University of Bergen Library

Medicine and Dentistry

Library services and ressources for medicine, dentistry and health sciences

The subject page for medicine and dentistry contains subject resources and services at the Medical Library. Read more about databases like PubMed, helpful tools for the process of writing student theses or scientific papers, as well as how to find what you are looking for at the library and online.

A selection of new books from our collection:

The search field in the blue frame on top of the page leads to the search engine Oria, where you can search for various types of documents. See also Search tips.

Databases and other e-resources

Start your database search at the University Library's homepage to get access to everything included in the library's subscriptions. Click "Find databases" below the Oria search field to find links to relevant databases.
Some important databases within medicine and dentistry:

PubMed: The most important database for finding journal articles within medicine and health. Free access to searches. Use the PubMed link on the library's web page to make sure you have access to all subscribed journals at the UiB.

Embase: References to research articles within medicine and health. Embase covers pharmacology particularly well.

Web of Science: A multidisciplinary database which is very useful for searches beyond clinical issues. With cited reference searching.

UptoDate: Evidence-based clinical information for physicians in primary care and hospitals with practical answers about diagnosis and treatment. Updated continuously. Includes information for patients.

BMJ Best Practice: Evidence-based clinical decision support resource for diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention. It combines the latest research evidence, guidelines and expert opinion.

Take a look at the overview of databases within medicine, dentistry and health sciences

When connected to the UiB network you will see a "UBB-button" beside the article in most databases, which can be used to find the article's full text. If the full text access is missing, you can logg into Oria and order the article. If you are not connected to the UiB network you will be asked to log in with your UiB/Bibsys ID when following links from Oria to databases or full text articles.

You can also search for journals in Oria to see if the University Library subscribes to them, either printed or online.

EBooks are an important supplement to the University Library's collection of printed books. You can access more than 400 000 eBooks via the University Library, whenever, wherever. Read more about how to use eBooks on our eBook help page.

    Search tips

    Search in subject databases: 

    It is common to search in subject databases by writing relevant search terms directly into one search field, receiving a list of articles containing these search terms. This type of search is called text word search, which can lead to good results if used in a structured manner.

    Preferably use several synonyms in the text word search to get as many relevant articles as possible. A tidy way of searching is to search for one search term at a time and then combine the searches in the search history, using the operators AND and OR (use OR to combine synonyms).

    Many databases use subject headings in addition to text word search, e.g. PubMed/MEDLINE, SveMed, EMBASE and CINAHL. This means that all articles in the database are tagget with subject headings describing the articles topic.

    PubMed/MEDLINE uses Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), which can be looked up in the MeSH catalogue of the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). The database is available in two different user interfaces. A search in PubMed is based on a word text seach including MeSH automatically, leading to fast search results. MEDLINE provides the option to select specific subject headings previous in advance to the search or to search for text words only. This results in a very tidy search history which can be used to build a structured search.

    It is recommendable to search for subject headings and supply these with text words to cover the desired topic properly.

    When searching in databases/search engines, it is helpful to use the databases'/search engine's proper help pages about how to search.

    You can read more about searching techniques on the websites Søk og Skriv and Phd on Track.

    Search in Oria:

    You can use the search engine Oria to search in the University Library's collected resources: books, journals, music, films and more.

    When using the Advances search you can choose to search in "Norwegian Academic Libraries", where you can find material which is availiable at other subject and research libraries in Norway. Oria also links to a lot of material from open sources.

    Tick the box "Include material your institution doesn't have access to" after having executed a search to see material without access via the University Library. These documents can be ordered.

    To order and reserve books and articles, one has to log on to Oria. Students and employees at the University of Bergen can logg on as to Mitt UiBemployees at Helse Bergen choose "Bibsys" as affiliation.

    You can find more search tips and information about how to order and reserve books and articles in the guide to Oria.

    Write and cite

    Referencing tools

    EndNoteAll students and employees at UiB and Helse Bergen have access to the referencing tool EndNote, both on campus and off campus (for Windows & Mac).

    EndNote online is a net-based version of EndNote comprising the main functions of EndNote. It is an alternative to EndNote desktop for everyone with main focus on getting access to the reference library at different locations.

    The library offers courses, help and advice for using EndNote. For questions regarding EndNote, contact the library via chat, email or at the circulation desk.

    At the moment, the University Library does not offer any courses for other referencing tools than EndNote. However, there is a variety of alternative referencing tools available for free, such as Mendeley, Zotero eller LaTex. Microsoft Word also has and integrated basic refercencing tool, including a selection of common reference styles.

    Help in the writing process - litterature search, citing, writing and publishing

    Søk og Skriv:   A guide for bachelor- and master students to information literacy and academic writing. There are several modules for search, reading, writing and referencing.

    PhD on Track A guide for PhD candidates, including information on effective literature search, scientific publishing and a lot of good advice for researches in the beginning of their career.

    Help, guidance and courses

    The library offers various services:

    • Informal guidance - just ask at the library, by chat or by email
    • Help and guidance in literature search or EndNote - book a librarian
    • Courses in literature search or EndNote. The course language for most courses is Norwegian. However, the library offers some open courses in English.
    • Tailored courses for smaller groups - contact Kristin Børresen
    • Orientation at departments and intitutes (e.g. lunch workshops) about the library's services - contact Regina Küfner Lein

    The library can help you with

    • Overview and tips for databases and search
    • Search for writing a systematic review
    • EndNote and references
    • Researcher profiles and bibliometric methods
    • Publishing fund for open access and copyright issues

    Open courses in English


    Date and time

    Registration deadline

    PubMed & Embase

    October 23

    October 18
    Registration and info

    Systematic reviews

    October 30

    October 25
    Registration and info


    November 6

    November 1
    Registration and info

    Find books on the shelf

    Printed books within medicine and dentistry are shelved according to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) system. A combination of letters and numbers specifies the book's subject. The classes QS-QZ comprise preclinical sciences and W-WZ medicine and related subjects. Non-medical books are shelved according to a similar system (Library of Congress (LC)), with subject classes from A to Z. 

    The book's spine is labelled with the NLM-/LC-classification code and three letters corresponding to the book's author or title. You can find an overview of the NLM-classes on the side walls of each shelf. the books are shelved alphabetically from A to Q (LC) and from QS to WZ (NLM), and with an ascending numerical code. That means you will find books on the same subject next to each other.

    This shelf list displays where the books are placed at the library.

    If you are missing a relevant book in our collection, you can suggest it for purchase.

    Overview of classes in the NLM system:

    QS Human AnatomyWJ Urogenital System
    QT PhysiologyWK Endocrine System
    QU Biochemistry. Cell Biology and GeneticsWL Nervous System
    QV PharmacologyWM Psychiatry
    QW Microbiology and ImmunologyWN Radiology. Diagnostic Imaging
    QX ParasitologyWO Surgery
    QY Clinical Laboratory PathologyWP Gynecology
    QZ PathologyWQ Obstetrics
    W General Medicine. Health ProfessionsWR Dermatology
    WA Public HealthWS Pediatrics
    WB Practice of MedicineWT Geriatrics. Chronic Disease
    WC Communicable DiseasesWU Dentistry. Oral Surgery
    WD Disorders of Systemic,
    Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc.
    WV Otolaryngology
    WE Musculoskeletal SystemWW Ophthalmology
    WF Respiratory SystemWX Hospitals and Other Health Facilities
    WG Cardiovascular SystemWY Nursing
    WH Hemic and Lymphatic SystemsWZ History of Medicine. Medical Miscellany
    WI Digestive System 

    About the Medical Library

    The Medical Library in the building for biological basal subjects (BBB) houses our printed collections of books and journals as well as a number of study places (both with and without computer). There are 6 group rooms and one course room at the library. The course room can be used as silent study place when not occupied for courses.

    The circulation desk and its surrounding study places are available from monday to friday between 8:30 a.m. and 7:00 p.m., the other parts of the library between 6:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. During the extended opening hours, the library is accessible through the Medical Skills Training Centre, using a student or employee card from UiB to get access. 

    You can return books at the automatic circulation machine, or the circulation desk during the ordinary opening hours.

    We are glad to help you finding what you are looking for either at the library or online, finding relevant literature, referencing or if you have any questions regarding loans and orders of books and articles.

    IT help

    If you need help regarding installation and use of programs, printing or the university's technical equipment, you can ask the IT assistent for help. The IT assistents office is located at the Medical library on the BBB, office hours monday to friday between 10:00 a.m. and 14:00 p.m. The IT chat is available monday to friday between 9:00 a.m. and 15:00 p.m. at itchat.uib.no. See also the IT departments help pages for students and for employees.