Ecological and Environmental Change Research Group

Averis, A.M., Averis, A.B.G., Birks, H.J.B., Horsfield, D., Thompson, D.B.A. & Yeo, M.J.M. 2004. An Illustrated Guide to British Upland Vegetation. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. 454 pp.

Bhattarai, K.R., Veetaas, O.R. & Grytnes, J.A. 2004. Relationship between plant species richness and biomass in an arid sub-alpine grassland of the central Himalayas, Nepal. Folia Geobotanica 39: 57-71.

Bhattarai, K.R. Vetaas, O.R. & Grytnes, J.A. 2004. Fern species richness along a central Himalayan elevational gradient. Journal of Biogeography 31: 389-400.

Birks, H.H. 2004. Lily beetles in Norway. The Alpine Gardener 72: 6-7.

Birks, H.J.B. 2004. Recent changes in the Scandinavian alpine flora. Looking to the Hills 12: 9-10.

Birks, H.J.B. & Birks, H.H. 2004. The rise and fall of forests. Science 305: 484-485.

Birks, H.J.B. & Seppä, H. 2004. Pollen-based reconstructions of late-Quaternary climate in Europe - progress, problems, and pitfalls. Acta Palaeobotanica 44: 317-334.

Birks, H.J.B. Jones, V. J. & Rose, N.L. 2004. Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments – an introduction. Journal of Paleolimnology 31: 403-411.

Birks, H.J.B. Jones, V.J. & Rose, N.L. 2004. Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments – synthesis and general conclusions. Journal of Paleolimnology 31: 531-546.

Birks, H.J.B., Monteith, D.T. Rose, N.L., Jones, V.J., & Peglar, S.M. 2004. Recent environmental change and atmospheric contamination on Svalbard as recorded in lake sediments – modern limnology, vegetation, and pollen deposition. Journal of Paleolimnology 31: 411-433.

Bjune, A.E., Birks, H.J.B. & Seppä, H. 2004. Holocene vegetation and climate history on a continental-oceanic transect in northern Fennoscandia based on pollen and plant macrofossils. Boreas 33: 211-223.

Boyle, J.F., Rose, N.L. Appleby, P.G. & Birks. H.J.B. 2004. Recent environmental change and human impact on Svalbard: the lake-sediment geochemical record. Journal of Paleolimnology 31: 515-530.

Brooks, S.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2004. The dynamics of Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) assemblages in response to environmental change during the past 700 years on Svalbard. Journal of Paleolimnology 31: 483-498.

Gretarsdottir, J., Aradottir, A.L., Vandvik, V., Heegaard, E. & Birks, H.J.B. 2004. Long-term effects of reclamation treatments on plant succession in Iceland. Restoration Ecology 12: 268-278.

Hammarlund, D., Velle, G., Wolfe, B.B., Edwards, T.W.D., Barnekow, L., Bergman, J., Holmgren, S., Lamme, S., Snowball, I., Wohlfarth, B. & Possnert, G. 2004. Palaeolimnological and sedimentary responses to Holocene forest retreat in the Scandes Mountains, west central Sweden. The Holocene 14: 862-876. doi: 10.1191/0959683604hl756rp

Hatteland, B.A., Hauge, E., Solhøy, T. & Kirkendall, L.R. 2004. New records of Carabidae (Coleoptera) from coastal North Trøndelag, central Norway. Fauna Norvegica 24: 31-55.

Heegaard, E. 2004. Trends in aquatic macrophyte species turnover in Northern Ireland - which factors determine the spatial distribution of local species turnover? Global Ecology and Biogeography 13: 397-408.

Heegaard, E. & Vandvik, V. 2004. Climate change affects the outcome of competitive interactions - an application of principal response curves. Oecologia 139: 459-466.

Heiri, O. 2004. Within-lake variability of subfossil chironomid assemblages in shallow Norwegian lakes. Journal of Paleolimnology 32: 67-84.

Holmstad, P.R., Holstad, Ø., Karbøl, G., Reuhaug, J.O., Schei, E., Vandvik, V. & Skorping, A. 2004. Parasite tags in ecological studies on terrestrial hosts: A study on ptarmigan (Lagopus spp.) dispersal. Ornis Fennica 81: 128-136.

Jones, V.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2004. Lake-sediment records of recent environmental change on Svalbard: results of diatom analysis. Journal of Paleolimnology 31: 445-466.

Kvamme, M. & Losvik, M. 2004. Natur i endring. In: Naturhistorisk vegbok, Hordaland. Bergen Museum-Nord 4: 131-137.

Kvamme, M., Kaland, P.E. & Brekke, N.G. 2004. Conservation and management of North European Coastal Heathlands. Case study: The Heathland Centre, Lygra, Western Norway. Heathguard, The Heathland Centre, Norway. 68 pp.

Losvik, M. 2004. Lauving: Kulturlandskap i dagleg drift: Støl i dagleg drift: Kulturlandskapet i Myrkdalen. In: Naturhistorisk vegbok, Hordaland. Bergen Museum-Nord 4: 247; 251; 446; 447.

Mohr, F., Ekman, S. & Heegaard, E. 2004. Evolution and taxonomy of the marine Collemospsidium species (lichenised Ascomycota) in north-west Europe. Mycological Research 108: 515-532.

Myklestad, Å. 2004. Soil, site, and management components of variation in species composition of agricultural grasslands in western Norway. Grass and Forage Science 59: 136-143.

Myklestad, Å. & Sætersdal, M. 2004. The importance of traditional meadow management techniques for conservation of vascular plant species richness in Norway. Biological Conservation 118: 133-139.

Raddum, G.G., Erikson, L., Fott, J., Halvorsen, G.A., Heegaard, E., Kohout, L., Kifinger, B., Schaumberg, J., Maetze, A. & Zhan, H. 2004. Recovery from acidification of invertebrate fauna at ICP water sites in Europe and North America.  ICP-Waters, 75 pp.

Sandvik, S.M., Heegaard, E., Elven, R. & Vandvik, V. 2004. Responses of alpine snowbed vegetation to long-term experimental warming. Ecoscience 11: 150-159.

Sejrup, H.P., Birks, H.J.B., Klitgaard Kristensen, D. & Madsen, H. 2004. Benthonic foraminferal distributions and quantitative transfer functions for the northwest European continental margin. Marine Micropaleontology 53: 197-226.

Seppä, H., Birks, H.J.B., Odland, A., Poska, A. & Veski, S. 2004. A modern pollen-climate calibration set from northern Europe: developing and testing a tool for palaeoclimatological reconstructions. Journal of Biogeography 31: 251-267.

Skartveit, J., Pommeresche, R. & Solhøy, T. 2004. Notes on uncommon beetles (Coleoptera) collected during a survey in Hardanger, Western norway. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 51: 151-158.

Telford, R.J., Andersson, C., Birks, H.J.B. & Juggins, S. 2004. Biases in the estimation of transfer function prediction errors. Paleoceanography 19: PA4014. 10.1029/2004PA001072

Telford, R.J., Barker, P., Metcalfe, S. & Newton, A. 2004. Lacustrine responses to tephra deposition: examples from Mexico. Quaternary Science Reviews 23: 2337-2353. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.03.014

Telford, R.J., Heegaard, E. & Birks, H.J.B. 2004. All age-depth models are wrong: but how badly? Quaternary Science Reviews 23: 1-5.

Telford, R.J., Heegaard, E. & Birks, H.J.B. 2004. The intercept is a poor estimate of a calibrated radiocarbon age. The Holocene 14: 296-298.

Thunes, K.H., Skartveit, J., Gerde, I., Stary, J., Solhøy, T. & 40 others. 2004. The arthropod community of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) canopies in Norway. Entomologica Fennica 15: 65-90.

Totland, Ø., Grytnes, J.-A. & Heegaard, E. 2004. Willow canopies and plant community structure along an alpine environmental gradient. Arctic, Antarctic & Alpine Research 36: 428-435.

Vandvik, V. 2004. Gap dynamics in perennial subalpine grasslands: trends and processes change during secondary succession. Journal of Ecology 92: 68-96.

Vandvik, V. 2004. Summer farming in Vangroftdalen, Os, and Roldal, western Norway. In: Transhumance and Biodiversity in European Mountains. (eds: Bunce, R.G.H., Perez Soba, M., Jongman, R.H.G., Gomez Sal, A., Herzong, F. & Austad, I.) EU-FP5 TRANSHUMOUNT project 1: 61-68.

Vandvik, V. & Birks, H.J.B. 2004. Mountains summer farms in Røldal, western Norway - vegetation classification and patterns in species turnover and richness. Plant Ecology 170: 203-222.

Vange, V., Heuch, I. & Vandvik, V. 2004. Do seed mass and family affect germination and juvenile performance in Knautia arvensis? Acta Oecologia 25: 169-178.

Vetaas, O.R. & Knudsen, A. 2004. Fragile mountain - Fragile people? Understanding the fragility in the Himalayas. Mountain Research and Development 24: 174-175.