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Sieghard Beller

Associate Professor
  • E-mailSieghard.Beller@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 91 85
  • Visitor Address
    Christiesgt. 12
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7807
    5020 BERGEN

General topic: Cognition, language, and culture

  • Numerical cognition and counting systems
  • Causal cognition, language, and culture
  • Spatial and temporal references
  • Grammatical gender and its cognitive effects
  • Content effects in reasoning
  • Anthropology and the cognitive sciences

Most topics are worked on in collaboration with Andrea Bender. Short descriptions are provided below together with the two most recent publications.

Numerical cognition and counting systems

Number words are among the first mathematical concepts that children acquire. They constitute a system with specific properties (like base, extent, and regularity), and are an important tool for numerical tasks. How did these systems develop linguistically? How much variation do we observe cross-culturally? And which cognitive implications arise from their specific properties for learning and doing mathematical tasks?

  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2017). The power of 2: How an apparently irregular numeration system facilitates mental arithmetic. Cognitive Science, 41, 158-187.
  • Bender, A., Schlimm, D., & Beller, S. (2015). The cognitive advantages of counting specifically: A representational analysis of verbal numeration systems in Oceanic languages. Topics in Cognitive Science, 7, 552-569.

Causal cognition, language, and culture

The concept of causality is one of the core concepts that helps people to understand how the world works. Causal knowledge enables them to make predictions and to find explanations for why things happen the way they do. Are people's explanations of simple physical phenomena universal or do they vary cross-culturally? And is the way they assign causality affected by the way events are described?

Spatial and temporal references

When describing relations between objects or events, we inevitably have to choose a frame of reference (FoR). Across languages and cultures, preferences for spatial FoRs differ. Which variant is preferred when another person's perspective has to be adopted? And, given that people tend to think about time in terms of space, how much of what we know about spatial FoRs is applicable to temporal FoRs?

  • Beller, S., Bohlen, J., Hüther, L., & Bender, A. (2016). Perspective taking in referring to objects behind versus in front of an observer: Frames of reference, intra-individual consistency, and response latencies. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 1384-1408.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2014). Mapping spatial frames of reference onto time: A review of theoretical accounts and empirical findings. Cognition, 132, 342-382.

Grammatical gender and its cognitive effects

In languages with gender systems, nouns are assigned to one of several classes that determine the declension of associated words. About two classes, masculine and feminine, a debate has ignited on whether the grammatical gender of a noun affects how its referent is conceptualized: Is the sun in German (die Sonne) conceived of as more female as the moon (der Mond) because the former is feminine while the latter is masculine?

  • Bender, A., Beller, S., Klauer, K. C. (2016). Lady Liberty and Godfather Death as candidates for linguistic relativity? Scrutinizing the gender congruency effect on personified allegories with explicit and implicit measures. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 48-64.
  • Beller, S., Brattebrø, K. F., Lavik, K. O., Reigstad, R. D., & Bender, A. (2015). Culture or language: What drives effects of grammatical gender? Cognitive Linguistics, 26, 331-359.

Content effects in reasoning

The phenomenon that the content of an (logical) argument influences the conclusions people draw from it is known at least since the work of Wilkins (1928) on syllogistic reasoning. Nevertheless, the study of content effects is highly topical in the psychology of reasoning. What do these effects tell us about how the mind works? And what do they tell us about people's understanding of the contents involved?

Anthropology and the cognitive sciences

Anthropology and the other cognitive sciences currently maintain a troubled relationship. In various articles and debates, we explored how rapprochement could look like, and how it could be achieved. By initiating common events like workshops or symposia at conferences, we try to link these fields more closely to oneanother.

Reception in the media (selection)

Development of number systems (Beller & Bender, 2008)

Finger counting systems (Bender & Beller, 2012)

Die Welt des Denkens (Bender & Beller, 2013)

Mangarevan binary counting (Bender & Beller, 2013)

Contributions to the following courses

  • Cognitive Psychology (PROPSY305, PSYCH305A, PSYCH305B)
  • Developmental Psychology (PROPSY302, PSYCH302B)
    (APA course Scientific authorship and presentation)
  • Perspectives in Psychological Science (MAPSYK301)
  • Advanced Topics in Cognitive Psychology (MAPSYK317)
  • Research design, methods, ethics and philosophy of science (PS901)
    (lecture on Ethics in experimental lab research)

Didactic concept: Learning by Elaboration, Validation, and Application

  • Elaboration: acquire a sound overview of the subject by reading and elaborating basic texts
  • Validation: consolidate single topics by exercises, teamwork, talks or discussions
  • Application: learn how theoretical knowledge can be applied to new examples

The implementation of the EVA principle in my courses on empirical research methods (at the University of Freiburg, Germany) was awarded in 2003 with the Landeslehrpreis [Teaching award] of the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts of the State of Baden-Württemberg (Germany).

(Co-)Author of three textbooks

In press or submitted

  • Bender, A., & Beller, S., & Klauer, K. C. (submitted). Gender congruency from a neutral point of view: The roles of gender classes and gender-indicating articles. Under review.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (submitted). Theory, the final frontier? A corpus-based analysis of the role of theory in psychological articles. Under review.
  • Beller, S., Rothe-Wulf, A., Kuhnmünch, G., & Bender, A. (submitted). Assigning physical causality: A question of assessment, agency, and culture. Under review.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (submitted). Agents and patients in physical settings: Is the assignment of causal roles affected by linguistic cues? Under review.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (in press). How relative is the relative frame of reference? Front and back in Norwegian, Farsi, German, and Japanese. In Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., Astuti, R., Le Guen, O., Overmann, K. A., Rácz, P., Jordan, F., & Solberg, M. (in press). Anthropological contributions to cognitive science. In Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., Sjåfjell, K., Rothe-Wulf, A., & Beller, S. (in press). Representing time in terms of space: Directions of mental time lines in Norwegian. In Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (in press). Speech act of promising across cultures. In Y. Y. Kim (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Intercultural Communication. Malden, MA: Wiley & Sons.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Medin, D. L. (in press). Causal cognition and culture. In M. Waldmann (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (in press). Number systems in Oceania: The cultural evolution of a cognitive tool. In J. Adams, P. Barmby, & A. Mesoudi (Eds.), Emergence of mathematics—cross-disciplinary perspectives. London: Routledge.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (in press). Different roads to quantitative knowledge? In J. Adams, P. Barmby, & A. Mesoudi (Eds.), Emergence of mathematics—cross-disciplinary perspectives. London: Routledge.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (in press). Cognition and emotion. In H. Callan (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (in press). Ethnomathematics and numerical cognition. In H. Callan (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (in press). Causal cognition. In H. Callan (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

2017

  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2017). The power of 2: How an apparently irregular numeration system facilitates mental arithmetic. Cognitive Science, 41, 158-187.

2016

  • Beller, S., Bender, A., Caldwell, C. A., Christiansen, M. H., Overmann, K. A., & Smith, K. (2016). The cultural evolution of cognition [Symposium]. In A. Papafragou, D. Grodner, D. Mirman, & J. C. Trueswell (Eds.), Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 43-44). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Singmann, H., Klauer, K. C., & Beller, S. (2016). Probabilistic conditional reasoning: Disentangling form and content with the dual-source model. Cognitive Psychology, 88, 61-87.
  • Beller, S. (2016). Quantitativ forschen - Fragebögen entwickeln und auswerten. In G. Lang-Wojtasik & S. König (Hrsg.), Bildungsforschung revisited (S. 61-74). Ulm: Klemm+Oelschläger.
  • Beller, S., Bohlen, J., Hüther, L., & Bender, A. (2016). Perspective taking in referring to objects behind versus in front of an observer: Frames of reference, intra-individual consistency, and response latencies. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 1384-1408.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2016). Current perspectives on cognitive diversity. Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 7:509, 1-7.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Klauer, K. C. (2016). Crossing grammar and biology for gender categorizations: Investigating the gender congruency effect in generic nouns for animates. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 28, 530-558.
  • Beller, S. (2016; 3., überarbeitete Auflage). Empirisch forschen lernen: Konzepte, Methoden, Fallbeispiele, Tipps [Learning to do empirical research: concepts, methods, examples, tips]. Bern: Hogrefe.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2016). Probing the cultural constitution of causal cognition—a research program. Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 7:245, 1-6.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Klauer, K. C. (2016). Lady Liberty and Godfather Death as candidates for linguistic relativity? Scrutinizing the gender congruency effect on personified allegories with explicit and implicit measures. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 48-64.

2015

  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2015). Exploring cognitive diversity: Anthropological perspectives on cognition (Introduction to the topic). Topics in Cognitive Science, 7, 548-551.
  • Bender, A., Schlimm, D., & Beller, S. (2015). The cognitive advantages of counting specifically: A representational analysis of verbal numeration systems in Oceanic languages. Topics in Cognitive Science, 7, 552-569.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Nersessian, N. J. (2015). Diversity as asset (Conclusion for the topic “Exploring cognitive diversity: Anthropological perspectives on cognition”). Topics in Cognitive Science, 7, 677-688.
  • Beller, S., Singmann, H., Hüther, L., & Bender, A. (2015). Turn around to have a look? Spatial referencing in dorsal versus frontal settings in cross-linguistic comparison. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition, 6:1283, 1-17.
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., Bohnemeyer, J., Hagmayer, Y., Rothe-Wulf, A., & Astuti, R. (2015). Causality and agency across cultures and languages. In D. C. Noelle, R. Dale, A. S. Warlaumont, J. Yoshimi, T. Matlock, C. D. Jennings, & P. P. Maglio (Eds.), Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 21-22). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2015). The mutual challenge of anthropology and cognitive science [Commentary on Bloch’s “Anthropology and the cognitive challenge”]. Social Anthropology, 23, 199-200.
  • Rothe-Wulf, A., Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2015). Temporal frames of reference in three Germanic languages: Individual consistency, cultural consensus, and cross-linguistic variability. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 917-939.
  • Beller, S., Brattebrø, K. F., Lavik, K. O., Reigstad, R. D., & Bender, A. (2015). Culture or language: What drives effects of grammatical gender? Cognitive Linguistics, 26, 331-359.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2015). How contrast situations affect the assignment of causality in symmetric physical settings. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognition, 5:1497, 1-10.

2014

  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Waldmann, M. (Eds.) (2014). Diversity and universality in causal cognition. Frontiers in Cognitive Science. (Research Topic)
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2014). The role of culture and language for numerical cognition. In M. P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (64-65). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., Marghetis, T., Tillman, K., Srinivasan, M., Barner, D., Santiago, J., Walker, E., Bergen, B., Núñez, R., Casasanto, D., & Boroditsky, L. (2014). Origins of time: New insights into the psychological foundations of time. In M. P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (90-91). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2014). Mapping spatial frames of reference onto time: A review of theoretical accounts and empirical findings. Cognition, 132, 342-382.
  • Beller, S. (2014). Cultural development of mathematical ideas: the Papua New Guinea studies by Geoffrey B. Saxe. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2012. xiii-362 pp. Ethos, 42(2), E3-E5.
  • Bender, A., & Beller S. (2014). Mangarevan invention of binary steps for easier calculation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 111, 1322-1327. See comments by Adrian Viliami Bell, Philip Ball on nature.com, Ingrid Spilde on forskning.no

2013

  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2013). Of adding oranges and apples: How non-abstract representations may foster numerical cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7:903, 1-4.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., Haun, D., Legare, C. H., Majid, A., Ojalehto, B. & Medin, D. (2013). Exploring cognitive diversity across disciplines and cultures. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (67-68). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Hüther, L., Bentz, A., Spada, H., Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2013). Influences beyond language? A comparison of spatial referencing in native French speakers from four countries. In M. Knauff, M. Pauen, N. Sebanz, & I. Wachsmuth (Eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (2602-2607). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Beller, S. (2013). Kognitionspsychologie. In A. Stephan & S. Walter (Hrsg.), Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft (S. 97-100). Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2013). Cognition is ... fundamentally cultural. Behavioral Sciences, 3, 42-54.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2013). Die Welt des Denkens: Kognitive Einheit, kulturelle Vielfalt. Bern: Huber. See comment "Cognition around the world" by Barbara Götsch published 2014 in Frontiers in Psychology, 5:1149

2012

  • Bender, A., Rothe-Wulf, A., Hüther, L., & Beller, S. (2012). Moving forward in space and time: How strong is the conceptual link between spatial and temporal frames of reference (FoRs)? Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 3:486, 1-11.
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., Duda, S., Hagmayer, Y., Schroven, A., Stenning, K., & Wiese, H. (2012). The cultural constitution of causal cognition: Cross-disciplinary perspectives from the ZiF research group. In U. Schmid, M. Siebers, C.-C. Carbon, M. Raab, J. Rüsseler, T. Gross, C. Schlieder & D. Dörner (Eds.), Proceedings of KogWis 2012 (pp. 22–25). Bamberg: University of Bamberg Press.
  • Beller, S. & Bender A. (2012). Competent deontic reasoning: The abstract deontic selection task revisited. In N. Miyake, D. Peebles, & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 114–119). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Medin, D. L. (Eds.) (2012). Does cognitive science need anthropology? Topics in Cognitive Science, 4, 342-466. Edited debate in on the role of anthropology in the cognitive sciences. With commentaries of Richard Shweder; John Gatewood; James Boster; Clark Barrett, Stephen Stich & Stephen Laurence; Annelie Rothe; Stephen Levinson; Harvey Whitehouse & Emma Cohen; Keith Stenning; Shinobu Kitayama; Sara Unsworth; Stephanie Fryberg; Olivier Le Guen; Rita Astuti & Maurice Bloch.
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Medin, D.L. (2012). Should anthropology be part of cognitive science? TopiCS in Cognitive Science, 4, 342-353.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Medin, D.L. (2012). Turning tides: Prospects for more diversity in Cognitive Science. TopiCS in Cognitive Science, 4, 462-466.
  • Beller, S. (2012). Concrete problems in the abstract deontic selection task — And how to solve them. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 1414-1429.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2012). Nature and culture of finger counting: Diversity and representational effects of an embodied cognitive tool. Cognition, 124, 156-182.
  • Beller, S. (2012). Fingerzählen: Unterbinden, tolerieren oder fördern auf dem Weg zur symbolischen Mathematik? Lernen und Lernstörungen, 1, 54-55.
  • Beller, S. (2012). Human deontic reasoning in the deontic square. In J.-Y. Beziau & G. Payette (Eds.), The square of opposition: A general framework for cognition (pp. 471-484). Bern: Peter Lang.

2011

2010

  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2010). Kognitionsethnologie und Kognitionspsychologie: Synergien nutzen. [Cognitive Anthropology and Cognitive Psychology: Making use of synergies.] Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 135, 233-248.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2010). Die Ethnologie - Eine tragende Säule im Gebäude der Kognitionswissenschaften? [Anthropology - a supporting pillar in the cognitive science edifice?] Zeitschrift für Ethnologie, 135, 185-198.
  • Bender, A., Beller, S., & Bennardo, G. (2010). Temporal frames of reference: Conceptual analysis and empirical evidence from German, English, Mandarin Chinese, and Tongan. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 10, 283-307.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2010). Allgemeine Psychologie - Denken und Sprache. Göttingen: Hogrefe.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2010). Bridging the gap: From Cognitive Anthropology to Cognitive Science. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catambrone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2767-2768). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Beller, S. (2010). Deontic reasoning reviewed: psychological questions, empirical findings, and current theories. Cognitive Processing, 11, 123-132.
  • Klauer, K. C., Beller, S., & Hütter, M. (2010). Conditional reasoning in context: A dual-source model of probabilistic inference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 36, 298-323.

2009

  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Song, J. (2009). Weighing up physical causes: Effects of culture, linguistic cues and content. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 9, 347-365.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2009). Mathematical cognition and its cultural dimension. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2079-2080). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Rothe, A., Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2009). What lies ahead in time? Temporal frames of reference in Germany and Sweden. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 2036). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2009). Universitäre Lehre nach dem Prinzip »Erarbeiten, Vertiefen, Anwenden«: Ein Vergleich von EVA-Seminaren mit Referate-Seminaren. In M. Krämer, S. Preiser, & K. Brusdeylins (Hrsg.), Psychologiedidaktik und Evaluation VII (S. 225-233). Aachen: Shaker.
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Song, J. (2009). Conditional promises and threats in Germany, China, and Tonga: Cognition and Emotion. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 9, 115-139.

2008

  • Beller, S. (2008). Deontic norms, deontic reasoning, and deontic conditionals. Thinking and Reasoning, 14, 305-341.
  • Beller, S. (2008). Empirisch forschen lernen: Konzepte, Methoden, Fallbeispiele, Tipps (2. Auflage). Bern: Huber.
  • Beller, S. (2008). Deontic reasoning squared. In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2103-2108). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2008). Extending the limits of counting in Oceania: Adapting tools for numerical cognition to cultural needs. In B. C. Love, K. McRae, & V. M. Sloutsky (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 905-910). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2008). The limits of counting: Numerical cognition between evolution and culture. Science, 319, 213-215.

2007

  • Beller, S., & Kuhnmünch, G. (2007). What causal conditional reasoning tells us about people's understanding of causality. Thinking and Reasoning, 13, 426-460.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2007). Numeral classifiers in specific counting systems: Cultural context, linguistic principles, and cognitive implications. In D. S. McNamara & J. G. Trafton (Eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 821-826). New York: Erlbaum.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2007). Spezifische Zahlsysteme in Tonga: Kognitive Grundlagen, historische Wurzeln und kulturelle Adaptation (Kleine Schriftenreihe No 8). Freiburg: Wissenschaft & Öffentlichkeit.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2007). Counting in Tongan: The traditional number systems and their cognitive implications. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 7, 213-239.
  • Beller, S. (2007). Aktiv Lernen durch angeleitetes Erarbeiten, Vertiefen und Anwenden: EVA-Seminarkonzepte für die Hochschuldidaktik [Active learning by guided elaboration, consolidation and application]. In M. Krämer, S. Preiser, & K. Brusdeylins (Hrsg.), Psychologiedidaktik und Evaluation VI (S. 185-194). Göttingen: V&R unipress.

2006

  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2006). Numeral classifiers and counting systems in Polynesian and Micronesian languages: common roots and cultural adaptations. Oceanic Linguistics, 45, 380-403.
  • Beller, S. (2006). What we can learn from causal conditional reasoning about the naive understanding of causality. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 59-64). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Bender, A, & Beller, S. (2006). Cultural impacts on cognition. In R. Sun & N. Miyake (Eds.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 2657). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2006). "Fanciful" or genuine? Bases and high numerals in Polynesian number systems. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 115, 7-46.
  • Opwis, K., Beller, S., Spada, H., & Lüer, G. (2006). Problemlösen, Denken, Entscheiden. In H. Spada (Hrsg.), Lehrbuch Allgemeine Psychologie (S. 197-275). Bern: Huber.

2004 - 2005

  • Kuhnmünch, G., & Beller, S. (2005). Distinguishing between causes and enabling conditions - through mental models or linguistic cues? Cognitive Science, 29, 1077-1090.
  • Beller, S., Bender, A., & Kuhnmünch, G. (2005). Understanding conditional promises and threats. Thinking and Reasoning, 11, 209-238.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2005). The cognitive advantages of counting specifically: An analysis of Polynesian number systems. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou, & M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 214-219). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Bender, A., Bennardo, G., & Beller, S. (2005). Spatial frames of reference for temporal relations: A conceptual analysis in English, German, and Tongan. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou, & M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 220-225). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Beller, S. (2004). Empirisch forschen lernen: Konzepte, Methoden, Fallbeispiele, Tipps. Bern: Huber.
  • Beller, S., & Bender, A. (2004). Cultural differences in the cognition and emotion of conditional promises and threats - comparing Germany and Tonga. In K.D. Forbus, D. Gentner, & T. Regier (Eds.), Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 85-90). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

2001 - 2003

  • Beller, S., & Spada, H. (2003). The logic of content effects in propositional reasoning: The case of conditional reasoning with a point of view. Thinking and Reasoning, 9(4), 335-378.
  • Beller, S. (2003). The flexible use of deontic mental models. In R. Alterman, & D. Kirsh (Eds.), Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 127-132). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Bender, A., & Beller, S. (2003). Polynesian tapu in the `deontic square': a cognitive concept, its linguistic expression and cultural context. In R. Alterman, & D. Kirsh (Eds.), Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 133-138). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Beller, S. (2002). Conditional promises and threats ­ Cognition and emotion. In W.D. Gray, & C.D. Schunn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 113-118). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Beller, S. (2001). A model theory of deontic reasoning about social norms. In J. D. Moore, & K. Stenning (Eds.), Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 63-68). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Beller, S., Kuhnmünch, G., & Spada, H. (2001). Logisches Schließen ohne `Biases' [Deductive reasoning without biases]. In A. Zimmer, K. Lange, R. Scheuchenpflug, R. Loose, O. Tucha, R. Findl, & C. Schneider (Hrsg.), Experimentelle Psychologie im Spannungsfeld von Grundlagenforschung und Anwendung - TeaP 2001 (S. 32-37). Regensburg: Universitätsbibliothek (ISBN: 3-88246-225-6).

1998 - 2000

  • Ploetzner, R., & Beller, S. (2000). Teaching and supporting the use of qualitative and quantitative concepts in classical mechanics. In L. Gleitman, & A. K. Joshi (Eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 853-858). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Plötzner, R., Beller, S., & Härder, J. (2000). Wissensvermittlung, tutoriell unterstützte Wissensanwendung und Wissensdiagnose mit Begriffsnetzen [Acquistion, tutorially supported application, and assessment of knowledge with concept maps]. In H. Mandl, & F. Fischer (Hrsg.), Wissen sichtbar machen: Wissensmanagement mit Mapping-Techniken (S. 180-198). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
  • Beller, S. (1999). Inhaltseffekte beim logischen Denken ­ Der Fall der Wason'schen Wahlaufgabe [Content effects in reasoning - The case of Wason's selection task]. In W. Hacker, & M. Rinck (Hrsg.), Zukunft gestalten: Bericht über den 41. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Dresden 1998 (S. 157-164). Lengerich: Pabst.
  • Beller, S. (1999). Wenn Wissen logisches Denken erleichtert bzw. zu verhindern scheint: Inhaltseffekte in Wasons Wahlaufgabe [How knowledge facilitates deductive reasoning or appears to suppress it: Content effects in Wason's selection task]. In H. Gruber, W. Mack, & A. Ziegler (Hrsg.), Wissen und Denken (S. 35-52). Wiesbaden: Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag.
  • Neth, H., & Beller, S. (1999). How knowledge interferes with reasoning - Suppression effects by content and context. In M. Hahn, & S. C. Stoness (Eds.), Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 468-473). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Beller, S., & Spada, H. (1998). Conditional reasoning with a point of view: the logic of perspective change. In M. A. Gernsbacher, & S. J. Derry (Eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 138-143). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

1991 - 1997

  • Beller, S. (1997). Inhaltseffekte beim logischen Denken - Der Fall der Wason'schen Wahlaufgabe [Content effects in deductive reasoning - The case of Wason's selection task]. Lengerich: Pabst.
  • Beller, S., & Spada, H. (1996). Denken [Reasoning]. In G. Strube, B. Becker, C. Freksa, U. Hahn, G. Palm, & K. Opwis (Hrsg.), Wörterbuch der Kognitionswissenschaft (S. 114-124). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.
  • Beller, S., & Hoppe, H. U. (1993). Deductive error reconstruction and classification in a logic programming framework. In P. Brna, S. Ohlsson, & H. Pain (Eds.), Proceedings of the World Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (pp. 433-440). Charlottesville: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.
  • Reimann, P., & Beller, S. (1993). Computer-based support for analogical problem solving and learning. In D. Towne, T. de Jong, & H. Spada (Eds.), Simulation-based experiential learning (pp. 91-104). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Reimann, P., & Beller, S. (1991). Der Erwerb von Problemlösewissen durch Lernen aus Beispielen: Kognitive Anforderungen und Implikationen für die Entwicklung von Intelligenten Hilfesystemen [The acquisition of problem solving knowledge by learning from examples: Cognitive demands and implications for the development of ITS]. In P. Gorny (Hrsg.), Informatik und Schule (S. 314-323). Berlin: Springer.
Books
  • Beller, Sieghard. 2016. Empirisch forschen lernen: Konzepte, Methoden, Fallbeispiele, Tipps. Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. 196 pages. ISBN: 978-3-456-85615-5.
Journal articles
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2017. The power of 2: How an apparently irregular numeration system facilitates mental arithmetic. Cognitive science. 41: 158-187. doi: 10.1111/cogs.12337
  • Beller, Sieghard; Bohlen, Judith; Hüther, Lisa; Bender, Andrea. 2016. Perspective taking in referring to objects behind versus in front of an observer: Frames of reference, intraindividual consistency, and response latencies. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69: 1384-1408. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1083593
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2016. Current perspectives on cognitive diversity. Frontiers in Psychology. 7. 7 pages. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00509
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2016. Probing the cultural constitution of causal cognition – a research program. Frontiers in Psychology. 7: 1-6. doi: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00245
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard; Klauer, Karl Christoph. 2016. Lady Liberty and Godfather Death as candidates for linguistic relativity? Scrutinizing the gender congruency effect on personified allegories with explicit and implicit measures. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 69: 48-64. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2015.1021701
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard; Klauer, Karl Christoph. 2016. Crossing grammar and biology for gender categorisations: investigating the gender congruency effect in generic nouns for animates. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. 28: 530-558. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2016.1148042
  • Singmann, Henrik; Klauer, Karl Christoph; Beller, Sieghard. 2016. Probabilistic conditional reasoning: Disentangling form and content with the dual-source model. Cognitive Psychology. 88: 61-87. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2016.06.005
  • Beller, Sieghard; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Exploring cognitive diversity: Anthropological perspectives on cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science. 7: 548-551. doi: 10.1111/tops.12160
  • Beller, Sieghard; Bender, Andrea. 2015. How contrast situations affect the assignment of causality in symmetric physical settings. Frontiers in Psychology. 5: 1-10. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01497
  • Beller, Sieghard; Brattebø, Karen Fadnes; Lavik, Kristina Osland; Reigstad, Rakel Drønen; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Culture or language: what drives effects of grammatical gender? Cognitive Linguistics. 26: 331-359. doi: 10.1515/cog-2014-0021
  • Beller, Sieghard; Singmann, Henrik; Hüther, Lisa; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Turn around to have a look? Spatial referencing in dorsal versus frontal settings in cross-linguistic comparison. Frontiers in Psychology. 6: 1-17. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01283
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2015. The mutual challenge of anthropology and cognitive science. Social Anthropology. 23: 199-200. doi: 10.1111/1469-8676.12116
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard; Nersessian, Nancy J. 2015. Diversity as asset. Topics in Cognitive Science. 7: 677-688. doi: 10.1111/tops.12161
  • Bender, Andrea; Schlimm, Dirk; Beller, Sieghard. 2015. The cognitive advantages of counting specifically: A representational analysis of verbal numeration systems in Oceanic languages. Topics in Cognitive Science. 7: 552-569. doi: 10.1111/tops.12165
  • Rothe-Wulf, Annelie; Beller, Sieghard; Bender, Andrea. 2015. Temporal frames of reference in three Germanic languages: Individual consistency, interindividual consensus, and cross-linguistic variability. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 68: 917-939. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2014.970205
  • Beller, Sieghard. 2014. Cultural Development of Mathematical Ideas: The Papua New Guinea Studies by Geoffrey B. Saxe. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2012. xiii-362 pp. ETHOS: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology. 42: E3-E5. Published 2014-04-15. doi: 10.1111/etho.12050
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2014. Mangarevan invention of binary steps for easier calculation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 111: 1322-1327. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1309160110
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2014. Mapping spatial frames of reference onto time: A review of theoretical accounts and empirical findings. Cognition. 132: 342-382. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.03.016
  • Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2013. Of adding oranges and apples: how non-abstract representations may foster abstract numerical cognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00903
Book sections
  • Beller, Sieghard. 2013. Kognitionspsychologie. E.1., pages 97-100. In:
    • Stephan, Achim; Walter, Sven. 2013. Handbuch Kognitionswissenschaft. 582 pages. ISBN: 978-3-476-02331-5.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Short Curriculum Vitae

Prizes

Memberships

 

Ongoing projects

  • 2014-2017: Gender congruency effects in two-gender and three-gender Norwegian dialects (funding: UiB, Småforsk)
  • 2017: The 4StePs model for spatial references: development and pilot studies (funding: UiB, Småforsk)

Former projects

  • 2013-2016: Spatial references in cross-linguistic comparison: Cultural preferences and cognitive implications (PIs: A. Bender, S. Beller; funding: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG)
  • 2015: The cultural dimension of causal cognition (funding: UiB, Strategic Programme for International Research and Education / SPIRE)
  • 2011-2015: The assignment of causal roles in the physical domain: The significance of cultural concepts and linguistic cues (PIs: S. Beller; A. Bender; funding: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG)