• E-mailGunnar.Skirbekk@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 28 45
  • Visitor Address
    Parkveien 9
    5007 Bergen
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7805
    5020 BERGEN

On the basis of extensive discussions, i.a. in the philosophy environment at the University of Bergen in the 1960s and 1970s, Gunnar Skirbekk has worked with colleagues at home and abroad to develop a philosophical way of thinking that combines context-pragmatic forms of thought as in the late Wittgenstein, which works with example-based presupposition-analyses, e.g. with so-called "absurdity arguments", and transcendental-pragmatic forms of thought as in Apel and the early Habermas, where one works reflectively with universal preconditions for basic speech-acts, e.g. in scientific research and serious discussions. Cp. the anthology Die pragmatische Wende: Sprachspielpragmatik oder Transzendentalpragmatik?, eds. Dietrich Böhler, Tore Nordenstam and Gunnar Skirbekk, Suhrkamp 1986. The way of thinking that Skirbekk defends is often referred to as "transcendental praxeology" or "the praxeology of modernity" (German book title, Praxeologie der Moderne). The point, briefly stated, is a defense of different varieties of situated and binding validity, with a sting both against (postmodernist) relativism and (scientistic) dogmatism. See e.g. his article "Contextual and Universal Pragmatics: Mutual Criticism of Praxeological and Transcendental Pragmatics", in Philosophy beyond Borders. An Anthology of Norwegian Philosophy, eds. Ragnar Fjelland et al., 1997, in Chinese 1999 and revised edition 2016.

Themes and projects

Existentialism: the problem of evil and a search for universally valid principles, in a post-WWII-setting. Nihilisme? Eit ungt menneskes forsøk på å orientere seg, 1958;  Nihilism? A Young Man’s Search for Meaning, 1972. Literary essays in Ord, 1984, and Undringa, 2002.

Praxeology: case-oriented studies of what is necessarily (and most often ‘tacitly’) presupposed in basic human acts of different kinds; early Heidegger versus late Wittgenstein. Praxeology. An Anthology, ed./co-auth., 1983.  

Theory of Truth: first, Heidegger’s theory of truth, in a critical analytic perspective, Dei filosofiske vilkår for sanning, 1966, Truth and Preconditions. An Interpretation of Heidegger’s Theory of Truth, 1970; later, by the pragmatic turn, focusing on arguments in public reasoning and self-reflection, both as to universality and contextuality (in between Apel, Habermas, and late Wittgenstein), e.g. Rationality and Modernity. Essays in Philosophical Pragmatics, 1993; Wahrheitstheorien, ed./co-auth., 1977; “Wahrheit und Begründung. Überlegungen zu epistemischen Begriffen und Praktiken“ in Reflexion und Verantwortung, co-ed./co-auth., 2003.

Transcendental Pragmatics, conceived melioristically, focusing on improvement, in critical self-reflection, public reasoning, and ‘thinking through examples’, e.g. by ‘arguments from absurdity’. Mutual learning-processes and mutual recognition as fallible and reasonable human beings, by discursive will-formation. E.g. Rationality and Modernity. Essays in Philosophical Pragmatics, 1993; Timely Thoughts. Modern Challenges and Philosophical Responses: Contributions to Inter-Cultural Dialogues, 2007; “On the Advantage and Disadvantage of Transcendental Pragmatics for Life. A historical perspective on the late Frankfurt School (Apel, Habermas, Wellmer)”, 2016.

Political theory: neo-marxism, alienation, critique of ideology, Nymarxisme og kritisk dialektikk, 1970; Er ideologiane døde? ed./co-auth., 1970. The notion of a Welfare State under difficult conditions, “The Idea of a Welfare State in a Future Scenario of Great Scarcity”, in The Rationality of the Welfare State, 1996: 28-54; updated version, Ideen om ein velferdsstat under vanskelege vilkår, 2015. The notion of citizenship in modern democracies haunted by multiple and complex crises. Personal autonomy (Mündigkeit) as a regulative idea. E.g. Krise og medansvar (Crisis and co-responsibility), 2016.

Eco-philosophy: Marxism and ecology, “Marxisme et écologie”, Esprit 11/1974, English version in The Greening of Marxism, 1996: 129-136. Science and ecology, “Technological expertise and global ethics in an age of scientization and ecological crisis”, Timely Thoughts, 2007. Capitalism and ecology, The Commercial Ark, co-ed./co-auth., 1992, The Notion of Sustainability, ed./co-auth., 1994, Økonomi, økologi, etikk, 1999. Ethical gradualism, in Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 31/1995; revised English version, “Ethical Gradualism, beyond Anthropocentrism and Biocentrism?” in Environment, Embodiment, and Gender, 2005: 149-177.

Philosophy of the sciences and the humanities: Objektivitetsproblemet i vitskapane, ed./co-auth., 1984. Vit og vitskap, 1998. Vitskapsteori – positive eller kritisk? 2004. “A crisis in the humanities?”, Timely Thoughts, 2007.  At Senter for vitskapsteori (Center for the studies of the sciences and the humanities), when it was established at the University of Bergen in 1987, there was a research project (financed by the Norwegian Research Council) called “Modernitet – differensiering og rasjonalisering” (Modernity – differentiation and rationalization, in a Weberian sense). See next theme:

Theory of Modernization, conceived in terms of development of different scientific/scholarly and practice-based forms of rationality and ‘tacit knowing’ (not merely instrumental rationality, but also interpretive and argumentative rationality), historically situated in decisive actors, institutions, and collective experiences. A focus on general modernization processes, but also on special ones – e.g. in Scandinavia: Multiple Modernities. A Tale of Scandinavian Experiences, 2011 (Norwegian version Norsk og moderne, 2010). These countries are characterized by general trust, rule of law, and a general and generous welfare state – how come? (Cf Francis Fukuyama’s ideal: “getting to Denmark!”) Also, in a modern world: general pathologies and challenges; imbalance between institutions; imbalance between institutions and their cultural preconditions; globalized, technology-based capitalism, with ecological challenges, and mass migration. Also in Krise og medansvar, 2016.

History of Western Thought: A history of philosophy from ancient Greece to the twentieth century, with special emphasis on the history of the sciences and the humanities and on political thinking. English version, A History of Western Thought, 2000, together with Nils Gilje. Available in 17 languages. Norwegian original, Filosofihistorie, first version 1970, 8th edition 2007.

Freedom of expression: its justification and challenges, Vit og vitskap, 1998: 88-128. Member of the Norwegian commission for the revision of § 100 (on freedom of expression) in the Norwegian Constitution (1993-1996). Freedom of expression as a precondition for science and democracy, not merely a “western value”. E.g. “On the normative foundation of the freedom of expression: the same freedom for all expressions?” in I første, andre og tredje person. Festskrift for Audun Øfsti, 1999: 319-326. “Ytringsfridom i ei globalisert verd. Med striden om Muhammed-teikningane friskt i minne: korleis kan vi grunngje rettsprinsippet om ytringsfridom i eit globalisert verdssamfunn? ” Årbok for Det norske videnskaps-akademi 2007:266-282.

Critique of Religion: the problem of evil in monotheism (Judaism, Christianity, Islam) and its theological and practical implications (cf Nihilism? 1958). The inherent need for an open and enlightened critique of religion. The need to avoid unintended blasphemy among strong believers without cultural enlightenment. E.g. Herausforderungen der Moderne aus wissenschaftsphilosophischer Sicht, 2012. Challenges caused by a politicization of religion, without the moderating virtues of cultural enlightenment (be it in the Middle East or the Mid-West); especially in cases of “half-modernization” in terms of modern weaponry and means of communication and premodern mentalities and actions (as in ISIL and Boko Haram). Krise og medansvar, 2016: 67-120.

Crisis in the modern world: The modern world is in crisis, a double crisis, as it were: at the factual level, with various challenges that tend to interact and reinforce each other, and at the epistemic level, where no single science or expertise alone can grasp the complexity of what is going on. In this publication, such basic epistemic challenges are addressed, critically and constructively; and in this perspective four current cases are discussed and assessed, such as the United Nations Agenda 2030 for sustainable development. On this background, some proposals for epistemic and institutional improvements are considered. Cp. Gunnar Skirbekk, Epistemic Challenges in a Modern World.  From “fake news” and “post truth” to underlying epistemic challenges in science-based risk-societies. LIT Verlag, Zeitdiagnose, Zürich 2019.


Derfor må det bli omkamp om arbeidslivsrelevans. Opinion piece in Uniforum, 04.09.2020 (in Norwegian)

Framtidige generasjonar, demokrati og klima. Podcast episode, November, 2020 (in Norwegian)

History of Western Thought.  Enlightenment and Modernization (A History of Western Thought, English version 2001, together with Nils Gilje; by 2015 in 18 languages).


Academic article
  • 2019. "The Idea of a Global History of Philosophy / Chinese translation". Zhexue fenxi. 111-118.
  • 2018. "Processes of Modernization. Scandinavian Experiences". Transcultural Studies. 133-149.
  • 2018. "Language history and the power of symbols". Acta Academiae Regiae Gustavi Adolphi. 141-154.
  • 2018. "Gradualizm etyczny?". Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Linguistica Rossica. 81-108.
  • 2017. "Reflections on Norwegian Philosophy after World War II", translated into Urdu by Dr. Khalid Almas. Journal of Pakistan. 5-17.
  • 2017. "Den argumenterande fornuft, i modernitetsteoretisk perspektiv". Norsk Filosofisk tidsskrift. 57-71.
  • 2015. "Norsk filosofi?". Norsk Filosofisk tidsskrift. 149-160.
  • 2015. "Bruno Latour's anthropology of the moderns. A reply to Maniglier". Radical Philosophy.
  • 2014. "Tanken er fri". Røyst.
  • 2014. "Språkhistorie og symbolmakt". Prosa - tidsskrift for skribenter. 28-35.
  • 2013. Om transcendentalpragmatikkens nytte og ulempe for livet. Norsk Filosofisk tidsskrift. 155-167.
  • 2013. Konferanserapport: "Kva skal vi med norskfaget?". Nynorskopplæring. 15-24.
  • 2013. "Religion i moderne demokrati. Kritisk kommentar til Stålsett-utvalet". Syn og Segn.
  • 2013. "On the Advantage and Disadvantage of Transcendental-Pragmatics for Life" (in Chinese translation). Journal of East China Normal University. 1-13.
  • 2013. "Multiple Modernities? A Tale of Scandinavian Experiences: A Summary of the 3rd Symposioum of Philosophical Analysis. Zhexue fenxi. 157-162.
  • 2013. "Multiple Modernities; On Scandinavian Experiences" (in Chinese translation). Zhexue fenxi. 3-18.
  • 2012. "Multikulturalisme, ei utfordring for velferdsstaten?". Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning. 304-313.
  • 2011. "Religionskritikk - kvifor og korleis?". Religion og livssyn : Tidsskrift for religionslærerforeningen i Norge. 12-16.
  • 2010. Å tale om Gud i lys av det vondes og det latterleges problem om behovet for teologi og faren for ufrivillig blasfemi. Kirke og kultur. 97-113.
  • 2009. Ex.phil. Eit reformforslag. Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift. 6 pages.
  • 2009. "On the Concept of Personal Autonomy as a Constitutive, Regulative Idea". Skepsis.
  • 2007. Ytringsfridom i ei globalisert verd. Årbok / Det norske videnskaps-akademi. 266-282.
  • 2007. Alternativni protseci modernisatsi? Ukranian translation by Vladimir Kuznetsov, of "Alternative processes of modernization?". Filosofska dumka. 12-39.
  • 2005. Science Studies and Moral Challenges. Making it explicit: an updating of science studies. Sats: northern european journal of philosophy. 51-78.
  • 2005. Russisk omsetjing: "The Modernity Debate: Rationality - Universal and Plural?". Scepsis. 130-139.
  • 2005. Arabisk omsetjing: "On the possibility of a philosophical justification for universally binding principles in an age of one-state supremacy and shrinking inter-state institutions". Nizwa. 29-43.
  • 2004. Vitskapsteori - positiv eller kritisk? SVT Arbeidsnotat. 22 pages.
  • 2004. Striden om sanninga. SVT Arbeidsnotat. 19 pages.
  • 2004. Spådommen om 'poetokratiets død' - ein feilaktig prognose? Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift. 432-443.
  • 2004. On the possibility of a philosophical justification for universally binding principles in an age of one-state supremacy and shrinking inter-state institutions. Sats: northern european journal of philosophy. 27-53.
  • 2004. On the possibility for philosophically binding principles in an age of one-state supremacy and shrinking inter-state institutions. SVT Arbeidsnotat. 24 pages.
  • 2004. La philosophie gagne du terrain en Norvège. Vogue ou instrument pour surmonter la crise des sociétés modernes ? Nordiques. 65-75.
  • 2003. Le débat sur la modernité : la rationalité - universelle ou plurielle ? Une contribution au débat entre modernes universalistes et postmodernes contextualistes. http://perso.wanadoo.fr/b.p.c./.
  • 2003. Le débat sur la modernité : la rationalité - universelle et plurielle? Une contribution au débat entre modernes universalistes et post-modernes contextualistes. Noesis - revue de philosophie. 25-58.
  • 2002. Sanning og grunngiving. Norsk Filosofisk tidsskrift. 64-70.
  • 1999. Jürgen Habermas on the post-national constellation. The 21th Century Bimonthly, Hong Kong, nr. 25. 56-61.
  • 1998. Crisis in the Humanities. Journal of East China Normal University.
  • 1997. "The Discourse Principle and Those Affected". Inquiry (Oslo). 63-72.
  • 1996. Vitskapsteori - nyttig eller nødvendig? Forskningsnytt fra Norges almenvitenskapelige forskningsråd. 17-17.
  • 1996. Filosofi på frammarsj. Syn og Segn. 355-360.
  • 1995. Politisk kultur. Philosophia : tidsskrift for filosofi. 21-34.
  • 1995. Ethischer Gradualismus: jenseits von Anthropozentrismus und Biozentrismus? Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie. 419-434.
  • 1995. Eco-Crisis and the Welfare State. Thesis Eleven. 19-35.
  • 1994. "Marxism and Ecology". Capitalism Nature Socialism. 95-104.
  • 1993. "Det som er". Jærteiken, Nytt frå Hå gamle prestegard. 22-23.
  • 1991. The World Reconsidered. A Brief Aggiornamento for Leftist Intellectuals. (Tilknyttet prosjektet: Modernitet - differensiering og rasjonalisering). Thesis Eleven. 17-32.
  • 1991. The World Reconsidered. A Brief Aggiornamento for Leftist Intellectuals. (Tilknyttet prosjektet: Modernitet - differensiering og rasjonalisering). Praxis International. 224-235.
  • 1991. Jest li o ekspertisi etitsjeskie osnovy? (Tilknyttet prosjektet: Modernitet - differensiering og rasjonalisering). Tsjelavjek. 86-93.
  • 1991. Contextual and Universal Pragmatics. A Mutual Criticism of Praxeological and Transcendental Pragmatics. (Tilknyttet prosjektet: Modernitet - differensiering og rasjonalisering). Thesis Eleven. 35-51.
  • 1974. "Marxism et égologie". Esprit (1940). 643652.
Academic lecture
  • 2020. "Komplekse problem, spesialisert kunnskap - kva må gjerast?" (Lansering "Epistemic Challenges in a Modern World).
  • 2019. Freedom of Expression. A Normative Justification of the Legal Protection of Freedom of Expression".
  • 2019. "Without Boundaries, no Modernity" "Ohne Abgrenzungen, keine Moderne".
  • 2019. "Scientific/scholarly pluralism; normative justification by self-reflective speech-act preconditions and by Institutional preconditions".
  • 2019. "Samtale med Ove Jakobsen ved lansering av boka hans, 'Anarchism and Ecological Economics' (Routledge 2019)".
  • 2019. "Kunnskapsrelaterte utfordringar i moderne samfunn".
  • 2019. "Epistemiske utfordringar: universitet, skule, media".
  • 2019. "Epistemic Challenges in a Modern World" - work in progress.
  • 2018. "Vernunft - vielfältig und verpflichtend".
  • 2018. "The Idea of a Global History of Philosophy" (revised).
  • 2018. "Scandinavian Modernization - a Background for the Nordic Model?".
  • 2018. "Learning to be human, in higher education".
  • 2018. "Ideen om ei global filosofihistorie".
  • 2018. "Globalization versus Modernization".
  • 2018. "Er flyktningretten utdatert?" Diskusjon med Jan Fridthjof Bernt.
  • 2018. "1968 - refleksjonar ut frå erfaringar og observasjonar, nasjonalt og internasjonalt".
  • 2017. "The Idea of a Global History of Philosophy".
  • 2017. "Statsborgar i moderne demokrati".
  • 2017. "Språkpolitiske tabu og andre utfordringar".
  • 2017. "Post-truth - a Challenge?".
  • 2017. "Menschenwürde und die Verletzbarkeit des Lebens. Der Mensch zwisichen Tier und Roboter".
  • 2017. "Freedom of Expression. A normative justification of the legal protection of freedom of expression".
  • 2017. "Flyktningkrise i vår tid".
  • 2017. "Er vitskapsteori nyttig for politikken?".
  • 2016. Innlegg på seminar for lansering av reviderte og utvida utgåver av "A History of Western Thought" og "Philosophy Beyond Borders" på kinesisk.
  • 2016. "Velferdsstaten - unik og sårbar".
  • 2016. "Processes of modernization. Scandinavian Experiences".
  • 2016. "Krise og medansvar. Flyktningkrise? Kva slags krise? Kva slags utfordringar?".
  • 2016. "Flyktningkrise - kva slags krise?".
  • 2016. "Facts and evidence in Law and philosophy" .
  • 2016. "Die Gedanken sind frei..." Zur Begründung des rechtlichen Schutzes der Meinungsfreiheit.
  • 2016. "Den argumenterande fornuft, i modernitetsteoretisk perspektiv".
  • 2016. "Den argumenterande fornuft".
  • 2015. 'Ytringsfridom, med utgangspunkt i NOU 1999/27 og med referanse til aktuelle hendingar'.
  • 2015. "On the Advantage and Disadvantage of Transcendental-Pragmatics for Life. A Historical Perspective on the Late Frankfurt School (Habermas, Apel, Wellmer)".
  • 2015. "Den seine Habermas og transcendentalpragmatikken".
  • 2015. "Deliberative Democracy and Citizenship in Modern Societies".
  • 2014. "Staatsbürgerschaft in modernen (nicht-nachhaltigen, krisenbezogenen) Gesellschaften".
  • 2014. "Soutenance HDR Jean-Luc Gautero".
  • 2014. "Religion i moderne samfunn. Grunnlova og moderniseringa av Noreg".
  • 2014. "On the Advantage and Disadvantage of Transcendental-Pragmatics for Life - and the Need for Gradual (Melioristic) Reasoning".
  • 2014. "Norsk og moderne - tankar kring Grunnlovsjublieet".
  • 2014. "Comments on Bruno Latour's book 'Enquête sur les modes d'existence, une anthropologie des Modernes'".
  • 2014. "Bakgrunnen for logisk positivisme og kontroversen mellom Næss og Skjervheim".
  • 2013. Lecture on Bruno Latour's latest book: "Enquête sur les modes d'existence, une anthropologie des Modernes".
  • 2013. "Religion og samfunn. Er multikulturalisme ei utfordring for velferdsstaten?".
  • 2013. "Kva er det med Norden? Historiske føresetnader for "den norske modellen", i eit modernitetsteoretisk perspektiv.".
  • 2013. "Intercultural Dialogue through History Teaching" (Teaching of the History of Western Thought).
  • 2013. "Grunngjeving for ytringsfridom - nasjonalt og internasjonalt - i moderne vitskapsbaserte samfunn og i moderne demokrati".
  • 2013. "Bemerkungen über das letzte Buch von Bruno Latour".
  • 2012. "Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Transzendentalpragmatik für das Leben".
  • 2012. "Transcendental-pragmatics, situated and reconsidered".
  • 2012. "Politics of Liberation".
  • 2012. "On the advantage and disadvantage of transcendental pragmatics".
  • 2012. "Multiple Modernities".
  • 2012. "Multikulturalisme som utfordring for velferdsstaten?".
  • 2012. "Monotheism in Modern Science-Based Societies?".
  • 2012. "Lecture on the book 'Multiple Modernities'".
  • 2012. "Conceptualizing Modernization Processes. The Norwegian Case".
  • 2012. "A Tale of Scandinavian Experiences".
  • 2011. 'The role of religion in the public discourse of a pluralistic societiy'.
  • 2011. 'Moral Imaginaries. Emerging Normative Regimes'.
  • 2011. "Unfreiwillige Blasphemie".
  • 2011. "Religion og menneskerettar".
  • 2011. "Diskursive Universalität".
  • 2010. "Three approaches to the philosophy/study of the sciences".
  • 2010. "The Relevance of Science-Related Concepts in the Study of Modern China".
  • 2010. "Rettskultur - kulturens betydning for retten".
  • 2010. "Merknader til religion og religionskritikk".
  • 2010. "Kvifor filosofi?".
  • 2010. "How to conceptualize socio-historical phenomena? Case: aspects of Norwegian history conceived as modernization processes".
  • 2010. "A Crisis in the Humanities? - Reconsidered".
  • 2009. On Democracy, Discursive Rationality and Personal Autonomy.
  • 2009. Demokratiebegriffe.
  • 2009. "Norsk filosofi (?)".
  • 2009. "Mangfaldig modernitet".
  • 2009. "Fagkritikk, universitet, offentlegheit".
  • 2009. "Ex.phil. - spørsmålet om reform".
  • 2008. The Concept of a Person as a Constitutive Regulative Idea.
  • 2008. Talen om Gud i lys av theodice-problemet.
  • 2008. Kor finn vi - og kva skal vi med - etikk i akademia?
  • 2008. Fragen über begriffliche Angemessenheit.
  • 2007. The need for modernization of consciousness and criticism of religion.
  • 2007. Rettsvitskapen i vitskapsteoretisk perspektiv.
  • 2007. Philosophical education: What, why, how and for whom? (A lecture marking the publication of the book "Timely Thoughts" in Chinese).
  • 2007. Modernitet og religion - eit spenningsfullt samliv.
  • 2007. Arguments from conceptual adequacy in the interface between modern challenges and philosophical responses.
  • 2007. Alternative processes of modernization? With special reference to a Scandinavian case.
  • 2006. Ytringsfridom i ei globalisert verd.
  • 2006. Truth and Justification.
  • 2006. The question of alternative processes of socio-cultural modernization.
  • 2006. Religion and modernity.
  • 2006. Reflexionen über die Transzendentalpragmatik: wie und wozu?
  • 2006. Institutseminar om boka "Den filosofiske uroa".
  • 2006. Finst det særdrag ved norsk modernisering?
  • 2006. Alternative moderniseringsprosessar med utgangspunkt i norsk historie.
  • 2005. Vitskapsstudiar og vitskapens moralske utfordringar.
  • 2005. The Role of Religion in the Public Sphere.
  • 2005. Profesjon og fornuft.
  • 2005. Popular movements and elites in the process of modernization. Reflections on the Norwegian case.
  • 2005. Nordisk språkpolitikk - kommentar til innleiingane.
  • 2005. Handlungsimmanentes Wissen: eine praxeologische Analyse.
  • 2004. The "Marco Polo" program (between East China Normal University, Shanghai, and University of Bergen, Norway) for comparative studies in cultural modernization in East Asia and in Western Europe.
  • 2004. Reflexion und Theorie in der Transzendentalpragmatik.
  • 2004. Praxeologie der Moderne.
  • 2004. Praxeologie als Grundlagenwissenschaft für die Kulturwissenschaften.
  • 2004. Person og anerkjenning.
  • 2004. On the possibility of a philosophical justification for universally binding principles.
  • 2004. Handlungsimmanentes Wissen - eine praxeologische Analyse.
  • 2004. Forskingsetiske problem, særleg for samfunnsvitskap og humaniora.
  • 2002. Vitskapsfilosofi.
  • 2002. Utfordringar for morsmålet.
  • 2002. Philosophy and Fiction - Controversies on Validity Claims and "Redescriptions".
  • 2002. Modernitet og media. Kunnskap, makt og offentlegheit i diskusjonen om det moderne prosjekt.
  • 2002. Kunnskap og makt.
  • 2002. Filosofisk essayistikk på nynorsk: Vinje, Garborg, Raknes.
  • 2002. Comments on Eli Zaretski's paper "Trauma and Dereification: September 11 and the Problem of Ontological Security".
  • 2001. Ytringsfridom, i skjeringspunktet mellom filosofi og jus.
  • 2001. Wittgenstein's Place in the History of Philosophy.
  • 2001. Truth Questions. Praxeological comments on the recent debate on truth and justification.
  • 2001. The Debate on Modernity.
  • 2001. Skandinavisk tenking - i eit historisk perspektiv.
  • 2001. Reconstructed learning processes to the recent debates on pragmatic rationality.
  • 2001. Nihilisme? 40 år etter.
  • 2001. Har vi ein språkleg utanrikspolitikk?
  • 2001. (1) Eine Praxeologie der Moderne - über die Universalität und Kontextualität der diskursiven Vernunft, 6 Vorlesungen an der Freien Universität, Berlin (Gastprofessur Wintersemester 2000-2001). (2) Kontinentale und anglosächsische Philosophie, 3 Vorlesungen (ditto). (3) Diskursive Vernunft - ein einheitliches oder vielfähtiges Verfahren? 6 Vorlesungen (ditto).
  • 1995. Ytringsfridom i forhold til argumentative og estetiske ytringar.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • 2016. "Philosophy Beyond Borders" revidert og utvida utgåve. Zhejiang University Press.
  • 2012. "Alternative Processes of Modernization?". Berghahn Books.
  • 2009. Religion og kultur. Ein fleirfagleg samtale. Universitetsforlaget.
  • 2009. Filosofi i vår tid : festskrift til Jon Hellesnes. Det Norske Samlaget.
  • 2007. Shi Dai Zhi Si ("Timely Thoughts"). Shanghai Yiwenchu Banshe.
  • 2006. Religion, Modernity, and Rationality. SVT Press.
  • 2004. Striden om sanningen. Daidalos.
  • 2003. Reflexion und Verantwortung: Auseinandersetzungen mit Karl-Otto Apel. Suhrkamp Verlag.
  • 2002. On Pragmatics --- Contributions to current debates. Auseinandersetzungen über die Pragmatik. Filosofisk institutt, Universitetet i Bergen.
Popular scientific article
  • 2013. "Eit norskfag i krise". Syn og Segn. 50-58.
  • 2012. "Minneord" (Knut Erik Tranøy). Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab. Årbok. 121-123.
  • 2004. Språk og makt. Er språkstriden over, eller er det berre vi som ser verda med ny-enkle briller? Språknytt. 1-3.
Feature article
  • 2014. "Bruno Latour - tankens avvegar". Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift. 148-159.
  • 2002. Modernisering av sosialdemokratiet. Klassekampen.
  • 1999. Sidemål, sjølvmål og andre mål. Bergens Tidende.
  • 1999. NATO og heilage krigar. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.).
  • 1999. Ein norsk Sokrates (minneord for Hans Skjervheim). Bergens Tidende.
  • 1998. Livssynsfaget - kven fekk uttale seg? Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.).
  • 1998. Landro på Voss. Bergens Tidende.
  • 1996. Hannah Arendts aktive liv. Bergens Tidende.
  • 1995. Ny rettskriving av utenlandske ord. Dagbladet. 35.
  • 1993. Intervju. Stavanger Aftenblad.
  • 1993. ...døden ikke heller... : ettertankar om norsk leiarstil. Lederbulletin. s 10-11.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Multiple Modernities, Hong Kong 2011

Herausforderungen der Moderne aus wissenschaftsphilosophiscer Sicht, Berlin 2012

Krise og medansvar, Oslo 2016

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Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities

Philosophical Pragmatics

Theories of Modernization

Multiple modernities: how to conceptualize processes of modernization.

Crises in modern societies.