Peter Andersen as supervisor
Peter Andersen is supervising projects in sustainable development: agriculture, land use and food systems, climate, transport and energy.
My research is dealing with sustainable agriculture and the environment, with special themes in human nutrition, micronutrients and underutilized crops. I have worked with different themes in Africa and Asia, especially Zimbabwe, Ghana, Nepal and India, but also in Norwegian/Nordic contexts.
My theoretical interests are linked to political ecology and critical perspectives on development and environment. Methodologically I favour a range of mixed methods. I have listed some suggested themes below; feel free to contact me if you have ideas of your own that could match.
Suggested new master projects
Bicycling in Bergen
Bicycles are among many in Norway viewed as a rather exotic item which mainly is applied for shaping the bodies of nerds with little respect for traffic rules and other humans (not least car drivers). However, still more people realize that physically active transport actually makes a serious contribution to solve society’s needs for mobility, while also being benign for climate, urban air, space, the private economy, health economy, and trade balance in addition to public and private health and happiness. Shared bike systems and electric scooters are giving new opportunities and challenges. The Bergen Municipality has approved new strategies for bicycle and pedestrian policies in 2020. How are they implemented, and what will it take for more people to feel safe as physically active commuters? Bergen or Vestland (or an international case?)
Climate transformation in agriculture
Food production and consumption is leading to about ¼ of global climate gas emissions. Still, we need to produce food. This has lead to a number of strategies and techniques for climate adaptation in agriculture: climate smart agriculture, regenerative agriculture, carbon sequestriation in soils, precision agriculture, increased emphasis on new types of food crop, renewable energy. The Farmers’ Union has developed a “climate calculator” to optimize production – how is it received by the farmers? What challenges does the farmer meet when trying to turn the production more climate adapted, in the field and on the bottom line? And can it increase food security under a changing climate? Possible projects in Western Norway/the Nordics or Himalaya.
Due to the drastic decline in the price of PV solar cells, solar is becoming competitive with other sources of energy in still more contexts. In remote areas, off-grid solutions offers an option to introduce stable supply of electricity, and can replace kerosene lamps or polluting generators. However, there will often be financial, regulatory or individual barriers to the uptake of solar energy. What are they, and how could they be overcome? One-stop-shop models such as OTOVO, microcredits and impact investment models such as TRINE.com provide new solutions. Who is taking up solar, who is not and why? Ghana, Norway.
Urban farming and neighbourhood composting
Urban farming comes in many variants, from simple gardens beds, allotment gardens, city bees and consumer/producer cooperation to commercial vertical agriculture. Various projects aim at reducing nutrient cycles and food miles and/or strengthen local social networks. Local area composting is a model for effective and high quality conversion of organic waste. How is participation unfolding? Who is using the compost? What technical, regulatory and individual challenges are linked to local area composting? Møhlenpris (composting), Bergen.
How is the pandemic affecting food security
The global food systems and job opportunities have been struck by a number of coinciding effects of the pandemic: closed borders, lost job migration in the agricultural sector, problems with marketing perishable products such as vegetables, dairy produce, cut flowers, fish and a number of other products. In turn, this may have impacted not only livelihoods of the farmers/labourers, but also the availability of nutritious food in urban markets. What are short term and long term consequences? In which ways have the victims of these effects of the pandemic been affected, and what have the impacts been on their livelihoods? Due to the uncertainty of the course of the pandemic, it is difficult to predict the situation for field work in the summer of 2022, but hopefully the vaccines will enable field work in for instance Himalaya.