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Malgorzata Agnieszka Cyndecka's picture

Malgorzata Agnieszka Cyndecka

Associate Professor, Postdoctoral researcher
  • E-mailMalgorzata.Cyndecka@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 97 41+47 911 01 024
  • Visitor Address
    The Faculty of Law
    Magnus Lagabøtes plass 1
    5010 Bergen
    Room 
    452
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7806
    5020 BERGEN

Chronicles in newspapers:

Sugar tax in Norway and State aid rules, Dagens Næringsliv, 2018-06-20

Amazon og Apples skatteregning i EU, Dagens Næringsliv, 2017-11-08

Innovasjon Norge må forklare seg Bergens Tidende, 2017-10-11

Like vilkår - men likere for noen Dagens Næringsliv, 2017-04-25

Kan være både tillatt og fornuftig Dagens Næringsliv, 2016-08-15

Hvor mye «kultur» i kulturaktivitet? Dagens Næringsliv, 2016-07-1

Co-supervison of a PhD candidate:

Øyvind Røed "Incompatible state guarantees" (in Norwegian)

Supervision of master students: EU/EEA State aid law, Data protection law, GDPR (in English and Norwegian)

Teaching:

JUS291-2-A EU and EEA State Aid Law - course leader

http://www.uib.no/emne/JUS291-2-A

JUS287-2-A EU/EEA Commercial Law

http://www.uib.no/emne/JUS287-2-A

NIRI Norwegian and international legal institutions

Academic article
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. ‘Reversed’, ‘Excessive’ or Misconstrued? The Controversy About the Burden of Proof in MEOP Cases. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 157-168.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. The MEOP in the Larko Case · Case T-423/14 Larko Geniki . European State Aid Law Quarterly. 180-185.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. The 2019 ‘Fitness Check’ of State Aid Modernisation Reform of 2012—An Opportunity to Redefine and Reintroduce Sustainability into the EU/EEA State Aid Rules? The Example of the Transport Sector. Sustainability. 20 pages.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Buendia, Jose Luis; Buts, Caroline. 2019. Review of EU Case Law on State Aid – 2018. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 313-338.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. The MEOP in the FIH Case - Where Law and Economics Meet, but Law Prevails (C‑579/16 P Commission v FIH ∙ Annotation on the Judgment of the Court of Justice (Grand Chamber) of 6 March 2018, in Case C‑579/16 P European Commission v FIH Holding and FIH Erhvervsbank (FIH)). European State Aid Law Quarterly. 546-552.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Wyndham, Timothy G.A. 2018. Price Increasing Tax Reductions for Electronic Newspapers. Implications for State Aid Policy. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 375-386.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. Once an Aid Recipient, Always an Aid Recipient? The Post-Crisis State Interventions in the Banking Sector and Beyond. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 192-203.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. The Applicability and Application of the Market Economy Investor Principle: Lessons Learnt from the Financial Crisis. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 512-526.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. FIH Holding and FIH Erhvervsbank v European Commission ∙ T‑386/14. Annotation on the Judgment of the General Court (Sixth Chamber) of 15 September 2016 in Case T‑386/14 FIH Holding and FIH Erhvervsbank v European Commission. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 86-92.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. The Applicability and Application of the Market Economy Investor Principle Article that won European State Aid Quarterly PhD Award 2016. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 381-399.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2015. The problem of objectives pursued by the state under the application of the Market Economy Investor Principle (MEIP). Tidsskrift for Rettsvitenskap. 263-294.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2013. O zadawaniu właściwych pytań, czyli kilka refleksji na temat dopuszczalności zastosowania kryterium (testu) prywatnego inwestora. Glosa do wyroków Sądu z dnia 15 grudnia 2009 r. w sprawie T-156/04 Électricité de France v. Komisja i Trybunału z dnia 5 czerwca 2012 r. w sprawie C-124/10 P. Komisja v. Électricité de France – obu dotyczących umorzenia wierzytelności podatkowej przez władze francuskie wobec Électricité de France (EDF). Internetowy Kwartalnik Antymonopolowy i Regulacyjny. 190-214.
Lecture
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2020. Personvern og GDPR.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2020. EØS-regler om statsstøtte, like konkurransevilkår og gode formål.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. EEA law and the climate change. Some thoughts from Norway .
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Alterskjær, Bjørnar. 2017. «EØS-avtalens vilkår om at støtten må påvirke samhandelen mellom avtalepartene (samhandelskriteriet)».
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Lund, Christian. 2017. «Etterlevelse av markedsaktørprinsippet (MEOP)».
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. Sole responsibility for a half-day seminar on the Market Economy Investor Principle (lecture, assignments).
Popular scientific lecture
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. Brexit - possible consequences and impact on Scandinavia.
Academic lecture
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. The selectivity condition in tax cases - where do we stand?
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. The burden of proof and evidence required under the Market Economy Operator Principle - lessons learnt from recent case law.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. The 2019 ‘Fitness check’ of State aid Modernisation reform of 2012 - an opportunity to redefine and reintroduce sustainability into EU/EEA State aid rules? .
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. State Aid at the Local Level - Norway.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. Recovery of aid. Selected issues.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. How to determine the creditworthiness of an SME?
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. EØS-regler om statsstøtte i universitets- og høyskolesektoren.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. Could rules on State aid to promote risk finance investments also promote sustainable economic growth?
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. «Norske universiteter og høyskoler i lys av EU/EØS-regler om statsstøtte» - presentasjon i kjølvannet av Politisk plattform for en regjering utgått av Høyre, Fremskrittspartiet og Venstre, Jeløya, 14. januar 2018 og Rapport «Like konkurransevilkår for offentlige og private aktører» av 23. januar 2018 (Nærings- og fiskeridepartementet).
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. Personvern og menneskerettigheter.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. Offentliga aktörers möjligheter och begränsningar att investera i egna bolag.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. “EU/EEA state aid law and the energy sector”.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Wyndham, Timothy G.A. 2017. «Price increasing tax reductions for electronic newspapers: Implications for State aid policy” basert på en artikkel skrevet sammen med Tim Wyndham, NHH, som gjelder nullmoms på elektroniske aviser i Norge.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. «Price increasing tax reductions for electronic newspapers: Implications for State aid policy”.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. Startup seminar "Towards more stability, competitiveness and predictability in the financial sector" Presentation of the project financed by the Finansmarkedsfondet Presentation of the postdoctoral project: «Towards more stability, competitiveness and predictability in the financial sector: the correct use of the Market Economy Operator Principle as part of the solution» .
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. Presentasjon av postdok.-prosjektet på Stockholm School of Economics - Towards more stability, competitiveness and predictability in the financial sector: the correct use of the Market Economy Operator Principle as part of the solution.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. Presentasjon av postdoc.-prosjektet og statsstøtteregelverket for miljø og energitiltak på et seminar med representanter fra Utenriksdepartementet (rettsavdeling).
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. Fremleggelse av en artikkel: Once an Aid Recipient, Always an Aid Recipient? The Post-Crisis State Interventions in the Banking Sector and Beyond .
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. The Applicability and Application of the Market Economy Investor Principle Lecture following receiving the price for the best PhD thesis in the period 2012-2016 - the European State Aid Law Quarterly PhD Award for the best PhD thesis in the field of EU/EEA State aid law .
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. Om anvendbarhet og anvendelse av markedaktørprinsippet.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. Fremleggelse av en artikkel: «The Applicability and Application of the Market Economy Investor Principle: Lessons learnt from the Financial Crisis».
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Helle, Herdis; Vagstad, Steinar. 2016. BECCLE-Seminar: Kryssubsidiering, effektiv ressursbruk og ESAs kontroll av det offentlige.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Sühnel, Steffen. 2013. The Applicability and Application of MEIP Senior manager Steffen Sühnel, PwC, Berlin: Applying the Private Investor Test in practice.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2013. Presentation of the PhD thesis : The Market Economyc Investor principle and Article 345 TFEU".
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2012. The applicability of State aid rules to financing Health Care in the EU/EEA.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2011. The Market Economy Investor Principle as a legal tool aimed at safeguarding the principle of equality of private and public undertakings under State aid rules.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2010. "State Aid, cross-subsidising and tender bids from suppliers controlled by the public – a problem in regulated procurement? (cfr Dir 2004/18 Article 55)”.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2010. "Article 345 TFEU - an exemption from competition rules? Chosen state aid related aspects of competition between public and private undertakings in the Internal Market" .
Editorial
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. State Aid in the Form of Tax Exemptions – Some Thoughts from Norway. European State Aid Law Quarterly. 119-120.
Academic monograph
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. "The Market Economy Investor Test in EU State Aid Law: Applicability and Application", International Competition Law Series.
Feature article
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. Slumpavgift blir stasstøtteproblem. Dagens næringsliv. 26-26.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. «Innovasjon Norge må forklare seg». Bergens Tidende.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. Like vilkår - men likere for noen. Dagens næringsliv.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. Amazon og Apples skatteregning i EU. Dagens næringsliv. 38-38.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. “A controversial expansion of the MEIP in a financial crisis case – the GC’s judgment in Case T‑386/14 FIH of 15 September 2016 (under appeal)”. Kluwer Competition Law Blog.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. Kan være både tillatt og fornuftig. Dagens næringsliv. 31-31.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. Hvor mye «kultur» i kulturaktivitet? Dagens næringsliv. 31-31.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. Concurrences blog – innlegg: “The EU General Court hands down a controversial judgment expanding market economy investor principle in a financial crisis case (FIH Holding)” http://www.concurrences.com/en/bulletin/news-issues/september-2016/the-french-supreme-court-holds-that-a-jurisdiction-or-arbitration-clause-cannot . e-Competitions Bulletin.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2014. Gjestebloggpost: T-488/11 Sarc v. Kommisjonen - programvarelisensiering som statsstøtte. Immaterialrettstrollet.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2015. The Applicability and Application of the Market Economy Investor Principle.
Interview
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. Leterefusjonsordningen er trolig ulovlig Den norske leterefusjonsordningen utgjør en gyllen skattefordel, men kan bli gjenstand for gransking av Esa pga. mistanke om den i praksis er statsstøtte, som ikke er tillatt.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. Har staten lov til å konkurrere på det private markedet?
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. Moods fekk fem millionar i risikolån – jussekspert er skeptisk til om det var lovleg https://www.nrk.no/sognogfjordane/ber-om-forklaring-pa-lan-til-moods-1.13728258.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2016. Rydder opp i EUs regler for statsstøtte http://www.uib.no/aktuelt/100511/rydder-opp-i-eus-regler-statsst%C3%B8tte.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2019. Om anvendelsen av EØS-regler om offentlig støtte i den norske universitets- og høyskolesektoren. 18 pages.
  • Askeland, Bjarte; Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Holmøyvik, Eirik; Konow, Berte-Elen R; Nordtveit, Ernst; Schütz, Sigrid Eskeland. 2019. Klimarettslege utfordringar for rettsvitskapen. 20 pages.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka; Røed, Øyvind. 2018. Norway - National Report - XXVIII FIDE Congress. 17 pages.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2018. Effectiveness and Application of EU and EEA Law in Polish Courts. 44 pages.
  • Cyndecka, Malgorzata Agnieszka. 2017. BP Chemicals: Lessons to Be Recalled in the Context of Applying the MEIP to Consecutive State Measures in the Financial Sector. 14 pages.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

In October 2015, the Norwegian Finansmarkedsfondet, (the Finance Market Fund), granted a scholarship to finance a Post.doc.-project: «Towards more stability, competitiveness and predictability in the financial sector». The Finance Market Fund is intended to contribute to increasing public understanding concerning financial markets, with particular emphasis on the functioning of financial markets, and also ethical issues.

The leader of the project is Associate Professor Ronny Gjendemsjø. The Post.doc.-project will be carried out by Malgorzata Agnieszka Cyndecka, PhD. Cyndecka defended her PhD-thesis: «The Market Economy Investor Principle» at the Faculty of Law at UiB in January 2015. The PhD-thesis will be published by Wolters Kluwer in 2016.

While the Post.doc.-project is financed by Finansmarkedsfondet, the Faculty of Law will finance a PhD-project that will also deal with State aid law, and that will focus on state guaranties.

Both individual projects will contribute to developing the EU/EEA State aid law at the Faculty of Law and BECCLE, Bergen Centre For Competition Law and Economics.

A short description of the projects:

In Autumn 2008, the financial crisis hit Europe. In order to prevent the systemic crisis, the EU/EEA Member States granted huge amounts of state aid to banks that were "too big to fail". This was approved by the European Commission and the EFTA Surveillance Authority that are responsible for State aid control in EU/EEA. While these institutions are still dealing with financial crisis aid cases on a daily basis, it is now time to ask more general questions. How can State aid rules contribute to rebuilding the financial sector for the future? How can they make it more robust? The goal of this project is to provide some answers in this regard, and thus contribute to an on-going discussion on the financial sector. The project will analyse how State aid rules should be applied in the financial sector to safeguard its efficiency, competitiveness and equal terms and conditions for all market operators. This analysis entails two individual research projects: a Post.doc.-project and a PhD project (financed by the Faculty). The Post.doc.-project will investigate the applicability and application of the Market Economy Investor Principle (MEIP) to state measures granted in the financial sector. Under the MEIP, the state intervenes in the market in the same way as a rational, profit-oriented market operator would in similar circumstances under normal market conditions. The financial crisis raised new questions concerning the MEIP and its role in the rebuilding of the financial sector. The PhD project seeks to clarify the legal implications of repayment of aid that was granted in the form of a state guarantee. Such measures create a special triangular relation between the state, the aid recipient and the financial institution. This poses certain civil law challenges. As the procedure of aid recovery is governed by national rules, one must examine and clarify the implications of enforcing the EU/EEA State aid law to the Norwegian legal system.

In August 2016, Małgorzata joined the Norwegian government’s external working group, ‘Competition on a level playing field’, that shall analyse inter alia implicit guarantees and tax exemptions in favour of public entities and undertakings that compete with private market operators.
https://www.regjeringen.no/no/aktuelt/vil-bedre-konkurransen/id2503853/

https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/951cf2eca98f4fe594f6713641ee38b0/like-konkurransevilkar--mandat.pdf

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