Carl Walter Matthias Kaiser
- Phone+47 55 58 24 86+47 917 33 928
- Visitor AddressAllegaten 34Bergen
- Postal AddressPostboks 78055020 BERGEN
philosophy of science, ethics of science and technology, technology assessment
- 2020. The technique is never neutral. How methodological choices condition the generation of narratives for sustainability. Environmental Science and Policy. 87-98.
- 2019. Value- And ecosystem-based management approach- And Pacific herring fishery conflict. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 341-364.
- 2018. Working with research integrity—Guidance for research performing organisations: The Bonn PRINTEGER Statement. Science and Engineering Ethics. 1-12.
- 2018. Co-producing "post-normal" climate knowledge with communities in northeast Bangladesh. Weather, Climate, and Society. 259-268.
- 2017. Trust in Food and Trust in Science. Food ethics. 93-95.
- 2016. Weaknesses in the ethical framework of aquaculture related standards. Marine Policy. 11-18.
- 2016. Inclusive governance of aquaculture value-chains: Co-producing sustainability standards for Bangladeshi shrimp and prawns. Ocean and Coastal Management. 13-24.
- 2016. Food ethics: a Wide Field in Need of Dialogue. Food ethics. 1-7.
- 2015. Responsible techno-innovation in aquaculture: Employing ethical engagement to explore attitudes to GM salmon in Northern Europe. Aquaculture. 370-381.
- 2014. The integrity of science - Lost in translation? Baillière's Best Practice & Research : Clinical Gastroenterology. 339-347.
- 2014. Harmful routines? Uncertainty in science and conflicting views on routine petroleum operations in Norway. Marine Policy. 313-320.
- 2012. “Commentary: Looking for conflict and finding none?”. Public Understanding of Science. 188-194.
- 2012. Good ethics or political and cultural censoring in science? ICES Journal of Marine Science. 493-497.
- 2007. Developing the ethical matrix as a decision support framework: GM fish as a case study. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. 65-80.
- 2007. Developing the Ethical Delphi. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. 53-63.
- 2019. Vurderingskriteriet etikk. Veileder for operasjonalisering av vurderingskriteriet etikk i genteknologiloven. .
- 2019. Forskningsintegritet i kontekst: resultater fra en kvalitativ studie. .
- 2019. Diskutabel forskningspraksis: holdninger og handlinger. . .
- 2018. Etikk og integritet i forskning - resultater fra en landsomfattende undersøkelse. .
- 2018. Research Integrity in Norway (RINO).
- 2019. The perceived FFP-QRP hierarchy – results from a large-scale survey among Norwegian researchers .
- 2019. The Murky Waters of QRP - Attitudes and Self-Reported Questionable Research Practices.
- 2006. Ethics and the politics of food: Preprints of the 6th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics. Wageningen Academic Publishers.
- 2015. Interdisciplinary Research and Trans-disciplinary Validity. 43.
- 2015. Improving Energy Decisions - Towards Better Scientific Policy Advice for a Safe and Secure Future Energy System.
- 2019. Forskningsetikk i Norge: Tid for handling. Forskning.no.
- 2015. Intellectual Practicians. An Exploration of Professionalism among Upper Secondary School Teachers with Icelandic Mother Tongue Teachers as a Contextualized Empirical Case.
- 2019. 4 av 10 seier dei har gjort noko diskutabelt.
- 2018. Forskere mangler opplæring En av tre norske forskere oppgir at de aldri har fått opplæring i forskningsetiske retningslinjer.
- 2018. En av tre norske forskere sier de aldri har fått undervisning i forskningsetikk.
- 2018. 60 prosent av norske forskere har liten eller ingen opplæring i forskningsetikk.
- 2018. Vitenskapelig kunnskap vokser frem. 26 pages.
- 2017. Franken-food or techno-fix? – Ethical issues of GMOs in Europe. 12 pages.
- 2017. Ethical issues raised by emerging sciences and technologies.
- 2016. Sustainable aquaculture governance: challenges to participatory standard setting. 6 pages.
- 2016. Method in practical ethics: a call for a paradigm change. 6 pages.
- 2015. Preface in Know your food Food ethics and innovation Edition: 1. 2 pages.
- 2015. Ethics of Science and a New Social Contract for Knowledge. 25 pages.
- 2015. Challenges to Evaluating Coastal Management in the Twenty-First Century: Lessons from the Lofoten Archipelago. 20 pages.
- 2015. Aquaculture and the precautionary principle in the New Zealand Supreme Court. 7 pages.
- 2013. Whose sustainability counts? Engaging with debates on the sustainability of Bangladeshi shrimp. 8 pages.
- 2013. Precaution or prudent vigilance as guiding the path to global food security? 7 pages.
- 2013. Mapping the ethical terrain of Chinese aquaculture. 18 pages.
- 2012. Why German consumers need to reconsider their preferences: the ethical argument for aquaculture. 5 pages.
- 2012. The Ethics and Sustainability of Aquaculture.
- 2012. Mapping core values and ethical principles for livelihoods in Asia. 6 pages.
- 2012. Dilemmas for Ethical Guidelines for the Sciences. 8 pages.
- 2012. Preface. 17-19.
- 2017. Hard of Herring.
Haugen, A.S., Bremer, S., Kaiser, M. (2017): “Weaknesses in the ethical framework of aquaculture related standards”, Marine Policy Volume 75, January 2017, Pages 11-18.
Bremer, S., M. M. Haque, A. S. Haugen, and M. Kaiser. (2016). “Inclusive governance of aquaculture value-chains: Co-producing sustainability standards for Bangladeshi shrimp and prawns.” Ocean and Coastal Management 131:13-24.
Editor of journals:
Editor-in-chief (together with Anne Algers) of: Food Ethics – A Journal of the Societies of Agricultural and Food Ethics, published by Springer Publishers; first volume to appear in 2016.
Book publications (author or co-author):
Droste-Franke, B., Carrier, M., Kaiser, M., Schreurs, M., Weber, C., Ziesemer, T. (2015). Improving Energy Decisions – Towards Better Scientific Policy Advice for a Safe and Secure Future Energy System, Springer: Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-11346-3.
Gethmann, C.F., Carrier, M., Hanekamp, G., Kaiser, M., Kamp, G., Lingner, S., Quante, M., Thiele, F. (2015). Interdisciplinary Research and Trans-disciplinary Validity Claims, Springer: Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London.
Kaiser, M. (2000), Hva er vitenskap?, Universitetsforlaget: Oslo
Kaiser, M. (1993), Aspekte des wissenschaftlichen Fortschritts, Europäische Hochschulschriften XX/398, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt a.M, 1993.
Kaiser, M. (1991), Aspekte des wissenschaftlichen Fortschritts, Inauguraldissertation, submitted to the Dept. of Philosophy, University of Frankfurt.
Kaiser, M. (1979), Die Bedeutung und Problematik des Theoriebegriffes - Eine kritische Untersuchung des Theoriebegriffes von J.D.Sneed., mag.art.-thesis, mimeographed, Dept. of Philosophy, Univ. of Oslo 1979.
Editor of books or journal issues (editor or co-editor):
M. Kaiser & M. E. Lien eds. (2006), Ethics and the Politics of Food, Wageningen Academic Publishers: Wageningen 2006.
M. Kaiser ed. (2002): Guest editor of a special issue on the Precautionary Principle of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol 15, no 1, 2002
M. Kaiser ed. (1997): Guest editor of special issue of Foundations of Science on “The Precautionary Principle and Its Implications for Science”, and author of “Introduction”; Foundations of Science, 2 (1997).
M. Kaiser & S. Welin, eds. (1995), Ethical Aspects of Modern Biotechnology, Studies in Research Ethics, no. 5, Göteborg 1995.
M. Kaiser (1991), Guest Editor of a special issue of Synthese: Scientific Knowledge and Scientific Practice, vol.89, no. 1, (october 1991);
M.Kaiser (1989), editor of a "kompendium" for students: Feministisk etikk - et utvalg av innledende tekster, ("Feminist Ethics – A Selection of Introductory Texts"), mimeographed, Dept. of philosophy, Univ. of Oslo 1989.
Articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals:
Bremer, S., Millar, K., Wright, N., Kaiser, M. (2015). “Responsible techno-innovation in aquaculture: Employing ethical engagement to explore attitudes to GM salmon in Northern Europe”, Aquaculture, 437, 370 – 381.
Kaiser M, (2014), “The integrity of science – Lost in translation?”, Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpg.2014.03.003
Blanchard, A., Hauge, K.H., Andersen, G., Fosså, J.H., Grøsvik,, B.E., Handegard, N.O., Kaiser, M., Meier, S., Olsen, E., Vikebø, F. (2014): “Harmful routines? Uncertainty in science and conflicting views on routine petroleum operations in Norway”, Marine Policy, vol. 43, 313-320.
Kaiser, M. (2012), “Commentary: Looking for conflict and finding none?”, in Public Understanding of Science, vol 21(2) 188-194. [DOI:10.1177/0963662511434433]
Ole Torrissen; Kevin Alan Glover; Tore Haug; Ole Arve Misund; Hans Julius Skaug; Matthias Kaiser (2012).“Good ethics or political and cultural censoring in science?”2012; ICES Journal for Marine Sciences, March 6, 2012; doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fss016
König, A., Kuiper, H.A., Marvin, H.J.P., Boon, P.E., Busk, L., Cnudde, F., Cope, S., Davies, H.V., Dreyer, M., Frewer, L.J., Kaiser, M., Kleter, G.A., Knudsen, I., Pascal, G., Prandini, A., Renn, O., Smith, M.R., Traill, B.W., Voet, H.v.d., Trijp, H.v., Vos, E., Wentholt, M.T.A. (2010) “The SAFE FOODS framework for improved risk analysis of foods”. Food Control, 21(12), 1566-1587. doi:10.1016/j.foodcont.2010.02.012
Y. Devos, M. Demont, K. Dillen, D. Reheul, M. Kaiser, O. Sanvido (2008), “Coexistence of genetically modified (GM) and non-GM crops in the European Union. A review”, Agronomy for Sustainable Development, available online at: www.agronomy-journal.org
M. P. Krayer von Krauss, M. Kaiser, V. Almaas, J. van der Sluijs, P. Kloprogge (2008), ”Diagnosing and prioritizing uncertainties according to their relevance for policy: The case of transgene silencing”, Science of the Total Environment 390, 23 – 34.
M. Kaiser, K. Millar, E. Thorstensen & S. Tomkins (2007), "Developing the ethical matrix as a decision support framework: GM fish as a case study", Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol.20, 65-80.
K. Millar, E. Thorstensen, S. Tomkins, B. Mepham & M.Kaiser (2007), “Developing the Ethical Delphi”, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol. 20, 53-63.
Sluijs, J.P. van der; M. Kaiser; L. Maxim; J. Douguet (2007), “Le principe de precaution, un principe pour agir dans des situations d'incertitude”, Risques, 72, pp. 75-81.
Sluijs, J.P. van der; M. Kaiser (2006), “Towards a Common Understanding of the Precautionary Principle”, Epidemiology, vol 17 (6), 121.
M. Kaiser (2005), “Assessing ethics and animal welfare in animal biotechnology for farm production”, OiE, Scientific and Technical Review of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Rev.sci.tech.Off.int.Epiz.) 2005, vol. 24 (1), 75-87.
Oughton, D., Forsberg, E.-M., Bay, I., Kaiser, M. & Howard, B. (2004). “An ethical dimension to sustainable restoration and long-term management of contaminated areas”, in: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol. 74, Issues 1-3: 171-183, Elsevier.
M. Kaiser & Selina M. Stead (2002), ”Uncertainties and values in European aquaculture: communication, management and policy issues in times of ’changing public perceptions’”, Aquaculture International vol 10 (2002), p. 469-490.
M. Kaiser & E.-M. Forsberg (2002), “Consensus conference on environmental values in radiation protection: a report on building consensus among experts”, Science and Engineering Ethics, vol. 8, (4): 593-602.
M. Kaiser & E.-M. Forsberg (2001), “Assessing Fisheries – Using an Ethical Matrix in a Participatory Process.”, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 14: 191-200.
ICSU's Standing Committee on Responsibility and Ethics in Science (2000) “Ethics and the Responsibility of Science”, Science and Engineering Ethics, 6 (2000), 131-142. [Kaiser was chair of the Committee].
M. Kaiser (1999), “Development of International Guidelines for Research Ethics (Commentary on Mishkin)”, Science and Engineering Ethics, 5 (1999), 293-298.
M. Kaiser (1997), “Fish-Farming and the Precautionary Principle: Context and Values in Environmental Science for Policy”, Foundations of Science, 2 (1997), 307-341.
M. Kaiser (1996), "Towards More Secrecy in Science? - Comments on Some Structural Changes in Science and Their Implications for an Ethics of Science", Perspectives on Science, vol.4, no. 2, 207-230.
M. Kaiser (1994), "Normativ vitenskapsteori og føre-var-prinsippet - En kommentar til Knut Erik Tranøys vitenskapsfilosofi" ("Normative philosophy of science and the Precautionary Principle - a comment on the philosophy of science of Knut Erik Tranøy"), Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift, vol. 29, nr. 3 / 4 (1994), 209-222
M. Kaiser (1993), "Philosophers Adrift - Comments on the Alleged Disunity of Method", Philosophy of Science 60 (1993), 500-512.
M. Kaiser (1991), "Progress and Rationality: Laudan's Attempt to Divorce a Happy Couple", Inquiry, 34 (1991), 433-455.
M. Kaiser (1991), "From Rocks to Graphs - The Shaping of Phenomena", Synthese, 89 (1991):111-133 .
M. Kaiser (1990), "Vitenskapsfilosofi - på feministiske avveier?" (Philosophy of science – on a feminist detour?"), Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift, 25 (1990), 217-239.
M. Kaiser (1988), "Ein kritischer Kommentar zu H.Bernhard: Was bedeutet Poppers Drei-Welten-Lehre?", Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung, vol.42, 1 (1988).
M. Kaiser (1987), "Vitenskapelighet og kvinnelighet", (i.e."Femininity and the Ethos of Science") Sosiologi i dag, 2/1987.
Summary of Matthias Kaiser’s CV (2013):
Matthias Kaiser (Dr. phil.; philosophy, University of Frankfurt, after studies at the universities of LMU Munich, Frankfurt a.M., Oslo, and Stanford) is Professor at and Director of the Centre for the Study of Science and the Humanities (SVT) at the University of Bergen since March 2011. Before that he was Director of the National Committee for Research Ethics in Science and Technology (NENT) since 1991. He holds acknowledged competence as full professor in philosophy of science since 1996. Previously he was adjunct professor on a part-timebasis at the SVT (2008-11) and until 2006 he was adjunct professor for philosophy of science in the doctoral education program at the College of Architecture (AHO) in Oslo. His main work and areas of expertise are in the fields of philosophy of science, ethics of science, and technology assessment. His areas of competence include social studies of science and technology, history of science, ethics, logic, and history of philosophy. For many years Kaiser's research activities have taken place in a multi- and inter-disciplinary environment. Due to his previous position at NENT he is familiar with matters of science and technology policy, and he has built up competence in the field of scientific integrity. Through detailed case studies he has furthermore considerable insights in diverse fields of science, such as the history of plate tectonics, aquaculture, and biotechnology. Another topic of detailed study is the Precautionary Principle. His leading role in the conduct of three Norwegian consensus conferences has led to a special interest in participatory methods, among others publishing on the use of the ethical matrix. He has published two books, co-edited two further books, written several committee studies (including ethical guidelines) and project reports and edited three thematic issues of scientific journals. In addition he has published or co-authored approximately 100 articles in various journals and anthologies. Most publications are in English or in Norwegian, some in German or French, and some are translated into Russian, Chinese, and Serbo-Croatian. Kaiser has been main supervisor for several successful doctoral students and is currently main supervisor for two doctoral students. Kaiser has an extensive international network of academic contacts both from within his own field of training, and from many others. He has close connections to relevant activities inside The International Council for Science (ICSU, Paris) and UNESCO. During 1996-2002 he was Chair of ICSU’s Standing Committee on Responsibility and Ethics in Science (SCRES). During the years 1999-2000 he was Acting Director of Norway’s newly appointed Board of Technology (parliamentary technology assessment), and as founding member, now President, he is actively engaged in the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics (EurSafe). He is a founding member of The World Technology Network (WTN). He is also on the Board of the Altonaer Stiftung für philosophische Grundlagenforschung (ASFPG, Hamburg), and directs part of its activities. He was the appointed Norwegian representative in an OECD working group on Facilitating Research Misconduct Investigations. Kaiser is currently a member of the editorial boards for three international and one national peer reviewed journals. Kaiser was Centre Research Associate at the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science at the London School of Economics. He has lectured in many universities and institutes around Europe and other countries (e.g. USA, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brasil, Australia, Taiwan, China, Russia). By invitation of the President of Portugal, Kaiser lectured on participation in environmental policy in Lisbon. The government of Argentina invited him to assist the work of the Argentinian Committee on the Ethics of Science and Technology (CECTE). He is often consulted for expert meetings or review of projects by the Nordic Council of Ministers, the EU, the Council of Europe, The European Science Foundation, and the National Science Foundation (US). He was project evaluator for EC research proposals under several Framework Programs, as well as evaluator in Belgium and Finland, and invited expert to the World Commission on the Oceans (UN). The World Aquaculture Society and the European Aquaculture Society have asked him to deliver keynote lectures at conferences. He has been actively involved in the design and evaluation of study programs at various universities; for instance, in 1992 he was involved in designing the international master program ESST; in 2004-2005 and in 2006-2008 he led an evaluation team set down by NOKUT for the accreditation of a PhD in practical knowledge, and was in 2006 engaged by the Swedish Høgskoleverket for evaluating the “tema”-studies at the University of Linkøping.
Current or recent projects:
· "Participatory Integrated Assessment of Energy Systems to promote Energy Access and Efficiency" (PARTICIPIA) under EDULINK II, partner in: EU project, currently: contract negotiation.
· "Synthetic biology – Engaging with New and Emerging Science and Technology in Re-sponsible Governance of the Science and Society Relationship" (SYN-ENERGY); EU project, currently contract negotiation.
· "Sichere Energieversorgung – Neue Herausforderungen an die Analyse zukünftiger Energiesysteme zur Politikberatung", Mitglied der Projektgruppe an der Europäischen Akademie; Ahrweiler – ongoing
· "Interdisziplinäre Forschung und transdisziplinäre Geltungsansprüche", Mitglied der Projektgruppe an der Europäischen Akademie; Ahrweiler - ongoing
· “Sustainable trade in ethical aquaculture”(SEAT), Work package leader, EU project, 2009-2013.
· “The Landscape and Isobars of European Values in Relation to Science and New Technology”
(Value Isobars), Coordinator, EU project, 2009-2011.
· “Public Perception of Genetically Modified Animals – Science, Utility and Society” (PEGASUS),partner, EU project 2009-2012.
· “Nordic Network for agriculture and food ethics”, Coordinator, NordForsk, 2007-2010.
· “Food ethics dilemma: An open learning resource for teaching ethics”, Partner, Nordic Council of Ministers, 2009-2011.
Selected recent items on leadership and other relevant academic and policy activities:
2013 - :Member of the Agreenskills Ethics Commission, Paris; www.agreenskills.eu
2007 - present: President of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics (EurSafe).
2004- present: Board-Member of the Altonaer Stiftung für philosophische Grundlagenforschung (ASFPG), Hamburg Germany;
2007 – 2008: member of the OECD Global Science Forum, International Co-ordinating Committee for Facilitating Research Misconduct Investigation;.
2009 Conference Chair: “Philosophy for Science in Use”, September 2009, Linköping, ESF.
2008: member of the EC expert group on „International Governance of Science“;
2005 – 2006: organizer and chair of organizing committee for EurSAFE 2006 Conference "Ethics and the Politics of Food" in Oslo 22-24 June 2006;
2006: Invited expert to the international consultations on Codes of Conduct for Scientists of UNESCOs COMEST in Geneve, Bangkok, and Belo Horizonte.
2004 – 2005: Chairman of the Ad Hoc International Working Group on the Precautionary Principle, set up by COMEST under UNESCO;
2003: Invited expert to the Fourth Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Foods derived from Biotechnology –Safety Assessment of Foods Derived from Genetically Modified Animals- Rome, Italy 17 – 21 November 2003.
Current and recent projects:
· ”Transforming Climate Knowledge with and for Society” (TRACKS), PI and coordinator, NFR funds.
"Participatory Integrated Assessment of Energy Systems to promote Energy Access and Efficiency" (PARTICIPIA) under EDULINK II, partner in: EU project, currently: contract negotiation.
"Synthetic biology – Engaging with New and Emerging Science and Technology in Re-sponsible Governance of the Science and Society Relationship" (SYN-ENERGY); EU project, currently contract negotiation.
“The Landscape and Isobars of European Values in Relation to Science and New Technology” (Value Isobars), Coordinator, EU project, 2009-2011.
“Sustainable trade in ethical aquaculture”(SEAT), Work package leader, EU project, 2009-2013.
"Sichere Energieversorgung – Neue Herausforderungen an die Analyse zukünftiger Energiesysteme zur Politikberatung", Mitglied der Projektgruppe an der Europäischen Akedemie; Ahrweiler - ongoing
"Interdisziplinäre Forschung und transdisziplinäre Geltungsansprüche", Mitglied der Projektgruppe an der Europäischen Akedemie; Ahrweiler - ongoing
“Public Perception of Genetically Modified Animals – Science, Utility and Society” (PEGASUS), partner, EU project 2009-2012.
“Nordic Network for agriculture and food ethics”, Coordinator, NordForsk, 2007-2010.
“Food ethics dilemma: An open learning resource for teaching ethics”, Partner, Nordic Council of Ministers, 2009-2011.