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Harald Furnes

Professor
  • E-mailHarald.Furnes@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 35 30
  • Visitor Address
    Realfagbygget, Allègt. 41
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

My main interests and long-term research activities are related to the development of ophiolite construction and geochemical geochemical signatures of their crustal components, as well as the microbial colonization and interaction with the volcanic rocks. The crucial questions related to these research activities are: In which tectonic environments are ophiolites (of any age) formed; how far back in time can we positively identify a magmatic sequence (e.g. greenstone belts) as an ophiolite, and hence the presence of plate-tectonic activity; how far back in time can be identify bio-interaction with submarine volcanic rocks, and how extensive is it? In order to get answers to these questions some of the most well-preserved Phanerozic and Precambrian ophiolites and Archean greenstone belts world-wide have been targeted and investigated.

Books
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2014. Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life. Springer. 418 pages. ISBN: 978-94-007-7614-2.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2008. Links between geological processes, microbial activities & evolution of life - microbes and geology. Springer Science+Business Media B.V.. 348 pages. ISBN: 9781402083051.
Journal articles
  • Fang, Qian; Churchman, G. Jock; Hong, Hanlie; Chen, Zhong-Qiang; Liu, Jiacheng; Yu, Jianxin; Han, Wen; Wang, Chaowen; Zhao, Lulu; Furnes, Harald. 2017. New insights into microbial smectite illitization in the Permo-Triassic boundary K-bentonites, South China. Applied Clay Science. 140: 96-111. doi: 10.1016/j.clay.2017.01.029
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim. 2017. Geochemical characterization and petrogenesis of intermediate to silicic rocks in ophiolites: A global synthesis. Earth-Science Reviews. 166: 1-37. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.01.001
  • De Wit, Maarten P.T.; Furnes, Harald. 2016. 3.5-Ga hydrothermal fields and diamictites in the Barberton Greenstone Belt—Paleoarchean crust in cold environments. Science Advances. 2. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1500368
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Yang, Jingsui; Furnes, Harald; Zhou, Mei-Fu. 2015. Mantle heterogeneities and upper crustal variations in the ophiolite record: Preface. Gondwana Research. 27: e1-e1. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2014.11.001
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim; de Wit, Maarten. 2015. Precambrian greenstone sequences represent different ophiolite types. Gondwana Research. 27: 649-685. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2013.06.004
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; DeWit, Maarten. 2015. Reply to Grosch and McLoughlin: Glass bioalteration trace fossils can be preserved by titanite in Paleoarchean greenstones. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 112: E3092-E03092. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1507722112
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; DeWit, Maarten. 2015. Paleoarchean trace fossils in altered volcanic glass. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 112: 6892-6897. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1421052112
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2014. Ophiolites and their origins. Elements. 10: 93-100. doi: 10.2113/gselements.10.2.93
  • Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten; Dilek, Yildirim. 2014. Four billion years of ophiolites reveal secular trends in oceanic crust formation. Geoscience Frontiers. 5: 571-603. doi: 10.1016/j.gsf.2014.02.002
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Smits, Mark. 2014. Deep biosphere record of in situ oceanic lithosphere and ophiolites. Elements. 10: 121-126. doi: 10.2113/gselements.10.2.121
  • Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten; Robins, Brian. 2013. A review of new interpretations of the tectonostratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution of the Onverwacht Suite, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Gondwana Research. 23: 403-428. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2012.05.007
  • de Wit, Maarten; Furnes, Harald. 2013. Earth's oldest preserved unconformity - Prospect of a beginning in the tectono-sedimentary continental cycle? Gondwana Research. 23: 429-435. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2012.03.002
  • Altunkaynak, Safak; Dilek, Yildirim; Genç, Can S.; Sunal, Gürsel; Gertisser, Ralf; Furnes, Harald; Foland, Kenneth A.; Yang, Jingsui. 2012. Spatial, temporal and geochemical evolution of Oligo-Miocene granitoid magmatism in western Anatolia, Turkey. Gondwana Research. 21: 961-986. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2011.10.010
  • Altunkaynak, Safak; Sunal, Gürsel; Aldanmaz, Ercan; Genç, Can S.; Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald; Foland, Kenneth A.; Yang, Jingsui; Yildiz, Merve. 2012. Eocene granitic magmatism in NW Anatolia (Turkey) revisited: new implications from comparative zircon SHRIMP U-Pb and Ar-40-Ar-39 geochronology and isotope geochemistry on magma genesis and emplacement. Lithos. 155: 289-309. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2012.09.008
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Knowles, Emily; Wirth, Richard; Templeton, Alexis; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Furnes, Harald. 2012. Characterization of alteration textures in Cretaceous oceanic crust (pillow lava) from the N-Atlantic (DSDP Hole 418A) by spatially-resolved spectroscopy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 96: 80-93. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2012.08.026
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim; Pedersen, Rolf B. 2012. Structure, geochemistry, and tectonic evolution of trench-distal backarc oceanic crust in the western Norwegian Caledonides, Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite (Norway). Geological Society of America Bulletin. 124: 1027-1047. doi: 10.1130/B30561.1
  • Furnes, Harald; Robins, Brian; de Wit, Maarten J. 2012. Geochemistry and petrology of lavas in the Upper Onverwacht Suite, Barberton Mountain Land, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology. 115: 171-210. doi: 10.2113/gssajg.115.2.171
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2011. Ophiolite genesis and global tectonics: Geochemical and tectonic fingerprinting of ancient oceanic lithosphere. Geological Society of America Bulletin. 123: 387-411. doi: 10.1130/B30446.1
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Wirth, Richard; Simonetti, Antonio; Schreiber, Anja; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2011. Tubular textures in pillow lavas from a Caledonian west Norwegian ophiolite: A combined TEM, LA-ICP-MS, and STXM study. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. 12. 21 pages. doi: 10.1029/2010GC003255
  • Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten J.; Robins, Brian; Sandstå, Nils Rune. 2011. Volcanic evolution of the Upper Onverwacht Suite, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research. 186: 28-50. doi: 10.1016/j.precamres.2010.11.002
  • Robins, Brian; Sandstå, Nils Rune; Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten. 2011. Evidence for refilling of previously emptied basaltic pillows in the Hooggenoeg Complex, Barberton Greenstone Belt. Geological Magazine. 148: 435-441. doi: 10.1017/S0016756810000853
  • Sandstå, Nils Rune; Robins, Brian; Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten J. 2011. The origin of large varioles in flow-banded pillow lava from the Hooggenoeg Complex, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 162: 365-377. doi: 10.1007/s00410-010-0601-4
  • de Wit, Maarten J.; Furnes, Harald; Robins, Brian. 2011. Geology and Tectonostratigraphy of the Onverwacht Suite, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research. 186: 1-27. doi: 10.1016/j.precamres.2010.12.007
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Košler, Jan; McLoughlin, Nicola; Simonetti, A; de Wit, M. J.; Wirth, R; Furnes, Harald. 2010. In-situ dating of the Earth's oldest trace fossil at 3.34 Ga. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 299: 290-298. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.09.008
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Wirth, Richard; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Hanski, Eero; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2010. Septate-tubular textures in 2.0-Ga pillow lavas from the Pechenga Greenstone Belt: a nano-spectroscopic approach to investigate their biogenicity. Geobiology. 8: 372-390. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2010.00252.x
  • Furnes, Harald; De Wit, M.; Robins, Brian. 2010. Petrological and tectonic evolution of the Palaeoarchean Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 74: A311-A311.
  • Khalil, Khalil I; El-Sayed, Mohamad M; Furnes, Harald. 2010. Mineralogy and implication of wall rock alteration in the Sabahia gold mine area, Eastern Desert, Egypt. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology: An International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology. 71: 1089-1102.
  • Luttinen, Arto V.; Leat, Philip T.; Furnes, H. 2010. Björnnutane and Sembberget basalt lavas and the geochemical provinciality of Karoo magmatism in western Dronning Maud Land, Antartica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 198: 1-18. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.07.011
  • Luttinen, Arto V.; Leat, Philip T.; Furnes, Harald. 2010. Bjornnutane and Sembberget basalt lavas and the geochemical provinciality of Karoo magmatism in western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 198: 1-18. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.07.011
  • McLoughlin, Nicola; Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Eickmann, Benjamin; Ivarsson, Magnus. 2010. Mechanisms of microtunneling in rock substrates - distinguishing endolithic biosignatures from abiotic microtunnels. Geobiology. 8: 245-255. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4669.2010.00243.x
  • Mcloughlin, Nicola; Fliegel, Daniel; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Simonetti, Antonio; Zhao, GuoChun; Robinson, Paul T. 2010. Assessing the biogenicity and syngenicity of candidate bioalteration textures in pillow lavas of the similar to 2.52 Ga Wutai greenstone terrane of China. Chinese Science Bulletin. 55: 188-199. doi: 10.1007/s11434-009-0448-0
  • Robins, Brian; Sandstå, Nils Rune; Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten. 2010. Flow banding in basaltic pillow lavas from the Early Archean Hooggenoeg Formation, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Bulletin of Volcanology. 72: 579-592. doi: 10.1007/s00445-009-0341-3
  • Dilek, Y; Furnes, Harald; Scoenberg, R. 2009. Structure and geochemistry of the incipient oceanic crust of the Red Sea and the rifted margin of Western Arabia. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 73: A293-A293.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Structure and geochemistry of Tethyan ophiolites and their petrogenesis in subduction rollback systems. Lithos. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2009.04.022
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Wirth, Richard; Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Combined FIB and TEM analysis of tubular alteration textures in pillow lavas from the 2.0 Ga Pechenga Greenstone Belt, Russia. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 73: A384-A384.
  • Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Staudigel, H.; Banerjee, Neil; Fliegel, Daniel; Mühlenbachs, K; Dewit, M. 2009. Pillow lava as microbial habitat for 3.5 billion years: Petrographic signatures of bioalteration. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 73: A404-A404.
  • Furnes, Harald; Rosing, Minik; Dilek, Yildirim; de Wit, Maarten. 2009. Isua supracrustal belt (Greenland) – A vestige of a 3.8 Ga suprasubduction zone ophiolite, and the implications for Archean geology. Lithos. 113: 115-132. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2009.03.043
  • Grosch, Eugene; Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; de Wit, M. J.; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Drilling for the Archean Roots of Life and Tectonic Earth in the Barberton Mountains. Scientific Drilling. 8: 24-28.
  • Grosch, Eugene; Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; de Wit, Maarten; Furnes, Harald. 2009. Deciphering Earth's Deep History: Drilling in Africa's Oldest Greenstone Belt. Eos Trans. EOS : Transactions. doi: 10.1029/2009EO400002
  • Mc Loughlin (also McLoughlin), Nicola; Fliegel, Daniel; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, H.; Simonetti, Antonio; Zhao, G; Robinson, Paul. 2009. Assessing the biogenicity and syngenicity of candidate bioalteration textures in pillow lavas of the ~2.52 Ga Wutai greenstone terrane of China. Chinese Science Bulletin. doi: 10.1007/s11434-009-0448-0
  • Mc Loughlin, Nicola; Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil R; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert. 2009. Ichnotaxonomy of Microbial Trace Fossils in Volcanic Glass. Journal of the Geological Society. 166: 159-170. doi: 10.1144/0016-76492008-049
  • Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten. 2009. Thermophile inhabitants of the Archean seafloor basalts. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 73: A911-A911. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2009.05.011
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Bebout, Gray. 2008. Biogeochemical tracers of modern and ancient life in seafloor lavas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 72: A51-A51.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald; Shallo, Minella. 2008. Geochemistry of the Jurassic Mirdita Ophiolite (Albania) and the MORB to SSZ evolution of a marginal basin oceanic crust. Lithos. 100: 174-209. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2007.06.026
  • Fliegel, Daniel; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Košler, Jan; Banerjee, Neil; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald. 2008. Direct in situ dating of titanite in biotextures using laser ablation MC-ICP-MS. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 72: A274-A274.
  • Koren, Jan Henrik; Svendsen, John-Inge; Mangerud, Jan; Furnes, Harald. 2008. The dimna ash - A 12.8 C-14 ka-old volcanic ash in Western Norway. Quaternary Science Reviews. 27: 85-94. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.04.021
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Banerjee, Neil; Connel, Laurie B.; Templeton, Alexis. 2008. 3.5 billion years of glass bioalteration: Volcanic rocks as a basis for microbial life? Earth-Science Reviews. 89: 156-176. doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2008.04.005
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Banerjee, Neil; Connell, Laurie B.; Templeton, Alexis. 2008. Microbial glass bioalteration: Inferring mechanisnis of blocorrosion from trace fossil morphology. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 72: A893-A893.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; Heaman, Larry M.; Van Kranendonk, Martin J. 2007. Direct dating of Archean microbial ichnofossils. Geology. 35: 487-490. doi: 10.1130/G23534A.1
  • Banerjee, Neil; Simonetti, Antonio; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; Mcloughlin, Nicola; de Wit, Maarten; Van Kranendonk, Martin. 2007. Direct dating of archean microbial ichnofossils. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 71: A58-A58.
  • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald; Shallo, Minella. 2007. Suprasubduction zone ophiolite formation along the periphery of Mesozoic Gondwana. Gondwana Research. 11: 453-475. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2007.01.005
  • El-Sayed, Mohamed M.; Furnes, Harald; Abou Shagar, El-Sayeda. 2007. Growth of the Egyptian crust in the northern East African Orogen: A review of existing models and proposed modifications. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 183: 317-341. doi: 10.1127/0077/2007/0078
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2007. Pillow lavas as a habitat for microbial life. Geology Today. 23. 143-146. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2451.2007.00622.x
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Mcloughlin, Nicola; de Wit, Maarten; Van Kranendonk, Martin. 2007. Comparing petrographic signatures of bioalteration in recent to Mesoarchean pillow lavas: Tracing subsurface life in oceanic igneous rocks. Precambrian Research. 158: 156-176. doi: 10.1016/j.precamres.2007.04.012
  • Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten; Staudigel, Hubert; Rosing, Minik; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2007. Response to comments on "A vestige of Earth's oldest ophiolite". Science. 318. 2 pages. doi: 10.1126/science.1144231
  • Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten; Staudigel, Hubert; Rosing, Minik; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2007. A vestige of Earth's oldest ophiolite. Science. 315: 1704-1707. doi: 10.1126/science.1139170
  • Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Furnes, Harald; de Wit, Maarten; Rosing, Minik; Staudigel, Hubert. 2007. The delta O-18 of the ocean at 3.8 Ga. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 71: A692-A692.
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, Maarten. 2006. Preservation of ~3.4–3.5 Ga microbial biomarkers in pillow lavas and hyaloclastites from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 241: 707-722. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.11.011
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Yildirim; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Banerjee, Neil R. 2006. Tectonic control of bioalteration in modern and ancient oceanic crust as evidenced by carbon isotopes. Island Arc. 15: 143-155. doi: Se sammendrag
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, Bjarte; Hellevang, Helge; Robins, Brian. 2006. Evolution of lavas in the Late Ordovician/Early Silurian Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, West Norway. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. 7: 1-32. doi: 10.1029/2005GC001154
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil R.; Dilek, Yildirim; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2006. Microbes and volcanoes: A tale from the oceans, ophiolites, and greenstone belts. GSA Today. 16: 4-10. doi: 10.1130/GSAT01610A.1
  • Banerjee, Neil; Furnes, Harald; Chacko, T; Muehlenbachs, K.; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, M. 2005. A mechanism for preservation of ~3.5 billion-year-old microbial alteration textures in pillow basalts from the Barberton Greenstone Belt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 69. A37.
  • Dilek, Y.; Shallo, M.; Furnes, Harald. 2005. Rift-drift, seafloor spreading, and subduction tectonics of Albanian ophiolities. International Geology Review. 47: 147-176.
  • Fonneland, Hege Cathrine; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K; Dilek, Y. 2005. Hydrothermal alteration and tectonic evolution of an intermediate- to fast-spread backarc oceanic crust: Late ordovician Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite, Western Norway. Island Arc. 14: 517-541.
  • Fonneland, Hege Cathrine; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K; Dilek, Y. 2005. Hydrothermal alteration and tectonic evolution of an intermediate- to fast-spread backarc oceanic crust: Late ordovician Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite, Western Norway. Island Arc. 14.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Muehlenbachs, K.; Kontinen, A. 2005. Evidence of biosignatures in metaglassy volcanic rocks from the Jormua ophiolite complex Finland. Precambrian Research. 136. 125-137.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Kontinen, A. 2005. Preservation of biosignatures in metaglassy volcanic rocks from the Jormua ophiolite complex, Finland. Precambrian Research. 136: 125-137.
  • Banerjee, NR; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, M. 2004. Pillow lavas as a habitat for early life on Earth. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 68: A402-A402.
  • El-sayed, M.M.; Mohamed, F.H.; Furnes, Harald. 2004. Petrological and geochemical constraints on the evolution of late Pan-African Bakriya post-orogenic ring complex, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 180: 1-32.
  • El-sayed, M.M.; Obeid, M.A.; Furnes, Harald; Moghazi, A.M. 2004. Late Neoproterozoic volcanism in the southern Eastern Desert, Egypt: petrological, structural and geochemical constraints on the tectonic-magmatic evolution of the Allaqi Dokhan volcanic suite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 180: 261-286.
  • Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; de Wit, Maarten. 2004. Early life recorded in archean pillow lavas. Science. 304: 578-581.
  • Muehlenbachs, K; Banerjee, NR; Furnes, Harald. 2004. The deep biosphere's imprint on carbonate carbon isotope systematics in basalts, from the seafloor. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 68: A406-A406.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Bailey, BE; Furnes, Harald; Tebo, B; Templeton, A. 2004. The ocean crust as a bioreactor. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 68: A401-A401.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, B.; Robins, Brian; Gudmundsson, Agust. 2003. Geochemical stratigraphy of the lavas of the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, W. Norway, and magma-chamber dynamics. Bulletin of Volcanology. 65: 441-457.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, Helge; Hellevang, B.; Skjerlie, Kjell Petter; Robins, Brian; Dilek, Yildirim. 2003. Volcanic evolution of oceanic crust in a Late Ordovician back-arc basin: The Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, West Norway. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K.; Torsvik, Terje; Tumyr, Ole; Lang, S. 2002. Bio-signatures in metabasaltic glass of a Caledonian ophiolite West Norway. Geological Magazine. 139.
  • Mohamed, F.H.; El-Sayed, M.M.; Furnes, Harald; Kanisawa, S. 2002. Geochemistry and petrogenetic aspects of the Pan-African plutonic rock suites in the Umm Gheig province, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: special emphasis on the granitoid suites. Chemie der Erde. 62: 317-346.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, B.; Dilek, Y. 2001. Cyclic volcanic stratigraphy in a Late Ordovician marginal basin, west Norwegian Caledonides. Bulletin of Volcanology. 63: 164-178.
  • Furnes, Harald; Hellevang, B.; Dilek, Y. 2001. Cyclic volcanic stratigraphy in a Late Ordovician marginal basin, west Norwegian Caledonides. Bulletin of Volcanology. 63: 164-178.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Torsvik, Terje; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Microbial fractionation of carbon isotopes in altered basaltic glass from the Atlantic Ocean, Lau Basin and Costa Rica Rift. Chemical Geology. 173: 313-330.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Tumyr, Ole; Torsvik, Terje; Xenophontos, C. 2001. Biogenic alteration of volcanic glass from the Troodos ophiolite, Cyprus. Journal of Geological Society of London. 158: 75-82.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes. 2001. Bioalteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. 2: U1-U32.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, K.; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Bioalteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. 2.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Tumyr, Ole. 2001. Bio-alteration of basaltic glass in the oceanic crust. MANGLER. Published 2001-08-24.
  • Hesthammer, J; Furnes, Harald. 2001. Structural core analysis from the Gullfaks area, northern North Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 18: 411-439.
  • Pedersen, Rolf-Birger; Furnes, Harald. 2001. Nd- and Pb-isotopic variations through the upper oceanic crust in DSDP/ODP Hole 504B, Costa Rica Rift. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 189: 221-235.
  • Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Dilek, Y. 2000. Petrology, tectonics, and hydrothermal alteration of a fossil backarc oceanic crust: Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex of the western Norwegian Caledonides- A review. In: Ophiolites and Ocean Crust: New Insight from Field Studies and Ocean Drilling Program. Y.Dilek, E.M. Moores, and A. Nicolas (eds). Geological Society of America, Special Paper. ?.
  • Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Dilek, Y. 2000. Petrology, tectonics, and hydrothermal alteration of a fossil backarc oceanic crust: Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex of the western Norwegian Caledonides- A review. In: Ophiolites and Ocean Crust: New Insight from Field Studies and Ocean Drilling Program. Y.Dilek, E.M. Moores, and A. Nicolas (eds). Geological Society of America, Special Paper.
  • Haaland, H.J.; Furnes, Harald; Martinsen, O.J. 2000. A sedimentological, textural and geochemical study of the Paleogene tuffaceous intervals, Grane Field. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 17: 101-118.
  • Haaland, H.J.; Furnes, Harald; Martinsen, O.J. 2000. A sedimentological, textural and geochemical study of the Paleogene tuffaceous intervals, Grane Field. Marine and Petroleum Geology. 17: 101-118.
  • Luttinen, A.; Furnes, Harald. 2000. Flood basalts of Vestfjella: Jurassic magmatism across an Archean-Proterozoic lithospheric boundary in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Journal of Petrology. 17: 1271-1305.
  • Luttinen, A.; Furnes, Harald. 2000. Flood basalts of Vestfjella: Jurassic magmatism across an Archean-Proterozoic lithospheric boundary in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Journal of Petrology. 17: 1271-1305.
  • Ryttvad, H.L.; Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Rolfsen, R. 2000. Geochemistry and petrogenesis of extrusive rocks, dikes and high-level plutonic rocks in the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite complex, western Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 80: 97-110.
  • Ryttvad, H.L.; Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K.P.; Rolfsen, R. 2000. Geochemistry and petrogenesis of extrusive rocks, dikes and high-level plutonic rocks in the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite complex, western Norway. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift. 80: 97-110.
  • El-Sayed, MM; Furnes, Harald; Mohamed, FA. 1999. Geochemical constraints on the tectonomagmatic evolution of the late Precambrian Fawakhir ophiolite, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 29.
  • Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K; Tumyr, Ole; Torsvik, Terje; Thorseth, IH. 1999. Depth of active bio-alteration in the ocean crust: Costa Rica Rift (Hole 504B). Terra Nova.
  • Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert. 1999. Biological mediation of basalt glass alteration in the ocean crust: How deep is the Deep Biosphere? Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 166: 97-103.
  • Haaland, HJ; Furnes, Harald; Martinsen, OJ. 1999. A sedimentological, textural and geochemical study of the Paleogene tuffaceous intervals, Grane Field. Marine and Petroleum Geology.
  • Furnes, Harald; Dilek, Y.; Skjerlie, K. P.; Ryttvad, H. L.; Fonneland, H. C. 1998. Variations in basaltic geochemistry along a propagating rift of the Late Odrovician marginal basin of the West Norwegian Caledonides. Terra Nova. 10: 21-26.
  • Selbekk, R. S.; Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B.; Skjerlie, K. P. 1998. Contrasting tonalite genesis in the Lyngen Magmatic Complex, north Norwegian Caledonides. Lithos. 42: 243-268.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K.; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 1998. Microbial activity at the glass-alteration interface in oceanic basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 162: 165-176.
  • Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 1998. Evidence for microbial activity at the glass-alteration interface in oceanic basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 162: 165-176.
  • Dilek, Y.; Furnes, Harald; Skjerlie, K. P. 1997. Propagating rift tectonics of a Caledonian marginal basin: Multi-stage seafloor spreading history of the Solund-Stavfjord ophiolite in western Norway. Tectonophysics. 280: 213-238.
  • Pedersen, K.; Ekendahl, S.; Tullborg, E-L.; Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole. 1997. Evidence of ancient life at 207 m depth in a granitic aquifer. Geology. 25: 827-830.
  • Furnes, Harald; El-Sayed, M.-M.; Khalil, S. O.; Hassanen, M. A. 1996. Pan-African magmatism in the Wadi El-Imra district, Central Eastern Desert: Geochemistry and tectonic environment. Journal of the Geological Society. 153: 705-718.
  • Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole; Torsvik, Terje; Fisk, Martin. 1996. Microbial Activity in the Alteration of Glass from Pillow Lavas from Hole 896A. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program Scientific Results. 148: 191-206.
  • Skjerlie, K.; Furnes, Harald. 1996. A gabbro - dyke transition zone demonstradet on Tviberg: Solund Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex. Chishitsugaku zasshi.
  • Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B. 1995. The Lyngen Magmatic Complex: geology and geochemistry (abstract). Geonytt. 22: 30.
  • Ravnås, R.; Furnes, Harald. 1995. The use of geochemical and isotope data in determining the provenance and tectonic setting of ancient sedimentary successions: The Kalvåg Melange, western Norwegian Caldedonides. spec. publs. int. ass. sediment.. 22: 237-264.
  • Thorseth, I.H.; Furnes, Harald; Tumyr, Ole. 1995. Geochemical and textural effects on bacterial activity on basaltic glass: an experimental approach. Chemical geology : Isotope geoscience section. 119: 139-160.
  • Thorseth, I.H.; Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K. 1995. Microbes play an important role in the alteration of the oceanic crust. Chemical Geology. 126: 137-146.
  • Thorseth, I.H.; Torsvik, Terje; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, K. 1995. Microbes play an important role in the alteration of the oceanic crust. Chemical Geology. 126: 137-146.
  • Alsaker, Einar; Furnes, Harald. 1994. Geochemistry of the Sunnfjord Melange: Sediment mixing from different sources during odduction of the Solund-Stavfjord Ophilite complex, Nor wegian Caledonides. Geological Magazine. 131: 105-121.
  • Furnes, Harald; Kryza, R.; Muszynski, A.; Pin, C.; Garmann, Leif B. 1994. Geochemical evidence for progressive, rift-related Early Paleozoic vol canism in the eastern Sudetes. Journal of the Geological Society. 151: 91-109.
  • Heskestad, B.; Hofshagen, N. H.; Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf B. 1994. The geochemical evolution of the Gulfjellet Ophilite Complex. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 74.
  • Kryza, R.; Muszynski, A.; Furnes, Harald. 1994. Early paleozoic volcanism in the Western Sudetes (Poland): A correlati on between the western parts of the Swierzawa and Bolkow units of the Kaczawa Mts. Zbl. Geol. Palaeont. Teil.. 1: 1039-1052.
  • Skår, Ø.; Furnes, Harald; Claesson, S. 1994. Proterozoic orogenic magmatism within the Western Gneiss Region, Sunnf jord, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 74: 114-126.
  • Skår, Ø.; Furnes, Harald; Claesson, S. 1994. Middle Proterozoic orogenic magmatism within the Western Gneiss Region , Sunnfjord, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 74: 114-126.
  • Alsaker, Einar; Furnes, Harald. 1993. The geochemistry of the Sunnfjord Melange: sediment mixing from different sources during obduction of the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, Norwegian Caledonides. Geological Magazine.
  • Alsaker, Einar; Furnes, Harald. 1993. Geochemistry of the Sunnfjord Melange: Sediment mixing from different sources during obduction of the Solund-Stavfjord Ophilite Complex, Norwegian Caledonides. Geological Magazine. 130.
  • Alt, J.C.; Kinoshita, H.; Stokking, L.; Furnes, Harald. 1993. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program Leg 148. Initial Report.
  • Furnes, Harald; Kryza, R.; Muszynski, A.; Pin, C.; Garmann, L.B. 1993. Geochemical evidence for progressive, rift-related Early Paleozoic volcanism in the eastern sudetes. Journal of the Geological Society.
  • Tveit, R.; Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, R.B. 1993. Geological and geochemical development of the submarine volcanic sequence on Storøya, Leka Ophiolite Complex. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 73: 81-94.
  • Furnes, Harald; Johansen, R. J.; Skjerlie, K. P. 1992. FeTi-poor and FeTi-rich basalts in the Solund-Stavfjord Ophiolite Complex, west Norwegian Caledonides: Relationships and genesis. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 4. 153-168.
  • Furnes, Harald; Pedersen, Rolf-Birger; Hertogen, J.; Albrektsen, B. A. 1992. Magma development of the Leka Ophiolite Complex, central Norwegian Caledonides. Lithos. 27: 259-277.
  • Pedersen, Rolf-Birger; Bruton, D. L.; Furnes, Harald. 1992. Ordovician faunas, island arcs and ophiolites in the Scandinavian Caledonides. Terra Nova. 4: 217-222.
  • Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald; Heldal, Mikal. 1992. The importance of microbiological activity in the alteration of natura l basaltic glass. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 56: 445-450.
  • Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Furnes, Harald; Heldal, Mikal. 1992. The importance of microbiological activity in the alteration of natural basaltic glass. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 56: 845-850.
Reports and theses
  • Brewer, T.; Bach, W.; Furnes, Harald. 1996. Geochemistry of lavas from ODP Hole 896A, Leg 148. Scientific results from ODP Leg 148. [Mangler utgivernavn]. 9 pages.
  • Fisk, M.; McNeill, A.; Teagle, D.; Furnes, Harald; Bach, W. 1996. Major element chemistry of Leg 148 Hole glass: Data report. Scientific results from ODP Leg 148. [Mangler utgivernavn]. 483 pages.
  • Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Tumyr, Ole; Torsvik, Terje; Fisk, M. 1996. Microbial activity in the alteration of glass from pillow lavas from ODP Hole 896A, Leg 148. Scientific results from ODP Leg 148. [Mangler utgivernavn]. 191 pages.
  • Giovannoni, S.J.; Fisk, M. R.; Mullins, T. D.; Furnes, Harald. 1996. Genetic evidence for endolithic life colonizing basaltic glassseawater interfaces. Scientific results from ODP Leg 148. [Mangler utgivernavn]. 207 pages.
Book sections
  • Furnes, Harald; De Wit, M; Dilek, Y. 2014. Precambrian greenstone belts host different ophiolite types. Chapter 1, pages 1-21. In:
    • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald. 2014. Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life. Springer. 418 pages. ISBN: 978-94-007-7614-2.
  • McLoughlin, Nicola; Furnes, Harald; Staudigel, Hubert; Hanski, Eero. 2013. Seeking Textural Evidence of a palaeoproterozoic sub-seafloor Biosphere in Pillow Lavas of the Pechenga Greenstone Belt. In "Reading the Archive of Earth's Oxygenation. Editors: V.A. Melezhik, A.E.Fallick, L. Kump, A.R.Prave, H. Strauss. Volum 3, pages 1371-1394. In:
    • Melezhik, Victor A.; Prave, Anthony R; Fallick, Anthony E.; Kump, Lee R; Strauss, Harald. 2013. Reading the Archive of Earth’s Oxygenation Volume 1: The Palaeoproterozoic of Fennoscandia as Context for the Fennoscandian Arctic Russia - Drilling Early Earth Project. Springer. 490 pages. ISBN: 978-3-642-29682-6.
  • Furnes, Harald; Mcloughlin, Nicola; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Banerjee, Neil; Staudigel, Hubert; Dilek, Yildirim; de Wit, Maarten; Van Kranendonk, Martin; Schiffman, Peter. 2008. Oceanic pillow lavas and hyaloclastites as habitats for microbial life through time – a review. 1-68, pages 1-68. In:
    • Dilek, Yildirim; Furnes, Harald; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2008. Links between geological processes, microbial activities & evolution of life - microbes and geology. Springer Science+Business Media B.V.. 348 pages. ISBN: 9781402083051.
  • Mcloughlin, Nicola; Furnes, Harald; Banerjee, Neil; Van Kranendonk, Martin J.; Staudigel, Hubert; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; de Wit, Maarten. 2008. Microbioerosion in volcanic glass: extending the ichnofossil record to Archaean basaltic crust. 372-396, pages 372-396. In:
    • Wisshak, Max; Tapanila, Leif. 2008. Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer. 499 pages. ISBN: 9783540775973.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Furnes, Harald. 2004. Microbial mediation of oceanic crust alteration. 18, pages 608-626. In:
    • Davis, E.E.; Elderfield, H. 2004. Hydrology of the Oceanic Lithosphere. Cambridge University Press. 726 pages.
  • Staudigel, Hubert; Tebo, B.; Yayanos, A.A.; Furnes, Harald; Kelley, K.; Plank, T.; Muehlenbachs, Karlis. 2004. The Oceanic crust as a Bioreactor. The Oceanic crust as a Bioreactor, pages 325--341. In:
    • Wilcock, William; Delong, Edward F.; Kelley, Deborah; Baross, John A.; Cary, S. Craig. 2004. Deep Subsurface Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges. American Geophysical Union (AGU). 408 pages. ISBN: 0-87590-409-2.
  • Furnes, Harald; Thorseth, Ingunn Hindenes; Torsvik, Terje; Muehlenbachs, Karlis; Staudigel, Hubert; Tumyr, Ole. 2002. Identifying bio-interaction with basaltic glass in oceanic crust and implications for estimating the depth of the oceanic biospher: A review. 407-421. In:
    • Smellie, J.L.; Chapman, M.G. 2002. Volcano-Ice Interaction on Earth and Mars. Geological Society Special Publication. 202. Published for the Geological Society by Blackwell, Oxford.
  • Dilek, Y.; Moores, E. M.; Furnes, Harald. 1998. Structure of modern oceanic crust and ophiolites and implications for faulting and magmatism at oceanic spreading centers. 219-266. In:
    • Buck, R.; Karson, J.; Delaney, P.; Lagabrielle, Y. 1998. Faulting and magmatism at mid-ocean ridges. AGU Monograph.

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