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Ecological and Environmental Change Research Group

Bargmann, T. & Kirkpatrick, J.B. 2014. Transition from heathland to scrub in south-eastern Tasmania: extent of change since the 1970s, floristic depletion and management implications. Biodiversity and Conservation 10.1007/s10531-014-0803-6

Bargmann, T., Måren, I.E. & Vandvik, V. 2014. Life after fire: smoke and ash as germination cues in ericads, herbs, and graminoids of northern heathlands. Applied Vegetation Science 17: 670-679. 10.1111/avsc.12106

Berntsson, A., Rosqvist, G.C. & Velle, G. 2014. Late-Holocene temperature and precipitation changes in Vindelfjällen, mid-western Swedish Lapland, inferred from chironomid and geochemical data. The Holocene 24: 78-92. 10.1177/0959683613512167

Bhagwat, S.A., Nogué, S. & Willis, K.J. 2014. Cultural drivers of reforestation in tropical forest groves on the Western Ghats of India. Forest Ecology and Management 329: 393-400. 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.11.017

Birks, H.H. 2014. 14 entries. In: Encyclopedia of Environmental Change (2nd edition). (Ed. Matthews, J.A.). SAGE Publications, London.

Birks, H.H. & Birks, H.J.B. 2014. To what extent did changes in July temperature influence late-glacial vegetation patterns in NW Europe? Quaternary Science Reviews 106: 262-277. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.024

Birks, H.H., Gelorinia, V., Robinson, E. & Hoek, W.Z. 2015. Impacts of palaeoclimate change 60,000-8000 years ago on humans and their environments in Europe: Integrating palaeoenvironmental and archaeological data. Quaternary International 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.02.022

Birks, H.H., Aarnes, I., Bjune, A.E., Brooks, S.J., Bakke, J., Kühl, N. & Birks, H.J.B. 2014. Late-glacial and early-Holocene climate variability reconstructed from multi-proxy records on Andøya, northern Norway. Quaternary Science Reviews 89: 108-122. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.01.018

Birks, H.J.B. 2014. A diverse scientific life. Journal of Paleolimnology 51: 113-137. 10.1007/s10933-013-9691-0

Birks, H.J.B. 2014. 53 entries. In: Encyclopedia of Environmental Change (2nd edition). (Ed: Matthews, J.A.). SAGE Publications, London.

Birks, H.J.B. 2014. Aquatic ecotones—new insights from arctic Canada. Journal of Phycology 50: 607-609. 10.1111/jpy.12206

Birks, H.J.B. 2014. Challenges in the presentation and analysis of plant-macrofossil stratigraphical data. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23: 309-330. 10.1007/s00334-013-0430-2

Birks, H.J.B., Birks, H.H. & Birks, C.J.A. 2014. In Memorium - Christopher Hogwood. Early Music Review 163: 27-28.

Bjune, A.E. 2014. After 8 years of annual pollen trapping across the tree line in western Norway, are the data still anomalous? Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23: 299-308. 10.1007/s00334-013-0428-9

Bjune, A.E. & Willis, K.J. (eds) 2014. Special Issue - It's all in the detail: a tribute to Hilary Birks and her contributions to palaeoecology. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23: 175-338.

Bjune, A.E. & Willis, K.J. 2014. It's all in the detail: a tribute to Hilary Birks and her contributions to palaeoecology. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23: 175-176. 10.1007/s00334-014-0443-5

Blackford, J.J., Payne, R.J., Heggen, M.P., de la Riva Caballero, A. & van der Plicht, J. 2014. Age and impacts of the caldera-forming Aniakchak II eruption in western Alaska. Quaternary Research 82: 85-95. 10.1016/j.yqres.2014.04.013

Cao, X.-Y., Herzscuh, U., Telford, R.J. & Ni, J. 2014. A modern pollen-clilmate dataset from China and Mongolia: Assessing its potential for climate reconstruction. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 211: 87-96. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2014.08.007

Cheddadi, R., Birks, H.J.B., Tarroso, P., Liepelt, S., Gömöry, D., Dullinger, S., Meier, E.S., Hülber, K., Maiorano, L. & Laborde, H. 2014. Revisiting tree-migration rates: Abies alba (Mill.), a case study. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23: 113-122. 10.1007/s00334-013-0404-4

Cole, L.E.S., Bhagwat, S.A. & Willis, K.J. 2014. Recovery and resilience of tropical forests after disturbance. Nature Communications 5: 3906. 10.1038/ncomms4906

Coulson, S.J., Convey, P. and 38 co-authors inclduing Solhøy, T. and Velle, G. 2014. The terrestrial and freshwater invertebrate biodiversity of the archipelagoes of the Barents Sea; Svalbard, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 68: 440-470. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.10.006

Coulson, S.J.,Schatz, H., Gwiazdowicz, D.J. & Solhøy, T. 2014. On the oribatid and mesostigmatid mites (Acari) of the High Arctic island of Hopen. Polish Polar Research 35: 133-139. 10.2478/popore-2014-0002

Eldevik, T., Risebrobakken, B., Bjune, A.E., Andersson, C., Birks, H.J.B., Dokken, T.M., Drange, H., Glessmer, M.S., Li, C., Nilsen, J.E.Ø., Otterå, O.H., Richter, K. & Skagseth, Ø. 2014. A brief history of climate – the northern seas from the Last Glacial Maximum to global warming. Quaternary Science Reviews 106: 225-246. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.028

Esaete, J., Eycott, A.E., Reiniö, J, Telford, R.J. & Vandvik, V. The seed and fern-spore bank of a recovering African tropical forest. Biotropica 46: 677-686. 10.1111/btp.12167

Felde, V.A., Bjune, A.E., Grytnes, J.-A. & Birks, H.J.B. 2014. A comparison of novel and traditional numerical methods for the analysis of modern pollen assemblages from major vegetation-landform types. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 210: 22-36. 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2014.06.003

Felde, V.A., Peglar, S.M., Bjune, A.E., Grytnes, J.-A. & Birks, H.J.B. 2014. The relationship between vegetation composition, vegetation zones and modern pollen assemblages in Setesdal, southern Norway. The Holocene 24: 985-1001. 10.1177/0959683614534745

Feurdean, A., Persoiu, A. & 29 co-authors including Willi, K.J. 2014. Climate variability and associated vegetation response through Central and Eastern Europe between 60 and 8ka. Quaternary Science Reviews 106: 206-224. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.06.003

Froyd, C.A., Coffey, E.E.D., van der Knaap, W.O., van Leeuwen, J.F.N., Tye, A. & Willis, K.J. 2014. The ecological consequences of megafaunal loss: giant tortoises and wetland biodiversity. Ecology Letters 17: 144-154. 10.1111/ele.12203

Grytnes, J.-A. & Felde, V.A. 2014. Diversity patterns in a diversity hotspot. Applied Vegetation Science 17: 381-383. 10.1111/avsc.12109

Grytnes, J.-A., Kapfer, J., Jurasinski, G., Birks, H.H., Henriksen, H., Klanderud, K., Odland, A., Ohlsson, M., Walther, G.R., Wipf, S. & Birks, H.J.B. 2014. Identifying the driving factors behind observed elevational range shifts on European mountains. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 876-884. 10.1111/geb.12170

Heiri, O., Brooks, S.J. & 27 co-authors including Birks, H.J.B. & Birks, H.H. 2014. Validation of climate model-inferred regional temperature change for late-glacial Europe. Nature Communications 5: 4914. 10.1038/ncomms5914

Jeffers, D. & Willis, K.J. 2014. Vegetation response to climate change during the Last Interglacial--Last Glaciation in the southern Bekaa Valley, Lebanon. Palynology 38: 195-206. 10.1080/01916122.2014.880958

Kaland, P.E. 2014. Heathlands – land-use, ecology and vegetation history as a source for archaeological interpretations. In: Northern Worlds - landscapes, interactions and dynamics. Proceedings of the Northern Worlds Conference, Copenhagen 28-30 November 2012 (Ed. Gulløv, H.C.). Publications from the National Museum, Studies in Archaeology & History 22: 19-47.

Lohne, Ø.S., Mangerud, J. & Birks, H.H. 2014. IntCal13 calibrated ages of the Vedde and Saksunarvatn ashes and the Younger Dryas boundary from Kråkenes, western Norway. Journal of Quaternary Science 29: 506-507. 10.1002/jqs.2722

Mace, G.M., Reyers, B., Alkemade, R., Biggs, R., Chapin, F.S., Cornell, S.E., Díaz, S., Jennings, S., Leadley, P., Mumby, P.J.,Purvis, A., Scholes, R.J., Seddon, A.W.R., Solan, M., Steffen, W. & Woodward, G. 2014. Approaches to defining a planetary boundary for biodiversity. Global Environmental Change 28: 289-297. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.07.009

Macias-Fauria, M., Seddon, A.W.R., Benz, D., Long, P.R. & Willis, K.J. 2014. Correspondence: Spatiotemporal patterns of warming. Nature Climate Change 4: 845-846.

Marquer, L., Gaillard, M.-J., Sugita, S., Trondman, A.-K., Mazier, F., Nielsen, A.B., Fyfe, R.M., Odgaard, B.V., Alenius, T., Birks, H.J.B., Bjune, A.E., Christiansen, J., Dodson, J., Edwards, K.J., Giesecke, T., Herzschuh, U., Kangur, M., Lorenz, S., Poska, A., Schult, M. & Seppä, H. 2014. Holocene changes in vegetation composition in northern Europe: why quantitative pollen-based vegetation reconstructions matter. Quaternary Science Reviews 90: 199-216. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.02.013

Meineri, E., Skarpaas, O., Spindelböck, J., Bargmann, T. & Vandvik, V. 2014. Direct and size-dependent effects of climate on flowering performance in lpine and lowland herbaceous species. Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 275-286. 10.1111/jvs.12062

Nesje, A., Bakke, J., Brooks, S.J., Kaufman, D.S., Kihlberg, E., Trachsel, M., D'Andrea, W.J. & Matthews, J.A. 2014. Late glacial and Holocene environmental changes inferred from sediments in Lake Myklevatnet, Nordfjord, western Norway. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 23: 229-248. 10.1007/s00334-013-0426-y

Paulsen, T.R., Högstedt, G., Thompson, K., Vandvik, V. & Eliassen, S. 2014. Conditions favouring hard seededness as a dispersal and predator escape strategy. Journal of Ecology 102: 1475-1484. 10.1111/1365-2745.12323

Pilskog, H.E., Solhøy, T., Gwiazdowicz, D.J., Grytnes, J.-A. & Coulson, S.J. 2014. Invertebrate communities inhabiting nests of migrating passerine, wild fowl and sea birds breeding in the High Arctic, Svalbard. Polar Biology 37: 981-998. 10.1007/s00300-014-1495-9

Pirzamanbien, B., Lindström, J., Poska, A., Sugita, S., Trondman, A.-K., Fyfe, R., Mazier, F., Nielsen, A.B., Kaplan, J.O., Bjune, A.E., Birks, H.J.B., Giesecke, T., Kangur, M., Latalowa, M., Marquer, L., Smith, B. & Gaillard, M.-J. 2014. Creating spatially continuous maps of past land cover from point estimates: A new statistical approach applied to pollen data. Ecological Complexity 20: 127-141. 10.1016/j.ecocom.2014.09.005

Rasmussen, S.O., Birks, H.H., Blockley, S.P.E., Brauer, A., Hajdas, I., Hoek, W.Z., Lowe, J.J., Moreno, A., Renssen, H., Roche, D.M., Svensson, A.M., Valdes, P. & Walker, M.J.C. 2014. Dating, synthesis, and interpretation of palaeoclimatic records of the Last Glacial cycle and model-data integration: advances by the INTIMATE (INTegration of Ice-core, MARrine and TErrestrial records) COST Action ES0907. Quaternary Science Reviews 106: 1-13. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.10.031

Reuss, N.S., Hamerlik, L., Velle, G., Michelsen, A., Pedersen, O. & Brodersen, K.P. 2014. Microhabitat influence on chironomid community structure and stable isotope signatures in West Greenland lakes. Hydrobiologia 730: 59-77. 10.1007/s10750-014-1821-9

Rydgren, K., Halvorsen, R., Töpper, J.P. & Njøs, J.M. 2014. Glacier foreland succession and the fading effect of terrain age. Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 1367-1380. 10.1111/jvs.12184

Salonen, J.S., Luoto, M., Alenius, T., Heikkila, M., Seppä, H., Telford, R.J. & Birks, H.J.B. 2014. Reconstructing palaeoeclimatic variables from fossil pollen using boosted regression trees: comparison and synthesis with other quantitative reconstruction methods. Quaternary Science Reviews 88: 69-81. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.01.011

Saure, H.I., Vandvik, V., Hassel, K. & Vetaas, O.R. 2014. Do vascular plants and bryophytes respond differently to coniferous invasion of coastal heathlands? Biological Invasions 10.1007/s10530-013-0536-6

Seddon, A.W.R., Froyd, C.A., Witkowski, A. & Willis, K.J. 2014. A quantitative framework for analysis of regime shifts in a Galápagos coastal lagoon. Ecology 95: 3046-3055. 10.1890/13-1974.1

Seddon, A.W.R. & 68 co-authors including, Birks, H.J.B., Willis, K.J., Birks, H.H. & Nogué, S. 2014. Looking forward through the past:identification of 50 priority research questions in plaeoecology. Journal of Ecology 102: 256-267. 10.1111/1365-2745.12195

Seddon, A.W.R., Witkowski, A., Froyd, C.A., Kurzydłowski, K.J., Grzonka, J. & Willis, K.J. 2014. Diatoms from isolated islands II: Pseudostaurosira diablarum, a new species from a mangrove ecosystem in the Galápagos Islands. Diatom Research 29: 201-2111. 10.1080/0269249X.2013.877084

Stevens, C.J., Duprè C., Dorland E., Gaudnik C., Gowing D.J.G., Bleeker A., Diekmann M., Alard D., Bobbink R., Fowler D., Corcket E., Mountford J.O., Vandvik V., Aarrestad P.A., Muller S. & Dise N.B. 2014. Biodiversity of acid grasslands in the Atlantic regions of Europe: The impact of nitrogen deposition. In: Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity. (Eds: Sutton M.A., Mason K.E. Sheppard L.J., Sverdrup H. Haeuber R. & Hicks W.K.) Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 243-250. 10.1007/978-94-007-7939-6_26

Strandberg, G., Kjellström, E., Poska, A., Wagner, S., Gaillard, M.-J., Trondman, A.-K., Mauri, A., Davis, B.A.S., Kaplan, J.O., Birks, H.J.B., Bjune, A.E., Fyfe, R.M., Giesecke, T., Kalnina, L., Nielsen, A.B., Smith, B., Seppä, H. & Sugita, S. 2014. Regional climate model simulations for Europe at 6 and 0.2 k yr BP: sensitivity to changes in anthropogenic deforestation. Climate of the Past 10: 661-680. 10.5194/cp-10-661-2014

Sundqvist, H.S., Kaufman, D.S., McKay, N.P., Balascio, N.L., Briner, J.P., Cwynar, L.C., Sejrup, H.P., Geppä, H., Subetto, D.A., Andrews, J.T., Axford, Y., Bakke, J., Birks, H.J.B., Brooks, S.J., de Vernal, A., Jennings, A.E., Ljungqvist, F.C., Rühland, K.M., Saenger, C., Smol, J.P. & Viau, A.E. 2014. Arctic Holocene proxy climate database – new approaches to assessing geochronological accuracy and encoding climate variables. Climate of the Past 10: 1605-1631. 10.5194/cp-10-1605-2014

Svendsen, J.I., Krüger, L.C., Mangerud, J., Astakhov, V.I., Paus, A., Nazarov, D. & Murray, A. 2014. Glacial and vegetation history of the Polar Ural Mountains in northern Russia during the last Ice Age, Marine Isotope Stages 5-2. Quaternary Science Reviews 92: 409-428. 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.008

Tegzes, A.D., Jansen, E. & Telford, R.J. 2014. The role of the northward-directed (sub)surface limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during the 8.2 ka event. Climate of the Past 10: 1887-1904. 10.5194/cp-10-1887-2014

Tian, F., Herzschuh, U., Telford, R.J., Mischke, S., van der Meeren, T. & Krengel, M. 2014. A modern pollen-climate calibration set from central-western Mongolia and its application to a late glacial-Holocene record. Journal of Biogeography 41: 1909-1922. 10.1111/jbi.12338

Tovar, C., Breman, E., Brncic, T., Harris, D.J., Bailey, R. & Willis, K.J. 2014. Influence of 1100 years of burning on the central African rainforest. Ecography 37: 1139-1148. 10.1111/ecog.00697

Vandvik, V., Måren, I.E., Ndangalasi, H.J., Taplin, J., Mbago, F. & Lovett, J.C. 2014. Back to Africa: monitoring post-hydropwer restoration to facilitate reintroduction of an extinct-in-the-wild amphibian. Ecosphere 5: 95. 10.1890/ES14-00093.1

Vandvik, V., Töpper, J.P., Cook, Z., Daws, M.I., Heegaard, E., Måren, I.E. & Velle, L.G. 2014. Management-driven evolution in a domesticated ecosystem. Biology Letters 10: 20131082. 10.1098/rsbl.2013.1082

Velle, L.G. & Vandvik, V. 2014. Succession after prescribed burning in coastal Calluna heathlands along a 340-km latitudinal gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 546-558. 10.1111/jvs.12100

Velle, L.G., Nilsen, L.S., Norderhaug, A. & Vandvik, V. 2014. Does prescribed burning result in biotic homogenization of coastal heathlands? Global Change Biology 20: 1429-1440. 10.1111/gcb.12448

Vetaas, O.R., Vikane, J.-H., Saure, H.I. & Vandvik, V. 2014. North Atlantic islands with native and alien trees; are there differences in diversity and species-area relationships? Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 213-225. 10.1111/jvs.12045

Wang, Y., Herzschuh, U., Shumilovskikh, L.S., Mischke, S., Birks, H.J.B., Wischnewski, J., Böhner, J., Schlütz, F., Lehmkuhl, F., Diekmann, B., Wünnemann, B. & Zhang, C. 2014. Quantitative reconstruction of precipitation changes on the NE Tibetan Plateau since the Last Glacial Maximum - extending the concept of pollen source area to pollen-based climate reconstructions from large lakes. Climate of the Past 10: 21-39. 10.5194/cp-10-21-2014

Willis, K.J. & McElwain, J.C. 2014. The Evolution of Plants (2nd edition). Oxford University Press, 424 pp.

Xu, L., Wang, H., La Qiong, Lu, F., Sun, K., Fang, Y., Yang, M., Zhong, Y., Qianhong Wu, Chen, J., Birks, H.J.B. & Zhang, W. 2014. Microrefugia and shifts of Hippophae tibetana (Elaeagnaceae) on the north side of Mount Qomolangma (Mt. Everest) during the last 25,000 years. PLoS ONE 9: e97601. 10.1371/journal.pone.0097601