Temporary protection as a durable solution? (TemPro)
TemPro is a collaboration between anthropologists and legal scholars in Norway, UK and Denmark that explores the effects of temporary protection in the current asylum and refugee systems.
The full name of the project is Temporary protection as a durable solution? The 'return turn' in asylum policies in Europe (TemPro).
Following high numbers of refugee arrivals in 2015, European countries have implemented restrictive policies reinforcing the temporary nature of the protection they are willing to provide. These measures, part of a ‘return turn’ in the practice of refugee law, include granting short-term protection permits to refugees from certain groups, stricter requirements for receiving permanent residence, and regular protection reviews to identify people whose need for asylum no longer exists.
Dilemmas these policies pose for inclusion and welfare are intensified by the fact that affected refugees often come from fragile states like Somalia, Afghanistan and Syria. Return to their previous homes remains a remote possibility for most. At the same time, they retain only limited membership rights in their place of residence.
TemPro draws on an intersectional perspective to explore the implications of increased legal fragmentation of refugee protection in and across refugee law, policy, and the lives of refugees. The project further builds on and extends recent advances within migration studies that approach the temporal dimensions of migration governance.
By investigating (primarily) post-2015 developments in Norway, Denmark and the UK, TemPro adresses the following questions:
- How do changes in national and EU-level laws and policies affect the durability of residence for recognized refugees? How are policies applied vis-à-vis different refugee groups: Afghans, Somalis and Syrians?
- How does temporary protection interact with facets of the welfare state designed to promote integration? What areas of conflict exist between asylum and integration policies on the one hand, and the intention of policies and their implementation on the other?
- How does the temporary nature of their legal status affect how refugees manage the competing demands of settling in Europe and planning for an eventual return?
- Are temporary protection practices compatible with refugee and human rights law? Under what conditions?
- How do temporary protection regimes relate to states’ duties to promote durable solutions and inclusive societies under the UN Global Compact for Refugees and the Sustainable Development Goals?
The project is lead by Jessica Schultz, senior researcher at the Chr. Michelsens Institute.
From UiB, researcher Marry-Anne Karlsen and postdoctor Kari Anne Klovholt Drangsland at SKOK are part of the team.
Researchers at Coventry University og University of Aarhus are also involved in TemPro.
In February 2023, The 2022 TemPro mapping study on Norway, 'The temporary turn in Norwegian asylum law and practice' was launched at the Institutt for Samfunnsforskning's seminar 'Flyktninger og sårbarhet – Hvordan ivaretas og skapes sårbarhet gjennom norsk flyktningpolitikk og regelverk?. Jessica Schultz and Marry-Anne Karlsen participated in the seminar.
- Check out TemPro's resource site on interdisciplinarity in migration research here.
- Check out the TemPro researcher's two podcasts here:
What role does expert knowledge play in asylum litigation?
Migration researcher Marry-Anne Karlsen at the Centre for Women's and Gender Research (SKOK) at UiB has been granted prestigious funding by the EU to do research on expert knowledge in asylum litigation.
Fractured protection and bodily exhaustion: navigating the paradigm shift in Danish asylum policy
In this seminar, Sarah-Louise Japhetson Mortensen will present findings from her 12 months ethnographic fieldwork among Syrian refugees in Denmark.
RE:MIGRATION - New perspectives on movement, research, and society
Researchers from the CMI and UiB TemPro project are organizing a panel during the 21st Nordic Migration Research Conference in Copenhagen from 17 to 19 August 2022.
Temporary protection? Increasing Precarity, Undoing Refuge
This panel about temporary protection brings practitioners and researchers into conversation, among them Jessica Schultz from the TemPro project at Chr. Michelsens Institute and UiB.
Socio-Legal Perspectives in Migration Research: Potentials and Challenges
This workshop is a cross-disciplinary coming together of legal and anthropological perspectives.
Collective protection as a short-term solution: European responses to the protection needs of refugees from the war in Ukraine
Interdisciplinarity in Migration Research: Combining law and anthropology
Attachments and the arc of refugee protection: a legal perspective
What does it mean to have ‘attachments’ to a country or a community?
Addressing the co-production of law and time in regularisation processes: legal and ethnographic lines of enquiry
The significance of time and temporality for migration processes and governance has received increasing attention within migration research in recent years.
Multiple, uneven and relational time in ethnographic research
In the following, we want to reflect on what it means for interdisciplinary studies of migration to understand time as multiple, uneven, and relational.
Temporal governance, protection elsewhere and the ‘good’ refugee: a study of the shrinking scope of asylum within the UK
8th EMN Educational Seminar on Migration: “Migration in a Multilateral World”
Postdoctoral fellow at SKOK, Kari Anne Drangsland, presents at the European Migration Network's 2021 conference on migration.
Interdisciplinary Methods in Migration Research
This two-day workshop explores how interdisciplinary methods drawing on the disciplines of law and anthropology can be productively applied to research questions in the field of migration.
20th Nordic Migration Research Conference
During this conference, the TemPro project contributes with the workshop Precarious Inclusion: Migrants and Refugees in Contemporary Welfare States.
Cessation of refugee status in the Nordic region: developments & dilemmas
When does the right to refugee status end?
Toward Temporary Asylum in the Nordic Countries? Trends and dilemmas
The TemPro researchers Jessica Schultz and Jens Vedsted-Hansen participated in this seminar organized by the Institute of Social Research in Norway.