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The CALENDARS project empirically explores the ways people perceive and effect seasonal patterns in different communities and fields of activity, focusing mainly on places in New Zealand and Norway. A central concern is how peoples’ cultural calendars of seasons can support or hinder their adaptation to rapid changes in seasonal rhythms, through climatic but also other environmental and social changes. The overall objective of the project is:

To advance knowledge and understanding of how seasonal representations shape and are shaped by institutions, and  to critically appraise the quality of these representations for contributing to successful adaptation to seasonal change.



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People twirling rings of fire

Precarious temporalities in rural Japan

On the surface, population decline in Japan is having a devasting effect on rural communities and their centuries-old traditions, which they take great care to preserve.

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An image of a collapsed road

Summer unravels

This summer – that’s December and January 2023 – I went to New Zealand. I took my swimming ‘togs’ and expectations for wearing them.

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Pencil drawings of foliage and mushrooms in black on white paper

The Arboretet Primstav: carving out seasonal markers

Bergen Arboretet’s gardeners and scientists sat together in a workshop in November 2022 to settle on a set of shared seasonal reference points.

An mind map drawn in various colours

«BeeWare» the climate: Adapting Norwegian beekeeping practices to mitigate climate risk

BeeWare, a spinoff project by researchers from NORCE and SVT, is investigating how weather and climate risk are challenging beekeeping in the Vestland region.
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A group of people posing on a pebble beach, blue sea and sky in the background

Assembling the CALENDARS team to piece together a book

On 3-4 May 2022, the CALENDARS research project organised a scientific meeting at Solstrand Hotel near Bergen.

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This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC), ERC-STG action, under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme Grant Agreement No 804150