Peter Waage (1833-1900) was a Norwegian chemist, known especially for having developed Guldberg and Waage's law with his brother-in-law Cato M. Guldberg. Guldberg the mathematician did the calculations, while Waage experimented with the speed of chemical reactions. Their law of mass action is really twofold: one part describes the speed of the chemical reaction, the second describes the chemical equilibrium. The equilibrium aspect is what is commonly referred to as Guldberg and Waage's law today.
Waage received the Crown Prince's gold medal for a work on acid radicals as early as 1858, while he was still a student. He was permanently employed as a lecturer at the University of Christiania already at 28 years old. In 1866 he was appointed Professor of chemistry. Waage was a teetotaler, and in the fight for higher taxes on alcohol, he developed a simple method to determine the alcohol content of beer, which he thought would be a factor in taxation. He also developed methods for the industrial manufacture of gunpowder and fishmeal.
The bust is larger than life-like size. The head has an almost monumental effect, gazing out from a high pedestal. The neck rests on a circular base - it extends his neck, and looks almost like the collar of a polo sweater. Waage has a full beard and a neatly combed mane of hair. His eyes look past us, he is solemn, dignified.
Stinius Fredriksen (1902-1977) was a sculptor. His early works in the 1920s were classical, but from the middle of the 1930s he changed to a partly abstract style. In 1934 he made two of the sculptures outside the courthouse in Bergen, Wisdom and Justice, in a simplified, hard style. He worked most of his career at restoring the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, and he developed a personal "Gothic" style in his cathedral sculpture. His colleagues jokingly called him St. Inius. Stinius Fredriksen was chairman of the Visual Artists’ Board in the years 1951-1955. He was appointed Officer of the Order of St. Olav in 1969.
NORA SØRENSEN VAAGE