My research seeks to increase our understanding of the phenomenon and dynamics of scientific controversy on contemporary old, new and emerging environmental and health risks.

My work on the conceptualization of uncertainty in science for policy and on reflective approaches to the assessment of (model) quality is internationally recognized. It has significantly advanced understanding of deep uncertainty in scientific assessment of issues such as climate change and risks of new and emerging technologies. It has inspired and enabled many scholars and science–policy interface institutions around the world to develop new ways of interfacing complex science and policymaking. Among them are Science Advice for Policy by European Academies (SAPEA) [lead author of ch.5 of the 2019 Making Sense of Science report]; the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency [lead author of their uncertainty guidance] and the European Environment Agency [invited chapter author of 2013 Late Lessons from Early Warnings II report].

My conceptual work on the phenomenon of uncertainty is widely cited and my various practical tools for knowledge quality assessment are now widely used in many disciplines and EU projects and on a broad range of sustainability issues.

I work or have worked on contested science in the fields of climate change, pollinator decline, fish stock assessments, endocrine disruptors, elcetromagnetic fields, nanoparticles, underground storage of CO2, risk migration in sustainable technologies.

In addition to my position as professor at the Centre for the Study of the Sciences and the Humanities (SVT) at UiB, I am guest researcher at Utrecht University, The Netherlands and visiting professor at Coöperatieve Universiteit Amersfoort (a citizen science initiative).

Interview in Forskningspolitikk ("Research Policy" - an open and independent Norwegian magazine for analysis and debate on research and innovation): Å kuratere kunnskap for ei ny tid - 13.06.22

Op-ed in forskning.no (website for Norwegian and international research news): Forskere må ta ansvar for å stanse den globale biedøden (in Norwegian - based on the following article) - 27.10.21.

-> Response to the op-ed: forskere ta ansvar for å stanse biedøden? (Must researchers assume responsibility to halt the bee decline?) Anders Nielsen, 09.11.21

Online open course in Knowledge Quality Assessment (hint: click the blue [+] in front of each main lesson to see sub-lessons)

UiB article: How can we make good decisions when experts lack the answers?

EU Ban on Neonics: Too Little, Too Late (invited opinion article in Green European Journal)

Interview in Morgenbladet on Post Normal Science: Fakta, faen (in Norwegian) (23 Sept 2016)

We live in times of science on demand: an interview with Jeroen van der Sluijs

Putting scientific facts under the magnifying glass

Pollinators and Global Food Security: the Need for Holistic Global Stewardship

Room for climate debate: Perspectives on the interaction between climate politics, science and the media

Uncertainty and Dissent in Climate Risk Assessment: A Post-Normal Perspective

Coordinator of the PhD course “Theory of Science and Ethics” for all PhDs in the Fac. of Mathematics & Natural Science, University of Bergen:

MNF990 Theory of Science and Ethics (formerly known as MNF490!)

Here is the schedule for the fall 2020 semester.

Selected publications:

I am currently (2020) guest-editing a special issue of Current Opinion in Insect Science on 'Pollinator decline:  human and policy dimensions', and a special issue of Frontiers of Climate on 'What is high quality knowledge for climate adaptation?'. I am (co-)author of a 4-page comment in Nature (2020: Five ways to ensure that models serve society: a manifesto, 73x cited Google Scholar; Altmetric: 1323) and 4 correspondences in Science (2018: Call to restrict neonicotinoids 27x cited Google Scholar: Altmetric: 700; 2011: Science-Policy Interface: Beyond Assessments, 80x cited Google Scholar; Altmetric: 28) and Nature (2014: Biodiversity reports need author rules, 11x cited, Altmetric: 45; 2016: Climate costing is politics, not science 10x cited, Altmetric: 30). Several of my key-papers have been translated into Japanese (11), Chinese (3) and French (4).

Academic article
  • Show author(s) (2022). Editorial: High-Quality Knowledge for Climate Adaptation: Revisiting Criteria of Credibility, Legitimacy, Salience, and Usability. Frontiers in Climate.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Quality Assessment in Co-developing Climate Services in Norway and the Netherlands. Frontiers in Climate. 1-15.
  • Show author(s) (2020). The technique is never neutral. How methodological choices condition the generation of narratives for sustainability. Environmental Science and Policy. 87-98.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Pandemie post-normali. Perché CoViD-19 richiede un nuovo approccio alla scienza. Recenti Progressi in Medicina. 202-204.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Insect decline, an emerging global environmental risk. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 39-42.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Toward a multi-faceted conception of co-production of climate services. Climate Services. 42-50.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Silver as a Constraint for a Large-Scale Development of Solar Photovoltaics? Scenario-Making to the Year 2050 Supported by Expert Engagement and Global Sensitivity Analysis. Frontiers in Energy Research.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Quality of epidemiological studies: Procedural rules for uncertain science for policy, a case study on bisphenol-A. Environmental Science and Policy. 80-87.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Analyser la qualite de l'evaluation des risques: L'exemple des perturbateurs endocriniens. Natures sciences sociétés. S72-S75.
  • Show author(s) (2017). An update of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) on systemic insecticides. Part 2: impacts on organisms and ecosystems. Environmental science and pollution research international. 11749-11797.
  • Show author(s) (2017). A critical assessment of knowledge quality for climate adaptation in Sylhet Division, Bangladesh. Climate Risk Management. 43-58.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Screening regional management options for their impact on climate resilience: an approach and case study in the Venen-Vechtstreek wetlands in the Netherlands. SpringerPlus. 1-17.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Pollinators and Global Food Security: the Need for Holistic Global Stewardship. Food Ethics.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Systemic insecticides (neonicotinoids and fipronil): trends, uses, mode of action and metabolites. Environmental science and pollution research international. 5-34.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Risks of large-scale use of systemic insecticides to ecosystem functioning and services. Environmental science and pollution research international. 119-134.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Effects of neonicotinoids and fipronil on non-target invertebrates. Environmental science and pollution research international. 68-102.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Dealing with uncertainties in fresh water supply: experiences in the Netherlands. Water resources management. 703-725.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Critical appraisal of assumptions in chains of model calculations used to project local climate impacts for adaptation decision support-the case of Baakse Beek. Environmental Research Letters.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Uncertainty of population risk estimates for pathogens based on QMRA or epidemiology: a case study of Campylobacter in the Netherlands. Risk Analysis. 847-864.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Qualichem in vivo: A tool for assessing the quality of in vivo studies and its application for Bisphenol A. PLOS ONE. 16 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Conclusions of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment on the risks of neonicotinoids and fipronil to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Environmental science and pollution research international. 148-154.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Bijen en insecticiden: late lessen uit vroege waarschuwingen. Milieu Dossier. 37-41.
  • Show author(s) (2021). WP2 Case study: Neonicotinoid insecticides. .
  • Show author(s) (2019). Initial Guidance Framework for Knowledge Quality Assessment in CoCliServ (CoCliServ D5.1). .
  • Show author(s) (2018). Gevaarlijke stoffen in een circulaire economie. .
  • Show author(s) (2014). The future social robustness of smart electricity networks in Europe. .
  • Show author(s) (2014). Briefadvies Risicocommunicatie op een nieuwe leest schoeien. .
  • Show author(s) (2014). Advisory letter The health risks of Bisphenol A analogues. .
  • Show author(s) (2018). Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI).
  • Show author(s) (2018). Responsible Evidence Appraisal.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Research Integrity in Norway (RINO).
  • Show author(s) (2018). Post-Normal Science & Controversy Studies.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Knowledge Quality Assessment in model based scientific assessment.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Higher Education Institutions & responsible research and Innovation (HEIRRI).
  • Show author(s) (2018). Dealing with scientific uncertainty at the science-policy interface.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Wrapping up: The future of Post Normal Science.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Tools for Post Normal Science.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Tools for Knowledge Quality Assessment.
  • Show author(s) (2014). The risks of neonicotinoids to aquatic ecosystems.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Strategies on dealing with uncertainties in urban climate change adaptation.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Social robustness of smart electricity networks in Europe.
  • Show author(s) (2014). SCRUTINISE DISCORD.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Post Normal Science: A reflective approach to Knowledge Quality Assessment.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Neonicotinoids: risks to pollinators, ecosystems and humans.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Ingredients for a socially robust smart electricity grid.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Critical reflection on assumptions: the NUSAP approach.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Adaptation to uncertain future climate change.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Show author(s) (2018). The role of convenience pesticides in the collapse of the entomofauna.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Co-development of place-based climate services for action (CoCliServ).
  • Show author(s) (2014). Bijensterfte Oorzaken, gevolgen oplossingen.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) (2018). Unraveling Controversy on Vexed Environmental Risks.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Uncertainties and Quality Assurance in Research.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI).
  • Show author(s) (2018). Maintaining Scientific Integrity in Present Day Academic Reality.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Knowledge Quality Assessment.
  • Show author(s) (2018). From bee health to insectageddon: the battle over problem frames seen through a post-normal science lens.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Dealing with uncertainty in model-based assessment: the NUSAP approach.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Post Normal Science and Knowledge Quality Assessment.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Post Normal Science - theory and practice.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Knowledge Quality Assessment - an introduction.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Decades of climate research: Lessons for science.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Halting the pollinator crisis requires entomologists to step up and assume their societal responsibilities. Current Opinion in Insect Science. vi-xiii.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Post-normal science in practice. Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies. 1-4.
Reader opinion piece
  • Show author(s) (2018). Stop de mallemolen van pesticiden. One World.
Non-fiction book
  • Show author(s) (2016). Science on the verge. Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes.
Popular scientific article
  • Show author(s) (2018). NEONICS - Hoe lobby en framing gemakslandbouwgif buiten beeld hielden. De Helling (journal of the scientific office of the Netherlands Green Left party). 49-56.
  • Show author(s) (2018). EU Ban on Neonics: Too Little, Too Late. Green European Journal.
Feature article
  • Show author(s) (2020). Post-normal pandemics: Why COVID-19 requires a new approach to science. Blog of ESRC STEPS (Social, Technological and Environmental Pathways to Sustainability) Centre.
Letter to the editor
  • Show author(s) (2018). Call to restrict neonicotinoids. Science. 973-793.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Modelling: Climate costing is politics not science. Nature. 177-177.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Biodiversity reports need author rules. Nature. 170-170.
  • Show author(s) (2018). ‘Bayer zette wetenschap jarenlang op dwaalspoor’.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Ze zijn net als de tabaksindustrie.
  • Show author(s) (2018). We beschermen onze gewassen tegen insecten. Maar wie beschermt de insecten tegen ons?
  • Show author(s) (2018). Liaisons troubles entre recherche publique et agrochimie.
  • Show author(s) (2018). EU agrees total ban on bee-harming pesticides.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Doet Europa bijengif in de ban?
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) (2018). Integrated Assessment Modeling and the Participatory Challenge: The Case of Climate Change. 32 pages.
Academic literature review
  • Show author(s) (2021). Pollinator conservation requires a stronger and broader application of the precautionary principle. Current Opinion in Insect Science. 95-105.
Article in business/trade/industry journal
  • Show author(s) (2020). Five ways to ensure that models serve society: a manifesto, . Nature. 482-484.
  • Show author(s) (2017). The NUSAP approach to uncertainty appraisal and communication. 301-310. In:
    • Show author(s) (2017). Routledge handbook of Ecological Economics. Nature and society. Routledge.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Numbers running wild. 151-187. In:
    • Show author(s) (2016). Science on the verge. Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Dealing with uncertainty in climate adaptation decision-making. 17-40. In:
    • Show author(s) (2014). Adapting to an Uncertain Climate – Lessons from Practice. Springer.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Climate change and health in the Netherlands. 96-102. In:
    • Show author(s) (2014). Adapting to an Uncertain Climate – Lessons from Practice. Springer.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

I have long-standing experience in various leading roles in transdisciplinary international research projects, including 13 different EU projects funded under FP5, FP6, FP7 and H2020.

Current projects:

PI of Utrecht University team in SeMPER-Arctic: SeMPER-Arctic - Sense Making, Place attachment, and Extended networks as sources of Resilience in the Arctic (The Belmont Forum) [2020-2023]

PI of BeeCaution Bees pesticides and precaution: building an epistemic network in Norway (The Research Council of Norway) [2020-2022]

PI of Bergen team in RECIPES REconciling sCience, Innovation and Precaution through the Engagement of Stakeholders (H2020 Swafs) [2019-2021]

PI of Bergen team in CoCliServ Co-development of place-based climate services for action (JPI Climate ERA 4CS) [2017-2020] (Spin-off of UC4A!)

Go Figure: Visualizing Climate Change (FIGO) (SAMKUL Researcher Network)

Finalized projects:

Partner in PARENT, Participatory platform for sustainable energy management (EU JPI Urban Europe) [March 2016 - February 2019]

Mainstreaming Sensitivity Analysis and Uncertainty Auditing (Peder Sather Grant) [July 2017 - June 2018] (with Philip Stark, UC Berkeley; Andrea Saltelli UiB and Leif Hellevik, NTNU)

HEIRRI Higher Education Institutions & Responsible Research and Innovation (H2020) [2015-2018]

PI of UC4A [Understanding Cultural Conditions for Climate Change Adaptation] (SAMKUL Researcher Network, Norwegian Research Council) [2015-2016]

ELSA of SALMOSTERILE (The Research Council of Norway) [2013-2018]

EPINET (FP7) [2012-2015]

Scientific coordinator on the IUCN international Task Force on Systemic Pesticides (Triodos Foundation) [2011-2013]

2018 & 2015: Ranked #45 (2018) and #25 (2015) in “The Sustainable 100”, top 100 of most influential Netherland people contributing to sustainable development, by daily newspaper Trouw.

2013: Nominated for Utrecht University Publi Award - in top 3 of scientists with best media coverage (TV, Radio & Daily newspapers) of Utrecht University.

1996: YSSP Fellow ( Young Scientists Summer Program); International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg


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