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Gunnar Håland's picture

Gunnar Håland

Professor Emeritus

Håland has for decades been concerned with questions pertaining to human ecology within an anthropological and historical framework. He has undertaken a range of lengthy fieldworks in East Africa (e.g. Sudan and Ethiopia) and in Asia (e.g. Nepal, Bangladesh, Thailand and China).

Academic article
  • Show author(s) 2011. Reflections on the Cultural Background to China's Reaction to the Nobel Prize Award. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 81-100.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Reflections on Contrasting Views on Themes in Chinese Civilization. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 1-20.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Cultural landscape and migration. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 99-110.
  • Show author(s) 2009. From House structure to Gender relations: Exploring the Na (Mosuo) of Yunnan Province, China. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 19-40.
  • Show author(s) 2007. God of war, worldly ruler, and craft specialists in the Meroitic Kingdom of Sudan: Inferring social identity from material remains. Journal of Social Archaeology. 372-392.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Globalization of Interaction Systems and the Culture in Ethnicity. International Journal of Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations. 8 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Ethnicity and Migration: Exploring Casual and Semiotic Contexts of Nepalese Migrants in Southeast Asia. Journal of South-central University for Nationalities. 29-34.
  • Show author(s) 2006. The Dafur Conflict in evolving Politico-economic and socio-cultural contexts. International Journal of Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations. 9 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Furnace and Pot: why the iron smelter is a big pot maker. A case study from South.Western Ethiopia. Azania. 146-165.
  • Show author(s) 2002. The Social Life of Iron: A Cross-Cultural Study of Technological; Symbolic, and Social Aspects of Iron Making. Anthropos: Internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde. 35-54.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Social Life of Iron. Anthropos: Internationale Zeitschrift für Völker- und Sprachenkunde. 35-54.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Ethno-archaeological Research on Iron smelting in South-west Ethiopia. Nyame Akuma.
  • Show author(s) 1999. Beer, Blood and Mother`s Milk. Notes and Records..
  • Show author(s) 1997. Beer, Blood and Mother's Milk: The symbolic context of economic behaviour in the society. Sudan Notes and Records.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Levels of Meaning in Symbolic Objects. Cambridge Archaeological Journal.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Levels Meaning in Symbolic Objects. Cambridge Archaeological Journal.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Who speaks the Goddess' Language. Imagination and Method in Archeological Research. Norwegian Archaeological Review. 17.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Effects of calprotectin in avridine induced arthritis. APMIS - Journal of Pathologiy, Microbiology and Immunology. 233-240.
Report
  • Show author(s) 1995. Khimti kolo Hydro power Project. .
  • Show author(s) 1994. Khimti Khola Hydroelectric Project - an Evaluation of Socioeconomic consequenses. .
Popular scientific lecture
  • Show author(s) 2008. Åpningstale.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Intercultural Business Encounters.
  • Show author(s) 2003. To what Extent is Fatalism a Factor in Development. Some Critical Comments on Dor Bahadur's book: Fatalism and development.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) 2011. Economic development of minority areas in Yunnan: Some comparative perspectives.
  • Show author(s) 2011. "Moralske normer, statsmakt og rettssystem".
  • Show author(s) 2008. The Tourist Encounter: Commodification of Ethnicity in Yunnan, China.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Rethinking Ethnicity: From Darfur to China and back.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Panel innlegg: Refleksjoner over Barths bidrag tilstudiet av etnisitet.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Tourism and Cultural Change.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Theoretical Perspectives on Globalization.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Studying social exclusion in the Nepali context.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Methodological considerations in the investigation of the interplay between local and global processes.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Globalization of Interaction Systems and the Culture in Ethnicity: Popular Songs and production of Nepali Ethnoscapes in South-East Asia.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Globalization as an empirical phenomenon.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Exploring the interconnection between Cultural Meanings and Social Relations.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Ethnic group and Nationality; State and Minorities.
  • Show author(s) 2006. The Ethiopian Iron Smelter and his World.
  • Show author(s) 2006. The Ethiopian Iron Smelter and his World.
  • Show author(s) 2006. The Ethiopian Iron Smelter and his World.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Male- female among the Na.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Living by Yak on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Living by Yak on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Forms of Capital. Guanxi, renxing, bureaucratic position and material wealth.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Ethnic Identity and the Culture in Ethnicity.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Case studies of ethnicity in Western Yunnan.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Anthropological perspectives on the State and Ethnicity in Yunnan.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Anthropological perspectives on ethnic processes.
  • Show author(s) 2006. A Society without husbands and without fathers.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Ethiopian iron Smelter and his World.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Ethiopian Iron Smelter and his World.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Darfur Conflict in Evolving Socio-cuøltural and Politico-economic Contexts.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Managing the Managers.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Ethnicity and Migration.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Caste: Sociological Conceptualisation and Archaeolgical Documentation.
  • Show author(s) 2004. The Ethiopian iron smelter and his world.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Globalization of Interaction Systems and the Culture in Ethnicity.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Furnace and Pot; Why the iron smelter is a big pot maker.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Caste and Craft spesialization among Ironworkers in SW Ethiopia.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Symbols of identity and belongings.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Personalization of formal relations: Homo Reciprocans and Homo Bureaucraticus.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Nature, Culture and Society.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Hvordan vi kan kvalitetssikre Norads stipendieprogram slik at det gir prioritert og relevant kompetanse som virker effektivt mot fattigdommen i sør.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Furnace and pot. Why the Dawro Iron-smelter is a big Pot-maker.
  • Show author(s) 2000. " Furnace and Pot: why is the Wollaita iron smelter a big pot maker?".
Short communication
  • Show author(s) 2008. knut odner 1924 - 2008. Viking. 2007-2010.
Non-fiction book
  • Show author(s) 2000. I begynnelsen. Aschehougs forlag.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Aschehougs Verdens Historie Bind I. Aschehougs Forlag.
  • Show author(s) 2000. Aschehougs Verdens Historie Bind I. Aschehougs forlag.
  • Show author(s) 1991. The Ecology of Choice and Symbol. Essays in honour of Fredr ik Barth. Alma Mater, Bergen.
  • Show author(s) 1979. Economic allocations and symboloc structures in a Fur society. xx.
Masters thesis
  • Show author(s) 2010. Rural - Urban Differentiation, Migration and Emerging Educational Inequalities. A Case Study of Left-behind Children in Ganqiu Village, Yunnan.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Sacrifice to Heaven: Ritual Rivaval and Social Change in China, the Case of Naxi.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Herbal Medicine in Lima: The Paradox of its Official Status and Accepted Use.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Yidu, Sexuality, and Social Relationships of the Na.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Monastery and the Village. Continuities and the discontinuities in the Transmission of Culture on Marma Communities of Chittagong Hill Tracts.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Khasi of Bangladesh. Matrilineal Kinship and Marriage System among the Khasis.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Dulong and Their Life. A Preliminary Study on Social Organization of the Dulong in the Chinese Ethno-political Context.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Spiritual Healing and Modernity in Kathmandu. A Study of some Popular Sects of Healing for both Physical and non-Physical reasons in Kathmandu.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Spatial structures and Rites de Passage. Exploring socio-cultural contexts of legal procedures among the Tripura of Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT).
  • Show author(s) 2005. Nurturing identity and national consciousness outside a national setting. The case of Ormo refugees.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Negotiation with State Discourse. An Ethnographic Case Study of Healing Practices in Dali, Southwest China.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Mongol, Han or Erliiz (hybrid). Culture, Way of Life, and Ethnic Identity in Inner Mongolia.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Jat and Izzat in Panchbhaiya. A Study of the Relationships Between High and Low Castes in Western Nepal.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Individuals, Households, Associations and Community. Resources Management in Tupe, an Andean Community in the Peruvian Andes.
  • Show author(s) 2005. From the Mountains to the Cities. Female Migration on Mount Jinuoshan in South Western China.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Conflict and Boundary. The Case of the Karrayu Oromo of the Upper Awash Valley, Ethiopia.
  • Show author(s) 2005. An Account of the Multiple Roles of Alcohol among the Limbus in Eastern Nepal.
Feature article
  • Show author(s) 1995. Fjærn og Nær, anmeldelse. Fjærn og Nær.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Show author(s) 2008. Moral Debt Which Cannot Be Returned: The Predicament of the Moderen Chinese Bureaucrat.
Interview
  • Show author(s) 2004. konflikten i Darfur.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Tragedie med komplisert forhistorie.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Mosûo: Morsrett og kvinnemakt i Sør-kina.
Documentary
  • Show author(s) 2005. Utenfor Eden- Fruktbar balanse.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Utenfor Eden (drømmen om Edens hage.
Programme participation
  • Show author(s) 2005. Utenfor Eden (fruktbar balanse).
  • Show author(s) 2005. Utenfor Eden (Drømmen om Edens Hage.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Utenfor Eden (Av Jord).
  • Show author(s) 2001. Mordet på Nepal`s kongelige familie.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) 2017. Prehistoric Figurines in Sudan. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2013. Early Farming Societies Along the Nile.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Samfunn: En prosessforståelse. 32 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2012. Event Focused Fieldwork and Comparative Methodology. Exploring Ethnic Boundaries and Cultural Variation. 34 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Landscape. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2010. Tourism and Commodification of Ethnicity under Communist Rule. Cases from Yunnan, China. 18 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Pastoral People in a Globalizing world. 18 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Explaining causes in evolving contexts: From Nepali hill Farmers to Business Managers in Thailand. 23 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2008. Craft specialization, cast identites and political centralisation. 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Smelting iron. Caste and its symbolism in South-Western Ethiopia. 12 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Forword.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Culture, Society and Nature - Reflections on some Contributions from the Arun Project. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Foreword. 2 pages.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Foreword.
Encyclopedia article
  • Show author(s) 2001. Thor Heyerdahl. 269-273. In:
    • Show author(s) 2001. Norsk Biografisk Leksikon, Bind IV. IV.
Digital learning tools
  • Show author(s) 2004. The Ethiopian Iron Smelter and his World.
Internet exhibition
  • Show author(s) 2013. Darfur before: Technologies, Symbolisms and Multiple Identities.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Selected publications
[forthcoming] Rethinking Ethnicity: From Darfur to China and back. Khartoum.

[forthcoming, with Randi Haaland] Early Farming societies along the Nile. Oxford: Oxford University press.

2012 Samfunn: En prosessforståelse, in Kenneth Dahlgren and Hans Erik Næss (eds) Tanker om samfunn. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, pp. 33-64,

2012 Event Focused Fieldwork and Comparative Methodology. Exploring Ethnic Boundaries and Cultural Variation, in Loshini Naidoo (ed.) An Ethnography of Global Landscapes and Corridors. Rijeka: Intech publishers, pp. 23-56.

2011 [with Randi Haaland] Landscape, in Tim Insoll (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 24-37.

2011 Reflections on the Cultural Background to China's Reaction to the Nobel Prize Award. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 5: 81-100.

2010 Tourism and Commodification of Ethnicity, in Nefissa Naguib and Bert de Vries (eds) Movements of people in time and space : heureux qui comme Ulysses a fait un beau voyage. Bergen: Bric.

2010 Cultural landscape and Migration. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 4:99-110.

2010 Reflections on Contrasting Views on Themes in Chinese Civilization. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 4:1-20.

2009. [with Wu Yunchuan] From House structure to gender relations. Exploring the Na (Mosuo) of Yunnan Province. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology (Annapurna, Baglung), 3: 19-40.

2009. Pastoral people in a globalizing world?, in Alexandros Tsakos and Henriette Hafsaas-Tsakos (eds) Connecting South and North. Sudan Studies from Bergen in Honour of Mahmoud Salih. Bergen: Bric, pp. 97-114.

2008. Explaining causes in evolving contexts: From Nepali hill Farmers to Business Managers in Thailand, in Bradley Walters, Bonnie J. McCay, Paige West and Susan Lees (eds.) Against the Grain. The Vayda Tradition in Human Ecology and Ecological Anthropology. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, pp. 43-66.

2008. [with Randi Haaland] Craft specialization, cast identites and political centralisation, in K. Chilidis, J. Lund and C. Prescott (eds.) Facets of archeology. Essays in honour of Lotte Hedeager on her 60th birthday, Oslo: Unipub, pp. 155-169.

2007. Ethnicity and Migration: Exploring Casual and Semiotic Contexts of Nepalese Migrants in Southeast Asia. Journal of South-central University for Nationalities, 2: 29-34.

2007. [with Randi Haaland] God of war, worldly ruler, and craft specialists in the Meroitic Kingdom of Sudan. Journal of Social Archaeology, 7(3): 372-93.

2007. [with Poonam Gurung] Globalization of Interaction Systems and the Culture in Ethnicity. The International Journal of Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations, 7(3): 77-84.

2006. The Darfur Conflict in Evolving Politico-economic and Socio-cultural Contexts. The International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, 6(5).

2004. [with Randi Haaland and Data Dea] Smelting iron. Caste and its symbolism in South-western Ethiopia, in Tim Insoll (ed.) Beliefs in the Past. British Archaeological reports. Oxford: Archaeopress, pp. 75-86.

2004. [with Randi Haaland and Data Dea] Furnace and Pot: why the iron smelter is a big pot maker A case study from South-western Ethiopia. Azania, XXXIX: 146-165.

2002. Foreword, in R. Chaudhary, B.P. Subedi and O.R. Vetaas (eds) Vegetation and Society: Their Interaction in the Himalayas. Bergen og Katmandu: University of Bergen and Tribhuvan University, pp. 191-200.

2002. [with Randi Haaland and Suman Rijal] The Social Life of Iron. Anthropos, 97: 35-54.

2002. Culture, Society and Nature. Reflections on some Contributions from the Arun Project, in R. Chaudhary, B.P. Subedi and O.R. Vetaas (eds.) Vegetation and Society: Their Interaction in the Himalayas. Bergen: University of Bergen, pp. 191-200.

2002. Thor Heyerdahl, article in Norsk Biografisk Leksikon. Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget, pp. 269-273.

2000 [1982] [with Randi Haaland] I begynnelsen [In the beginning]. Vol. 1 i Aschehougs verdenshistorie. Oslo: Aschehoug.

2000. [with Randi Haaland and Data Dea] Ethno-Arcaeological Reasearch on Iron Smelting in Woleita South west Ethiopia. Nyamekuma, December 2000.

1998. Beer, Blood and Mother’s Milk. Sudan Notes and Records, 2: 53-75. 

1996. [with Randi Haaland] Levels of meaning in Symbolic Objects. Cambridge Journal of Archaeology, 6(2): 295-300.

1995. [with Randi Haaland] Who Speaks the Goddess's Language? Norwegian Archaeological Review, 28(2).

1993. Økologiske perspektiver i sosialantropologien [Ecological perspectives in Social Anthropology], in A. Semb-Johansson, J. Lund Hansen and I. Mysterud (eds) Bred Økologi. Oslo: Cappelen Forlag.

1991. Cultural Content and Ethnic Identity, in R. Grønhaug, G. Haaland and G. Henriksen (eds) The Ecology of Choice and Symbol. Bergen: Alma Mater.

 1991. Introduction, in R. Grønhaug, G. Haaland and G. Henriksen (eds) The Ecology of Choice and Symbol. Bergen: Alma Mater.

1991. Systems of Agricultural Production in Western Sudan, in J. Craig (re.) The Agriculture of the Sudan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

1991. Pastorale samfunn og utnyttelsen av fellesresurser [Pastoral Communities and Exploitation of Common Resources], in Stenseth, Tranden and Kristiansen (eds) Forvaltningen av våre fellessresurser. Oslo: Ad Notam forlag.

1990. Fattigdom, bistand og bærekraftig utvikling [Poverty, Aid and Sustainable Development]. Proceedings from the Association of
Development Researchers in Denmark.

1990. Aid and Sustainable Development in a Dual Economy. Forum for utviklingsstudier, 1.

1990. Øl og morsmelk. Symbol, moral og valg i Fur-samfunnet [Beer and Mother's Milk. Symbol, moral and choice in Fur society]. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift, 1: 3-15.

1987. Centralized Political Systems and the Evolution of Socio-economic Dualism in the Maldives. Journal of Social Studies, 38. Dhaka.

1985-1986. The Global Context of Economic and Political Development in South Yemen, I & II. Journal of Social Studies, no. 28 & 32. Dhaka.

1984 [med W. Keddeman] Poverty Analysis: The Somali Case. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 32(4).

1984. The Jellaba Trading System of Eastern Equatoria, i L. Manger (ed.) Trade and Traders in the Sudan. Occasional Papers in Social Anthropology. No 32. Bergen: University of Bergen.

1984. Fur, in R. Weekes (ed.) Muslim Peoples. Westport: Greenwood Press.

1983. Dualistic Development: Issues for Aid Policy, in J. Parkinson (ed.) Poverty and Aid. London: Blackwell.

1980. Problems of Savannah Development: The Sudan Case. Occasional Papers No 19. Bergen: Dept. of social anthropology, University of Bergen.

1979 [with McCown and deHaan] Interaction between Cultivation and Livestock Production in Semi-arid Africa, in A. Hall, G.H. Cannell and H.W. Lawton (eds.) Agriculture in semi-arid Environments. Ecological Studies No 34. Berlin: Springer Verlag.

1978. Ethnic Groups and Language Use in Darfur, in R. Thelwell (ed.) Aspects of Language in the Sudan. Occasional Papers in Linguistics and Language Learning. No 5. Belfast: The New University of Ulster.

1978. Pastoral Development Programs and Anthropological Information Feedback, in East African Pastoralism. Addis Ababa: ILCA.

1977. Pastoral Systems of Production, in O'Keefe and B. Wisner (eds) Landuse and Development. London: International African Institute.

1975. Some Economic and Ecological Implications of Traditional Systems of Livestock Management. Antropologiska Studier, 15. Stockholm.

1974. [with Georg Henriksen] Teknikk og sult i Afrika [Technology and Starvation in Africa]. [kronikk] Dagbladet 26.08.74.

1972. Nomadization as an Economic Career among Sedentaries in the Sudan Savanna Belt, in I. Cunnison and W. James (eds.) Essays in Sudan Ethnography. London: C Hurst & Company.

1971. Familieliv i et afrikansk stammesamfunn. [Family Life in an African Tribal Community] in F. Barth (ed.) Mennesket som samfunnsborger. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

1969. Economic Determinants in Ethnic Processes, in F. Barth (ed.) Ethnic Groups and Boundaries. Oslo: Norwegian University Press.

1967. Methodological Considerations, in F. Barth (ed.) Human Resources. Report submitted to FAO. Published as Occasional Paper No 1. Bergen: Dept. of social anthropology, Universitety of Bergen.

1964. Økonomisk vekst og sosial forandring [Economic Growth and Social Change]. Statsøkonomisk Tidsskrift, 4.

Ongoing

-Globalization of Interaction Systems and Ethnic Identity

-Himalayan farmings (co-operation Tor Halfdan Aaase, UiB)

-Poverty traps in industries with low knowledge- and investment barriers
(co-operation with Magnus Hatlebakk, CMI)


Recently completed
Social exclusion, democratic inclusion and the insurgency in Nepal (with  Magnus Hatlebakk, CMI)

Regional focus: Africa, Asia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Nepal, Bangladesh, China and Thailand

Thematic focus: Human ecology, economical anthropology, ethnic identity, cultural history

Mag.art