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The CALENDARS project empirically explores the ways people perceive and effect seasonal patterns in different communities and fields of activity, focusing mainly on places in New Zealand and Norway. A central concern is how peoples’ cultural calendars of seasons can support or hinder their adaptation to rapid changes in seasonal rhythms, through climatic but also other environmental and social changes. The overall objective of the project is:

To advance knowledge and understanding of how seasonal representations shape and are shaped by institutions, and  to critically appraise the quality of these representations for contributing to successful adaptation to seasonal change.



Blog post
A group of people posing on a pebble beach, blue sea and sky in the background

Assembling the CALENDARS team to piece together a book

On 3-4 May 2022, the CALENDARS research project organised a scientific meeting at Solstrand Hotel near Bergen.

Notes from the field
Several people standing and sitting on/by metal barrels on a background of green trees

Seasonal bush walks with young Coromandel kiwis

Kiwis (self-reference used by New Zealanders) refer to their native subtropical forest with its tree giants and unique flora and fauna somewhat depreciatively as bush.

Notes from the field
A person in yellow and orange among trees, both standing up and having been cut down

In tune with seasonality

It's noisy in the gardens, and the melody of birds, chainsaws, ice and robots keeps harmony with the seasonal rhythms of the gardens.

Notes from the field
A small stripe of water surrounded by moss and other forest greenery

Veins of blue infrastructure

On my first day in the university gardens, the head gardener broke down the work by colour: "Green" work with plants, "grey" work with landscaping and "blue" work on water and drainage.

Notes from the field
Three people sitting/standing on a boat, blue sea and green foliage in the background

Diving and 80s rock on the Coromandel – a year 13 dive trip

The roaring sound of the engines were competing with 80s rock music as the boat was skimming over the deep blue waters of the Hauraki Gulf.

Logo of EUERC



This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC), ERC-STG action, under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Grant Agreement No 804150