Philosophy of science


A list of selected recent publications in philosophy of natural and social science. For more information, please visit the personal webpages of the members of this research group.

Main content


Cahill, Kevin M. 2021. Towards a Philosophical Anthropology of Culture: Naturalism, Relativism, and Skepticism, New York: Routledge.

Bangu, Sorin. (Ed.) 2018. Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge: Approaches from Philosophy, Psychology and Cognitive Science. Routledge, 2018

Cahill, K. and Thomas Raleigh. (Eds.) 2018. Wittgenstein and Naturalism. New York: Routledge.

Cahill, K., Martin Gustafsson and Thomas Schwarz-Wenzer. (Eds.) 2017. Finite but Unbounded: New Approaches in Philosophical Anthropology. Berlin Studies in Knowledge Research. Berlin: de Gruyter.


De Souter, L. (forthcoming). "Evaluating Boolean relationships in Configurational Comparative Methods". Journal of Causal Inference.


Bangu, S. (2023). “Finite-Size Scaling Theory: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches to Critical Phenomena“. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. 100: 99-106. Co-author: Vincent Ardourel.

Bangu S. (2023). “The Explanatory and Heuristic Power of Mathematics“. Synthese (201; art. 154) Introduction to the homonymous topical collection. Co-authors: Marianna Antonutti-Marfori and Emiliano Ippoliti. 

Baumgartner, M. and Falk, C. (2023). "Configurational Causal Modeling and Logic Regression". Multivariate Behavioral Research 58:2, 292-310.

Zahle, J. (2023). (published online). "Reactivity and Good Data in Qualitative Data Collection". European Journal for Philosophy of Science, 1-18. 

Zahle, J. (2023). “Qualitative Research in Political Science” in “The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Political Science“. Jeroen van Bouwel and Harold Kincaid (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 204-220.


Bangu S. (2022). “Factivism in Historical Perspective. Understanding the Gravitational Deflection of Light“. In “Scientific Understanding and Representation: Mathematical Modeling in the Life and Physical Sciences“. Eds. I. Lawler, K. Khalifa, E. Shech. Ch. 6, pp. 62-77. Routledge

Kincaid, H. & Zahle, J. (2022). (published online). “Are ABM Explanations in the Social Sciences Inevitably Individualist?” Synthese, pp. 1-22. 

Parkkinen, V. P. (2022). "Variable relativity of causation is good". Synthese, 200(193)


Bangu, S. (2021) "Hard and Blind: On Wittgenstein’s Genealogical View of Logical Necessity". Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 102 (2): 439-458

Bangu, S. (2021) "The Appearance of Skepticism: Possibility, Conceivability and Infinite Ascent". Canadian Journal of Philosophy. 51:2, 94-107.

Bangu, S. (2021). "Phase Transitions. In The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Physics. E. Knox and A. Wilson (eds.) Routledge. Ch. 36, pp. 512-23.

Bangu, S. (2021). "Mathematical Explanations of Physical Phenomena". Australasian Journal of Philosophy. 99.4: 669–82

Baumgartner, M. (2021). "Qualitative Comparative Analysis and Robust Sufficiency". Quality & Quantity, doi: 10.1007/s11135-021-01157-z

Baumgartner, M. and M. Ambühl (2021). "Optimizing Consistency and Coverage in Configurational Causal Modeling". Sociological Methods & Research. doi: 10.1177/0049124121995554; Replication material.

Casini, L. and M. Baumgartner (2021), "The PC Algorithm and the Inference to Constitution" [penultimate draft], The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. doi: 10.1086/714820. Online supplementary material <https://people.uib.no/mba110/docs/rep_material_BJPS2018-395.zip>

Parkkinen, V. P. and M. Baumgartner (2021). "Robustness and Model Selection in Configurational Causal Modeling". Sociological Methods & Research. doi: 10.1177/0049124120986200

Swiatczak, Martyna Daria (2021). "Different algorithms, different models". Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, doi: 10.1007/s11135-021-01193-9

Swiatczak, M. D. (2021). "Towards a neo-configurational theory of intrinsic motivation". Motivation and Emotion 45, 769-789 

Zahle, J. (2021). "Interpretivism and Qualitative Research" in "Stephen Turner and the Philosophy of the Social", Christopher Adair-Toteff (ed.). Leiden: Brill, pp. 202-220.

Zahle, J. (2021). “Limits to Levels in the Methodological Individualism-Holism Debate,” Synthese 198(7), pp. 6435-6454. 


Bangu, Sorin. 2020. ‘Changing the Style of Thinking’. Wittgenstein on Superlatives, Revisionism, and Cantorian Set Theory. Iyyun. The Jerusalem Philosophical Quarterly (68): 1-21

Baumgartner, M. (2020), Causation, in: The SAGE Handbook of Political Science, ed. by D. Berg-Schlosser, B. Badie, and L. Morlino, London: SAGE, pp. 305–321.

Baumgartner M. and A. Thiem (2020), Often Trusted But Never (Properly) Tested: Evaluating Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Sociological Methods & Research 49, 279–311, doi: 10.1177/0049124117701487.

Swiatczak, Martyna Daria; Krause, Tobias. 2020. In control we trust!? Exploring formal control configurations for municipally owned corporations. Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting and Financial Management.

Veli-Pekka Parkkinen and Jon Williamson. 2020. Extrapolating from model organisms in pharmacology. In B. Osimani & A. La Caze (eds.) Uncertainty in pharmacology. Springer.

Whitaker R.G., N. Sperber, M. Baumgartner, et al. (2020) Coincidence analysis: a new method for causal inference in implementation science Implementation Science 15, 108 (2020). 

Zahle, Julie. 2020 (online first). Objective Data Sets in Qualitative Research. Synthese.

Zahle, J. and Kincaid, H. (2020). "Agent-Based Modelling With and Without Methodological Individualism" in Advances in Social Simulation - Looking in the Mirror, Harko Verhagen, Melania Borit, Giangiacomo Bravo, and Nanda Wijermans (eds.). Berlin: Springer, pp. 15-25.

Zahle, J. (2020). "The Level Conception of the Methodological Individualism-Holism Debate" in Social Ontology, Normativity and Law, Miguel Garcia, Rachael Mellin and Raimo Tuomela (eds.). Berlin: de Gruyter, pp. 27-38.


Bangu, Sorin. 2019. Discontinuities and Singularities, Data and Phenomena: For Referentialism. Synthese 196: 1919–1937

Baumgartner M. and C. Falk. 2019. Boolean Difference-Making: A Modern Regularity Theory of Causation, The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, doi: 10.1093/bjps/axz047.

Kappel, K. and Zahle, J. (2019). "The Epistemic Role of Science and Experts in Democracy" in The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology, Peter Graham, Miranda Fricker, David Henderson, and Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (eds.). London: Routledge Publishers, pp. 397-405.

Michael Wilde and Veli-Pekka Parkkinen. 2019. Extrapolation and the Russo-Williamson thesis. Synthese, 196(8), 3251-3262.

Zahle, Julie. and Kincaid, H. 2019. Why be a Methodological Individualist? Synthese. 196(2): 655-675

Zahle, Julie. 2019 (online first). Limits to Levels in the Methodological Individualism-Holism Debate. Synthese.

Zahle, Julie. 2019. Data, Epistemic Values and Multiple Methods in Case Study Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Part A, 78:32-39.

Zahle, J. & Kaidesoja, T. (2019) "Emergence in the Social Sciences" in The Routledge Handbook of Emergence, Sophie Gibb, Robin Findlay, & Tom Lancaster (eds.). London: Routledge Publishers, pp. 400-409.


Bangu, Sorin. 2018. Later Wittgenstein and the Genealogy of Mathematical Necessity. In Wittgenstein and Naturalism. K. Cahill and T. Raleigh (eds.) Pp. 151-173. Routledge.

Bangu, Sorin. 2018. Indispensability, Causation and Explanation. Theoria 33(2): 219-232. In the special issue Updating Indispensabilities: Hillary Putnam In Memoriam. Mary Leng (ed.)

Bangu, Sorin and Robert Moir. 2018. The 'Miracle' of Applicability? The Curious Case of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator. Foundations of Physics 48(5): 507-525. In the special issue Philosophical Aspects in the Foundations of Physics. Miklos Redei, Harvey Brown, Klaas Landsman (eds.)

Baumgartner, Michael and M. Ambühl. 2018. Causal Modeling with Multi-value and Fuzzy-set Coincidence Analysis. Political Science Research and Methods. doi: 10.1017/psrm.2018.45.

Baumgartner, M. 2018. The Inherent Empirical Underdetermination of Mental Causation. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 96, 335-350. doi: 10.1080/00048402.2017.1328451

Baumgartner M., L. Casini, and B. Krickel (2018), Horizontal Surgicality and Mechanistic Constitution, Erkenntnis, doi: 10.1007/s10670-018-0033-5.

Parkkinen, V.-P. and Williamson, J. 2018. Extrapolating from model organisms in pharmacology. In A. La Caze & B. Osimani (Ed.) Uncertainty in Pharmacology: Epistemology, Methods and Decisions. Springer: Boston Series in Philosophy of Science.

Parkkinen, V.-P. 2018. Are model organisms theoretical models? Disputatio. 9(47), 471-499.

Zahle, Julie. 2018. Values and Data Collection in Social Research. Philosophy of Science. 85(1): 144-163


Bangu, Sorin. 2017. Scientific Explanation and Understanding: Unificationism Reconsidered. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7(1): 103-126

Baumgartner, M. and A. Thiem. 2017. Model Ambiguities in Configurational Comparative Research. Sociological Methods & Research 46, 954-987. doi: 10.1177/0049124115610351

Parkkinen, V.-P. and Wilde, M. 2017. Extrapolation and the Russo–Williamson thesis. Synthese. 1-12. Online first 29 November 2017.

Zahle, Julie. 2017. Privacy, Informed Consent, and Participant Observation. Perspectives on Science. 25(4): 465-487

Zahle, Julie. 2017. Ability Theories of Practice and Turner's Criticism of Bourdieu. Journal for General Philosophy of Science. 48(4): 553-567


Bangu, Sorin. 2016. On 'The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences'. In Models and Inferences in Science. T. Nickles, E. Ippoliti, F. Sterpetti. (eds.) Pp. 11-29. Springer.

Bangu, Sorin. 2016. Later Wittgenstein on the Logicist Definition of Number. In Early Analytic Philosophy. New Perspectives on the Tradition. S. Costreie. (ed.) Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science Series. General ed. W. Demopoulos. Pp. 233-257. Springer

Baumgartner, M. and A. Gebharter. 2016. Constitutive Relevance, Mutual Manipulability, and Fat-Handedness. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67, 731-756. doi: 10.1093/bjps/axv003

Cahill, Kevin. 2016. The Habitus, Coping Practices and the Search for the Ground of Action Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46(5):498-524

Parkkinen, V.-P. 2016. Robustness and evidence of mechanisms in early experimental atherosclerosis research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 60, 44-55.