Global Health Priorities

Priorities in Global Health 2020

Listed below are all publications linked to the Priorities in Global Health 2020 project.

Main content


A. Voorhoeve, T. Ottersen and O.F. Norheim (2016). Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage: a précis. Health Economics, Policy and Law, 11, pp 71-77. doi:10.1017/S1744133114000541.

Eide KT, Fadnes LT, Engebretsen IM, Onarheim KH, Wamani H, Tumwine JK,Norheim OFImpact of a peer-counseling intervention on breastfeeding practices in different socioeconomic strata: results from the equity analysis of the PROMISE-EBF trial in Uganda. Global Health Action. 2016 Jul 28;9.

Jessica Du Toit & Joseph Millum (2016). Are Indirect Benefits Relevant to Health Care Allocation Decisions? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (5):540-557.

MacKay D and Danis M. Federalism and responsibility for health care. Public Affairs Quarterly. 2016;30:1-29.

Ngalesoni FNRuhago GMMori ATRobberstad BNorheim OFCost-effectiveness of medical primary prevention strategies to reduce absolute risk of cardiovascular disease in Tanzania: a Markov modelling study. BMC health services research. 2016 May 17;16(1):1.

Solberg, Carl Tollef & Espen, Gamlund. “The Badness of Death and Priorities in Health” BMC Medical Ethics, 17:21 2016.  DOI: 10.1186/s12910-016-0104-6.

Strømme EM, Norheim OF. Global Health Inequality: Comparing Inequality-Adjusted Life Expectancy over Time. Public Health Ethics. 2016 Aug 14:phw033.

Tolla MT, Norheim OF, Memirie ST, Abdisa SG, Ababulgu A, Jerene D, Bertram M,Strand K, Verguet S, Johansson KAPrevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in Ethiopia: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation. 2016 Aug 12;14(1):1.


Asada, Y., Hurley, J., Norheim, O. F., & Johri, M. (2015). Unexplained health inequality–is it unfair?International journal for equity in health14(1), 11.

Chola, L., LT Fadnes, IMS Engebretsen, L Nkonki, V Nankabirwa, H Sommerfelt, JK Tumwine, T Tylleskar and B Robberstad (2015). Cost-Effectiveness of Peer Counselling for the Promotion of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Uganda. PLoS One 10(11): e0142718.

Daniel Sharp & Joseph Millum (2015). Prioritarianism for Global Health Investments: Identifying the Worst Off. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2).

Daniel Sharp & Joseph Millum (2015). The Post-2015 Development Agenda: Keeping Our Focus On the Worst Off. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 92(6): 1087–1089.

Debas, H. T., P. Donkor, A. Gawande, D. T. Jamison, M. E. Kruk, and C. N. Mock, editors. 2015. (Kjell Arne Johansson one of several co-authors.)  Essential Surgery. Disease Control Priorities, third edition, volume 1. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0346-8.

Defaye, F., D. Desalegn, M. Danis, S. Hurst, Y. Berhane, O. Norheim and I. Miljeteig (2015). "A survey of Ethiopian physicians' experiences of bedside rationing: extensive resource scarcity, tough decisions and adverse consequence BMC Health Services Research 15(1): 467.

Johansson KA, Memirie ST, Pecenka C, Jamison DT, Verguet S (2015) Health Gains and Financial Protection from Pneumococcal Vaccination and Pneumonia Treatment in Ethiopia: Results from an Extended Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. PLoS ONE 10(12): e0142691

Johansson KAStrand KB, Fekadu A, Chisholm D. 2015. Health Gains and Financial Risk Protection Provided by the Ethiopian Mental Health Strategy. DCP3 Working Paper Series. No 16

John Phillips & Joseph Millum (2015). Valuing Stillbirths. Bioethics 29 (6):413-423.

Joseph Millum (2015). Age and Death: A Defence of Gradualism. Utilitas 27 (3):279-297.

Mazalale, J., C Kambala, S Brenner, J Chinkhumba, J Lohmann, D Mathanga, B Robberstad, AS Muula and M de Allegri (2015). Factors associated with delivery outside a health facility: cross-sectional study in rural Malawi. Trop Med Int Health 20(5): 617-626

Mori AT, Norheim OF, Robberstad BBudget Impact Analysis of Using Dihydroartemisinin-Piperaquine to Treat Uncomplicated Malaria in Children in Tanzania. Pharmacoeconomics 2015.

Norheim OF. Ethical perspective: five unacceptable trade-offs on the path to universal health coverage. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2015;4(11):711–714. doi:10.15171/ijhpm.2015.184 

Onarheim, K. H., Taddesse, M, Norheim OF, Abdullah M, Miljeteig I (2015). Towards universal health coverage for reproductive health services in Ethiopia: two policy recommendations. Int J Equity Health; 14:86.Pecenka CJ, Johansson KAMemirie ST, et al. Health gains and financial risk protection: an extended cost-effectiveness analysis of treatment and prevention of diarrhoea in Ethiopia. BMJ Open 2015; 5: e006402.

Ruhago, GM, FN Ngalesoni, B Robberstad and OF NorheimCost-effectiveness of live oral attenuated human rotavirus vaccine in Tanzania. BMC Cost-Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015, 13:7. DOI: 10.1186/s12962-015-0033-0.

Stephan Verguet et al. (Dawit Desalegn, Kjell Arne Johansson, Solomon Tessema Memmirie among several co authors) Health gains and financial risk protection afforded by public financing of selected interventions in Ethiopia: an extended cost-effectiveness analysis. The Lancet Global Health, Volume 3, Issue 5, e288 - e29.

Strand, K. B., Chisholm, D., Fekadu, A., & Johansson, K. A. (2015). Scaling-up essential neuropsychiatric services in Ethiopia: a cost-effectiveness analysis.Health Policy and Planning. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czv093


Frode LindemarkOle Frithjof Norheim and Kjell Arne Johansson. Making use of equity sensitive QALYs: a case study on identifying the worse off across diseases.Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2014. July 23;12:16  doi:10.1186/1478-7547-12-16

Kassebaum NJ, Bertozzi-Villa A, Coggeshall MS, Shackelford KA, Steiner C, et al (Norheim OF co-author). (2014) Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet, Published online May 2, 2014.

Mori AT, Kaale EA, Ngalesoni FNorheim OFRobberstad BThe role of evidence in the decision-making process of selecting essential medicines in developing countries: the case of Tanzania. PLoS One. 2014 Jan 8;9(1):e84824. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084824. PMID: 24416293

Murray CJ, Ortblad KF, Guinovart C, Lim SS, Wolock TM, et al (Norheim OF co-author). (2014) Global, regional, and national incidence and mortality for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet, Published online July 22, 2014.

Norheim OF (2014) A grand convergence in mortality is possible: comment on Global Health 2035. Int J Health Policy Manag 2: 1-3. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2014.01

Norheim OF, Baltussen R, Johri M, Chisholm D, Nord E, Brock DW, Carlsson P, Cookson R, Daniels N, Danis M, Fleurbaey M, Johansson KA, Kapiriri L, Littlejohns P, Mbeeli T, Rao KD, Tan-Torres Edejer T, Wikler D. (2014) Guidance on priority setting in health care (GPS-Health): the inclusion of equity criteria not captured by cost- effectiveness analysis. Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2014; 12:18. doi: 10.1186/1478-7547-12-18

Norheim OF, Jha P, Admasi K, Godal T, Hum RJ et al. Avoiding 40% of the premature deaths in each country, 2010–30: review of national mortality trends to help quantify the UN Sustainable Development Goal for health. Lancet, Published online September 18, 2014. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61591-9

Ottersen T, Mæstad O, Norheim OFLifetime QALY prioritarianism in priority setting: quantification of the inherent trade-off. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2014 Jan 14;12(1):2. doi: 10.1186/1478-7547-12-2. PMID: 24418267

Ottersen TNorheim OF, Bona M Chitah BM, Cookson R, Daniels N, Defaye FB et al (2014) Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage. Final report of the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage. Geneva: World Health Organization. 

Skaftun EK, Ali M, Norheim OF (2014) Understanding Inequalities in Child Health in Ethiopia: Health Achievements Are Improving in the Period 2000–2011. PLoS ONE 9(8): e106460. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0106460

Yaya YEide KTNorheim OF, Lindtjørn B. Maternal and Neonatal Mortality in South-West Ethiopia: Estimates and Socio-Economic Inequality. PLoS ONE. 2014 Apr 30;9(4): e96294. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096294


Baltussen R, Mikkelsen E, Tromp N, Hurtig A, Byskov J, Olsen O, Bærøe K, Hontelez JA, Singh J, Norheim OF. Balancing efficiency, equity and feasibility of HIV treatment in South Africa - development of programmatic guidance. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2013 Oct 9;11(1):26. doi: 10.1186/1478-7547-11-26. PMID: 24107435

Strømme EM, Baerøe KNorheim OF. Disease Control Priorities for Neglected Tropical Diseases: Lessons from Priority Ranking Based on the Quality of Evidence, Cost Effectiveness, Severity of Disease, Catastrophic Health Expenditures, and Loss of Productivity. Dev World Bioeth. 2013 May 31. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12016. 

Tranvåg EJ, Ali M, Norheim OFHealth inequalities in Ethiopia: modeling inequalities in length of life within and between population groups. Int J Equity Health. 2013 Jul 11;12(1):52. 


Johri M, Norheim OFCan cost-effectiveness analysis integrate concerns for equity? Systematic review. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2012 Apr;28(2):125-32.

Mæstad O, Norheim OFA universal preference for equality in health? Reasons to reconsider properties of applied social welfare functions. Soc Sci Med. 2012 Nov;75(10):1836-43.

Norheim OF. Priority setting: the importance of incorporating opportunity costs. Isr J Health Policy Res. 2012 Nov 26;1(1):45.

Onarheim KH, Tessema S, Johansson KA, Eide KT, Norheim OF, Miljeteig IPrioritizing child health interventions in Ethiopia: modeling impact on child mortality, life expectancy and inequality in age at death. PLoS One. 2012;7(8):e41521.

Ruhago GMNgalesoni FNNorheim OFAddressing inequity to achieve the maternal and child health millennium development goals: looking beyond averages. BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1):1119. PubMed PMID: 23270489. Pubmed Central PMCID: 3543393

Shayo EH, Norheim OF, Mboera LE, Byskov J, Maluka S, Kamuzora P, Blystad A.Challenges to fair decision-making processes in the context of health care services: a qualitative assessment from Tanzania. Int J Equity Health. 2012 Jun 7;11:30.