Performing procedures in animals (Function A)
Here you will find information about what is required in the practical training part, and how this must be documented. - see attached document below as an example. There are also som links to tips for refinement of practical skills and training without use of live animals (replacement)
Who needs training?
The new EU directive 2010/63 which was implemented in norwegian regulation summer 2015, introduced new classifications of personnel working with laboratory animals. Requirements for technical skills apply only to those who will perform procedures on animals.
Persons planning lab animal projects, but do not themselves perform procedures, must know these procedures and what impact they have on the animals, but they do not need to demonstrate that they have mastered them in practice.
Practical training must be directed towards the species and procedures you plan to work with.
The aim of practical training is to achieve knowledge, skills, experience and attitudes necessary to handle the animal with as little discomfort to the animal as possible, and thereby both prevent trauma for the animal and unwanted variation in research results.
- If you are a beginner practical training should be as close to project startup as possible so you have your practical skills fresh in mind and fingers.
- If you are experienced, you need to document that you are maintain your skills.
- An example of a documentation of practical skills can be downloaded here on the bottom of this webpage.
- An example of how you can build you CV for continuous training and education and training is available here.
The EU Commission has prepared a framework for the training of laboratory personnel adapted EU Directive 2010/63 which you can download here.
Minimum demands for everyone working in the Animal facility
Everyone working in the animal facility must master the following
- Safe handling of animals
- Recomnise pain and distress in animals
- Humane killing of animals
- Hygiene procedures and use of personal protective equipment
How much training is necessary depends on the complexity of procedures and your ability to master those. A supervisor must document that you master procedures as such a level that you don’t cause unnecessary stress for the animals or anything that can bias the results of the experiments. In case you are using special equipment you also have to document that you can operate it properly.
The requirement for practical training is outcome based, which means that the length of training is not relevntt, regardless of whether it takes you a day or 3 months. What is important, is that the candidate can show that he/she is mastering the techniques and procedures that will be used in the project at a certain level.
Common techniques and procedures
The most common techniques that you need to master are:
- Lift and hold animals
- Restrain techniques
- Injection Techniques
- Blood sampling
- Minimal invasive procedures without anesthesia
- invasive procedures without anesthesia
- Surgical principles
You have to demonstrate that you master relevant techniques and procedures in the species you are going to work with.
Practical training in rodents offered at Dyreavdelingen
Practical training in rodents offered at Dyreavdelingen-UiB in small groups include
- Handling rodents
- Restrain of rodents
- Blood sampling in rodents
- Injection techniques in rodent (im, ip, iv, sc) in rodents
- Euthanasia of rodents
- Sexing of rodents
- Dress code in the animal facility
- Anesthesia – safety check of equipment
- Preparation for sterile surgery
- Training using alternative methods to animals
Other training needs
Other, more specialized training must be achieved through the research group or on external courses
How to document your competence
Your tutor(s) must fill in a form to document your practical training.
The documentation might also be in the form of a letter from the training tutor, describing what techniques you have learned and on what species, confirming that you have mastered the techniques.
The course certificates from the LAS-courses will only document the theoretical training you have undergone, so you must keep the original of the practical training document together with the course diplomas to have the complete set. You need to show these to the lab animal facility in order to get access to the facility, or to participate in a lab animal project.
An example of a documentation of practical skills can be downloaded here on the bottom of this webpage
An example of how you can build you CV for continuous training and education and training is available here