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Martino Marisaldi

Associate Professor

High-energy atmospheric physics

Research on Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes, gamma-ray glows, and related high-energy atmospheric phenomena.

The main questions we want to answer:

  • how are TGFs produced?
  • what is the relation between the lightning process and TGF production?
  • do TGFs and related phenomena have any impact on atmospheric chemistry and dynamics?

The tools we use:

  • the Atmosphere-Space Interaction Monitor (ASIM) mission onboard the International Space Station (ISS)
  • the AGILE mission
  • dedicated laboratory experiments, flight campaigns, and modeling

Main publications (most recent first)

  1. M. Marisaldi, et al. (2019), On the high-energy spectral component and fine time structure of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes, J. Geophys. Res. (Atmospheres), 124. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD030554 
  2. P. Kochkin, A. P. J. van Deursen, M. Marisaldi, et al. (2017), In-flight observation of gamma ray glows by ILDAS. J. Geophys. Res. (Atmospheres), 122. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027405  
  3. F. Lyu, S. A. Cummer, M. Briggs, M. Marisaldi, et al. (2016), Ground detection of terrestrial gamma ray flashes from distant radio signals, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(16):8728–8734. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL070154 
  4. M. Marisaldi, et al. (2015), Enhanced detection of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes by agile. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(21):9481–9487, https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL066100 
  5. M. Marisaldi, F. Fuschino, M. Tavani, et al. (2014) Properties of terrestrial gamma ray flashes detected by AGILE MCAL below 30 MeV. J. Geophys. Res. (Space Physics), 119:1337–1355, https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JA019301 
  6. F. Fuschino, M. Marisaldi, C Labanti, et al. (2011) High spatial resolution correlation of AGILE TGFs and global lightning activity above the equatorial belt. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38:14806, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GL047817 
  7. M. Tavani, M. Marisaldi, C. Labanti, et al. (2011), Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Flashes as Powerful Particle Accelerators. Physical Review Letters, 106(1):018501, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.018501 
  8. M. Marisaldi, et al. (2010), Gamma-Ray Localization of Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Flashes. Physical Review Letters, 105(12):128501, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.128501 
  9. M. Marisaldi, et al. (2010), Detection of terrestrial gamma ray flashes up to 40 MeV by the AGILE satellite. J. Geophys. Res. (Space Physics), 115:0, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JA014502
  10. C. Labanti, M. Marisaldi, et al. (2009), Design and construction of the Mini-Calorimeter of the AGILE satellite. Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A, 598:470–479, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2008.09.021 
All my publications are listed here 
Academic article
  • Tiberia, Alessandra; Dietrich, Stefano; Porcu, Federico; Marisaldi, Martino; Ursi, Alessandro; Tavani, Marco. 2019. Gamma ray storms: preliminary meteorological analysis of AGILE TGFs: Meteorology of AGILE TGF observations. Rendiconti Lincei SCIENZE FISICHE E NATURALI. 1-5.
  • Østgaard, Nikolai; Christian, Hugh J.; Grove, J. Eric; Sarria, David; Mezentsev, Andrey; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Quick, Mason; Al-Nussirat, Samer; Wulf, Eric; Genov, Georgi; Ullaland, Kjetil; Marisaldi, Martino; Yang, Shiming; Blakeslee, Richard J. 2019. Gamma Ray Glow Observations at 20-km Altitude. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Space Physics. 7236-7254.
  • Ursi, Alessandro; Marisaldi, Martino; Tavani, Marco. 2019. Detection of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes with the AGILE/MCAL. Rendiconti Lincei SCIENZE FISICHE E NATURALI. 1-5.
  • Ursi, Alessandro; Marisaldi, Martino; Dietrich, Stefano; Tavani, Marco; Tiberia, A; Porcu, Federico. 2019. Analysis of Thunderstorms Producing Terrestrial Gamma Ray Flashes With the Meteosat Second Generation. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Space Physics. 12667-12682.
  • Ursi, Alessandro; Tavani, Marco; Verrecchia, Francesco; Marisaldi, Martino; Argan, Andrea; Trois, Alessio; Tempesta, Patrizio. 2019. A New AGILE MCAL Configuration to Detect Gamma-Ray Bursts and Sub-threshold Events in the Multimessenger Era. Astrophysical Journal. 1-12.
  • Tatischeff, Vincent; De Angelis, Alessandro; Tàvani, Marco; Grenier, Isabelle A.; Oberlack, Uwe G.; Hanlon, Lorraine O.; Walter, Roland F.H.; Argan, Andrea; von Ballmoos, Peter; Bulgarelli, Andrea; Donnarumma, Immacolata; Hernanz, Margerita; Kuvvetli, Irfan; Mallamaci, Manuela; Pearce, Mark; Zdziarski, Andrzej A.; Aboudan, Alessio; Ajello, Marco; Ambrosi, Giovanni; Bernard, Denis; Bernardini, Elisa; Bonvicini, Valter; Brogna, Andrea S.; Branchesi, Marica; Budtz-Jørgensen, Carl; Bykov, Andrei M.; Campana, Riccardo; Cardillo, Martina; Ciprini, Stefano; Coppi, Paolo S.; Cumani, Paolo; Curado da Silva, Rui Miguel; De Martino, Domitilla; DIehl, Roland D.; Doro, Michele; Fioretti, Valentina; Funk, Stefan; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Grove, J. Eric; Giordano, Francesco; Hamadache, Clarisse; Hartmann, Dieter H.; Hayashida, Masaaki; Isern, Jordi; Kanbach, Gottfried O.; Kiener, Jürgen K.; Knödlseder, Jürgen; Labanti, Claudio; Laurent, Philippe; Leising, Mark D.; Limousin, Olivier; Longo, Francesco; Mannheim, Karl; Marisaldi, Martino; Martínez, Manuel Lucio; Mazziotta, Mario Nicola; McEnery, Julie E.; Mereghetti, Sandro; Minervini, Gabriele; Moiseev, Alexander A.; Morselli, Aldo; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro; Orleanski, Piotr; Paredes, Josep Maria; Patricelli, Barbara; Peyré, Jean; Piano, Giovanni; Pohl, Martin; Rando, Riccardo; Roncadelli, Marco; Tavecchio, Fabrizio; Thompson, David J.; Turolla, Roberto; Ulyanov, Alexei; Vacchi, Andrea; Wu, Xuefeng; Zoglauer, Andreas C. 2018. The e-ASTROGAM gamma-ray space observatory for the multimessenger astronomy of the 2030s. Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering. 1-15.
  • Amati, Lorenzo; O'Brien, Paul; Gotz, Diego; Bozzo, Enrico; Marisaldi, Martino. 2018. The THESEUS space mission concept: science case, design and expected performances . Advances in Space Research.
  • De Angelis, Alessandro; Tatischeff, Vincent; Grenier, Isabelle A.; McEnery, Julie E.; Mallamaci, Manuela; Tavani, Marco; Oberlack, U.; Hanlon, L.; Walter, R; Argan, Andrea; von Ballmoos, Peter; Bulgarelli, Andrea; Bykov, Andrei M.; Hernanz, Margerita; Kanbach, Gottfried O.; Kuvvetli, Irfan; Pearce, Mark; Zdziarski, A; Conrad, J; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Harding, A; Isern, J.; Leising, Mark D.; Longo, Francesco; Madejski, G.; Martinez, M; Mazziotta, M. N.; Paredes, J.M.; Pohl, M.; Rando, R; Razzano, M; Aboudan, Alessio; Ackermann, Mathias; Addazi, A; Ajello, Marco; Albertus, C; Alvarez, J.M.; Ambrosi, Giovanni; Anton, S.; Antonelli, Lucio Angelo; Babic, Aleksandar; Baibussinov, B.; Balbo, M.; Baldini, L; Balman, S.; Bambi, C.; Bringmann, Torsten; Kersten, Jörn; Strümke, Inga; Van den Abeele, Jeriek Paul; Marisaldi, Martino; Zoglauer, Andreas C. 2018. Science with e-ASTROGAM: A space mission for MeV–GeV gamma-ray astrophysics. Journal of High Energy Astrophysics. 1-106.
  • Cattaneo, PW; Rappoldi, A; Argan, A; Barbiellini, G; Boffelli, F; Bulgarelli, A; Buonomo, B; Cardillo, M; Chen, AW; Cocco, V; Colafrancesco, Sergio; D'Ammando, F; Donnarumma, I; Ferrari, A; Fioretti, V; Foggetta, L; Froysland, T; Fuschino, F; Galli, M; Gianotti, F; Giuliani, A; Longo, F; Lucarelli, F; Marisaldi, Martino; Mazzitelli, G; Morselli, A; Paoletti, F; Parmigiani, N; Pellizzoni, A; Piano, G; Pilia, M; Pittori, C; Prest, M; Pucella, G; Quintieri, L; Sabatini, S; Tavani, M; Trifoglio, M; Trois, A; Valente, P; Vallazza, E; Vercellone, S; Verrecchia, F; Zambra, A. 2018. Calibration of AGILE-GRID with On-ground Data and Monte Carlo Simulations. Astrophysical Journal.
  • Hurley, Kevin C.; Aptekar, Rafail L.; Golenetskii, Sergey V.; Frederiks, Dmitry D.; Svinkin, Dmitry S.; Pal'Shin, Valentin D.; Briggs, Michael S.; Meegan, Charles A.; Connaughton, Valerie; Goldsten, John O.; Boynton, William V.; Fellows, Chuck; Harshman, Karl; Mitrofanov, Igor G.; Golovin, Dmitry V.; Kozyrev, Andrey S.; Litvak, Maxim L.; Sanin, Anton B.; Rau, Arne; von Kienlin, Andreas; Zhang, Xiaoling; Yamaoka, Kazutaka; Fukazawa, Yasushi; Ohno, Masanori; Tashiro, Makoto; Terada, Yikikatsu; Barthelmy, Scott D.; Cline, Thomas L.; Gehrels, Neil C.; Cummings, Jay R.; Krimm, Hans A.; Smith, David M.; Del Monte, Ettore E.L.; Feroci, Marco; Marisaldi, Martino. 2017. The interplanetary network supplement to the Second Fermi GBM catalog of cosmic gamma-ray bursts. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 1-7.
  • De Angelis, A; Tatischeff, V; Tavani, M; Oberlack, U; Grenier, I; Hanloni, L; Walter, R; Argan, A; Von Ballmoos, P; Bulgarelli, A; Marisaldi, Martino. 2017. The e-ASTROGAM mission Exploring the extreme Universe with gamma rays in the MeV - GeV range. Experimental astronomy (Print).
  • Ursi, Alessandro; Guidorzi, Cristiano; Marisaldi, Martino; Sarria, David; Frontera, Filippo. 2017. Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes in the BeppoSAX data archive. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 50-56.
  • Kochkin, Pavlo; van Deursen, A.P.J.; Marisaldi, Martino; Ursi, A; de Boer, Alte; Bardet, Michiel; Allasia, Cedric; Boissin, J.-F.; Flourens, Franck; Østgaard, Nikolai. 2017. In-Flight Observation of Gamma Ray Glows by ILDAS. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Atmospheres.
  • Ursi, A; Marisaldi, Martino; Tavani, Marco; Sano, P; Casella, D; Dietrich, S. 2017. Detection of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes with the AGILE satellite. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.
  • Verrecchia, Francesco; Tavani, Marco; Ursi, Alessandro; Argan, Andrea; Pittori, Carlotta; Donnarumma, Immacolata; Bulgarelli, Andrea; Fuschino, Fabio; Labanti, Claudio; Marisaldi, Martino; Evangelista, Yuri; Minervini, Gabriele; Giuliani, Andrea; Cardillo, Marcel; Longo, Francesco; Lucarelli, Franco; Munar-Adrover, Pere; Piano, Giovanni; Pilia, Maura; Fioretti, Valentina; Parmiggiani, Nicolò; Trois, Alessio; Del Monte, Ettore E.L.; Antonelli, Lucio Angelo; Barbiellini, Guido; Caraveo, Patrizia A.; Cattaneo, Paolo Walter; Colafrancesco, Sergio; Costa, Enrico; D'amico, Fabio; Feroci, Marco; Ferrari, Attilio; Morselli, Aldo; Pacciani, Luigi; Paoletti, Flavio; Pellizzoni, Alberto; Picozza, Piergiorgio; Rappoldi, Andrea; Vercellone, Stefano. 2017. AGILE observations of the gravitational-wave source GW170104. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 1-7.
  • Verrecchia, F.; Tavani, M; Donnarumma, I.; Bulgarelli, A; Evangelista, Y; Pacciani, L; Ursi, A; Piano, G; Pilia, M; Cardillo, M; Parmiggiani, N; Giuliani, A; Pittori, C; Longo, F; Lucarelli, F; Minervini, G; Feroci, M; Argan, A; Fuschino, F; Labanti, C; Marisaldi, Martino; Fioretti, V; Trois, A; Del Monte, E; Antonelli, LA; Barbiellini, G; Caraveo, P; Cattaneo, PW; Colafrancesco, S; Costa, E; D'Amico, F; Ferrari, A; Giommi, P; Morselli, A; Paoletti, F; Pellizzoni, A; Picozza, P; Rappoldi, A; Soffitta, P; Vercellone, S; Baroncelli, L; Zollino, G. 2017. AGILE Observations of the Gravitational-wave Source GW170817: Constraining Gamma-Ray Emission from an NS-NS Coalescence. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 1-9.
  • Ursi, A; Sano, P; Casella, D; Marisaldi, Martino; Dietrich, S; Tavani, M. 2017. A pipeline to link meteorological information and TGFs detected by AGILE. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Space Physics. 2300-2309.
  • Østgaard, Nikolai; Carlson, Brant Edward; Nisi, Ragnhild Schrøder; Gjesteland, Thomas; Grøndahl, Øyvind; Skeltved, Alexander Broberg; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Mezentsev, Andrey; Marisaldi, Martino; Kochkin, Pavlo. 2016. Relativistic electrons from sparks in the laboratory. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Biogeosciences. 2939-2954.
  • Mezentsev, Andrey; Østgaard, Nikolai; Gjesteland, Thomas; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Marisaldi, Martino; Smith, David; Cummer, Steven. 2016. Radio emissions from double RHESSI TGFs. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Biogeosciences. 8006-8022.
  • Lyu, Fanchao; Cummer, Steven A.; Briggs, Michael; Marisaldi, Martino; Blakeslee, Richard J.; Bruning, Eric; Wilson, Jennifer G.; Rison, William; Krehbiel, Paul; Lu, Gaopeng; Cramer, Eric; Fitzpatrick, Gerard; Mailyan, Bagrat; McBreen, Sheila; Roberts, Oliver J.; Stanbro, Matthew. 2016. Ground detection of terrestrial gamma ray flashes from distant radio signals. Geophysical Research Letters. 8728-8734.
  • Ursi, A; Marisaldi, Martino; Tavani, M; Casella, D; Sano, P; Dietrich, S. 2016. Detection of multiple terrestrial gamma-ray flashes from thunderstorm systems. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Biogeosciences. 11,302-11,315.
  • Gjesteland, Thomas; Østgaard, Nikolai; Laviola, Sante; Miglietta, Mario Marcelli; Arnone, Enrico; Marisaldi, Martino; Fuschino, Fabio; Collier, Andrew B.; Fabrõ, Ferran; Montanyà, Joan. 2015. Observation of intrinsically bright terrestrial gamma ray flashes from the Mediterranean basin. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Atmospheres. 12143-12156.
  • Marisaldi, Martino; Argan, Andrea; Ursi, Alessandro; Gjesteland, Thomas; Fuschino, Fabio; Labanti, Claudio; Galli, Marcello; Tavani, Marco; Pittori, Carlotta; Verrecchia, Francesco; D'amico, Fabio; Østgaard, Nikolai; Mereghetti, Sandro; Campana, Riccardo; Cattaneo, Paolo Walter; Bulgarelli, Andrea; Colafrancesco, Sergio; Dietrich, Stefano; Longo, Francesco; Gianotti, Fulvio; Giommi, Paolo; Rappoldi, Andrea; Trifoglio, Massimo; Trois, Alessio. 2015. Enhanced detection of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes by AGILE. Geophysical Research Letters. 9481-9487.
  • Fabró, Ferran; Montanyà, Joan; Marisaldi, Martino; van der Velde, Oscar A.; Fuschino, Fabio. 2015. Analysis of global Terrestrial Gamma Ray Flashes distribution and special focus on AGILE detections over South America. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 10-20.
  • Marisaldi, Martino; Fuschino, Fabio; Tàvani, Marco; Dietrich, Stefano; Price, Colin G.; Galli, Marcello; Pittori, Carlotta; Verrecchia, Francesco; Mereghetti, Sandro; Cattaneo, Paolo Walter; Colafrancesco, Sergio; Argan, Andrea; Labanti, Claudio; Longo, Francesco; Del Monte, Ettore D.; Barbiellini, Guido; Giuliani, Andrea; Bulgarelli, Andrea; Campana, Riccardo; Chen, Andrew; Gianotti, Fulvio; Giommi, Pablo; Lazzarotto, Francesco; Morselli, Aldo; Rapisarda, Massimo; Rappoldi, Andrea; Trifoglio, Massimo; Trois, Alessio; Vercellone, Stefano. 2014. Properties of terrestrial gamma ray flashes detected by AGILE MCAL below 30 MeV. Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Biogeosciences. 1337-1355.
Lecture
  • Mezentsev, Andrey; Østgaard, Nikolai; Gjesteland, Thomas; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Marisaldi, Martino; Smith, David; Cummer, Steven A. 2016. Radio emissions from double RHESSI TGFs.
Academic lecture
  • Østgaard, Nikolai; Marisaldi, Martino; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Mezentsev, Andrey; Skeltved, Alexander Broberg. 2017. A Synergic Approach to the Study of TGFs and Energetic Radiation from Thunderstorms.
  • Gjesteland, Thomas; Østgaard, Nikolai; Marisaldi, Martino; Briggs, M. S.; Smith, David M. 2016. Stereo Observations of Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes.
  • Gjesteland, Thomas; Østgaard, Nikolai; Marisaldi, Martino; fuschino, f; arnona, e; laviola, s. 2013. Unusual bright TGF from low cloud tops over the Mediterranean sea.
  • Gjesteland, Thomas; Østgaard, Nikolai; Marisaldi, Martino; Fabio, Fushino; Sante, Laviola; Collier, Andrew B. 2013. Terrestrial Gamma ray Flashes observed over low clod tops.
Poster
  • Marisaldi, Martino; Galli, M; Ursi, A; Tavani, M; Labanti, C; Fuschino, F; Østgaard, Nikolai; Cummer, Steven A.; Lyu, Fanchao. 2017. On the high-energy spectral component of TGFs detected by AGILE.
  • Østgaard, Nikolai; Marisaldi, Martino; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Mezentsev, Andrey; Skeltved, Alexander Broberg; Albrechtsen, Kjetil. 2017. How should we define terrestrial gamma-ray flashes?
  • Østgaard, Nikolai; Christian, Hugh J.; Grove, Eric; Quick, Mason; Al-Nussirat, Samer; Wulf, Eric; Genov, Georgi; Ullaland, Kjetil; Kochkin, Pavlo; Marisaldi, Martino; Sarria, David; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Mezentsev, Andrey. 2017. Gamma-ray observations at 20 km altitude above thunderstorms.
  • Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Østgaard, Nikolai; Marisaldi, Martino; Gjesteland, Thomas; Berge, Nini. 2017. Estimating the global production rate of TGFs.
  • Marisaldi, Martino; Østgaard, Nikolai; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Carlson, Brant; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Mezentsev, Andrey; Skeltved, Alexander Broberg. 2017. A Synergic Approach to the Study of TGFs and Energetic Radiation from Thunderstorms.
  • Mezentsev, Andrey; Østgaard, Nikolai; Gjesteland, Thomas; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Marisaldi, Martino; Smith, David; Cummer, Steven A. 2016. Radio emissions from RHESSI TGFs.

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