Christian Mauder's picture

Christian Mauder

Guest Researcher, Study of Religions with Specialization in Islam
  • E-mailChristian.Mauder@uib.no
  • Visitor Address
    Øysteinsgate 3
    5007 Bergen
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7805
    5020 Bergen

Christian Mauder (PhD 2017, University of Göttingen) is an intellectual, cultural, religious, and social historian of the Islamic world, with a focus on the late middle and early modern periods. He currently serves as leader of the research group Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies. Before coming to Bergen in 2020, he completed postdoctoral appointments at Yale University, the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New York University Abu Dhabi, and the University of Bonn. His monograph In the Sultan’s Salon: Learning, Religion and Rulership at the Mamluk Court of Qāniṣawh al-Ghawrī (r. 1501–1516) (Brill, 2021) constitutes the first in-depth analysis of an Egyptian court as a transregional center of intellectual, religious, and political culture at the turn from the late middle to the early modern period. The dissertation on which this monograph is based won the 2018 Malcolm H. Kerr Dissertation Award (Humanities) of the Middle East Studies Association of North America and the 2018 Christian Gottlob Heyne Award of the University of Göttingen. 

Mauder's current research examines the role of the concept of the “renewer” (mujaddid) in Islamic religious and political history of the late middle and early modern periods. By applying the theoretical framework of transregional historical semantics, the present project analyzes how, during the 14th to 18th centuries, the notion of the renewer became one of the central concepts Muslims throughout the Islamic world used to discuss questions of political power, religious authority, and scholarly status. The project thus examines one of the most understudied key concepts of Islamic political and religious thought, demonstrates the value of the approach of transregional historical semantics to the study of the Islamic world, and highlights the transregional interconnectedness of premodern and early modern Muslim communities.

Mauder has published several studies on the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt and Syria, including his monograph Gelehrte Krieger. Die Mamluken als Träger arabischsprachiger Bildung nach al-Ṣafadī, al-Maqrīzī und weiteren Quellen (Olms, 2012). At the University of Bergen, he continues his research on the Mamluk period as an affiliated member in the project CanCode: Canonization and Codification of Islamic Legal Texts. Mauder also does research on the history of interactions between the Islamic world and Europe during early modern and modern times with a focus on the Protestant missionary project of the Moravian Brethren in Egypt during the late 18th century. He published the co-edited volume Die arabischen Briefe aus der Zeit der Herrnhuter Präsenz in Ägypten 1770–1783 (Ergon, 2012, together with co-editors Martin Tamcke and Arthur Manukyan) on this subject. He is furthermore involved in studying the history of the reception and translation of the Quran, on which topic he co-edited the volume Koran in Franken: Überlegungen und Beispiele für Koranrezeption in fremden Kontexten (Ergon, 2016, together with co-editors Thomas Würtz and Stefan Zinsmeister). His research interests also include Islamic eschatological thought. He contributed as assistant editor to the publication of Roads to Paradise: Eschatology and Concepts of the Hereafter in Islam (Brill, 2017, together with editors Sebastian Günther and Todd Lawson).

Mauder studied Arabic and Islamic Studies, Religious Studies, Sociology, Persian Studies, and Economics in Göttingen, Cairo, Marburg, and Yale. He worked and taught at the University of Göttingen in various capacities, including as Research Associate and Lecturer at the Institute of Arabic and Islamic Studies. From 2015 to 2018, he was a Member of the Holberg Seminar on Islamic History, Princeton University. He serves as representative of Northern Europe on the Council of the Union Européenne des Arabisants et Islamisants.

Academic article
  • Show author(s) (2023). The Production and Transmission of Knowledge in Islamicate Courts of the Middle and Early Modern Periods. Intellectual History of the Islamicate World. 1-23.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Being Persian in Late Mamluk Egypt: The Construction and Significance of Persian Ethnic Identity in the Salons of Sultan Qāniṣawh al-Ghawrī (r. 906–922/1501–1516). Al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā. 376-408.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Georg Pilder’s Arabisches Lexicon of 1772: The Oldest Known Comprehensive Arabic-German Dictionary Rediscovered. Der Islam. 524-548.
  • Show author(s) (2015). Herrschaftsbegründung durch Handlung: ʿAbd al-Bāsiṭ al-Malaṭīs (st. 1514 in Kairo) ‚al-Maǧmūʿ al-bustān an-nawrī‘ (‚Die erblühende Gartensammlung‘). Das Mittelalter: Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung. 29-46.
  • Show author(s) (2013). ‘Teaching the Way of the Truth to Coptic Firstlings.’ The Arabic Correspondence between Moravians and Copts in Ottoman Egypt as an Example of Intercultural Communication. Journal of Eastern Christian Studies. 49-66.
  • Show author(s) (2013). The Arabic Correspondence of the Moravian Brethren in Cairo. Orientwissenschaftliche hefte. 75-95.
Short communication
  • Show author(s) (2016). A New Source on the Social Gatherings (majālis) of the Mamluk Sultan Qānṣawh al-Ghawrī. Al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā. 145-148.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Conference: ‘Roads to Paradise: Eschatology and Concepts of the Hereafter in Islam’. University of Göttingen, 27–31 May 2009. Journal of Qur'anic Studies. 152-160.
Book review
  • Show author(s) (2020). Review of Warum es kein islamisches Mittelalter gab: Das Erbe der Antike und der Orient, by Thomas Bauer. Al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā. 317-322.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Review of Al-Maqrīzī’s al-Ḫabar ʿan al-bašar, Vol. V, Section 4: Persia and Its Kings, Part I, by Jaakko Hämeen-Anttila. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. 164-165.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Rezension von Islamic Intellectual History in the Seventeenth Century: Scholarly Currents in the Ottoman Empire and the Maghreb, von Khaled El-Rouayheb. Hikma. 295-298.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Review of Islamische Theologie im 14. Jahrhundert: Auferstehungslehre, Handlungstheorie und Schöpfungsvorstellungen im Werk von Saʿd ad-Dīn at-Taftāzānī, by Thomas Würtz. Al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā. 219-224.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Review of The Rise and Fall of a Muslim Regiment: The Manṣūriyya in the First Mamluk Sultanate, by Amir Mazor. Sehepunkte.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Review of Legatio Babylonica, by Petrus Martyr Anglerius, ed. and trans. Hans Heinrich Todt . Al-ʿUṣūr al-Wusṭā. 203-207.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Review of al-Wizāra wa-l-wuzarāʾ fī Miṣr fī ʿaṣr al-ṣalāṭīn al-mamālīk, by Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Ghanī al-Ashqar. Sehepunkte.
  • Show author(s) (2014). Review of Muʾarrikhū Miṣr al-Islāmiyya wa-maṣādir al-tārīkh al-Miṣrī, by Muḥammad ʿAbdallāh ʿInān. Sehepunkte.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Rezension von Die Nestorianer und der frühe Islam: Wechselwirkungen zwischen den ostsyrischen Christen und ihren arabischen Nachbarn, von Marijke Metselaar. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft. 218-221.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) (2017). Roads to Paradise: Eschatology and Concepts of the Hereafter in Islam. Brill Academic Publishers.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Koran in Franken: Überlegungen und Beispiele für Koranrezeption in fremden Kontexten. Ergon-Verlag.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Die arabischen Briefe aus der Zeit der Herrnhuter Präsenz in Ägypten 1770–1783 . Ergon-Verlag.
Academic monograph
  • Show author(s) (2021). In the Sultan’s Salon: Learning, Religion and Rulership at the Mamluk Court of Qāniṣawh al-Ghawrī (r. 1501-1516). 169.
  • Show author(s) (2012). Gelehrte Krieger: Die Mamluken als Träger arabischsprachiger Bildung nach al-Ṣafadī, al-Maqrīzī und weiteren Quellen.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) (2022). Ottomanization before the Conquest? Mamluk-Ottoman Religious and Cultural Entanglements in the Courtly Salons of Qāniṣawh al-Ghawrī and Post-Conquest Gatherings. 45 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Education and Learning among Members of the Mamluk Army: Results of a Quantitative Analysis of Mamluk Biographies. 28 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). Between Religious Pluralism and Confessional Identity: The Ethical Writings of Miskawayh’s Teacher Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). A Severed Head, a Poetry Slam, and a Shiʿī Visiting al-Shāfiʿī’s Tomb: Symbolic and Literary Communication in Mamluk-Safawid Diplomatic Encounters. 23 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2021). ‘And They Read in That Night Books of History’: Consuming, Discussing, and Producing Texts about the Past in al-Ghawrī’s Majālis as Social Practices. 28 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). The Development of Arabo-Islamic Education among Members of the Mamluk Military. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2020). Der Sultan, sein geschwätziger Barbier und die Sufis: Ibn Iyās über den Fall des Kamāl ad-Dīn b. Šams im Kairo des 16. Jahrhunderts. 20 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2019). Childless Rule and the Sultan’s Son: Muḥammad ibn al-Ghawrī and the Mamluk System of Succession in Early 16th Century Egypt. 25 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2018). Nur hinter verschlossenen Türen? Bemerkungen zur Öffentlichkeit von Astrologie, Wahrsagerei, Zauberei und Amulettgebrauch auf Basis der ḥisba-Literatur . 25 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2017). Dialog in der Krise: Zum Diskurs über wirtschaftliche Probleme und Tod in der Korrespondenz zwischen Herrnhutern und Kopten. 10 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). al-Suyūṭī’s Stance toward Worldly Power: A Reexamination Based on Unpublished and Understudied Sources. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2015). ‘You pursue Mahumet’s teachings and I the teachings of Christ, so let us be silent on this and talk about something else.’ Christian-Muslim Encounters in 18th-century Egypt as Reflected in Moravian Writings. 22 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2010). Der arabische Briefwechsel zwischen den Herrnhutern in Kairo und den Kopten in Behnesse in den Jahren 1770–1783. 16 pages.
  • Show author(s) (2016). Einführung: Koran in Franken. 11-15.
Article in business/trade/industry journal
  • Show author(s) (2023). Does a Mamluk Sultan Hold Religious Authority? Quranic Exegesis and ḥadīṯ Scholarship in Late Mamluk Courtly maǧālis. Intellectual History of the Islamicate World. 80-111.

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