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Erling Vårdal's picture

Erling Vårdal

Professor
  • E-mailErling.Vardal@uib.no
  • Phone+47 977 72 091
  • Visitor Address
    Fosswinckelsgate 14
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5020 BERGEN
Textbook
  • Austvik, Ole Gunnar; Bredesen, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2002. Internasjonal handel og økonomisk integrasjon. Gyldendal Norsk Forlag.
Academic article
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Straume, Hans-Martin; Vårdal, Erling. 2020. Agglomeration and trade performance – evidence from the Norwegian salmon aquaculture industry. Aquaculture Economics & Management. 181-193.
  • Asche, Frank; Gaasland, Ivar; Straume, Hans-Martin; Vårdal, Erling. 2019. Norwegian export of farmed salmon − trade costs and market concentration. Applied Economics Letters. 145-149.
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2018. Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Land Use, and Food Supply under the Paris Climate Agreement—Policy Choice in Norway. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy. 249-264.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2017. Matforsyning og klimapolitikk. Samfunnsøkonomen. 39-47.
  • Rebnor, Robert; Vårdal, Erling. 2016. Er dollarens dager talte? Globale valutaer. Samfunnsøkonomen. 28-38.
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2015. Trade liberalization versus climate change policy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture: Some insights from Norway. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy. 418-436.
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2015. Greenhouse gas abatement in agriculture - Is there a conflict with food security? EuroChoices. 35-41.
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2015. Greenhouse gas abatement in Norwegian agriculture: costs or benefits? EuroChoices. 34-40.
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2014. The trade-off between food production and greenhouse gas mitigation in Norwegian agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 59-66.
  • Hagist, Christian; Raffelhüschen, Bernt; Risa, Alf Erling; Vårdal, Erling. 2013. Long-Term Fiscal Effects of Public Pension Reform in Norway - A Generational Accounting Analysis. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 1-23.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David. 2013. Extensification versus Intensification in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agriculture: Insights from NorwaY. EuroChoices.
  • Blandford, David; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement: an asessment and application to Norway. Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development. 195-217.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar. 2010. Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement: an assessment and application to Norway. Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development. 197-220.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Vårdal, Erling. 2010. Lite målrettet styring av jordbruket: Riksrevisjonens rapport om jordbrukspolitikken. Samfunnsøkonomen. 19-24.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Vårdal, Erling. 2010. Lite målrettet styring av jordbruket: Riksrevisjonens rapport om jordbrukspolitikken. Samfunnsøkonomen. 19-24.
  • Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Garcia, Roberto; Vårdal, Erling. 2010. How effective are WTO disciplines on domestic support and market access for agriculture? The World Economy. 1470-1485.
  • Flåm, Sjur Didrik; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2009. On deregulating food prices. Computational Economics. 309-322.
  • Straume, Hans-martin; Vårdal, Erling. 2009. Finanskrisens innvirkning på valutamarkedene. Samfunnsøkonomen. 60-68.
  • Straume, Hans-Martin; Vårdal, Erling. 2009. Finanskrisens innvirkning på valutamarkedene. Samfunnsøkonomen. 60-68.
  • Januleviciute, Jurgita; Straume, Hans-Martin; Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Effekten av en nasjons valutavalg på utenrikshandelen. Norsk økonomisk tidsskrift. 36-50.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Mjørlund, Rune. 2007. Kjerringa mot strømmen: Om Norges tilpasning til WTO-regelverket. Økonomisk forum. 1-5.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Multifunctionality of agriculture: an inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security. European Review of Agricultural Economics. 469-488.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Multifunctionality of agriculture: an inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security. European Review of Agricultural Economics. 469-488.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 77-97.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 77-97.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 77-97.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2003. Støtten til distriktsjordbruket sett i et samfunnsøkonomisk perspektiv. Landbruksøkonomisk forum. 15-26.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Månedlige inflasjonsprognoser. Økonomisk forum. 17-18.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf; Gaasland, Ivar. 2000. Deregulation of the Norwegian market for dairy products. The Food Sector in Transition - Nordic Research Procedings of NJF - seminar nr. 313.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf; Gaasland, Ivar. 2000. Deregulation of the Norwegian market for dairy products. The Food Sector in Transition - Nordic Research Procedings of NJF - seminar nr. 313.
  • Holgersen, Lars P.; Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Arbeidsfortjenesten i jordbruket. Landbruksøkonomisk forum.
  • Holgersen, Lars Petter; Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Arbeidsfortjenesten i jordbruket. Landbruksøkonomisk forum.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Agricultural production and the optimal level of landscape preservation. Land Economics. 538-546.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Agricultural production and the optimal level of landscape preservation. Land Economics. 538-546.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Tariff or quota protection - A case study of the Norwegian apple market. Applied Economics. 951-957.
  • Kvilekval, Espen; Vaage, Kjell; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Sammenhengen mellom pengemengdevekst og inflasjon i Norge. Norsk Økonomisk Tidsskrift. 185-211.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Nese, Gjermund; Tveit, Yngvar. 1998. Risk premium and capital mobility. Beta.
  • Nese, Gjermund; Tveit, Ynvar; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Risikopremie og kapitalmobilitet. Beta. 35-46.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Bør kronen flyte? Sosialøkonomen. 10-12.
  • Kvilekval, Espen; Vårdal, Erling. 1997. Valutauroen ved årsskiftet 1996/97 - Årsak og lærdommer. Sosialøkonomen. 6-8.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Prisstabilisering i jordbruket. Norsk Økonomisk Tidsskrift. 173-188.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Norges medlemsskapsavtale med EU på landbruksområdet. Sosialøkonomen. 14-21.
  • Edison, Hali J.; Vårdal, Erling. 1990. Optimal Currency Baskets for Small Developed Economies. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics. 559-571.
  • Edison, Hali J.; Vårdal, Erling. 1987. Optimal Currency Basket in a World of Generalized Floating: An Application to the Nordic Countries. International Journal of Forecasting. 81-96.
Report
  • Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar. 2012. Everybody knows that the boat is leaking: How Norway thwarts its WTO commitments. 32/12. 32/12. .
  • Hagist, Christian; Raffelhuschen, Bernd; Risa, Alf Erling; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Long-Term Fiscal Effects of Public Pension Reform in Norway - A Generational Accounting Analysis. .
  • Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Garcia, Roberto. 2009. How effective are WTO disciplines on domestic support and market access for agriculture? .
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar; Garcia, Roberto. 2008. Norway: Shadow WTO Agricultural Domestic Support Notifications. .
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2007. Regional Aspects of Agriculture. .
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2007. Optimal provision of public goods. Implications for support to agriculture. 6. 6. .
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2007. Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement: an assessment and application to Norway. .
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Blandford, David. 2007. Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement. .
  • Vårdal, Erling; Flåm, Sjur Didrik; Gaasland, Ivar. 2006. On Stabilizing or Deregulating Food Prices. .
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Pengemengdevekst og inflasjon i Norge 1960-2001. .
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar. 2005. Multifunctionality of agriculture: the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security. .
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2004. Pengemengdevekst og inflasjon i Norge i 1960-2004. .
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar. 2003. Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards - the importance of exports. 15/03. 15/03. .
  • Bratberg, Espen; Holgersen, Lars P.; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Explaining off-farm labour supply: The importance of income. 9-2001. 9-2001. .
  • Flåm, Sjur Didrik; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Equilibrium and price stabilization. 63. 63. .
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Optimal choice of a union partner. 0799. 0799. .
  • Bratberg, Espen; Legernes, Lars Einar; Vårdal, Erling. 1999. From Fixers to Floaters: An Empirical Analysis of the Decline in Fixed Exchange Rate Regimes 1973-1995. 1599. 1599. .
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Deregulation of the Norwegian market for milk produkts. 1298. 1298. .
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Deregulation of the Norwegian market for milk products. 15. 15. .
  • Kvilekval, Espen; Vaage, Kjell; Vårdal, Erling. 1997. Sammenhengen mellom pengemengdevekst og inflasjon i Norge 1960-1996. 0197. 0197. .
  • Nese, Gjermund; Tveit, Yngvar; Vårdal, Erling. 1997. Risikopremie og kapitalmobilitet. 0297. 0297. .
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1997. Agricultural production and the optimal level of landscape preservation. 1097. 1097. .
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Tariff or quota protection - A case study of the Norwegian apple market. .
  • Brunstad, Rolf; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Agriculture as a provider of public goods. .
  • Edison, Hali J.; Vårdal, Erling. 1989. Optimal Currency Baskets for Small, Developed Economies. 6. 6. .
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1989. On the relationship between the Price of Oil and the Dollar Exchange Rate. 4. 4. .
Popular scientific lecture
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2009. Den Globale Finanskrisen.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Finanskrisen.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Kostbare reguleringer i meierisektoren.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2003. Hvor går landbruket?
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Produksjonsstrukturen i JORDMOD.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. From fixers to floaters: An empirical analysis of the decline in fixed exchange rate regimes 1973 - 1995.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. From fixers to floaters.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Bør Norge knytte seg opp mot euroen eller satse på en selvstendig pengepolitikk?
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Bør Norge knytte seg opp mot euroen eller satse på en selvstendig pengepolitikk?
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Arbeidsfortjenesten i jordbruket.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Er det nødvendig med så mange bønder i Norge?
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Kostnader ved å bygge ned jordbruket.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Fremmer EMU politisk og økonomisk stabilitet i Europa?
Academic lecture
  • Straume, Hans-Martin; Vårdal, Erling; Asche, Frank. 2018. TRADE MARGINS FOR NORWEGIAN SEAFOOD EXPORTS.
  • Straume, Hans-Martin; Asche, Frank; Vårdal, Erling. 2017. Perish or prosper: Trade patterns for highly perishable products.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David. 2017. Achieving GHG Emission Commitments and Food Security Objectives in Norwegian Agriculture.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David. 2016. Now that the party’s over: achieving GHG emission commitments in Norwegian agriculture.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar. 2012. GHG emission abatement strategy in Norwegian agriculture.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2010. Interaction Between Trade Liberalization and Climate Change Policy: An Application to Norwegian Agriculture.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2010. Copenhagen meets Doha: Greenhouse gas emission reduction and trade liberalization in Norwegian agriculture.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2010. Copenhagen meets Doha: Greenhouse gas emission reduction and trade liberalization in Norwegian agriculture.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2009. Norway´s domestic support.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Norway: Domestic Agricultural Support.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Green versus yellow support.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2006. Regional aspect of agriculture.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2006. Optimal provision of public goods.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Multifunctionality of agriculture: the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2005. Multifunctionality of agriculture: the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2004. Multifunctionality of agriculture: An inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2003. Distriktsjordbruket.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2003. Agricultural cooperatives with export - a welfare analysis of the Norwegian dairy industry.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2003. Agricultural cooperatives with export - a welfare analysis of the Norwegian dairy industry.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2003. Agricultural cooperatives with export - a welfare analysis of the Norwegian dairy industry.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2002. Multifunctionality of agriculture: An inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2002. Equilibrium and price stabilization.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Multifunctionality of agriculture. An inquiry into the complementary between landscape preservation and food security.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Explaining off-farm income: The importance of income.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Agriculture as a provider of public goods.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Agriculture as a provider of public goods.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Produksjonsstrukturen i JORDMOD.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. From fixers to floaters: An empirical analysis of the decline in fixed exchange rate regimes 1973- 1995.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. From fixers to floaters: An empirical analysis of the decline in fixed exchange rate regimes 1973- 1995.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. From fixers to floaters: An empirical analysis of the decline in fixed exchange rate regimes 1973 - 1995.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. From fixers to floaters.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Deregulation of the Norwegian Market for Diary Products.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Deregulation of the Norwegian Market for Diary Products.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Arbeidsfortjenesten i jordbruket.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar; Brunstad, Rolf. 1994. The transition of Norwegian agriculture to international market conditions: Consequences for landscape preservation.
Non-fiction book
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Multifunctionality of Agriculture. Department of Economics, University of Bergen.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar; Brunstad, Rolf. 1995. Utvikling eller avvikling - jordbruket ved en skillevei. ad Notam Gyldendal.
Thesis at a second degree level
  • . 2004. Potensialet for endring i landskap og jordbruksstruktur på Jæren.
  • . 2004. Pengemengdevekst og inflasjon - en empirisk analyse og teoretiske betraktninger.
Masters thesis
  • Sundquist, Jenny. 2018. Yield-kurven som ledende indicator i USA, Tyskland og Sverige.
  • Rishaug, Magnus Hoff. 2018. Realvalutakurser og fundamentale likevektkurser.
  • Mandujano, Jon Amador Vårvik. 2018. Humankapital og grunnskolen.
  • Barhane, Jonathan Daniel. 2018. Finansiell integrasjon og makroøkonomisk volatilitet: En empirisk analyse.
  • Jacobsen, Kaspar. 2018. Danmarks fastkurspolitikk: ERM2.
  • Aksnes, Hilde. 2017. Valutakursmodellering og empiriske valutakursgåter - en undersøkelse av råvareeksporterende land.
  • Bjørklid, Siri L. W. 2017. Koordinert atferd mellom sentralbanker: Sentralbankenes dilemma- alles kamp mot alle eller harmoni?
  • Bjønnes, Ane; Bjønnes, Ane. 2017. Inflasjonsforventninger i den norske pengepolitikken.
  • Daniel, Netland. 2016. Prisutvikling og regionale forskjeller i den norska boligmarkedet. Masteroppgave.
  • . 2004. Norge som EU-medlem: Konsekvenser for det norske landbruket.
Popular scientific article
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar. 2012. Hvordan kutte utslippene fra jordbruket. Klima.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2004. Kostbare reguleringer i meierisektoren. SNF Bulletin. 9-12.
Feature article
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2013. Bondekannibalisme. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.).
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Ti myter om jordbruk. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.).
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Mittenzwei, Klaus; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Modeller i jordbruket. Nationen.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Det multifunksjonelle jordbruket. Dagens næringsliv.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1999. Euroen og den norske kronens skjebne, av Arne John Isachsen og Ole Bjørn Røste (red). Sosialøkonomen. ..
Doctoral dissertation
  • Straume, Hans-Martin. 2015. Four essays in international trade: Trade flows in food products.
Interview
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2009. Økning i detaljhandelen i januar måned.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. What Now, WTO.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Sammenbruddet i WTO-forhandlingene.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Prisboblen på matvarer vil sprekke.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Om hyperinflasjon.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Høyere priser et blaff.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2008. En tung børs å bære.
Programme participation
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2010. Pensjonsreformen.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2002. Sånn er livet.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2000. Bønders tilpasning utenom bruket.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Renteutviklingen.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 1998. Rente og valutautviklingen.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2012. Anderledeslandet. 11 pages.
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Garcia, Roberto J.; Vårdal, Erling. 2011. Norway. 32 pages.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2008. Optimal provision of public goods: implications for support to agriculture. 11 pages.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Gaasland, Ivar. 2007. Vestlandsbonden som produsent av fellesgoder. 16 pages.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2002. Markedsmakt i foredlings- og handelsleddene. 12 pages.
  • Vårdal, Erling; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar. 2001. Multifunctionality of agriculture: An inquiry into the complementarity between landscape preservation and food security.
  • Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Deregulation of the Norwegian Market for Diary Products. 15 pages.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Deregulation of the Norwegian Market for Dairy Products. 15 pages.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 2001. Deregulation of the Norwegian Market for Dairy Products. 15 pages.
  • Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling. 1994. Inntekter, sysselsetting og omstillinger.
  • Brunstad, R. J.; Vårdal, Erling. 1989. Goal Conflicts in the Norwegian Farming Industry: Allocational Loss through the Pursuit of Non-Efficiency Goals. 6 pages.
Chapter
  • Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling; Blandford, David. 2018. A New Deal for Norwegian Agriculture. 197-215. In:
    • Veggeland, Noralv. 2018. Keynesian Policies – A New deal in the European Narrative. Employment, Equality and Sustainability. Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

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