Ecological and Environmental Change Research Group

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Akite, P., Telford, R.J., Waring, P., Akol, A.M. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Temporal patterns in Saturnidae (silk moth) and Sphingidae (hawk moth) assemblages in protected forests of central Uganda. Ecology & Evolution 5: 1746-1757. 10.1002/ece3.1477

Armednariz-Toledano, F., Niño, A., Sullivan, B.T., Kirkendall, L.R. & Zúñiga, G. 2015. A new species of bark beetle, Dendroctonus mesoamericanus sp. Nov. (Curculionidae: ScolytinaeI, in southern Mexico and Central America. Annals of the Entomological Society of Americahttp://aesa.oxfordjournals.org/content/aesa/108/3/403.full.pdf

Bargmann, T. & Kirkpatrick, J.B. 2015. Transition from heathland to scrub in south-eastern Tasmania: extent of change since the 1970s, floristic depletion and management implications. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 213-228. 10.1007/s10531-014-0803-6

Battarbee, R.W.,Bjune, A.E. & Willis, K.J. (eds) 2015. At the frontiers of palaeoecology: A special issue in honour of H. John B. Birks. The Holocene 25: 3-237.

Battarbee, R.W., Lamb, H., Bennett, K.D., Edwards, M.E., Bjune, A.E., Kaland, P.E., Berglund, B.E., Lotter, A.F., Seppä, H., Willis, K.J., Herzschuh, U. & Birks, H.H. 2015. John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecology. The Holocene 25: 3-16. 10.1177/0959683614556390

Birks, H.H. 2015. South to north: Contrasting late-glacial and early-Holocene climate changes and vegetation responses between south and north Norway. The Holocene 25: 37-52. 10.1177/0959683614556375

Birks, H.H., Gelorinia, V., Robinson, E. & Hoek, W.Z. 2015. Impacts of palaeoclimate change 60,000-8000 years ago on humans and their environments in Europe: Integrating palaeoenvironmental and archaeological data. Quaternary International 378: 4-13 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.02.022

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Some reflections on the refugium concept in historical biogeography, contemporary ecology, and global-change biology. Biodiversity 16: 196-212. 10.1080/14888386.2015.1117022

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Biodiversity, livelihood and climate change in the Himalayan region. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Biodiversity, Livelihood and Climate Change in the Himalaya (eds. Jha, P.K., Shrestha, K.K., Chaudhary, R.P. & Shrestha, B.B.) Tribhuvan University, Nepal and Bergen University, Norway, pp. 1-39.

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Diss Mere, Norfolk, England. In: UK Top Quaternary Sites: A Compilation to Celebrate the QRA’s Semi-Centennial Year (eds. Silva, B. & Phillips, E.) Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 28-29.

Birks, H.J.B.  2015. Scandinavian forest responses. PAN European Networks: Science and Technology 16: 232-233.

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Climate change: past, present, and future. Insight Projects 2015(2), 1-3.

Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Mountain plants and recent climate change. Adjacent Government 8 (November 2015): 303-304.

Birks, H.J.B. & Battarbee, R.W. 2015. Round Loch of Glenhead, Galloway, Scotland. In: UK Top Quaternary Sites: A Compilation to Celebrate the QRA’s Semi-Centennial Year (eds. Silva, B. & Phillips, E.) Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 86-87.

Birks, H.J.B. & Birks H.H. 2015. Derek Ratcliffe – botanist and plant ecologist. In: Nature’s Conscience – The Life and Legacy of Derek Ratcliffe (eds. Thompson, D.B.A., Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B.) Langford Press, pp. 39-89.

Birks, H.J.B., Birks H.H. & Bungard, S.J. 2015. Catriona W. Murray (1926–2014). BSBI News 2015: 108-110.

Birks, H.J.B., Thompson, D.B.A. & Birks H.H. 2015. Derek Ratcliffe – early days in pursuit of nature. In: Nature’s Conscience – The Life and Legacy of Derek Ratcliffe (eds. Thompson, D.B.A., Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B.) Langford Press, pp. 3-20.

Bjune, A.E., Grytnes, J.-A., Jenks, C.R., Telford, R.J. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Is palaeoecology a 'special branch' of ecology? The Holocene 25: 17-24. 10.1177/0959683614556386

Breistøl, A., Högstedt, G. & Lislevand, T. 2015. Pied Flycatchers Ficendula hypoleuca prefer ectparasite-free nest sites when old nest material is present. Ornis Norvegica 38: 9-13. 10.15845/on.v38i0.871

Burrough, S.L. & Willis, K.J. 2015. Ecosystem resilience to late-Holocene climate change in the Upper Zambezi Valley. The Holocene 25: 1811-1828. 10.1177/0959683615591355

Burrough, S.L., Thomas, D.S.G., Oriejemie, E.A. & Willis, K.J. 2015. Landscape sensitivity and ecological change in western Zambia: The long-term perspective from dambo cut-and-fill sediments. Journal of Quaternary Science 30: 44-58. 10.1002/jqs.2757

Chen, F., Qinghai, X., Chen, J., Birks, H.J.B., Liu, J., Zhang, S., Jin, L., An, C., Telford, R.J., Cao, X., Wang, S., Zhang, X., Selvaraj, K., Lu, H., Li, Y., Zheng, Z., Wang, H., Zhou, A., Dong, G., Zhang, J., Huang, X., Bloemendal, J. & Rao, Z. 2015. East Asian summer monsoon precipitation variability since the last deglaciation. Scientific Reports 5: 11186. 10.1038/srep11186

Cole, L.E.S., Bhagwat, S.A. & Willis, K.J. 2015. Long-term disturbance dynamics and resilience of tropical peat swamp forests. Journal of Ecology 103: 16-30. 10.1111/1365-2745.12329

Gasparatos, A., von Maltitz, G.P., Johnson, F.X., Lee, L., Mathai, M., Puppim de Oliveira, J.A.P. & Willis, K.J. 2015. Biofuels in sub-Saharan Africa: Drivers, impacts and priority policy areas. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 45: 879-901. 10.1016/j.rser.2015.02.006

Gentili, R., Badola, H.K. & Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Alpine biodiversity and refugia in a changing climate. Biodiversity 16: 193-195. 10.1080/14888386.2015.1117023

Halbritter, A.H., Billeter, R., Edwards, P.J. & Alexander, J.M. 2015. Local adaptation at range edges: comparing elevation and latititudinal gradients. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28: 1849-1860. 10.1111/jeb.12701

Hjelle, K.L., Mehl, I.K., Sugita, S. & Andersem, G.L. 2015. From pollen percentage to vegetation cover: evaluation of the Landscape Reconstruction Algorithm in western Norway. Journal of Quaternary Science 30: 312-324. 10.1002/jqs.2769

Hjelle, K.L.,Lødøen, T., Natlandsmyr, B., Kvamme, M. & Kaland, S. 2015. Erdalen og Sunndalen - bruk av utmarksressurser gjennom mer enn to tusen år. In: Fjellets Kulturlandskap. Arealbruk og landskap gjennom flere tusen år (eds: Austrheim, G., Hjelle, K.L., Sjögren, P., Stene, K. & Tretvik, A.M.) Museumsforlaget, Trondheim, pp. 25-47.

Jeffers, E.S., Bonsall, M.B., Froyd, C.A., Brooks, S.J. & Willis, K.J. 2015. The relative important of biotic and abiotic processes for structuring plant communities through time. Journal of Ecology 103: 459-472. 10.1111/1365-2745.12365

Jeffers, E.S., Nogué, S. & Willis, K.J. 2015. The role of palaeoecological records in assessing ecosystem services. Quaternary Science Reviews 112: 17-32. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.12.018

Juggins, S., Simpson, G.L. & Telford, R.J. 2015. Taxon selection using statistical learning techniques to improve transfer function prediction. The Holocene 25: 130-136. 10.1177/0959683614556388

Kemp, A.C. & Telford, R.J. 2015. Transfer functions. In: Handbook of Sea-level Research (eds. Shennon, I, Long, A.J. & Horton, B.P.), pp. 470-499. Wiley-Blackwell, American Geophysical Union.

Kirkendall, L.R., Biedermann, P.H.W. & Jordal, B.H. 2015. Evolution and diversity of bark beetles. In: Bark Beetles (eds. F.E. Vega & R.W. Hofstetter), pp. 85-156. Elsevier, San Diego.

Klanderud, K., Vandvik, V. & Goldberg, D. 2015. The importance of biotic vs. abiotic drivers of local plant community composition along regional bioclimatic gradients. PLoS One 10: e0130205. 10.1371/journal.pone.0130205

Klanderud, K., Skarpaas, O., Olsen, S.L., Töpper, J.P. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Fjellplantene taper konkurransen i et varmere og våtere klima: kan beitedyr være redningen? Biolog 4: 14-18.

Mason, P.M., Glover, K., Smith, J.A.C., Willis, K.J., Woods, J. & Thompson, I.P. 2015. The potential of CAM crops as a globally significant bioenergy resource: moving from 'fuel or food' to 'fuel and more food'. Energy & Environmental Science 8: 2320-2329. 10.1039/c5ee00242g

Mehl, I.K. & Hjelle, K.L. 2015. From pollen percentage to regional vegetation cover - A new insight into cultural landscape development in western Norway.  Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 217: 45-60. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.02.005

Mehl, I.K., Overland, A., Berge, J. & Hjelle, K.L. 2015. Cultural landscape development on a west-east gradient in western Norway - potential of the Landscape Reconstruction Algorithm (LRA). Journal of Archaeological Science 61: 1-16. 10.1016/j.jas.2015.04.015

de Nascimento, L., Nogué, S., Fernández-Lugo, S., Méndez, J., Otto, R., Whittaker, R.J., Willis, K.J. & Fernández-Palacios, J.M. 2015. Modern pollen rain in Canary Island ecosystems and its implications for the interpretation of fossil records. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 214: 27-38. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2014.11.002

Paulsen, T.R., Colville, L., Daws, M.I., Eliassen, S., H¨gstedt, G., Kranner, I., Thompson, K. & Vandvik, V. 2015. The crypsis hypothesis explained: a reply to Jayasuriya et al. (2015). Seed Science Research 25: 402-408. 10.1017/S0960258515000288

Paus, A., Boessenkool, S., Brochmann, C., Epp, L.S., Fabel, D., Haflidason, H. & Linge, H. 2015. Lake Store Finnsjøen - a key for understanding late-glacial/early-Holocene vegetation and ice-sheet dynamics in the central Scandes Mountains. Quaternary Science Reviews 121: 36-51. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.05.004

Płociennik, M., Kruk, A. & Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Kohonen artificial neural networks and the IndVal index as supplementary tools for the quantitative analysis of palaeoecological data. Geochronometria 42: 189-201. 10.1515/geochr-2015-0021

Price, M.F. 2015. Mountains: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.

Ratcliffe, D.A. (compiled by Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B.) 2015. Lapland images. In: Nature’s Conscience – The Life and Legacy of Derek Ratcliffe (eds. Thompson, D.B.A., Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B.) Langford Press, pp. 501-516.

Romeu-Dalmau, C., Bonsall, M.B., Willis, K.J. & Dolan, L. 2015. Asiatic cotton can generate similar economic benefits to Bt cotton under rainfed conditions. Nature Plants 1: 15072. 10.1038/NPLANTS.2015.72

Schei, F.H., Kapfer, J., Birks, H.J.B. & Grytnes, J.-A. 2015. Stability of alpine vegetation over 50 years in central Norway. Folia Geobotanica 50: 39-48. 10.1007/s12224-015-9209-9

Seddon, A.W.R., Macias-Fauria, M. & Willis, K.J. 2015. Climate and abrupt vegetation change in northern Europe since the last deglaciation. The Holocene 25: 25-36. 10.1177/0959683614556383

Seppä, H., Schurgers, G., Miller, P.A., Bjune, A.E., Giesecke, T., Kühl, N., Renssen, H. & Salonen, J.S. 2015. Trees tracking a warmer climate: The Holocene range shift of hazel (Corylus avellana) in northern Europe. The Holocene 25:53-63. 10.1177/0959683614556377

Shrestha, K.B., Hofgaard, A. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Recent treeline dynamics are similar between dry and mesic areas of Nepal, central Himalaya. Journal of Plant Ecology 8: 347-358. 10.1093/jpe/rtu035

Shrestha, K.B., Hofgaard, A. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Tree-growth response to climatic variability in two climatically contrasting treeline ecotone areas, central Himalaya, Nepal. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 45: 1643-1653. 10.1139/cjfr-2015-0089

Tegzes, A.D., Jansen, E. & Telford, R.J. 2015. Which is the better proxy for paleo-current strength: sortable-silt mean size or sortable-silt mean grain diamter? A case study from the Nordic Seas. 16: 3456-3471. 10.1002/2014GC005655

Thompson, D.B.A., Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B. (eds.) 2015. Nature’s Conscience – The Life and Legacy of Derek Ratcliffe. Langford Press, 572 pp.

Thompson, D.B.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2015. Nature conservation and the Nature Conservation Review: a novel philosophical framework. In: Nature’s Conscience – The Life and Legacy of Derek Ratcliffe (eds. Thompson, D.B.A., Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B.) Langford Press, pp. 331-358.

Thorn, J., Snaddon, J., Waldron, A., Kok, K., Zhou, W., Bhagwat, S.A., Willis, K.J. & Petrokofsky, G. 2015. How effective are on-farm conservation land management strategies for preserving ecosystem services in developing countries? A systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence 4: 11. 10.1186/s13750-015-0036-5

Tingstad, L., Olsen, S.L., Klanderud, K., Vandvik, V. & Ohlson, M. 2015. Temperature, precipitation and biotic interactions as determinants of tree seedling recruitment across the tree-line ecotone. Oecologia 179: 599-608. 10.1007/s00442-015-3360-0

Trachsel, M. & Nesje, A. 2015. Modelling annual mass balances of eight Scandinavian glaciers using statistical models. The Cryosphere 9: 1401-1414. 10.5194/tc-9-1401-2015

Trondman, A.-K., Gaillard, M.-J., Mazier, F. & 38 co-authors including Birks, H.J.B. & Bjune, A.E. 2015. Pollen-based quantitative reconstructions of Holocene regional vegetation cover (plant functional types and land-cover types) in Europe suitable for climate modelling. Global Change Biology 21: 676-697. 10.1111/gcb.12737

Väliranta, M., Salonen, J.S., Heikkilä, M., Amon, L., Helmens, K., Klimaschewski, A., Kuhry, P., Kultti, S., Poska, A., Shala, S, Veski, S. & Birks, H.H. 2015. Plant macrofossil evidence for an early onset of the Holocene summer thermal maximum in northernmost Europe. Nature Communications 6: 6809. 10.1038/ncomms7809

Wasof, S., Lenoir, J. and 46 co-authors including Birks, H.J.B., Grytnes, J.-A. & Vandvik, V. 2015. Disjunct populations of European vascular plant species keep the same climatic niches. Global Ecology and Biogeography 24: 1401-1412. 10.1111/geb.12375

Wheeler, H.C., Chipperfield, J.D., Roland, C. & Svenning, J.-C. 2015. How will the greening of the Arctic affect an important prey species and disturbance agent? Vegetation effects on arctic ground squirrels. Oecologia 178: 915-929. 10.1007/s00442-015-3240-7

Willis, K.J., Seddon, A.W.R., Long, P.R., Jeffers, E.S., Caithness, N., Thurston, M., Smit, M.G.D., Hagemann, R. & Macias Fauria, M. 2015. Remote assessment of locally important ecological features across landscapes: how representative of reality? Ecological Applications 25: 1290-1302. 10.1890/14-1431.1

Wittmeier, H.E., Bakke, J., Vasskog, K. & Trachsel, M. 2015. Reconstructing Holocene glacier activity at Langfjordjøkelen, Arctic Norway, using multi-proxy fingerprinting of distal glacier-fed lake sediments. Quaternary Science Reviews 114: 78-99. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.02.007