Amy Lorraine Lusher's picture

Amy Lorraine Lusher

Associate Professor
  • E-mailAmy.Lusher@uib.no
  • Visitor Address
    Thormøhlens gate 53 A/B
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7803
    5020 Bergen

Dr Lusher's research focuses on the field of marine pollution and microplastics. Currently, her research focuses on the distribution, interactions and potential effects of microplastics in the marine environment. She has been involved in many projects developing sampling methods for environmental monitoring and understanding the impact of plastic pollution on ecosystems and biota. She has authored and co-authored numerous influential peer-reviewed publications, book chapters, conference proceedings and research reports as well as contributed towards several international technical reports. She has been involved in the development of numerous methods for the identification of microplastics from different environmental matrices including sediments, water column and biota. She was leading contributor to a Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) workshop focusing on microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture. Dr Lusher contributes actively to international working expert groups  including OSPAR indicators, AMAP WGML and formally GESAMP (Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection) Group 40: Microplastics in the Marine Environment in 2015 -2019, where she focuses(d) on microplastic distribution and the ecological consequences of exposure of biota to microplastics. Dr Lusher is currently involved in several international working groups in America, Japan and Norway. She has been sitting on the steering committee of the SETAC Interest Group on Microplastics since its initiation in 2018. 

  • Show author(s) 2021. EUROqCHARM -Assuring Reproducible, Harmonised and Quality-Controlled Assessments of Plastic Pollution.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Peer-review journal articles

1) Borrelle, S.B., Rochman, C.M., Liboiron, M., Bond, A.L., Lusher, A., Bradshaw, H., Provencher, J.F., (2017). Opinion: Why we need an international agreement on marine plastic pollution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(38), 9994-9997. Doi: 10.1073/pnas.1714450114.

2) Brander, S. M. Renick, V. C., Foley, M. M., Steele, C., Woo, M., Lusher, A., Carr, S., Helm, P., Box, C., Cherniak, S.L., Andrews, R.C., Rochman, C. (2020). Sampling and QA/QC: A Guide for Scientists Investigating the Occurrence of Microplastics Across Matrices. Applied Spectroscopy, 74(9), 1099-1125. Doi: 10.1177/0003702820945713.

3) Bråte, I.L.N., Hurley, R., Iversen, K., Beyer, J., Thomas, K.V., Steindal, C.C., Green, N.W., Olsen, M., Lusher, A.L., (2018). Mytilus spp. as sentinels for monitoring microplastic pollution in Norwegian coastal waters: A qualitative and quantitative study. Environmental Pollution, 243, 383-393. Doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.08.077.

4) Claro, F., Fossi, M. C., Ioakeimidis, C., Baini, M., Lusher, A.L., Mc Fee, W., McIntosh, Pelamatti, T., Sorce, M., Galgani, F., Hardesty, B.D., (2019). Tools and constraints in monitoring interactions between marine litter and megafauna: insights from case studies around the world. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 141,147-166. Doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.01.018.

5) Cowger, W., Booth, A., Hamilton, B. M., Thaysen, C., Primpke, S., Munno, K., Lusher, A.L., Dehaut, A., Vaz, V. P., Liboiron, M. Devriese, L.I., Hermabessiere, L., Rochman, C., Athey, S. N., Lynch, J.M., De Frond, H., Gray, A., Jones, O.A.H., Brander, S., Steele, C., Moore, S., Sanchez, A., Nel, H. (2020). Reporting guidelines to increase the reproducibility and comparability of research on microplastics. Applied Spectroscopy, 74(9), 1066-1177.  Doi: 10.1177/0003702820930292.

6) Hartmann, N., Hüffer, T., Thompson, R.C., Hassellöv, M., Verschoor, A., Daugaard, A.E., Rist, S., Karlsson, T.M., Brennholt, N., Cole, M., Herrling, M.P., Heß, M., Ivleva, N.P., Lusher, A.L., Wagner, M. (2019). Are we speaking the same language? Recommendations for a definition and categorization framework for plastic debris. Environmental Science and Technology, 53(3),1039-1047. Doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b05297.

7) Hernandez-Milian, G., Lusher, A.L., MacGabban, S., Rogan, R., (2019). Microplastics in grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) intestines: are they associated with parasite aggregations? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 146, 349-354. Doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.06.014.

8) Hernandez‐Milian, G., Lusher, A.L., O'Brian, J., Fernandez, A., O'Connor, I., Berrow, S., Rogan, E., (2017). New information on the diet of True's beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus, Gray 1850), with insights into foraging ecology on mesopelagic prey. Marine Mammal Science, 33(4), 245-1254.  Doi: 10.1111/mms.12430.

9) Hernandez-Milian, G., Lusher, A.L., Marrinan, M.I., O’Brien, J., Berrow, S., Rogan, E., Nykänen, M., Bennison, A., O’Connell, M. (2017). A rare stranding of a female killer whale (Orcinus orca) on the south coast of Ireland. The Irish Naturalists’ Journal, 35(2),149-150.

10) Hurley, R.R., Lusher, A.L., Olsen, M., Nizzetto, L. (2018). Validation of a method for extracting microplastics from complex, organic-rich, environmental matrices. Environmental Science & Technology, 52(13), pp.7409-7417. Doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b01517.

11) Isobe, A., Lusher, A.L., et al., (2019). An interlaboratory comparison exercise for the determination of microplastics in standard sample bottles. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 146, 831-837. Doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.07.03.

12) Li, J., Lusher, A.L., Rotchell, J.M., Deudero, S.D., Turra, A., Bråte, I.L.N., Sun, C., Hossain, M.S., Li, Q., Kolandhasamy, P., Shi,H., (2019). Using mussel as a global bioindicator of coastal microplastic pollution. Environmental Pollution, 244, 522-533.  Doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.10.032.

13) Lusher, A.L., Burke, A., O’Connor, I., & Officer, R. (2014). Microplastic pollution in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean: Validated and opportunistic sampling. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 88, 325-333. Doi: 0.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.08.023.

14) Lusher, A.L., Hernandez-Milian, G., O’Brien, J., Berrow, S., O’Connor, I., & Officer, R. (2015). Microplastic and macroplastic ingestion by a deep diving, oceanic cetacean: the True's beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus), Environmental Pollution, 199, 185-91.  Doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.01.023.

15) Lusher, A.L., McHugh, M. & Thompson, R.C. (2013). Occurrence of microplastics in the gastrointestinal tract of pelagic and demersal fish from the English Channel. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 67, 94-99. Doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.11.028.

16) Lusher, A.L., Hernandez-Milian, G., (2018). Microplastic extraction from marine vertebrate digestive tracts, regurgitates and scats: a protocol for researchers from all experience levels. Bio-protocol 8(22), e3087. Doi: 10.21769/BioProtoc.3087.

17) Lusher, A.L., Hernandez-Milian, G., Berrow, S., Rogan, E., O'Connor, I., (2018). Incidence of marine debris in cetaceans stranded and bycaught in Ireland: Recent findings and a review of historical knowledge. Environmental Pollution, 232, 467-476. Doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.09.070.

18) Lusher, A.L., Munno, K., Hermabessiere, L., Carr, S. (2020). Isolation and Extraction of Microplastics from Environmental Samples: An Evaluation of Practical Approaches and Recommendations for Further Harmonisation. Applied Spectroscopy, 74(9), 1049-1065. Doi: 10.1177/0003702820938993.

19) Lusher, A.L., O’Donnell, C., O'Connor, I. & Officer, R. (2016). Microplastic interactions with North Atlantic mesopelagic fish. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 73 (4), 1214-1225. Doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv241.

20) Lusher, A.L., Pope, N. and Handy, R.D., (2017). Reproductive effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals, bisphenol-A and 17β-oestradiol, on Cerastoderma edule from south-west England: field study and laboratory exposure. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 97(2), 347-357. Doi: 10.1017/S0025315416000436.

21) Lusher, A.L., Tirelli, V., O’Connor, I., & Officer, R. (2015). Microplastics in Arctic polar waters: the first reported values of particles in surface and sub-surface samples. Scientific Reports, 5, 14947. Doi:10.1038/srep14947.

22) Lusher, A.L., Welden, N, Sobral, P. & Cole, M. (2017). Sampling, isolating and identifying microplastics ingested by fish and invertebrates, Analytical Chemistry, 9, 1346-1360. (Invited review). Doi: 10.1039/C6AY02415G.

23) Lusher, A.L., Bråte, I.L.N, Munno, K., Hurley, R.R. Welden, A.C. (2020) Is it or isn’t it: the importance of visual classification in microplastic characterization. Applied Spectroscopy, 74(9), 1139-1153. Doi: 10.1177/0003702820930733.

24) Martin, J., Lusher, A.L., Thompson, R.C. and Morley, A., (2017). The deposition and accumulation of microplastics in marine sediments and bottom water from the Irish continental shelf. Scientific Reports, 7(1), p.10772. Doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-11079-2.

25) Nerheim, M.S., Lusher, A.L. (Accepted – August 23rd 2020). Using ad-hoc sampling to investigate micro-sized anthropogenic particles within Norwegian fjords. Anthropocene Coasts (Accepted, September 2020).

26) O’ Conchubhair, D., Fitzhenry, D., Lusher, A., van Emmerik, T., Lebreton, L., King, A., Espinosa, L.F. and Ricaurte, C., O'Rourke, E., 2019. Joint effort among Research Infrastructures to quantify the impact of plastic debris in the ocean. Environmental Research Letters, 14, 065001. Doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab17ed.

27) Panti, C., Baini, M., Lusher, A., Hernandez-Milian, G., Bravo Rebolledo, E. L., Unger, B., Syberg, K., Simmons, M.P., Fossi, M.C., (2019).  Marine litter: one of the major threats for marine mammals. Outcomes from the ECS2017 Workshop. Environmental Pollution, 247, 72-79.  Doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.029.

28) Provencher, J.F., Liboiron, M., Borrelle, S.B., Bond, A.L., Rochman, C., Lavers, J.L., Avery-Gomm, S., Yamashita, R., Ryan, P.G., Lusher, A.L., Hammer, S., Khan, J., Mallory, M.L. (2020).  A Horizon Scan of research priorities to inform policies aimed at reducing the harm of plastic pollution to biota. Science of the Total Environment, 733,139381. Doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139381.

29) Provencher, J.F., Covernton, G.A., Moore, R.C., Horn, D.A., Conkle, J.L., Lusher, A.L., (2020). Proceed with caution: the need to raise the publication bar for microplastics research. Science of the Total Environment, 748, 141426. Doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.141426.

30) Welden, N. A., & Lusher, A.L., (2017). Impacts of changing ocean circulation on the distribution of marine microplastic litter. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 13(3), 483-487. (Invited commentaryDoi: 10.1002/ieam.1911.


Book chapters

1) Hurley, R., Horton, A., Lusher, A.L., and Nizzetto, L. (2020). Plastic waste in the terrestrial environment. In. Letcher, T. (ed) Plastic Waste and Recycling (pp. 163-193). Academic Press. Doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-817880-5.00007-4.

2) Lusher, A.L., (2015). Microplastics in the marine environment: distribution, interactions and effects. In M. Bergmann., L. Gutow., & M. Klages (Eds.), Marine Anthropogenic Litter (pp. 245–308). Berlin: Springer. Doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_10.

3) Lusher, A.L., Hurley, R.R., Vogelsang, C. (2019). Microplastics in sewage sludge: Captured but released. In H.K. Karapanagioti and I.K. Kalavrouziotis (Eds.), Microplastics in Water and Wastewater (pp. 85-100). IWA Publishing. Doi: 10.2166/9781789060034_0085

4) Lusher, A.L., Welden, N.A (2020). Microplastics impacts in fisheries and aquaculture. In. Rocha-Santos T., Costa M., Mouneyrac C. (eds) Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment. Springer (In press)           

5) Tirelli V., Suaria G., Lusher, A.L. (2020). Microplastics in Polar Samples. In: Rocha-Santos T., Costa M., Mouneyrac C. (eds) Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment. Springer, Cham. Doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-10618-8_4-1.

6) Welden, N.A. and Lusher, A.L. (2020). Microplastics: from origin to impacts. In. Letcher, T. (ed) Plastic Waste and Recycling (pp. 223-249). Academic Press. Doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-817880-5.00009-8.


Contributions to technical reports

1) UNEP Foresight Brief (2020). Unveiling plastic pollution in oceans.

2) UNEP, United Nations Environment Programme (2016). Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics

3) GESAMP (2016). Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment: part two of a global assessment (ed. Kershaw P.J., and Rochman. C.M.) (IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP/UNDP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Maine Environmental Protection). Rep. Stud. GESAMP no 94.

4) Lusher, A., Hollman, P.; Mendoza-Hall, J. Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture: status of knowledge on their occurrence and implications for aquatic organisms and food safety (2017). FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 615. Rome, FAO.

5) Michida, Y., et al. (2019). Guidelines for Harmonizing Ocean Surface Microplastic Monitoring Methods. Ministry of the Environment Japan, 71 pp. 

6) GESAMP (2019). Guidelines or the monitoring and assessment of plastic litter and microplastics in the ocean (Kershaw P.J.,Turra A. and Galgani F. editors), (IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP/UNDP/ISA Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). Rep. Stud. GESAMP No. 99, 130p.

7) VKM, Utne Skåre, J., et al., (2019). Microplastics; occurrence, levels and implications for environment and human health relatedto food. Scientific opinion of the Scientific Steering Committee of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment. VKM report 2019:16, ISBN: 978-82-8259-332-8, ISSN: 2535-4019. Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment (VKM), Oslo, Norway. 


Other correspondence

1) Hartmann, N.B., Hüffer, T., Thompson, R.C., Hassellöv, M., Verschoor, A., Daugaard, A.E., Rist, S., Karlsson, T.M., Brennholt, N., Cole, M., Herrling, M.P., Heß, M., Ivleva, N.P., Lusher, A.L., Wagner, M. 2019. Response to the Letter to the Editor Regarding Our Feature “Are We Speaking the Same Language? Recommendations for a Definition and Categorization Framework for Plastic Debris”. Environmental Science & Technology.

2) Lusher, A.L. (2020). Microplastic Analysis in Seawater – Minimum Requirements for Comparative Data Generation. Horiba Guest Forum, Readout 54, p33-36. (Invited commentary).