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Harleen Grewal's picture

Harleen Grewal

Professor, Senior consultant (Haukeland hospital)
  • E-mailHarleen.Grewal@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 97 46 31+47 994 50 554
  • Visitor Address
    Haukeland universitetssykehus, Laboratoriebygget
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7804
    5020 Bergen
Academic article
  • Jenum, Synne; Sumithra, Selvam; Nelson, Jesuraj; Christian, Ritz; Hesseling Anneke, C; Vicky, Cardenas; Esther, Lau; Mark, Doherty T; Grewal, Harleen; Mario, Vaz. 2018. Incidence of tuberculosis and the influence of surveillance strategy on tuberculosis case-finding and all-cause mortality: A cluster randomised trial in Indian neonates vaccinated with BCG. BMJ Open Respiratory Research. 1-9.
  • Gjøen, John Espen; Jenum, Synne; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Mukherjee, Aparna; MacAden, Ragini; Kabra, Sushil K.; Lodha, Rakesh; Ottenhoff, Tom H.M.; Haks, Marielle C.; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Ritz, Christian; Grewal, Harleen. 2017. Novel transcriptional signatures for sputum-independent diagnostics of tuberculosis in children. Scientific Reports. 1-9.
  • Van der Zalm, Marieke M.; van Soelen, Nelda; Mandalakas, Anna M.; Jacobsen, Marc; Detjen, Anne K.; Marx, Florian M.; Grewal, Harleen; Cotton, Mark F.; Walzl, Gerhard; Hesseling, Anneke C. 2016. The effect of deworming on tests of tuberculosis infection in children with recent tuberculosis exposure a randomized controlled trial. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 622-627.
  • Uppada, Dharma Rao; Selvam, Sumithra; Jesuraj, Nelson; Lau, Esther L.; Doherty, T. Mark; Grewal, Harleen; Vaz, Mario; Lindtjorn, Bernt. 2016. Incidence of tuberculosis among school-going adolescents in South India. BMC Public Health. 11 pages.
  • Prajapati, Suneel; Upadhyay, Kriti; Mukherjee, Aparna; Kabra, SK; Lodha, Rakesh; Singh, Varinder; Grewal, Harleen; Singh, Sarman; Delhi Pediatric TB Study Group, The. 2016. High prevalence of primary drug resistance in children with intrathoracic tuberculosis in India. Paediatrics and International Child Health. 214-218.
  • Jenum, Synne; Bakken, Rasmus; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Mukherjee, Aparna; Lodha, Rakesh; Singh, Sarman; Singh, Varinder; Haks, Marielle C.; Ottenhoff, Tom H.M.; Kabra, Sushil Kumar; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Ritz, Christian; Grewal, Harleen. 2016. BLR1 and FCGR1A transcripts in peripheral blood associate with the extent of intrathoracic tuberculosis in children and predict treatment outcome. Scientific Reports. 1-11.
  • Jenum, Synne; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Lodha, Rakesh; Mukherjee, Aparna; Saini, Deepak Kumar; Singh, Sarman; Singh, Varinder; Medigeshi, Guruprasad; Haks, Marielle C.; Ottenhoff, Tom H.M.; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Kabra, Sushil K.; Ritz, Christian; Grewal, Harleen. 2016. Approaching a diagnostic point-of-care test for pediatric tuberculosis through evaluation of immune biomarkers across the clinical disease spectrum. Scientific Reports.
  • Jenum, Synne; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Ritz, Christian; Macaden, R; Doherty, TM; Grewal, Harleen; TB Trials Study, Group. 2016. Added Value of IP-10 as a Read-Out of Mycobacterium tuberculosis - Specific Immunity in Young Children. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.
  • Singh, Saraman; Singh, Amit; Prajapati, Suneel; Kabra, Sushil K.; Lodha, Rakesh; Mukherjee, Aparna; Singh, Varinder; Hesseling, Anneke C.; Grewal, Harleen. 2015. Xpert MTB/RIF assay can be used on archived gastric aspirate and induced sputum samples for sensitive diagnosis of paediatric tuberculosis. BMC Microbiology.
  • Mandalakas, Anna M.; Kirchner, H. Lester; Walzl, Gerhard; Gie, Robert P.; Schaaf, H. Simon; Cotton, Mark F.; Grewal, Harleen; Hesseling, Anneke C. 2015. Optimizing the detection of recent tuberculosis infection in children in a high tuberculosis-HIV burden setting. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 820-830.
  • Khandelwal, Deepchand; Gupta, Nandita; Mukherjee, Aparna; Lodha, Rakesh; Singh, Varinder; Grewal, Harleen; Bhatnagar, Shinjini; Singh, Sarman; Kabra, Sushil Kumar. 2014. Vitamin D levels in Indian children with intrathoracic tuberculosis. Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR). 531-537.
  • Uppada, Dharma Rao; Selvam, Sumithra; Jesuraj, Nelson; Bennett, Sean; Verver, Suzanne; Grewal, Harleen; Vaz, Mario. 2014. The tuberculin skin test in school going adolescents in South India: associations of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics with TST positivity and non-response. BMC Infectious Diseases.
  • Jenum, Synne; Grewal, Harleen; Hokey, David A.; Kenneth, John; Vaz, Mario; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Jahnsen, Frode Lars. 2014. The frequencies of IFNγ+IL2+TNFα+ PPD-specific CD4+CD45RO+ T-cells correlate with the magnitude of the QuantiFERON® gold in-tube response in a prospective study of healthy Indian adolescents. PLOS ONE.
  • Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Jenum, Synne; Stavrum, Ruth; Ritz, Christian; Kenneth, John; Vaz, Mario; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Grewal, Harleen. 2014. TB Trials Study Group: Concordant or discordant results by the tuberculin skin test and the quantiFERON-TB test in children reflect immune biomarker profiles. Genes and Immunity. 265-274.
  • Jenum, Synne; Selvam, Sumithra; Mahelai, Diana; Jesuraj, Nelson; Cardenas, Vicky; Kenneth, John; Hesseling, Anneke C.; Doherty, T Mark; Vaz, Mario; Grewal, Harleen. 2014. Influence of age and nutritional status on the performance of the tuberculin skin test and QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube in young children evaluated for tuberculosis in southern India. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. e260-e269.
  • Stavrum, Ruth; PrayGod, George; Range, Nyagosya; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Jeremiah, Kidola; Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria; Krarup, Henrik; Aabye, Martine G.; Changalucha, John; Friis, Henrik; Andersen, Aase B.; Grewal, Harleen. 2014. Increased level of acute phase reactants in patients infected with modern mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes in mwanza, tanzania. BMC Infectious Diseases.
  • Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Jenum, Synne; Stavrum, Ruth; Wiker, Harald G; Kenneth, John; Vaz, Mario; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Grewal, Harleen. 2014. Effect of non-tuberculous mycobacteria on host biomarkers potentially relevant for tuberculosis management. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
  • Lodha, Rakesh; Mukherjee, Aparna; Singh, Varinder; Singh, Sarman; Friis, Henrik; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Bhatnagar, Shinjini; Saini, Savita; Kabra, Sushil Kabra; Grewal, Harleen. 2014. Effect of micronutrient supplementation on treatment outcomes in children with intrathoracic tuberculosis: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1287-1297.
  • Mukherjee, Aparna; Saini, Savita; Kabra, Sushil Kumar; Gupta, Nidhi; Singh, Varinder; Singh, Saraman; Bhatnagar, Shinjini; Saini, Deepti; Grewal, Harleen; Lodha, Rakesh. 2014. Effect of micronutrient deficiency on QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test and tuberculin skin test in diagnosis of childhood intrathoracic tuberculosis. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 38-42.
  • Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Jenum, Synne; Stavrum, Ruth; Ritz, Christian; Kenneth, John; Vaz, Mario; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Grewal, Harleen. 2014. Concordant or discordant results by the tuberculin skin test and the quantiFERON-TB test in children reflect immune biomarker profiles. Genes and Immunity. 265-274.
  • Murthy, Maitreyi; Selvam, Sumithra; Jesuraj, Nelson; Bennett, Sean; Doherty, Mark; Grewal, Harleen; Vaz, Mario. 2013. Two-step tuberculin skin testing in school-going adolescents with initial 0-4 millimeter responses in a high tuberculosis prevalence setting in South India. PLOS ONE. 10 pages.
  • Murthy, Maitreyi; Selvam, S; Jesuraj, N; Bennett, S; Doherty, M; Grewal, Harleen; Vaz, M; Vaz, Mario. 2013. TB Trials Study Group; Two-step tuberculin skin testing in school-going adolescents with initial 0-4 millimeter responses in a high tuberculosis prevalence setting in South India. PLOS ONE. e71470.
  • Lodha, Rakesh; Mukherjee, Aparna; Saini, Deepak; Saini, Savita; Singh, Vineeta; Singh, Sarman; Grewal, Harleen; Kabra, Sushil Kabra. 2013. Role of the QuantiFERON (R)-TB Gold In-Tube test in the diagnosis of intrathoracic childhood tuberculosis. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 1383-1388.
  • Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Jenum, Synne; Stavrum, Ruth; Ritz, Christian; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Kenneth, John; Vaz, Mario; Grewal, Harleen; Doherty, Timothy Mark. 2013. Identification of biomarkers for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease in BCG-vaccinated young children in Southern India. Genes and Immunity. 356-364.
  • Parashar, Deepak; Kabra, Sushil K.; Lodha, Rakesh; Singh, Varinder; Mukherjee, Aparna; Arya, Tina; Grewal, Harleen; Singh, Sarman. 2013. Does Neutralization of Gastric Aspirates from Children with Suspected Intrathoracic Tuberculosis Affect Mycobacterial Yields on MGIT Culture? Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1753-1756.
  • Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Range, Nyagosya; PrayGod, George; Jeremiah, Kidola; Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria; Aabye, Martine G.; Changalucha, John; Christensen, Dirk L.; Grewal, Harleen; Martinussen, Torben; Krarup, Henrik; Witte, Daniel R; Andersen, Aase B.; Friis, Henrik. 2013. Diabetes is a strong predictor of mortality during tuberculosis treatment: a prospective cohort study among tuberculosis patients from Mwanza, Tanzania. Tropical medicine & international health. 822-829.
  • Mukherjee, Aparna; Singh, Sarman; Lodha, Rakesh; Singh, Varinder; Hesseling, Anneke C.; Grewal, Harleen; Kabra, Sushil K. 2013. Ambulatory gastric lavages provide better yields of mycobacterium tuberculosis than induced sputum in children with intrathoracic tuberculosis. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 1313-1317.
  • Mandalakas, Anna M.; Kirchner, H. Lester; Lombard, Carl; Walzl, Gerhard; Grewal, Harleen; Gie, Robert P.; Hesseling, Anneke C. 2012. Well-quantified tuberculosis exposure is a reliable surrogate measure of tuberculosis infection. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 1033-1039.
  • PrayGod, George; Range, Nyagosya; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Kiddola, Jeremiah; Faurholt-Jepsen, Martine; Aabye, Martine G.; Jensen, Lotte; Jensen, Andreas V.; Grewal, Harleen; Magnussen, Pascal; Changalucha, John; Andersen, Aase Bengaard; Friis, Henrik. 2012. The effect of energy-protein supplementation on weight, body composition and handgrip strength among pulmonary tuberculosis HIV-co-infected patients: randomised controlled trial in Mwanza, Tanzania. British Journal of Nutrition. 263-271.
  • Stavrum, Ruth; Valvatne, Håvard; Stavrum, Anne-Kristin; Riley, Lee W.; Ulvestad, Elling; Jonassen, Inge; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Grewal, Harleen. 2012. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Mcel protein complex initiates rapid induction of transcription of genes involved in substrate trafficking. Genes and Immunity. 496-502.
  • van Soelen, Nelda; Mandalakas, Anna M.; Kirchner, H. Lester; Walzl, Gerhard; Grewal, Harleen; Jacobsen, Marc; Hesseling, Anneke C. 2012. Effect of Ascaris Lumbricoides specific IgE on tuberculin skin test responses in children in a high-burden setting: a cross-sectional community-based study. BMC Infectious Diseases. 8 pages.
  • Andersen, Aase B.; Range, Nyagosya S.; Changalucha, John; PrayGod, George; Kidola, Jeremiah; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Krarup, Henrik; Grewal, Harleen; Friis, Henrik. 2012. CD4 lymphocyte dynamics in Tanzanian pulmonary tuberculosis patients with and without HIV co-infection. BMC Infectious Diseases. 7 pages.
  • Visser, Marianne E.; Stead, Michael; Walzl, Gerhard; Warren, Rob; Schomaker, Michael; Grewal, Harleen; Swart, Elizabeth C.; Maartens, Gary. 2012. Baseline Predictors of Sputum Culture Conversion in Pulmonary Tuberculosis: Importance of Cavities, Smoking, Time to Detection and W-Beijing Genotype. PLOS ONE. 7 pages.
  • PrayGod, George; Range, Nyagosya; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Jeremiah, Kidola; Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria; Aabye, Martine G.; Jensen, Lotte; Jensen, Andreas V.; Grewal, Harleen; Magnussen, Pascal; Changalucha, John; Andersen, Aase Bengaard; Friis, Henrik. 2011. Weight, body composition and handgrip strength among pulmonary tuberculosis patients: a matched cross-sectional study in Mwanza, Tanzania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 140-147.
  • Visser, Marianne E.; Grewal, Harleen; Swart, Elizabeth C.; Dhansay, Muhammed A.; Walzl, Gerhard; Swanevelder, Sonja; Lombard, Carl; Maartens, Gary. 2011. The effect of vitamin A and zinc supplementation on treatment outcomes in pulmonary tuberculosis: a randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 93-100.
  • Stavrum, Ruth; Stavrum, Anne-Kristin; Valvatne, Håvard; Riley, Lee W.; Ulvestad, Elling; Jonassen, Inge; Assmus, Jørg; Doherty, T. Mark; Grewal, Harleen. 2011. Modulation of transcriptional and inflammatory responses in murine macrophages by the mycobacterium tuberculosis mammalian cell entry (Mce) 1 complex. PLOS ONE. 11 pages.
  • Rajaraman, Divya; Jesuraj, Nelson; Geiter, Lawrence; Bennett, Sean; Grewal, Harleen; Vaz, Mario. 2011. How participatory is parental consent in low literacy rural settings in low income countries? Lessons learned from a community based study of infants in South India. BMC Medical Ethics. 9 pages.
  • du Preez, Karen; Mandalakas, Anna M.; Kirchner, H. Lester; Grewal, Harleen; Schaaf, H. Simon; van Wyk, Susan S.; Hesseling, Anneke C. 2011. Environmental tobacco smoke exposure increases Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection risk in children. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 1490-1496.
  • PrayGod, George; Range, Nyagosya; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Jeremiah, Kidola; Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria; Aabye, Martine G.; Jensen, Lotte; Jensen, Anders Gadegaard; Grewal, Harleen; Magnussen, Pascal; Changalucha, John; Andersen, Aase Bengaard; Friis, Henrik. 2011. Daily multi-micronutrient supplementation during tuberculosis treatment increases weight and grip strength among HIV-uninfected but not HIV-Infected patients in Mwanza, Tanzania. Journal of Nutrition. 685-691.
  • Syre, Heidi; Øvreås, Kristi; Grewal, Harleen. 2010. Determination of the susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to pyrazinamide in liquid and solid media assessed by a colorimetric nitrate reductase assay. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 704-712.
  • Jeremiah, Kidola; PrayGod, George; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Range, Nyagosya; Andersen, Aase B.; Grewal, Harleen; Friis, Henrik. 2010. BCG vaccination status may predict sputum conversion in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis: a new consideration for an old vaccine? Thorax. 1072-1076.
  • Detjen, Anne K.; Loebenberg, L.; Grewal, Harleen; Stanley, Kim; Gutschmidt, Andrea; Krüger, Carsten; Du Plessis, Nelita; Kidd, Martin; Beyers, Neel; Walzl, G.; Hesseling, Anneke C. 2009. Short-Term Reproducibility of a Commercial Interferon Gamma Release Assay. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. 1170-1175.
  • Phyu, Sabai; Stavrum, Ruth; Lwin, Thandar; Svendsen, Øyvind Sverre; Ti, Ti; Grewal, Harleen. 2009. Predominance of mycobacterium tuberculosis EAI and Beijing lineages in Yangon, Myanmar. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 335-344.
  • Valvatne, Håvard; Syre, Heidi; Kross, Martijn; Ti, Ti; Phyu, Sabai; Grewal, Harleen. 2009. Isoniazid and rifampicin resistance-asTisociated mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Yangon, Myanmar: implications for rapid molecular testing. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 694-701.
  • Stavrum, Ruth M Støbakk; Myneedu, Vithal Prasad; Arora, Virendra K.; Ahmed, Niyaz; Grewal, Harleen. 2009. In-depth molecular characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from New Delhi--predominance of drug resistant isolates of the 'modern' (TbD1) type. PLOS ONE.
  • Stavrum, Ruth M Støbakk; Mphahlele, Matsie Theodora; Øvreås, Kristi; Muthivhi, Tshilidzi; Fourie, Bernard; Weyer, Karin; Grewal, Harleen. 2009. High diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes in South Africa and preponderance of mixed infections among ST53 isolates. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1848-1856.
  • Syre, Heidi; Myneedu, Vithal Prasad; Arora, Virendra K.; Grewal, Harleen. 2009. Direct detection of mycobacterial species in pulmonary specimens by two rapid amplification tests, the gen-probe amplified mycobacterium tuberculosis direct test and the genotype mycobacteria direct test. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 3635-3639.
  • Mphahlele, Matsie; Syre, Heidi; Valvatne, Håvard; Stavrum, Ruth; Mannsåker, Turid; Muthivhi, Tshilidzi; Weyer, Karin; Fourie, P Bernard; Grewal, Harleen MS. 2008. Pyrazinamide resistance among South African multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 3459-3464.
  • Stavrum, Ruth M Støbakk; Valvatne, Håvard; Bø, Trond Hellem; Jonassen, Inge; Hinds, Jason; Butcher, Philip; Grewal, Harleen. 2008. Genomic Diversity among Beijing and non-Beijing Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates from Myanmar. PLOS ONE. e1973.
  • Hembre, Berit Sofie Hustad; Briles, David E; Grewal, Harleen; Strand, Tor A. 2008. Effect of high dose oral zinc in mice with severe infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 363-367.
  • Syre, Heidi; Valvatne, H.; Sandven, P.; Grewal, H.M.S. 2006. Evaluation of the nitrate-based colorimetric method for testing the susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to streptomycin and ethambutol in liquid cultures. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 987-991.
  • Dahle, Ulf R; Nordtvedt, Sally G; Winje, Brita Askeland; Mannsåker, Turid; Heldal, Einar; Sandven, Per; Grewal, Harleen; Grewal, Harleen; Caugant, Dominique A. 2005. Tuberculosis in contacts need not indicate disease transmission. Thorax. 136-137.
  • Phyu, Sabai; Lwin, Thandar; Maung, Win; Ti, Ti; Mar, Win; Shein, San; Grewal, Harleen. 2005. Drug-resistant tuberculosis in Yangon, Myanmar. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 846-851.
  • Valvatne, Håvard; Steinsland, Hans; Grewal, Harleen; Mølbak, Kåre; Vuust, Jens; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 2004. Identification and molecular characterization of the gene encoding coli surface antigen 20 of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 131-138.
  • Vetvik, H; Grewal, Harleen; Haugen, I. L.; Åhren, C; Haneberg, B. 1998. Mucosal antibodies can be measured in air-dried samples of saliva and feces. JIM - Journal of Immunological Methods. 163-172.
  • Vetvik, H; Grewal, Harleen; Haugen, I.L.; Åhren, C; Haneberg, B. 1998. Mucosal antibodies can be measured in air-dried samples of saliva and feces. JIM - Journal of Immunological Methods. 163-172.
  • Halvorsen, T.; Valvatne, Håvard; Grewal, Harleen; Gaastra, W.; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1997. Expression of colonization factor antigen I fimbriae by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli; influence by growth conditions and a recombinant positive regulatory gene. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS). 247-254.
  • Halvorsen, T.; Valvatne, Håvard; Grewal, Harleen; Gaastra, W.; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1997. Expression of colonization factor antigen I by enterotoxigenic <I>Escherichia coli</I>; influence of growth conditions and a recombinant positive regulatory gene. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica (APMIS). 247-254.
  • Helander, A.; Grewal, Harleen; Gaastra, W.; Svennerholm, A-M. 1997. Detection and characterization of the coli surface antigen 6 of enterotoxigenic <I>Escherichia coli</I> by using monoclonal antibodies. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 867-872.
  • Helander, A.; Grewal, Harleen; Gaastra, W.; Svennerholm, A-M. 1997. Detection and characterisation of the coli surface antigen 6 of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli by using monoclonal antibodies. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 867-872.
  • Grewal, Harleen; Valvatne, Håvard; Bhan, M. K.; van Dijk, Linda; Gaastra, W.; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1997. A new putative colonization factor, CS19, of human enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Infection and Immunity. 507-513.
  • Grewal, Harleen; Valvatne, Håvard; Bhan, M. K.; van Dijk, L; Gaastra, W.; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1997. A new fimbrial putative colonization factor, CS19 in human enterotoxigenic <I>Escherichia coli</I>. Infection and Immunity. 507-13.
  • Grewal, Harleen; Hellander, A; Svennerholm, A-M.; Bhan, MK; Gaastra, W; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1994. Genotypic and phenotypic identification of coli surface antigen 6-positive enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1295-1301.
  • Grewal, Harleen; Gaastra, W.; Svennerholm, A-M.; Røli, J.; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1993. Induction of Colonization Factor Antigen I and Coli Surface Antigen 4 of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Vaccine. 221-226.
  • Sommerfelt, Halvor; Grewal, Harleen; Gaastra, W.; Svennerholm, A-M.; Bhan, M. K. 1992. Use of nonradioactive DNA Hybridization for the identification of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli harboring genes for colonization factor antigen/1, coli surface antigen 4 and putative colonization factor 0166. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1823-1828.
  • Sommerfelt, Halvor; Grewal, Harleen; Svennerholm, A-M.; Gaastra, W.; Flood, P.; Viboud, G.; Bhan, M. K. 1992. Genetic relationship of putative colonization factor 0166 to colonization factor antigen I and coli surface antigen 4 of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Infection and Immunity. 3799-3806.
  • Sommerfelt, Halvor; Grewal, Harleen; Svennerholm, A-M.; Gaastra, W.; Bhan, M. K. 1992. Colonization factor antigen I, coli surface antigen 4 and putative colonization factor 0166 of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli are genetically related. Vaccine. 289-289.
  • Sommerfelt, Halvor; Grewal, Harleen; Gaastra, W.; Bhan, M. K.; Svennerholm, A-M.; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Asphaug, V.; Aasland, Rein; Bjorvatn, B. 1991. Presence of cfaD-homologous sequences and expression of coli surface antigen 4 on enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli; relevance for diagnostic procedures. Microbial Pathogenesis. 297-304.
Lecture
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2018. ADVANCES IN THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS IN  CHILDREN- a decade of collaboration.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2016. Vaccines for TB.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2016. The future for diagnostics for TB with a focus on children.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2016. MPT64 Antigen test.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2015. Biomarkers of TB disease and treatment response in children with intrathoracic TB in India.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Grewal, Harleen. 1998. Molecular microbiological and immunological studies of childhood diarrhea in India and Guinea-Bissau - relevance for vaccine development.
Academic lecture
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2018. Biomarkers of TB disease and treatment response in children.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2015. Biomarkers of TB disease and treatment response in Indian children,.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2014. TB Vaccines; Presented at the AIIMS Conferenceon Childhood Tuberculosis, New Delhi, India 16th November 2014.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2014. TB Trials:Development of a TB clinical trial site in Southern India; presented at the TBVI conference on: A new horizon for preventive vaccines against TB. Spain, 7-8 May 2014 .
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2014. Immune responses to TB in children;presented at theAll India Institute of Medical Science Conference on Childhood Tuberculosis, NewDelhi, India 15th November 2014.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2010. Nutritional intervention and novel diagnostics to improve community-based control of tuberculosis.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2010. Interferon gamma release assays for TB.
  • Stead, Michael; Segal, Heidi; Visser, Marianne; Maartens, Gary; Grewal, Harleen; Warren, Robin M. 2010. Frequency and clinical outcome of patients with mixed Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections.
  • Kabra, Sushil; Singh, Varinder; Lodha, Rakesh; Saini, Deepak; Hesseling, Anneke C.; Singh, Sarman; Mukherjee, Aparna; Grewal, Harleen. 2010. DIAGNOSTIC UTILITY OF THE QUANTIFERON GOLD IN-TUBE ASSAY IN PAEDIATRIC INTRATHORACIC TB PATIENTS.
  • Grewal, Harleen; Jesuraj, Nelson; Kenneth, John; Bennett, Sean; Hesseling, Anneke C.; Doherty, Mark; Pai, Madhukar; Vaz, Mario. 2010. A comparison of the QuantiFERON Gold In-Tube assay with the tuberculin skin test in infants.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2008. Childhood Tuberculosis and HIV: epidemiology and research priorities.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2007. • Role of intestinal pathogens in necrotizing enterocolitis, International conference on Necrotizing enterocolitis, EUPSA (European Pediatric Surgeons Association).
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2007. Preparing for tuberculosis vaccine efficacy trials.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2005. The Host-pathogen interaction in TB with a special focus on the infecting strain.
  • Lindemark, Frode; Strand, Tor A; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Chandyo, Ram Krishna ; Valvatne, Håvard; Myron, Levine; Grewal, Harleen. 2004. Levels of antibodies against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae in young childrenin Bhanktapur, Nepal.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2001. Applications of microarrays. Department of epidemiology and International health, University of Barcelona, Spain.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2001. Applications of microarrays in microbiology. Norwegian Annual society of microbiology meeting, Ullevål hospital, Oslo, 10th October 2001.
  • Grewal, Harleen; Karlsen, T.H.; Vetvik, H.; Åhren, C.; Haneberg, B.; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1998. Measurement of specific IgA in fecal extracts and in intestinal lavage fluid for monitoring of mucosal immune responses after rectal and gastric immunization.
  • Grewal, Harleen; Karlsen, TH; Vetvik, H; Åhren, C; Haneberg, B; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1998. Measurement of specific IgA in fecal extracts and in intestinal lavage fluid for monitoring of mucosal immune responses after rectal and gastric immunization.
  • Gaastra, W.; Grewal, Harleen; van Dijk, L.; Kusters, J. G.; Svennerholm, A-M.; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1997. The colonization factor antigen I like group of fimbrial proteins of human enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.
  • Gaastra, W.; Grewal, Harleen; van Dijk, L.; Kusters, J. G.; Svennerholm, A-M.; Sommerfelt, Halvor. 1997. The colonization factor antigen I like group of fimbrial proteins of human enterotoxigenic <I>Escherichia coli</I>.
  • Vetvik, H; Grewal, Harleen; Haugen, I. L.; Åhren, C.; Haneberg, B. 1997. Air-dried saliva and feces can be used for analyses of mucosal antibodies.
  • Vetvik, H.; Grewal, Harleen; Haugen, I. L.; Åhren, C.; Haneberg, B. 1997. Air-dried saliva and feces can be used for analyses of mucosal antibodies.
Editorial
  • Grewal, Harleen; Gupta, Swati; Singh, Sarman. 2008. Opportunistic pathogens in AIDS: trends, diagnosis and priorities. Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy. 163-166.
Reader opinion piece
  • Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Range, Nyagosya; PrayGod, George; Jeremiah, Kidola; Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria; Aabye, Martine G.; Grewal, Harleen; Changalucha, John; Witte, Daniel R; Andersen, Aase Bengaard; Friis, Henrik. 2013. BCG protects against tuberculosis irrespective of HIV status: a matched case-control study in Mwanza, Tanzania. Thorax. 288-289.
  • Syre, Heidi; Grewal, Harleen. 2011. Isoniazid and rifampicin resistance-associated mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Yangon, Myanmar: implications for rapid molecular testing-authors' response. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 687-687.
Non-fiction book
  • Grewal, Harleen; Friis, Henrik. 2006. The Role of Nutrition in Tuberculosis. In: Practical Approach to Tuberculosis Management. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers,(P) Ltd., New Delhi, India .
Masters thesis
  • Saini, Deepak. 2012. Diagnostic utility of the tuberculin skin test and QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube assay in children with probable intra-thoracic tuberculosis in India.
  • Murthy, Maitreyi. 2012. Assessment of the utility of repeat tuberculin testing: a prospective study of adolescents in a high tuberculosis prevalence setting in South India.
  • Jesuraj, Nelson. 2011. Feasibility, utility and acceptability of gastric aspiration and induced sputum sampling in young children for the diagnosis of mycobacterial infections; study conducted as part of the development of a TB vaccine site in South India.
  • Mahelai, Diana. 2011. Comparison of Tuberculin Skin Test and QuantiFERON TB Gold In-tube Assay for the diagnosis of tuberculosis infection and disease in young children; study conducted as part of the development of a TB vaccine site in Southern India.
  • Jeremiah, Kidola. 2009. Predictors of sputum conversion among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Mwanza, Tanzania.
  • Mphahlele, Matsie. 2005. Pyrazinamide resistance among multi-drug resistant M. tuberculosis isolates from South African pulmonary tuberculosis patients.
  • Lwin, Thandar. 2004. Drug resistant tuberculosis in Yangon, Myanmar.
  • Lwin, Thandar. 2004. Drug resistant tuberculosis in Yangon, Myanmar.
Popular scientific article
  • Jenum, Synne; Gjøen, John Espen; Bakken, Rasmus; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Grewal, Harleen. 2016. Recent progress in host transcriptome profiling paves the way for a future point-of-care test for pediatric TB. Clinical Laboratory International.
Letter to the editor
  • Van der Zalm, Marieke M.; van Soelen, Nelda; Mandalakas, Anna M.; Jacobsen, Marc; Detjen, Anne K.; Marx, Florian M.; Grewal, Harleen; Cotton, Mark F.; Walzl, Gerhard; Hesseling, Anneke C. 2017. Re: "It may be too early to try to prove the effect of deworming on tuberculin reactivity". The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 241-242.
  • Khandelwal, D; Gupta, N; Mukherjee, Aparna; Lodha, Rakesh; Singh, Varinder; Grewal, Harleen; Bhatnagar, S.; Singh, Sarman; Kabra, SK; Pediatric TB, Study Group. 2015. Authors' responses. Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR).
Doctoral dissertation
  • Dhanasekaran, S. 2015. Biomarkers Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease in children in Southern India.
  • Syre, Heidi. 2010. Antibiotic drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  • Stavrum, Ruth. 2009. Genotypic charactrisation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from high TB-burden countries.
  • Valvatne, Håvard. 2004. Colonisation Factors of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli; detection and characterisation.
  • Grewal, Harleen. 1995. Colonization factors of enterotoxigenic Escerichia coli: detection and expression (dr. med.). -.
Interview
  • Grewal, Harleen. 2005. De-fusing the TB time-bomb.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Carriere, Heidi Syre; Grewal, Harleen. 2011. Immunology of Tubercolosis: Basic Aspects and Relevance for Immunodiagnostic Tests.
Abstract
  • van Soelen, Nelda; Mandalakas, Anna M.; Kirchner, H. Lester; Walzl, Gerhard; Grewal, Harleen; Jacobsen, Marc; Hesseling, Anneke C. 2012. Effect of Ascaris Lumbricoides specific IgE on tuberculin skin test responses in children. BMC Infectious Diseases.
Poster
  • Jenum, Synne; Dhanasekaran, S.; Grewal, Harleen; TB Trials, Study Group. 2015. Point-of-care test for pediatric tuberculosis through evaluation of immune biomarkers across the clinical disease spectrum.
  • Dhanasekaran, S; Jenum, Synne; Grewal, Harleen; TB Trials, Study Group. 2015. Do Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria affect Host Biomarkers Potentially Relevant for Tuberculosis Management?
  • Jenum, Synne; Dhanasekaran, S; Grewal, Harleen; TB Trials, Study Group. 2015. Approaching a diagnostic point-of-care test for pediatric tuberculosis through evaluation of immune biomarkers across the clinical disease spectrum.
  • Visser, Marianne; Grewal, Harleen; Swart, Elisabeth; Dhansay, Ali; Walzl, Gerhard; Swanefelder, Sonia; Lombard, Carl; Maartens, Gary. 2010. Vitamin A and zinc supplementation and treatment outcome in pulmonary TB: a controlled trial.
  • Kabra, Sushil; Mukherjee, Aparna; Lodha, Rakesh; Marais, Ben; Hesseling, Anneke C.; Singh, Sarman; Grewal, Harleen; Singh, Varinder. 2010. Clinical, Microbiological and Micronutrient profiles of pediatric intrathoracic TB patients in Delhi, India,.
  • Stavrum, Ruth; Øvreas, Kristi; Grewal, Harleen. 2010. A comparison of two different size standards for the determination of MIRU‐VNTR copy numbers.
  • Mphahlele, Matsie; Syre, Heidi; Valvatne, Håvard; Stavrum, Ruth M Støbakk; Mannsåker, Turid; Muthivi, T; Weyer, Karin; Fourie, Bernard; Grewal, Harleen. 2007. Testing pyrazinamide resistance among South African multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates.
  • Valvatne, Håvard; Stavrum, Ruth M Støbakk; Phyu, Sabai; Jonassen, Inge; Bø, Trond-Hellem; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Hinds, Jason; Butcher, Philip; Grewal, Harleen. 2006. Identification of deletions in clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates using comparative genomic hybridisation.
  • Stavrum, Ruth M Støbakk; Valvatne, Håvard; Stavrum, Anne-Kristin; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Riley, Lee; Jonassen, Inge; Grewal, Harleen. 2006. Dynamics of global macrophage expression responses to in vitro infection with wild-type and a hypervirulent mce1-mutant of M. tuberculosis.
  • Dahle, Ulf; Nordtvedt, Sally; Winje, B.A.; Mannsåker, Turid; Heldal, Einar; Sandven, Per; Grewal, Harleen; Caugant, Dominique. 2004. Reactivation and reinfection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis contribute to disease among immigrants.
  • Grewal, Harleen; Valvatne, Håvard; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Lazaar, Jo; Telleman, Peter; Christenssen, Claus Bo. 2004. Detection of common agents of bacterial meningitis with a low density DNA array.
  • Phyu, Sabai; Jureen, R; Caugant, DA; Sandven, Per; Ti, Ti; Htun, Aye; Grewal, Harleen. 2002. Genotypic and phenotypic characterisation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Yangon, Myanmar.
Errata
  • Phyu, Sabai; Stavrum, Ruth M Støbakk; Lwin, Thandar; Svendsen, Øyvind Sverre; Ti, Ti; Grewal, Harleen. 2009. Predominance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis EAI and Beijing Lineages in Yangon, Myanmar. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1283-1283.
Briefs
  • Delhi Pediatric Study Group, AIIMS; Grewal, Harleen; Kabra, Sushil Kabra; Lodha, Rakesh. 2014. Childhood TB:evidence generated at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India over the last 5 years.

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