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Leif Ole Manger

Professor Emeritus
  • E-mailLeif.Manger@uib.no
  • Phone+47 55 58 92 67
  • Visitor Address
    Fosswinckels gate 6
  • Postal Address
    Postboks 7802
    5020 BERGEN

Leif Manger is professor in the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Bergen. Manger was the head of the Department from 1999-2001. He also served as acting director of the Center for Development Studies (CDS) from 1992-1993 and from 1994-1996. The CDS was replaced by Unifob Global in 2007 and Manger held the position of Research Director of Unifob Global, a division for development and global research within the Unifob Company from 2007 until 2010. In 2009 the Unifob company changed it’s name to Uni Research, and Unifob Global became Uni Global. In 2010 the division was organized within the University again, and Manger returned to the department from the summer of 2010.

Manger's early individual research was related to the Sudan, and his research and publications include studies on household adaptations in oasis environments, mountain environments and savannah plains. He has also published works, including edited books, on topics such as trade, communal labor and socio-cultural processes of Arabisation and Islamisation. His latest monograph on Sudan is From the Mountains to the Plains: The Integration of the Lafofa Nuba in Sudanese Society. Manger has also edited books on issues such as a book on Islam, entitled Muslim Diversity. Local Islam in Global Contexts, and a book on the issue of diasporas, Diasporas Within and Without Africa: Dynamism, Heterogeneity, Variation. This work is continuing with a focus on African and Middle Eastern trade diasporas in to-day's China, currently with on-going fieldwork on Sudanese trade communities on the Chinese coast.

Manger has recently finished a monograph based on his Indian Ocean research which deals with the migration history of people from Hadramaut in Yemen to areas around the Indian Ocean region (Singapore, Hyderabad, Sudan and southern Ethiopia). The book is published on Berghahn and has the title The Hadrami Diaspora. Community-Building on the Indian Ocean Rim. He is also working on a book on anthropology and longue durée research within the Indian Ocean Region with the working title Empires, World Systems and Globalisation in the Indian Ocean. An anthropologist among macro-historians of the longue durée.

This focus, mixing a broad broad cultural historical understanding of a region with current events is also important in Manger's latest work on borders and  borderland populations. Regionally this work focuses the borderland situations between Sudan and the new nation state of South Sudan, between post-Soviet Tajikistan, China and Afghanistan, and between contemporary China, Myanmar and India.

Manger has been teaching anthropology at all levels. He has also supervised a large number of Master, M.Phil and Ph.D students, both within the many projects he has generated, in the department, in his time at the Center for Development Studies (CDS) and at Unifob Global but also individual students. Manger was among the key persons in developing a special undergraduate course on Middle Eastern and Islamic studies at UiB. He has also been involved in distant education, developing courses relating to tropical biology and development. At present Manger has taken over the anthropology course in China (with Fudan University and Yunnan University of Nationalities), a one semester bachelor course with teaching every autumn.

Academic article
  • Show author(s) 2008. Land, territoriality and ethnic identities in the Nuba Mountains. Orientwissenschaftliche hefte. 71-101.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Hadramis in Hyberabad - From Winners to Loosers. Asian Journal of Social Science. 405-433.
  • Show author(s) 2004. Reflections on War and State and the Sudan. Social Analysis: The International Journal of Anthropology. 108-115.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Pastoralist - State Relationships among the Hadendowa Beja of Eastern Sudan. Nomadic Peoples. 21-48.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Hadramis in Signapore - Making Muslim Space in a Global City. Bulletin of the Royal Institute of Inter-Faith Studies. 141-176.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Religion, Identities and Politics: Defining Muslim Discourse in the Nuba Mountains in Sudan. Journal of Arabic and Islamic studies.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Pastoralist-State Relationships Among the Hadendowa Beja of Eastern Sudan. Nomadic People, (special thematic edition of the journal) Management Through Indigeneous Socio-Cultural Practices.. 23-46.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Local Resource Management in the Context of Civil War and Genocide: identity, cultural tradition and territory among the nuba of the Sudan. Journal of Social Sciences (New York, N.Y.).
  • Show author(s) 1993. "Public Schemes and Local Participation: some remarks on the presentsituation in the Southern Nuba Mountains Area of the Sudan." Seminarinnlegg på konferanse om "Agricultural Development and Planning", Universitetet i Khartoum, 1979. Sudan Notes and Records.
  • Show author(s) 1992. On the Study of Islam in Local Contexts. Forum for Development Studies.
  • Show author(s) 1991. Public Schemes and Local Participation: some remarks on the present situation in the Southern Nuba Mountains Area of the Sudan. Sudan Notes and Records.
  • Show author(s) 1989. Survival in the Short or Long Run? Perspectives on the Ecological Crisis in the Red Sea Region. Forum for utviklingsstudier.
Popular scientific lecture
  • Show author(s) 1998. Årsmøte i Nordisk selskap for midtausten-forskning.
  • Show author(s) 1998. The Lower Jordan River Basin Programme in Bir Zeit.
  • Show author(s) 1998. The Hadrami Diaspora.
  • Show author(s) 1998. The Civil War in Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1998. NUFU-prosjekt.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Methodological problems in applied social science research.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Islam i Afrika, med spesielt fokus på konflikten i Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Inland Fisheries in Southern Africa.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Globalisering av kulturbegrepet.
  • Show author(s) 1998. East African Dryland Programme.
  • Show author(s) 1998. East African Dryland Program.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Development Problems of Contemporary Yemen.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Perspectives in Indian Ocean Research: migration, trade, religion.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Internasjonal handel, antropologiske perspektiver.
  • Show author(s) 1996. American Anthropological Association.
  • Show author(s) 1996. African Studies Association.
  • Show author(s) 1996. "The Indian Ocean as Context for Environmental Discourse".
  • Show author(s) 1996. "The Future of the Nuba People in the Sudan: problems of identity, cultural tradition and territory".
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Social Anthropology - seen from the Western World".
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Palestinian Higher Education".
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Menneskelig tilpasning i Afrika: gamle tradisjoner-ny virkelighet".
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Managing Scarce Resources: reflections on the study of human adaptations in arid areas":.
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Islam i Afrika: terrorisme eller frigjøring?".
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Islam i Afrika: fra verdensreligion til enkeltmenneskers tro".
  • Show author(s) 1995. Vannforvaltning i Jemen: gamle system og moderne problem.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Vannforvaltning i Jemen : gamle system og moderne problem. jemenittiske irrigasjonssystemer.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Hema - Arabisk institusjon for ressursutnyttelse.
  • Show author(s) 1995. "hema" - Arabisk institusjon for ressursutnyttelse.
  • Show author(s) 1994. The Future of Red Sea Hills Pastoralism.
  • Show author(s) 1994. Hadendowa Pastoralism in the Red Sea Hills, the Sudan.
Academic lecture
  • Show author(s) 2011. “Battles of Sovereignties. States and Territories, Markets and Commodities, Wars and Terror”. Paper presented in seminar at Centre for Middle Eastern Research, Lund University, 27 January 2011.
  • Show author(s) 2011. "The Land Issue". Presentation presented at the "Southern Kordofan Preparatory Committee Retreat" on 16-17 February 2011 in the capacity of being resource person for HD (Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue) in the process of "Popular Participation in South Kordofan" (Nuba Mountains) which was organised as part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2011. "Religious, Social and Cultural Rights". Presentation presented at the "Southern Kordofan Preparatory Committee Retreat" on 16-17 February 2011 in the capacity of being resource person for HD (Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue) in the process of "Popular Participation in South Kordofan" (Nuba Mountains) which was organised as part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2011. "Political Risk and Instability in selected Middle East Countries. Part Two: Yemen, Sudan". Presented as a resource person in a seminar organised by the Chinese oil company SINOPEC's entitled “Government and Public Relations. Development of Relationship with Local Partner, Local Resource Management Authority and Local Community in Resource Countries” and co-organized with MLR-CGS and PETRAD-CCO, 5-8 December 2011, Xiamen Jingmin Central Hotel, China.
  • Show author(s) 2011. "Political Risk and Instability in selected Middle East Countries. Part One: Iran vs. USA, Iraq". Presented as a resource person in a seminar organised by the Chinese oil company SINOPEC's entitled “Government and Public Relations. Development of Relationship with Local Partner, Local Resource Management Authority and Local Community in Resource Countries” and co-organized with MLR-CGS and PETRAD-CCO, 5-8 December 2011, Xiamen Jingmin Central Hotel, China.
  • Show author(s) 2011. "From Clash of Civilizations to Battles of Millenarianisms". Paper presented at American Anthropological Association Annual Meeting in Montreal, 16-20 November 2011 in the the panel "Managing Muslim Migration in the 21st Century: Between Spiritual Geographies and Global Security Regimes".
  • Show author(s) 2010. "One Religion, Two Decades, Three Problems. Reflections on the Study of Islam by an Anthropologist." Paper presented at conference “New Horizons in Islamic Area Studies: Continuity, Contestations and the Future”. The Third International Conference organized by Islamic Area Studies (IAS) section of National Institutes for the Humanities Program (NIHU) in Kyoto, Japan, December 17-19, 2010.
  • Show author(s) 2009. “State-Building in the Sudan – Between Triumph and Disaster ?” Paper presented at international workshop on “Challenging the State. Transmutations of Power in Contemporary Global Realities”. Held in Voss, November 13 - 15, 2009. Organized by Department of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Resource Wars ? Global Model Fantasies or Local Realities? Paper presented at conference – “How Do Global Discourses Affect Natural Resource Governance in the South?”. Bergen, 26-27 March, 2009. Organised by University of Bergen and Chr. Michelsens Institute.
  • Show author(s) 2009. 'Nation-building within a collapsing state. Towards a "New Sudan"?' Keynote address presented to international workshop on “Emerging Orders in Sudan under the CPA: Governance, Livelihoods and Markets”, held in Khartoum, October 3-6, 2009.
  • Show author(s) 2008. 'Conflicts on the Move – looking at the complexity of the so-called “Resource Based Conflicts” in Western Sudan'. Paper presented at conference (25-26 October, 2008) celebrating the Golden Jubilee of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of Khartoum, 1958.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Livestock, Land and Weapons: Understanding resource-based conflicts between agro-pastoral groups in Western Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Islam i Det indiske hav: samspel mellom ideologi, kultur og politisk økonomi.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Growing up Poor in the Sudan. A battle between realities and imaginations.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Food and Identity. Processes of Cultural Change among the Lafofa Nuba of Central Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Building a Moral Economy: the historical success of Hadrami Sada in Singapore (c. 1820-1920). Paper presented at “Final MEISA Seminar” (Migrants and Entrepreneurs in Insular Southeast Asia, 2007).
  • Show author(s) 2007. Antropologen i krig og fred. Refleksjonar over arbeid i Sudan i skjæringspunktet mellom fag og politikk.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Understanding the Ethnic Situation in the Nuba Mountains in the Sudan. How to handle processes of group-making, meaning production and metaphorization in a situation of post-conflict reconstruction.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Understanding the Darfur Crisis.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Understanding the Crisis in Darfur: structured politics or post-modern chaos?
  • Show author(s) 2006. Three Leaders, Three Revival Movements, One Islam – thoughts on the new religiosity and globalization.
  • Show author(s) 2006. The Political Culture of North Sudan and the Capital, Khartoum.
  • Show author(s) 2006. The Building of the New Sudan:how to combine collective group rights and individual citizen rights.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Resource Conflict as a factor in the Darfur crisis in Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Reflections on the Darfur crisis. Prospects for Peace ?
  • Show author(s) 2006. Reflections on the Darfur Crisis.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Political and developmental challenges in Eastern Sudan – after peace agreement in Asmara.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Land Territoriality and Ethnic Identities in the Nuba Mountains.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Islamization and Inter-generational Conflict among the Lafofa Nuba in the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Global Moments in the Levant.
  • Show author(s) 2006. From War to Peace in Sudan: an impossible task?
  • Show author(s) 2006. Building Peace in the Sudan. Reflections on Local and regional Challenges in the Nuba Mountains.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Bergen Anthropology in Sudan, 1960-2006: Research, competence building and changing politics.
  • Show author(s) 2006. 'Traders, Kings and Mariners. Movement and Interconnections in the Indian Ocean in Antiquity.' Paper presented at conference on "Crossing Boundaries Between Africa and Asia – People, Trade, Biographies of Things". At Centre de Cooperation Franco-Norvegienne, Paris, June 9-10, 2006. Organised by Unifob Global.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Understanding the conflict in Darfur.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Sudan peace process.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Sudan peace agreement -basic challenges.
  • Show author(s) 2005. The Indian Ocean: regional perspectives.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Sudan peace agreement - some reflections.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Reflections on North-South research cooperation.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Overview of project progress.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Innvandring, identitet og globalisering.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Hadramis in Singapore -trading entrepeneurs and moral economy.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Global Moments and Inter-civilizational Encounters in the Levant.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Ethnography, modernity, globalization.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Empire, states and globalization.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Concluding remarks.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Building a Moral Economy: the historical success of Hadrami Sada in Singapore (c. 1820-1920).
  • Show author(s) 2003. Surfing on the Waves of Globalization: The Hadramis in an Indian Ocean World.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Nubafolket i Sudan: Gamle samfunn i ei ny verd.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Nubafolket i Sudan: Gamle samfunn i ei ny verd.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Civil War and the Politics of Subjectivity in the Nuba Mountains, Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Understanding Globalisation - The Need for a Historicised Anthropology.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Resource management in Western Sudan: beyond territory and scarcity?
  • Show author(s) 2002. Multi-sited fieldwork - Some contextual comments.
  • Show author(s) 2002. Antropologi og historie.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Understanding diaspora: empirical and theoretical issues.
  • Show author(s) 2001. The Nuba mountains- battlegrounds of identities: cultural traditions and territories.
  • Show author(s) 2001. The Hadrami diaspora, some theoretical and empirical issues.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Surfing on the Waves of Globalisation. On the Hadramis in an Indian World.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Surfing on the Waves of Globalisation. On the Hadramis in an Indian Ocean World.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Hadrami Migration in the Indian Ocean: A Comparison in Time and Space.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Globalisation ......
  • Show author(s) 2001. Ecological studies in the East African Drylands.
  • Show author(s) 2001. De lange linjers antropologi.
  • Show author(s) 2001. Cross Border Trade in East Africa - an evaluation.
  • Show author(s) 2000. "South Arabian People in the Indian Ocean World".
  • Show author(s) 2000. "Interrogating Diasporic Identities".
  • Show author(s) 2000. "Institutionalizing Indian Ocean Studies".
  • Show author(s) 2000. "Indian Ocean Diasporas- Battleground of Identities".
  • Show author(s) 2000. "Historicizing Globalization: Hadramis in an Indian Ocean World".
  • Show author(s) 2000. "Diaspora- generelt og fra Det indiske hav".
  • Show author(s) 1998. Union of Social Anthropological and Ethnological Societies.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Religion, Identities and Politics: Definding Muslim discourses in the Nuta Mountains of the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Migration as a Way of Life: the Hadrami migration in the Indian Ocean from the coming of Islam until the present time.
  • Show author(s) 1997. Hadrami Diaspora: Empirical and Conceptical Considerations.
  • Show author(s) 1996. "The Hadrami Diaspora: Empirical and Conceptual Considerations".
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Resource Flows, Entitlements and Empowerment: Roles and Inter-relationships".
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Discussant":"Livehood form Resource Flows: Awareness and Contextual Analysis of Enviromental Conflict".
  • Show author(s) 1995. On Becoming Muslim: the construction of identity among the Lafofa Nuba of the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Land Tenure and Pastoral Planning in the Red Sea Hills.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Human Life in East African Drylands: Regional and Comparative Perspectives.
  • Show author(s) 1994. The Future of Red Sea Hills Pastoralism.
  • Show author(s) 1992. The Social Science Component of the Red Sea Area Programme.
  • Show author(s) 1992. On Becoming Muslim: The Construction of Identities among the Lafofa of the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1992. Evaluation of the Red Sea Area Programme.
Editorial
  • Show author(s) 2012. Anthropological Reflections on the Breakup of Sudan. International Journal of Middle East Studies. 327-329.
Book review
  • Show author(s) 2013. Tracing golden past: historical narratives about Shaybun and Shawabna in the Nuba mountains, Sudan. Journal of African History. 131-132.
  • Show author(s) 2011. Kenneth J. Perkins. "Port Sudan: The Evolution of a Colonial City" (bokomtale). Northeast African Studies. 88-91.
Academic anthology/Conference proceedings
  • Show author(s) 2017. On War and Insecurity, Survival and Development in South Kordofan. UiB, CMI.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Peace in Eastern Sudan. Some important aspects for consideration. BRIC.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Global moments in the Levant. BRIC Press.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Understanding the Crisis in Darfur. Listening to Sudanese Voices. BRIC, Center for Development Studies, University of Bergen.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Diasporas Within and Without Africa. Dynamism, hetereogeneity, variation. The Nordic Africa Institute.
Academic monograph
  • Show author(s) 2010. The Hadrami diaspora : community-building on the Indian Ocean rim.
Non-fiction book
  • Show author(s) 1996. Survival on Meagre Resources: Hadendowa Pastoralism in the Red Sea Hills". Nordiska Afrikainstituttet, Uppsala.
Compendium
  • Show author(s) 1998. Religion, Identities and Politics. Defining Muslim Discourses in the Nuba Mountains of the Nuba Mountains of the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1998. On Becoming Muslim. The Construction of Identities among the Lafofa of the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Muslim Diversity: Local Islam in Global Contects.
  • Show author(s) 1998. Muslim Diversity: An Introduction.
  • Show author(s) 1997. A Survey on Hadramis in Hyderabad.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Survival on Meagre Resources - Hadendowa Pastoralism in the Red Sea Hills. Final Report on The Red Sea Programme.
Popular scientific article
  • Show author(s) 1994. Jemen i krise. Kronikk. Bergens Tidende.
  • Show author(s) 1994. Jemen i Krise. Bergens Tidende.
Doctoral dissertation
  • Show author(s) 2015. Women and Work - Money and Gifts. The Dynamics of Gendered Economic Adaptations in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
  • Show author(s) 2015. Russian Greeks/Greek Russians. Parameters of Identity.
  • Show author(s) 2015. "A humanitarian solution to a political problem". UNRWA between globalized values and localized meaning.
  • Show author(s) 2003. Knowing Water: Palestinian women between the spring and fauset.
  • Show author(s) 1992. Managing Natural Resources in a Pastoral Community: Some Issues Relating to the Beja of the Red Sea Hills in the Sudan. Innlegg på et Ph.D. seminar arrangert av Roskilde Universitets Center.
  • Show author(s) 1991. From the Mountains to the Plains. The Integration of the Lafofa Nuba into the Sudanese Society. (Ph.D. dissertation).
Interview
  • Show author(s) 2004. Krisen i Sudan.
Academic chapter/article/Conference paper
  • Show author(s) 2018. Sovereignties in the Making. Reflections on state and society in the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Rediscovering Hadhramaut. Paradigas of research.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Negotiating the Homeland: Dieaporic Consciousness and social stratification Among Hadramis in the Indian Ocean region. 32 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2017. Introduction. 24 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2016. BORDERS AND BORDERLAND DYNAMICS-SOME REFLECTIONS. 8 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2015. Conflicts on the Move – looking at the complexity of the so-called“resource based conflicts” in Western Sudan . 124 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2013. Seligman on the Lafofa: social organisation and some terminology. -592 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2013. Building a Moral Economy: the historical success of Hadrami Sada in Singapore. 17 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Food and identity. Processes of cultural change among the Lafofa Nuba of Central Sudan. 23 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Comparing Global Moments over Time. Some theoretical and methodological implications. 19 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2009. Colonial Anxieties in the Nuba Mountains. Religious rebellions as anti-colonial threats in Anglo-Egyption Sudan. 20 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2009. "Resource Based Conflicts" in Western Sudan – some reflections on the role of the State. 11 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Darfur - Regional-Historical Causes. 6 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2007. Building Peace in the Sudan: a reflection on local and regional challenges. 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Globalization on the African Horn: Yemenis in Southern Somalia and Ethiopia. -30 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Diasporas Within and Without Africa. Dynamism, hetereogeneity, variation. 25 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2006. Connectivity in the Long Durèe. Hadramis from South Yemen in an Indian Ocean. 15 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2006. A Hadrami Diaspora in the Sudan – individual life courses in regional and global contexts. 26 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Understanding globalization -the need for a historicized anthropology. 20 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2005. Understanding Resource Management in Western Sudan: a critical look at New Institutional Economics.
  • Show author(s) 2004. The Nature of the State and the Problem of a National Identity in the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 2001. The Nuba mountains- battlegrounds of identities: cultural traditions and territories. 42 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2000. East African Pastoralism and Underdevelopment: an Introduction. 18 pages.
  • Show author(s) 2000. "Muslim" Resource Management in the Sudanic World: Local Realities or International Rhetoric. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) 1999. On Becoming Muslim. The construction of identities among the Lafofa of the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1999. An Introduction.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Vegetation dynamics in the Red Sea Hills - Continuties and changes. 22 pages.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Vegetation Dynamics in the Red Sea Hills - Continuities and Changes.
  • Show author(s) 1996. The natural environment of the Red Sea Hills - lessons in variability. 22 pages.
  • Show author(s) 1996. The Natural Environment of the Red Sea Hills - Lessons in Variability.
  • Show author(s) 1996. The Hadendowa Way of Life - Survival of a Cultural Tradition.
  • Show author(s) 1996. The Future of Red Sea Hills Pastoralism - Links and Implications for Planning.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Making Ends Meet - Some Problems of Viability in Hadendowa Households.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Land Tenure and Pastoral Planning in the Red Sea Hills. -236 pages.
  • Show author(s) 1996. Human Adaption in East African Dryland: The Dilemma of Concepts and Ap proaches. 21 pages.
  • Show author(s) 1996. General Introduction.
  • Show author(s) 1996. "Survival on Meagre Resources" "Hadendowa Pastoralism in the Red Sea Hills".
  • Show author(s) 1995. On Becoming Muslim: The construction of identity among the Lafofa Nuba of the Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Land Tenure and Pastoral Planning in the Red Sea Hills.
  • Show author(s) 1995. Human Life in East African Drylands. Regional and Comparative Perspectives.
  • Show author(s) 1992. From Slave to Citizen. Processes of Cultural Change among the LafofaNuba of Central Sudan.
  • Show author(s) 1991. Research and Development in Eastern Sudan: The Red Sea Area Programme.
  • Show author(s) 1990. Agro-Pastoral Production Systems and the Problem of Resource Management.
  • Show author(s) 1990. Adaptive Strategies in African Arid Lands: An Introduction.
Foreword
  • Show author(s) 2014. Geographies of Domination and Geographies of Resistance. 10 pages.
Article in business/trade/industry journal
  • Show author(s) 2011. Afrikas nye nasjonalstat. Forsvarets Forum. 51-51.
Interview Journal
  • Show author(s) 2010. Fremveksten av norsk sosialantropologi. Intervju med Gunnar Håland høsten 2009. Norsk Antropologisk Tidsskrift. 254-272.

More information in national current research information system (CRIStin)

Anthologies, books and monographs

1981 The Sand Swallows Our Land. Overexploitation of productive resources and the problem of household viability in the Kheiran - a Sudanese oasis. Bergen Studies in Social Anthropology, No. 24. Bergen: Dept. of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen.

1984 (ed.) Trade and Traders in the Sudan. Bergen Studies in Social Anthropology, No. 32. Bergen: Dept. of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen.

1987 (ed.) Communal Labour in the Sudan. Bergen Studies in Social Anthropology, No. 41. Bergen: Dept. of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen.

1990 (ed. with Mette Bovin) Adaptive Strategies in African Arid Lands. Uppsala: Nordic Institute of African Studies.

1994 From the Mountains to the Plains: The Integration of the Lafofa Nuba in Sudanese Society. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute.

1996 (ed.) Survival on Meager Resources: Pastoral Adaptation of the Hadendowa in the Red Sea Hills. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute.

1999 (ed.) Muslim Diversity. Local Islam in Global Contexts. London: Routledge Curzon.

2000 (ed. with Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed) Pastoralists and Environment. Experiences from the Greater Horn of Africa. Addis Ababa: OSSREA.

2006a (ed. with Munzoul Assal) Diasporas Within and Without Africa: Dynamism, Heterogeneity, Variation. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute.

2006b (ed. with Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed) Understanding the Crisis in Darfur. Listening to Sudanese Voices. Bergen: BRIC.

2009a (ed. with Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed) Peace in Eastern Sudan. Some Important Aspects for Consideration. Bergen: BRIC.

2009b (ed. with Øystein S. LaBianca) Global Moments in the Levant. A Unifob Global Project. Bergen: BRIC.

2010 The Hadrami Diaspora: Community-Building on the Indian Ocean Rim. New York: Berghahn.

Selected publications – papers – since 2000
2000 Local Resource Management in the Context of Civil War and Genocide: Identity, Cultural Tradition and Territory among the Nuba of the Sudan. Journal of Social Sciences [special issue on "Resource Management Through Indigenous Socio-Cultural Practices", ed. D.K. Behera], 4(1).

2001a Hadramis in Singapore – Making Muslim Space in a Global City, Bulletin of the Royal Institute for Inter-faith Studies [special issue "The Impact of Transnational Processes on the Nation-State and National Cultures", ed. Michael Humphreys], 3(2).

2001b Pastoralist -State Relationships among the Hadendowa Beja of Eastern Sudan. Nomadic People, 5(2).

2001-2002 Religion, Identities and Politics: Defining Muslim Discourse in the Nuba Mountains in the Sudan. Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, 4.

2002 September 11 and October 7: From Human Tragedy to Power Politics. Social Analysis, 46(1) (Forum: The World Trade Centre and Global Crisis, edited by Bruce Kapferer).

2004a Reflections on War and State and the Sudan. Social Analysis, 48(1) (Forum: The State, Sovereignty, War, and Civil Violence in Emerging Global Realities, edited by Bruce Kapferer).

2004b The Nature of the State and the Problem of a National Identity in the Sudan. In G. Sørbø and S. Pausewang (eds) Prospects for Peace, Security and Human Rights in Africa’s Horn. Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.

2005a Understanding Globalization - The Need for a Historicized Anthropology. In K. Misra (ed) Social Anthropology in the Era of Globalization: Issues and Concerns. Hyderabad University Press.

2005b Understanding Resource Management in Western Sudan. A Critical Look at New Institutional Economics. In Quentin Gausset and Torben Birch Thomsen (eds) Beyond Territory and Scarcity: social, cultural and political aspects of conflicts on natural resource management. Uppsala: The Nordic Institute of African Studies.

2006a Connectivity in the Long Durée. Hadramis from South Yemen in an Indian Ocean World. In Øystein LaBianca and Sandra Scham (eds) Connectivity in Antiquity: Globalisation as Long Term Historical Process. The Contiuum International Publishing Group LTD, in series “New Approaches to Anthropological Archaeology”. London: Equinox Publishing, pp. 117-131.

2006b A Hadrami Diaspora in the Sudan – individual life courses in regional and global contexts. In Leif Manger and Munzoul A.M. Assal, eds, Diasporas Within and Without Africa. Dynamism, hetereogeneity, variation. Uppsala:The Nordic Africa Institute, pp. 61-86.

2006c Empires, World-Systems and Globalization. Web-publication (article) at www.globalmoments.uib.no

2006d Globalization on the African Horn: Yemenis in Southern Somalia and Ethiopia. In Roman Loimeier and Rüdiger Sesemann, eds, The Global Worlds of the Swahili. Interfaces of Islam, Identity and Space in 19th and 20the Century East Africa. Bayreuth: LIT (Beiträge zur Afrikaforschung, Band 26), pp. 31-53.

2007a Ethnicity and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in the Nuba Mountains of the Sudan: processes of group-making, meaning production, and metaphorization. Ethnoculture, 1: 71-83. (see also http://www.emich.edu/coer/Journal/Manger.html).

2007, b) Building Peace in the Sudan: a reflection on local and regional challenges. In N. Shanmugaratnam, ed, Between War and Peace in Sudan and Sri Lanka: Deprivation and Revival. Oxford:James Currey, pp. 27-50.

2007c Hadramis in Hyderabad – From Winners to Losers. Asian Journal of Social Science, 35(4-5): 405-433.

2008 Land, Territoriality and Ethnic Identities in the Nuba Mountains. In Richard Rottenburg, ed, Nomadic-Sedentary Relations and Failing State Institutions in Darfur and Kordonfan (Sudan). Mitteilungen des SFB “Differenz und integration” 12. Orientwissenschaftliche Hefte, No 26. Orientwissenschaftlichen Zentrum der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg.

2009a Colonial Anxieties in the Nuba Mountains. Religious rebellions as anti-colonial threats in Anglo-Egyption Sudan. Paper published in Henriette Hafsaas and Alexandros Tsakos, eds, Connecting South and North. Sudan Studies from Bergen in Honour of Mahmoud Salih Festschrift to Mahmoud Salih. Bergen: BRIC.

2009b Food and Identity. Processes of Cultural Change among the Lafofa Nuba of Central Sudan. In Nefissa Naguib, ed, Food and Foodways in the Middle East. Bir Zeit/Bergen: BRIC.

2009c “Resource Based Conflicts” in Western Sudan – some reflections on the role of the State. In Marcel Leroy ed, Environment and Conflict: Reflections on Darfur. Addis Abeba: UN University for Peace, Africa Programme (electronic publication: http://www.africa.upeace.org/documents/environment_files.pdf ).

2009d “Comparing Global Moments over Time. Some theoretical and methodological implications”. In Leif Manger and Øystein S. LaBianca, eds, Global Moments in the Levant. A Unifob Global Project. Bergen: BRIC.

2009e Nation-building within a collapsing state. Towards a "New Sudan"? Paper presented to international workshop on “Emerging Orders in Sudan under the CPA: Governance, Livelihoods and Markets”, held in Khartoum, October 3-6, 2009. Organized by the Collaborative Research Centre, SFB586, D9 and A4 in collaboration with the University of Juba.

2010a “State-Building in the Sudan – Between Triumph and Disaster ?” Paper presented at international workshop on “Challenging the State. Transmutations of Power in Contemporary Global Realities”. Held in Voss, November 13 - 15, 2009. Organized by Department of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen.

2010b “Sovereignties in the Making. Reflections on State and Society in the Sudan”, paper to be published in Bruce Kapferer, ed, Challenging the State. Anthropological Perspectives.

2010c Negotiating the Homeland: Diasporic Consciousness and Social Stratification Among Hadramis in the Indian Ocean. Paper presented at workshop within network on “Islam and Nationalism in Europe and the Muslim World (ISNAT) National Identity Politics in Comparative Perspective”- Conference IV: The Uses of History and the Politics of Memory in the Muslim World. At The Danish Institute in Damascus, 14-17 October, 2010.

2010d One Religion, Two Decades, Three Problems. Reflections on the Study of Islam by an Anthropologist. Paper presented at conference “New Horizons in Islamic Area Studies: Continuity, Contestations and the Future”. The Third International Conference organized by Islamic Area Studies (IAS) section of National Institutes for the Humanities Program (NIHU) in Kyoto, Japan, December 17-19, 2010.

2010e Fremveksten av norsk sosialantropologi. Intervju med Gunnar Håland høsten 2009. Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift, 21(4):254-272.

2011 Kenneth J. Perkins. "Port Sudan: The Evolution of a Colonial City" (book review). Northeast African Studies, 2(3, New Series): 88-91. pp. 88-91.

2012, "Anthropological Reflections on the Breakup of Sudan". in: International Journal of the Middle East Studies (IJMES Roundtable). 44:2, pp. 327-329.

2013, Building a Moral Economy: the historical success of Hadrami Sada in Singapore (c. 1820-1920). In: e. Bråten, ed, Embedded Entrepreneurship: Market, Culture, and Micro-Business in Insular Southeast Asia. Leiden:Brill

 

In press

2012, a) Islamization and Inter-Generational Conflict Among the Lafofa in the Sudan. Paper presented at conference “New Religiosity and Inter-Generational Conflict in Northeast Africa”. Max Planck Institute, Halle, Germany, April 26-28, 2006

2012, b) Resource Conflict as a Factor in the Darfur Crisis in Sudan. Paper presented at conference, “The Frontiers of Land Issues: embeddedness of rights and public policies”, Montpellier, May 17-19, 2006

2012, c) Three Leaders, Three Revival Movements, One Islam – thoughts on the new religiosity and globalization. Paper presented at conference, “Islamic Movements in Africa, - South of the Sahara, - Theoretical & Methodological Approaches to Islamic Activism”. Copenhagen, May 31-June 2, 2006

2012, d) Understanding the Ethnic Situation in the Nuba Mountains in the Sudan. How to Handle Processes of Group-Making, Meaning Production and Metaphorization in a Situation of Post-Conflict Reconstruction. Paper presented to the “1st. International Colloquium of the Commission on Ethnic Relations” (COER) for the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES), in Florence, Italy, July 7-9, 2006. To be published in the International Journal of Anthropology.

2012, e) Building a Moral Economy: the historical success of Hadrami Sada in Singapore (c. 1820-1920). Paper presented at “Final MEISA Seminar” (Migrants and Entrepreneurs in Insular Southeast Asia) (see Manger 2013).

2012, f) Livestock, Land and Weapons: Understanding resource-based conflicts between agro-pastoral groups in Western Sudan. Paper presented at conference, “Paradigms of a Nomadic Mode of Living: Tenets and Perils of Co-existence”, Leipzig, November 30 – December 2, 2007

2012, g). Conflicts on the Move – looking at the complexity of the so-called “Resource Based Conflicts” in Western Sudan. Paper presented at conference (25-26 October, 2008) celebrating the Golden Jubilee of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of Khartoum, 1958 – 2008.

2012, h). Resource Wars ? Global Model Fantasies or Local Realities ? Paper presented at conference – “How Do Global Discourses Affect Natural Resource Governance in the South?”. Bergen, 26-27 March, 2009. Organised by University of Bergen and Chr. Michelsens Institute.

2012, i). Traders, Kings and Mariners. Movement and Interconnections in the Indian Ocean in Antiquity. Paper to be presented at conference on “Crossing Boundaries Between Africa and Asia – People, Trade, Biographies of Things”. At Centre de Cooperation Franco-Norvegienne, Paris, June 9-10, 2006. Organised by Unifob Global.

2012, j). “Nation-building within a collapsing state. Towards a "New Sudan" ? Paper (key note address) presented to international workshop on “Emerging Orders in Sudan under the CPA: Governance, Livelihoods and Markets”, held in Khartoum, October 3-6, 2009. Organized by the Collaborative Research Centre, SFB586, D9 and A4 in collaboration with the University of Juba.

2012, k). “State-Building in the Sudan – Between Triumph and Disaster ?” Paper presented at international workshop on “Challenging the State. Transmutations of Power in Contemporary Global Realities”. Held in Voss, November 13 - 15, 2009. Organized by Department of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen.

2012, l).“Sovereignties in the Making. Reflections on State and Society in the Sudan”, paper to be published in Bruce Kapferer, ed, Challenging the State. Anthropological Perspectives”.

2012 m). Negotiating the Homeland: Diasporic Consciousness and Social Stratification Among Hadramis in the Indian Ocean. Paper presented at workshop within network on “Islam and Nationalism in Europe and the Muslim World (ISNAT) National Identity Politics in Comparative Perspective”- Conference IV: The Uses of History and the Politics of Memory in the Muslim World. At The Danish Institute in Damascus, 14-17 October, 2010.

2012 n), One Religion, Two Decades, Three Problems. Reflections on the Study of Islam by an Anthropologist. Paper presented at conference “New Horizons in Islamic Area Studies: Continuity, Contestations and the Future”. The Third International Conference organized by Islamic Area Studies (IAS) section of National Institutes for the Humanities Program (NIHU) in Kyoto, Japan, December 17-19, 2010.

2012 o), “Different Countries – Similar Problems. Reflections on the break-up of Sudan”. in: International Journal of Middle East Studies (IJMES Round-Table), 44:2

2012 p), “From Clash of Civilizations to Battles of Sovereignties”. Paper presented at American Anthropological Association-meeting in Montreal, 16-20 November. Session title: Managing Muslim Migration in the 21st Century: Between Spiritual Geographies and Global Security Regimes. (To be published in book edited by Anita Fábos and Riina Isotalo, organisers of the panel).

2013, "Seek Wisdom Even Unto China". Some reflections on the Sudan-China relations and the implications for Sudanese development. Paper presented at Annual Conference for Postgraqduate Studies & Scientific Research in Humanities and Education Sciences, entitled "Towards a Confident Renaisance." University of Khartoum, 25-28 February. 2013.

Currently Manger is starting research on Muslim communities in China. In connection with his research Manger is also teaching courses for Norwegian and Chinese exchange students in collaboration with Fudan University in Shanghai (course on globalization studies) and with Yunnan University of Nationalities in Kunming (course on ethnic studies).

Manger has also initiated and headed a number of interdisciplinary projects. Among on-going projects with funding from the Norwegian Research Council is “Localizing Globalization: Gendered Transformations of Work in Developing Economies” (2010-2013). This is a basic research program including researchers in Bergen from Department of Social Anthropology, Department of Geography, the HEMIL Centre, and Chr. Michelsen’s Institute, all with research cooperation to researchers in the countries of field work (Indonesia, Peru, Ghana, Palestine).

Manger has initiated and directed several projects funded by NUFU, (Norwegian Universities’ Committee for Development, Research and Education). The latest NUFU-project was “Enabling Local Voices: The Gender and Development Forum” (2009 – 2012) which was a collaborative programme between University of Bergen and University of Bir Zeit, West Bank, Palestine.

Of recently finished projects "The Global Moments in the Levant" stands out as important, financed by the so-called “Storforsk”in the Research Council. The project ended in 2008/9, and the major results are summarized in a publication with the same title as the project, and edited by Manger and Øystein LaBianca.

In addition to the three projects mentioned Manger has initiated and headed the NUFU -funded projects “The Lower Jordan River Basin Research Programme” (a collaborative programme between University of Bergen and University of Bir Zeit, West Bank, Palestine, 1998 – 2008 - Finished); and “The East African Dryland Research Programme” (a collaborative programme between University of Bergen and Universities in East Africa - researchers from Addis Abeba, Makerere, Dar es Salaam, Khartoum. The East Africa component was organised by OSSREA -Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa - Finished). Among earlier projects funded by the Norwegian Research Council is “The Indian Ocean Programme” (a network programme including researchers in Bergen from Department of Social Anthropology, Department of History, Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, Centre for Development Studies. Closing conference in Bergen, December 2000 - Finished).

In 2012 NORAD established "NORHED", a new funding structure to replace NUFU. In the first allocation of funding in June 2013 two projects in which Manger is involved received support. They both represent a continuation of the earlier NUFU-funded collaborative activities that have been central to Manger's concerns. One project, "Borderland Dynamics in Eastern Africa. A network program for capacity building within departments of social anthropology in East African universities" continues the collaboration between Bergen (Department of Social Anthropology and Chr. Michelsens Institute) and the Universities in Khartoum and in Addis Ababa, and Makerere University in Kampala, also involving OSSREA in Addis. The second project, "Urban Transformation in the Southern Levant" represents a continuation of earlier links of collaboration between Bergen (anthropology and archaeology) and Bir Zeit University in Palestine, where the Department of Geography again is the main partner, as was the case in "The Lower Jordan-project". Both of the new projects will be operational from 2014 to 2018.

As a development consultant Manger has been involved in projects with various donors in the Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Syria and Tajikistan. In Sudan he was also a resource person to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs negotiation team on parts of their involvement in the peace negotiations during the civil war period. As part of this involvement in conflict and post-conflict activities in the Sudan Manger has co-edited, together with Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed, a book on the conflict in Darfur, “Understanding the Conflict in the Sudan. Listening to Sudanese Voices”, and also together with Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed, a book focused on reconstruction and development in eastern Sudan, Peace in Eastern Sudan. Some Important Aspects for Consideration. Also as an outcome of his long-term engagement in the Sudan Manger initiated and is heading the project “Assisting Regional Universities in Sudan” (ARUS), which is a development oriented project, supported for the period 2010-2013 by the Norwegian Embassy in Sudan, aimed at assisting regional universities in producing development relevant information to ongoing reconstruction and rehabilitation after civil war. The project is run together with Ahfad University for Women with a focus on the following regional partners: Red Sea University, Kassala University and Gedaref University, all in East Sudan, and Dilling University, Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile University, both in the so-called “Marginal Areas”.

On 16 and 17 February 2011 Manger was a resource person for HD (Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue) in the process of “Popular Participation" in South Kordofan (Nuba Mountains) which was organised as part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on Sudan. As participant at the "Southern Kordofan Preparatory Committee Retreat" on these dates, Manger gave two presentations based on written papers -- "The Land Issue” (5 pages) and "Religious, Social and Cultural Rights" (5 pages).

Manger was also a resource Person in the Chinese oil company SINOPEC's seminar entitled “Government and Public Relations. Development of Relationship with Local Partner, Local Resource Management Authority and Local Community in Resource Countries” organised 5-8 December 2011. Held in Xiamen Jingmin Central Hotel, China, and co-organized with MLR-CGS and PETRAD-CCOP, Manger particpated with two prepared talks -- "Political Risk and Instability in selected Middle East Countries”, part One (6 December): "Iran vs. USA, Iraq" and part two (7 December): "Yemen, Sudan".

Regional emphasis on the Horn of Africa, the Middle East and the Indian Ocean, with long-term field research in the Sudan, and shorter fieldworks in Yemen, Hyderabad, India and Singapore. Manger has recently taken up fieldwork in China.

Thematic focus
on economic and ecological anthropology, development studies, planning, land tenure, trade, communal labour, Arabization and Islamization. Later on also on migration, diaspora, transnationalism and globalization, historical anthropology, comparative epistemology and interdisciplinarity.