Bergen Summer Research School

Mental Health and Child Development in Societies of Change

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Course leader: Ingunn Marie S. Engebretsen
Professor, Centre for International Health, UiB

This methodological multi-disciplinary course will have mental health in focus. Its research perspective primarily addresses: global health policies on mental health; health system integration strategies; mental health and culture (including bold exposures and risk factors such as forced migration); dealing with extreme burdens (such as war, crime, deprivation, undernutrition and abuse); alcohol and drugs; and child development.

Please refer to the BSRS programme for common BSRS sessions

Course programme

Please refer to the common BSRS programme for the Monday morning programme

Monday 12 June
13:30 – 14:00 Introduction to course topic: “Mental Health and Child Development in Societies of Change”
Professor Ingunn Engebretsen (UiB)

14:00-15:00 Introduction lecture: "Measurements of Mental Health in low to middle income countries"
Ingrid Kvestad (Uni Research)

15:30-16:15 Introduction lecture: “The role of (mental) health in international institutions and globalizing societies”
Melf Kühl PhD Candidate (UiB)

16:15-16:30 Course Logistics, Students Groups, Logistics
Professor Ingunn Engebretsen (UiB) and Melf Kühl (UiB)

Tuesday 13 June
09:00 – 10:30 “Recognition and identification of ADHD and ASD and associated problems”
Adjunct Professor Maj-Britt Posserud (UiB)

11:00-12:30 “Researching mental health in children in LICs with a focus on vulnerable groups”
Researcher Esperance Kashala Abotnes (UiB)

Wednesday 14 June

NOTE: All Wednesday sessions will be taught at Haukeland Hospital and CiH, UiB

09:00-10:30 Research Workshop at Medical Library, Haukeland SH: Systematic Review
Higher Executive Officer Hilde Wedwich

11:00-12:30 Students’ introductory presentations based on essays
Professor Andrea Sylvia Winkler (UiO), Ingrid Kvestad (Uni Research) and Melf Kühl (UiB)

13:30-15:00 “Preventive Mental Health Programs incl. ICDP. Experiences from Africa and work among Migrants in Norway using knowledge based medicine”
Patrick O'Loughlin

15:30 – 17:00 “Severe mental health disorders in a global health perspective:  Early risk factors and warnings signals with focus on intervention programs”
Professor Ketil Ødegaard (UiB)

Thursday 15 June
09:00-12:30 (incl. breaks) “Neurology, harmful exposures on the brain in LMICs: epidemiology, detection, preventive measures and interventions” (title tbc)
Andrea Sylvia Winkler and Ingunn Engebretsen

13:30-14:00 “An example for cross-cultural mental health research: qualitative research methods to assess differences in the clinical management of bipolar disorder”
Christine Ødegaard

14:00-15:00 Group Work
Professor Ingunn Engebretsen (UiB) and Melf Kühl (UiB)

Friday 16 June
09:00-10:30 “Culture, Migration and Mental Health: an Overview”
Professor Gro Sandal (UiB),  Professor David Sam (UiB) and U.S.-based colleagues

11:00-12:30 “Culture, Migration and Mental Health: Health seeking behaviour in different cultures”
Professor Gro Sandal (UiB),  Professor David Sam (UiB) and U.S.-based colleagues

13:30-15:00 “Culture, Migration and Mental Health: Mental health treatment in different groups and different traumas”
Professor Gro Sandal (UiB),  Professor David Sam (UiB) and U.S.-based colleagues

15:30 - 17:00 “International research progress on and research tools assessing Alcohol, illegal drugs and substance (ab)use”
Kjell Arne Johannson (UiB and AFR), (60 min. lecture, 30 min. discussion)

Monday 19 June
09:00-10:30 “Health system integration strategies”
Professor Ingunn Engebretsen

11:00-12:30 Group presentations
Professor Ingunn Engebretsen (UiB) and Melf Kühl (UiB)
(schedule tbd)

Please refer to the BSRS programme for common BSRS sessions

Course literature

Chan, M., Lake, A., & Hansen, K. (2017). The early years: silent emergency or unique opportunity? The Lancet, 389(10064), 11–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31701-9

Crowe, M., Inder, M., & Porter, R. (2015). Conducting qualitative research in mental health: Thematic and content analyses. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 49(7), 616–623. https://doi.org/10.1177/0004867415582053

Daelmans, B., Darmstadt, G. L., Lombardi, J., Black, M. M., Britto, P. R., Lye, S., … Richter, L. M. (2017). Early childhood development: the foundation of sustainable development. The Lancet, 389(10064), 9–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31659-2

Dahlgren, L., Emmelin, M., Winkvist, A., Lindhgren, M., & Umeå universitet. Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin. Epidemiologi. (2007). Qualitative methodology for international public health. Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University.

Dua, T., Tomlinson, M., Tablante, E., Britto, P., Yousfzai, A., Daelmans, B., & Darmstadt, G. L. (2016). Global research priorities to accelerate early child development in the sustainable development era. The Lancet Global Health, 4(12), e887–e889. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30218-2

Kashala, E., Elgen, I., Sommerfelt, K., & Tylleskar, T. (2005). Teacher ratings of mental health among school children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 14(4), 208–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-005-0446-y

Kashala, E., Tylleskar, T., Elgen, I., Kayembe, K. T., & Sommerfelt, K. (2005). Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder among school children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Health Sciences, 5(3), 172–81. https://doi.org/10.5555/afhs.2005.5.3.172

Kvestad, I., Taneja, S., Kumar, T., Bhandari, N., Strand, T. A., & Hysing, M. (2013). The assessment of developmental status using the Ages and Stages questionnaire-3 in nutritional research in north Indian young children. Nutrition Journal, 12(1), 50. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-12-50

Lo, S., Das, P., & Horton, R. (2017). A good start in life will ensure a sustainable future for all. The Lancet, 389(10064), 8–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31774-3

Machel, G. (2017). Good early development—the right of every child. The Lancet, 389(10064), 13–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31700-7

Marquez, P. V, & Saxena, S. (2016). Making Mental Health a Global Priority. Cerebrum : The Dana Forum on Brain Science, 2016. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28058091

Murray-Kolb, L. E., Rasmussen, Z. A., Scharf, R. J., Rasheed, M. A., Svensen, E., Seidman, J. C., … MAL-ED Network Investigators. (2014). The MAL-ED cohort study: methods and lessons learned when assessing early child development and caregiving mediators in infants and young children in 8 low- and middle-income countries. Clinical Infectious Diseases : An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 59 Suppl 4(suppl 4), S261-72. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciu437

Prado, E. L., Hartini, S., Rahmawati, A., Ismayani, E., Hidayati, A., Hikmah, N., … Alcock, K. J. (2010). Test selection, adaptation, and evaluation: A systematic approach to assess nutritional influences on child development in developing countries. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(1), 31–53. https://doi.org/10.1348/000709909X470483

Shonkoff, J. P., Radner, J. M., & Foote, N. (2017). Expanding the evidence base to drive more productive early childhood investment. The Lancet, 389(10064), 14–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31702-0

Tsang, T. W., Elliott, E. J., Popova, S., Lange, S., Probst, C., Gmel, G., … Elliott, E. (2017). High global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome indicates need for urgent action. The Lancet. Global Health, 0(0), 74–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30008-6

Walker, S. P., Wachs, T. D., Gardner, J. M., Lozoff, B., Wasserman, G. A., Pollitt, E., … Cohen, J. (2007). Child development: risk factors for adverse outcomes in developing countries. Lancet (London, England), 369(9556), 145–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60076-2

WHO | Comprehensive mental health action plan 2013–2020. (2015). WHO.

Update is expected