University of Bergen Library

Research Impact

Forskerprofiler på nett

Publication lists including citation-counts are nowadays available online and visible for everyone. Here you can read about the different services and profiles on academic network sites. Make sure that you have control over your digital presence and that the information about you and your reserach is correct and updated.

Why should you use academic network sites?

  • Avoid author ambiguity
    Author ambiguity is a big problem for many scientists. You can solve this problem by taking control over your digital presence and create unique digital identifier that distinguishes you from any other researcher.
  • Have one place to store all your scientific work
    Scientists are often changing their working place. Therefore it can be very useful to have an independent profile online where you can easily link to from your institution's webpage.
  • Make your work visible and accessible
    By listing and perhaps uploading your papers everybody can see your work and get updated about your publications. Other researchers can download your papers or request a copy with one click.
  • Create a network and follow your peers
    Particularly young researchers need to establish a network. Academic social network sites provide a perfect opportunity to get in touch with your peers and follow and participate in scientific discussions.
  • Get recommendations about new publications directly
    Sometimes it can be difficult to keep track of all the new publications. Many services offer recommendations based on your citations, references and network.
  • Get instantly credits for your publications/workClassic bibliometric parameters as citations take often a long time. By analyzing altmetrics (followers, downloads, view) you have instant proof that your work has an impact for the scientific community.

Wondering which you should choose? Search for your colleagues or researchers whose work you like to find out which network site is the best for you.

Academic profiles

Your employee page at UiB

All employees at UiB have their own webpage. It's good practise to write a short research statement so that everyone knows what you are working on. You can also add fields of competence. The publicationlist is automatically updated from CRISTIN/CERES. To make sure everyone get's the full overview of your publications ( also those published outside Norway) you can add a link to one of the author profiles mentioned below.

Author profiles

ORCIDResearcherID and SCOPUS offer a solution to the author ambiguity as they provide a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes you from any other researchers. You can create a ResearcherID by searching for you publications in Web of Science and click on Save to ResearcherID. Scopus automatically creates a profile for each author whose publication is included in the database. ORCID is a platform independent identifier, but you can easily import your publications form SCOPUS, ResearcherID and other services. ORCID additionally allows you to publish a CV and other information to your profile.

Google Scholar profile

The University Library offers access to many subject specific databases that are very useful if you are looking for research articles and other materials. Nevertheless, many researchers prefer to use Google Scholar for basic searches. Google Scholar is a free tool that claims to contain approximately 80-90% of the scientific literature. The associated Google Scholar Citations provide a simple way to make your work more visible and keep track of your citations. A profile gets created almost automatically but you can add publications or delete publications that are not yours or not relevant (such as e.g. grey literature). You can check who is citing your publications, graph citations over time, and compute your h-index or other metrics. To promote your work you should make your profile public. Then it appears on top of the page in Google Scholar results when people search for your name. How to create a Google Scholar profile?

Academic social network sites


According to its own reports, ResearchGate has over 6 million members as of May 2015. On ResearchGate, you can establish a personal profile with academic information, share publications and data sets. You can monitor your own impact and that of your peers by monitoring number of views, downloads, citations and the ResearchGate score. You can also engage in discussions, up/downvote publications and discussion topics and write messages. When you upload you publication make sure you are following the copyright. Here you can find more information about copyright and OpenAccess.


According to its own web page, Academia.edu has over 20 million members and over 5 million uploaded papers. Also on Academia.edu you can create a profile, upload your research, follow your peers and monitor deep analytics around the impact of their research. When you upload your publication make sure you are following the copyright. Here you can find more information about copyright and OpenAccess.


Mendeley was originally designed as an academic social network site but has additionally evolved into a reference management tool. As a network site you can follow your peers and get updates about the newest publications in your field. You can additionally manage your reference by storing PDFs, import metadata from PDFs directly and export citation into MSWord and OOWriter. The basic version of the reference tool is for free but you have to pay to be able to use all the functionalities.


Altmetrics is not a network site per se but it allows you to measure the impact of your publications in (social) media. You can for example use the extension Altmetric IT to track the attentions your articles get on twitter, facebook and other media.

Bibliometric Indicators

Research publications are continuously evaluated by various indicators. This demands your knowledge of which indicators are used, how bibliometric indicators are defined and applied.

Citations are often used for evaluation purposes. However, their scewed distribution make them difficult to apply fairly. Read more.

Most common indicators:


The h-index is a measure of the total importance of a researcher measured by how often she or he gets cited.

  • A scientist has index h if h of his/her N papers have at least h citations each,  and the other (N − h) papers have no more than h citations each  (Hirsch, 2005).
  • The index combines both an author’s scientific production (publications) and impact (number of citations).

The h-index depend on database. The most common databases which display the h-index are Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar. The last mentioned is the largest (higest h-indexes), but also the less trustworthy. Read more.

Journal Impact Factor

The Impact Factor is designed for assessing journals indexed by Web of Knowledge. The Impact Factor is a measure of how often an article in a particular journal has been cited on average per year. For journals within the same subject category, the factor indicates the journal’s relative influence or impact. Read more.

Criticism: The Impact Factor is not only used for ranking journals, as initially intended, but also for measuring the performance of individual researchers. Assessing individual researchers by the Impact Factor merely reflects an assumed impact, not the actual impact based on accumulated citations of self-authored publications. Criticism is also related to field dependency, anglo-american language bias and unsufficiant database coverage.

Publication points (The Norwegian funding model)

Funding for the higher education institutions is partly based on their productivity. The produce is research, manifested as scientific publications. As a publishing researcher in Norway you must relate to a national model ‘tellekantsystemet’ that ranks and weights publications. One goal of the Norwegian model is to get an overview of the scholarly output. Another goal is to increase output and quality through incentives. 

In order to receive publication points, the publication must comply with these criteria as well as being in an approved publication channel:

  • The work must be peer-reviewed
  • The work must be obtainable by those who normally would want to get hold of it
  • There must be ‘new insight’
  • The work must not be previously published
  • The author and the author’s institution must be clearly stated in the publication
  • The publication channel must be clearly marked with name and/or identifier

Types of publication are weighted differently both among themselves and between level 1 and level 2. 

Publication typeLevel 1Level 2
Article in periodical or series13
Article in anthology0,71

For a publication with affiliation to more than one institution, publication points are calculated as follows:

  1. Calculate the total number of author shares in the publication. An author's share is any unique combination of authors and institutions in the publication
  2. Calculate how many author shares the institution has, and divide by the total number of author shares
  3. Calculate the square root of the number (fraction) from point 2
  4. Multiply by points for the level and type
  5. Multiply by 1.3 if the publication has affiliations to foreign institutions

    As the Journal Impact Factor the publication point should not be used to evaluate single reasearchers as publication outcome is highly field dependend.  

Read more.