Spangelo, in Latin Amerika, published by the Latin-America group in Bergen.
1996, May. ”Grasrotorganisasjonene som Perus demokratiske håp?” (“Grasroot-organizations as democratic hope for Peru?”), with Ingebjørg Spangelo, in Latin Amerika, published by the Latin-America group in Bergen.
Peru, the Andes, Latin America, the Arctic
- Cultural identities, ethnicity, racism
- Gender and intersectionality
- Migration, urbanization, development policies
- Informal/illegal economies, market, state
- Animistic religion, witchcraft
- Space/place, globalization
- Energy politics, extractivism
Research projects and groups
2018. Project Establishment Support from NRC to re-apply for ERC-grant with the proposed project “Enactments of property ownership in times of climate change”, after having reached stage two with a previous application.
2017-current. Part of the research groups “Human Futures” and “Political Ecologies”, Department of Social Anthropology, UiB.
2016. Application for ERC starting grant, “Enacting property ownership in times of climate change”; forward to 2nd round and interview in Brussels.
2013-2017. Participant in a Research Institution-based Strategic Project (ISP-Antro), involving the Department of Social Anthropology in Bergen and Oslo, with the title “De-naturalizing difference. Challenging the production of global social inequality”, financed by the Norwegian Research Council.
2012-2013. Affiliated visiting research fellow at the University of Manchester, Centre for Studies of Socio-cultural Change (CRESC).
2010-2013. Researcher in the project “Contested Powers: Towards a Political Anthropology of Energy in Latin America”, Noragric, University of Ås, led by Associate Professor John McNeish, and funded by the Norwegian Research Council.
2010-2013. Researcher in the project, “Localizing Globalization: Gendered Transformations of Work in Developing Economies”, Department of Social Anthropology, UiB, led by Professor Leif Manger, funded by the Norwegian Research Council.
2007-2013. Individual post-doctoral research project at UiB, Gender and Development/HEMIL, titled “The moralization and gendering of markets: Informal trade in Peru”.
2007-2013. Part of the research group Multicultural Venues, Faculty of Psychology at UiB.