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The CALENDARS project empirically explores the ways people perceive and effect seasonal patterns in different communities and fields of activity, focusing mainly on places in New Zealand and Norway. A central concern is how peoples’ cultural calendars of seasons can support or hinder their adaptation to rapid changes in seasonal rhythms, through climatic but also other environmental and social changes. The overall objective of the project is:

To advance knowledge and understanding of how seasonal representations shape and are shaped by institutions, and  to critically appraise the quality of these representations for contributing to successful adaptation to seasonal change.



Blog post
Pencil drawings of foliage and mushrooms in black on white paper

The Arboretet Primstav: carving out seasonal markers

Bergen Arboretet’s gardeners and scientists sat together in a workshop in November 2022 to settle on a set of shared seasonal reference points.

An mind map drawn in various colours

«BeeWare» the climate: Adapting Norwegian beekeeping practices to mitigate climate risk

BeeWare, a spinoff project by researchers from NORCE and SVT, is investigating how weather and climate risk are challenging beekeeping in the Vestland region.
Blog post
A group of people posing on a pebble beach, blue sea and sky in the background

Assembling the CALENDARS team to piece together a book

On 3-4 May 2022, the CALENDARS research project organised a scientific meeting at Solstrand Hotel near Bergen.

Notes from the field
Several people standing and sitting on/by metal barrels on a background of green trees

Seasonal bush walks with young Coromandel kiwis

Kiwis (self-reference used by New Zealanders) refer to their native subtropical forest with its tree giants and unique flora and fauna somewhat depreciatively as bush.

Notes from the field
A person in yellow and orange among trees, both standing up and having been cut down

In tune with seasonality

It's noisy in the gardens, and the melody of birds, chainsaws, ice and robots keeps harmony with the seasonal rhythms of the gardens.

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This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC), ERC-STG action, under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Grant Agreement No 804150